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Trimurti

The Trimūrti is the triple deity of supreme divinity in Hinduism in which the cosmic functions of creation and destruction are personified as a triad of deities Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver, Shiva the destroyer, though individual denominations may vary from that particular line-up. The legendary yogi Dattatreya is treated as not only one of the 24 avatars of Vishnu, but of Shiva and Brahma as well in a single three-headed body; the Puranic period saw the rise of post-Vedic religion and the evolution of what R. C. Majumdar calls "synthetic Hinduism"; this period had no homogeneity, included orthodox Brahmanism in the form of remnants of older Vedic faith traditions, along with different sectarian religions, notably Shaivism and Shaktism that were within the orthodox fold yet still formed distinct entities. One of the important traits of this period is a spirit of harmony between orthodox and sectarian forms. Regarding this spirit of reconciliation, R. C. Majumdar says that: Its most notable expression is to be found in the theological conception of the Trimūrti, i.e. the manifestation of the supreme God in three forms of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva...

But the attempt cannot be regarded as a great success, for Brahmā never gained an ascendancy comparable to that of Śiva or Viṣṇu, the different sects conceived the Trimūrti as the three manifestations of their own sectarian god, whom they regarded as Brahman or Absolute. However, this argument overlooks the obvious correlation of Brahmā with Brahman; the identification of Brahma and Shiva as one being is emphasized in the Kūrma Purāṇa, wherein 1.6 Brahman is worshipped as Trimurti. Historian A. L. Basham explains the background of the Trimurti as follows, noting Western interest in the idea of trinity: There must be some doubt as to whether the Hindu tradition has recognized Brahma as the Supreme Deity in the way that Visnu and Siva have been conceived of and worshiped; the concept of Trimurti is present in the Maitri Upanishad, where the three gods are explained as three of his supreme forms. Temples dedicated to various permutations of the Trimurti can be seen as early as the 6th century C.

E. and there are still some temples today in which the Trimurti are worshiped. Baroli Trimurti Temple Elephanta Caves Mithrananthapuram Trimurti Temple Prambanan Trimurti Temple Savadi Trimurti Temple Thripaya Trimurti Temple In general it can be said that the trimurti has less of a role in the Hinduism of recent centuries than in ancient India. Shaivites hold that, according to Shaiva Agama, Shiva performs five actions - creation, dissolution, concealing grace, revealing grace; these first three actions are associated with Shiva as Sadyojata and Aghora. Thus, Brahma and Rudra are not deities different from Shiva, but rather are forms of Shiva; as Brahma/Sadyojata, Shiva creates. As Vishnu/Vamadeva, Shiva preserves; as Rudra/Aghora, he dissolves. This stands in contrast to the idea that Shiva is the "God of destruction". To Shaivites, Shiva performs all actions, of which destruction is only but one. Ergo, the Trimurti is a form of Shiva Himself for Shaivas. Shaivites believe that Lord Shiva is the Supreme, who assumes various critical roles and assumes appropriate names and forms, stands transcending all these.

A prominent visual example of a Shaivite version of the Trimurti is the Trimurti Sadashiva sculpture in the Elephanta Caves on Gharapuri Island. The Female-Centric Shaktidharma denomination assigns the eminent roles of the three forms of Supreme Divinity not to masculine gods but instead to feminine goddesses: Mahasarasvati and Mahakali; this feminine version of the Trimurti is called Tridevi. The masculine gods are relegated as auxiliary agents of the supreme feminine Tridevi. Smartism is a denomination of Hinduism that places emphasis on a group of five deities rather than just a single deity; the "worship of the five forms" system, popularized by the ninth-century philosopher Śankarācārya among orthodox Brahmins of the Smārta tradition, invokes the five deities Ganesha, Brahma and Shiva. Śankarācārya added Kartikeya to these five, making six total. This reformed system was promoted by Śankarācārya to unite the principal deities of the six major sects on an equal status; the monistic philosophy preached by Śankarācārya made it possible to choose one of these as a preferred principal deity and at the same time worship the other four deities as different forms of the same all-pervading Brahman.

Despite the fact that the Vishnu Purana describes that Vishnu manifests as Brahma in order to create and as Rudra in order to destroy, Vaishnavism does not acknowledge the Trimurti concept. They believe that Shiva and Brahma both are forms of Vishnu. For example, the Dvaita school holds Vishnu alone to be the supreme God, with Shiva subordinate, interprets the Puranas differently. For example, Vijayindra Tîrtha, a Dvaita scholar interprets the 18 puranas differently, he interprets the Vaishnavite puranas as satvic and Shaivite puranas as tamasic and that only satvic puranas are considered to be authoritative. The Saura sect that worships Surya as the supreme personality of the godhead and saguna brahman does not accept the Trimurti as they believe Surya is God. Earlier forms of the Trimurti sometimes includ

Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway (1916–1988)

The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway was a Class I railroad within the U. S. state of Ohio. It was leased to the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad in 1949, merged into the Norfolk and Western Railway in 1988. A new regional railroad reused the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway name in 1990 when it acquired most of the former W&LE from the N&W. At the end of 1944, W&LE operated 1003 miles of track; the original Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway's oldest predecessor rail line began in Ohio, with the organization of the Carroll County Railroad on March 9, 1850. The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad was established on April 6, 1871, was first built as a 3 ft gauge narrow gauge line between Norwalk and Huron, Ohio. Service began on the new line on May 31, 1877. However, the new road was unable to attract regular traffic, or financing for expansion, had closed within two years. With investment by railroad financier Jay Gould in 1880 and financial reorganization, the line was converted to standard gauge and construction began again.

Service from Huron to Massillon, was opened on January 9, 1882, new lines were constructed that reached the Ohio River and Toledo. The W&LE developed new docks on Lake Erie at Huron that opened May 21, 1884, when the first cargo of iron ore was received. In 1880, another 3 ft gauge line, the Connotton Valley Railway, was formed, building north from Canton to Cleveland and south to Coshocton and Zanesville; the Connotton Valley became the Cleveland, Canton & Southern Railroad and was converted to standard gauge in one day on November 18, 1888. The Cleveland, Canton & Southern Railroad joined the W&LE in 1899 after its purchase at foreclosure sale, becoming W&LE's Cleveland Division. At its height, the W&LE ran from West Virginia, to Lake Erie at Huron and Toledo. However, the main lines of the W&LE never reached outside Ohio's borders, it ran from Cleveland to Zanesville, with the lines crossing at Harmon, just east of Brewster, which became the location of W&LE's corporate headquarters and locomotive shops.

With two busy main stems crossing on the map of Ohio. A branch between Steubenville and Martins Ferry, was completed in 1891, which led to an indirect connection to Wheeling via the Ohio River bridge of the Wheeling Terminal Railway; the W&LE began producing locomotives at its Brewster, shops in 1910, boasted one of the finest locomotive producing facilities in the country. Over the years, the W&LE built and rolled boilers and erected fifty of their own steam locomotives, a feat never tried by many larger and more famous railroads; the W&LE was jokingly called the "Wailing and Leg Weary" but, after several early financial embarrassments found prosperity in its life. The W&LE was leased by the Nickel Plate Road in 1949; the Nickel Plate Road merged with Norfolk and Western Railway in 1964. The W&LE was consolidated into the Norfolk and Western on September 20, 1988. Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway Company. Office of Vice President and General Manager. Representation files, 1934-1939. 5550. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University

UNTV Cup Season 7

The UNTV Cup Season 7 was the 2018–2019 season of the annual charity basketball league in the Philippines, UNTV Cup. The tournament is organized by UNTV under the UNTV-37 Foundation, Inc. thru its chairman and chief executive officer of BMPI-UNTV, "Mr. Public Service" Kuya Daniel Razon; the season opened on September 3, 2018 at the Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City. Regular games are held at the Pasig City Sports Center in Pasig City with a live telecast on the UNTV Public Service channel every Sunday afternoon. Twelve teams are competing for the championship title this season, lower from a record-high of 14 teams last Season 6; the best-of-three finals series was held on March 3 and 11, 2019, at the Pasig City Sports Center in Pasig City and Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City, respectively. The championship is between the two-time champion AFP Cavaliers and defending champion Senate Defenders. AFP swept the series against Senate in 2 -- 0, to get their record third title.

A total of 10 million pesos tax-free was given to the teams' chosen beneficiaries, with the champion team AFP Cavaliers taking home a trophy, 4 million pesos given to their chosen charity institution. Twelve squads are vying for the championship title of the season, lower from a record-high of 14 teams the previous season. There are 11 returning teams, including all 4 former tournament winners, led by the Season 6 defending champions Senate Defenders. Philippine International Trading Corporation Global Traders Philippine Health Insurance Corporation Plus – played 2 seasons on Season 1 and Season 2 as the PhilHealth Advocates Bureau of Fire Protection Firefighters – played 4 seasons from Season 3 to Season 6 Commission on Audit Enablers – played 1 season on Season 6 Department of Health Health Achievers – played 1 season on Season 6 Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency Drug Busters – played 1 season on Season 6 The elimination round began on September 3, 2018 at the Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City.

As part of tradition, the defending champion is to face another team on opening day based on drawing lots. The draw was performed by UNTV Cup innovator Daniel Razon. On the first game of the season, the defending champion Senate Defenders got a come-from-behind win against the debuting team PITC Global Traders, 73–70; the game featured Senator Manny Pacquiao's tournament debut as a player for Senate, in which he scored 14 points. The playoffs began on January 2019 at the Pasig City Sports Center in Pasig City. Starting this season, the second round standings and results carry over to the quarterfinals. A single round robin format is followed in which all quarterfinals teams face each other once, for a total of 3 games per team. After the round robin, the two bottom teams are eliminated, will receive ₱100,000 for their chosen beneficiary; the top two teams advance to the semifinal round, are re-seeded as #3 and #4. On the semifinals, the # 1 and # 2 teams will play against # 3 seed, respectively.

For the first six seasons, the league has used a knockout tournament where the #3 team faces #6, while the #4 seed battles #5. The higher seeded teams have a twice-to-beat advantage, the winners of both series advance to the semifinals. On March 11, 2019, the first 3x3 tournament in the history of the league served as opener for the Game 2 of the Season 7 Finals. PITC Global Traders were crowned champions by defeating Malacanang-PSC Kamao in the final, taking home ₱20,000 prize; the four non-finals playoff teams participated in the knockout games. Malacañang-PSC Kamao NHA Builders PITC Global Traders PNP Responders The battle for third place will be between five-time semifinalist PNP Responders and three-time semifinalist NHA Builders, after they lost their semifinals series on separate opponents. NHA won the game, 73–70, got ₱1,000,000 for their chosen beneficiary as third placer. Despite the loss, PNP received ₱500,000 for charity as fourth placer; the best-of-three finals series will be held on March 3 and 11, 2019, at the Pasig City Sports Center in Pasig City and Smart Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City, respectively.

The championship is between the two-time champion and #1 team AFP Cavaliers and defending champion Senate Defenders. AFP won their semis matchup versus NHA in two games, while Senate beat PNP in three games with a twice-to-win disadvantage. AFP swept the finals series against Senate, 2–0, to get their record third title and donate ₱4 million to their chosen charity. Despite the loss, Senate received ₱2 million for charity as runner-up. A total of 10 million pesos tax-free was given to the teams' chosen beneficiaries, with the champion team AFP Cavaliers taking home a trophy, 4 million pesos given to their chosen charity institution; the runner-up team Senate Defenders received 2 million pesos for their beneficiary. One million pesos was given to the third place team NHA Builders for their chosen beneficiary, while five hundred thousand pesos was given to the fourth-place finishers PNP Responders' chosen charity; the other participating teams got 100 thousand pesos for their beneficiary. The season's individual awards were given before the start of the Game 2 of the Finals, on March 11, 2019 at the Smart Araneta Coliseum.

Scoring Champion: Ollan Omiping Step Up Player of the Year: Wilfredo Casulla Jr. Defensive Player of the Year: Jeffry Sanders First Five: Chester Tolomia Ollan Omiping Rod William Vasallo Jeffry Sanders Marvin Mercado Most Valuable Player: Season MVP: Jeffry Sanders Finals MVP: Jerry Lumongsod The following players were named the Players of the Week; the Heart of a