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Trinity College, Oxford

Trinity College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. The college was founded in 1555 by Sir Thomas Pope, on land occupied by Durham College, home to Benedictine monks from Durham Cathedral. Despite its large physical size, the college is small in terms of student numbers at 400, it was founded as a men's college and has been coeducational since 1979. As of 2018, Trinity had a financial endowment of £138.0 million. Trinity has produced three British prime ministers, placing it third after Christ Church and Balliol in terms of former students who have held the office; the site where Trinity College now stands was occupied by Durham College, built for Benedictine monks from Durham Cathedral. This college had been founded after land was bought in 1291, though monks had been sent to Oxford for a few years previous to this; the site was surrendered to the crown in March 1545, being granted to private owners in 1553. They were acquired by civil servant Thomas Pope on 20 February 1555, who used them to found Trinity College 16 days later.

Durham College was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, St Cuthbert, the Trinity, it is thought that Trinity College took its name from the last element of this dedication. Trinity College was founded in 1555 by Sir Thomas Pope, on land bought following the abolition of Durham College during the period of Protestant Reformation, whose buildings housed the original foundation. Pope was a Catholic who had no surviving children, he hoped that by founding a college he would be remembered in the prayers of its students, his remains are still encased beside the chapel altar. The original foundation provided for a president, 12 fellows, 12 scholars, for up to 20 undergraduates; the fellows were required to remain unmarried. The college remained a all-male institution until 1979, when it admitted its first women undergraduates, it is now co-educational and co-residential. Between 2015 and 2017, 41.1% of UK undergraduates admitted to Trinity came from state schools. Trinity was one of the locations used for filming of the original series Brideshead Revisited.

Trinity has featured in episodes of Inspector Morse and Endeavour. Dame Hilary Boulding principal of the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, succeeded Sir Ivor Roberts as president in August 2017. For many years, there has been a traditional and fierce rivalry shown between the students of Trinity and those of its immediate neighbour to the west, Balliol College, it has manifested itself on the river. The rivalry is reflected in that which exists between Trinity College and Balliol's sister college, St John's College, Cambridge though the two Trinities are not themselves sister colleges. In college folklore, the rivalry goes back to the late 17th century, when Ralph Bathurst, president of Trinity, was observed throwing stones at Balliol's windows. In fact, although the first antagonism was recorded in 1583, the rivalry in its modern form appears to date from the late 1890s, when the chant or song known as a "Gordouli" began to be sung from the Balliol side; the traditional words run: "Gordouli Face like a ham, Bobby Johnson says so And he should know."Although these words are now heard, the singing of songs over the wall is still known as "a Gordouli".

The traditional Gordouli is said to have been sung by Balliol and Trinity men in the trenches of Mesopotamia during the First World War. The rivalry was given an extra edge in the early 20th century by the contrast between the radical tendencies of many Balliol students and Trinity's traditional conservatism and social exclusivity; the president of Trinity between 1907 and 1938 was Herbert Blakiston, who became notorious for his reluctance to admit non-white students. Notably, he stubbornly resisted pressure from the India Office to admit undergraduates from British India, something that government department was attempting to promote. Balliol in contrast did admit a number of Indian and Asiatic students which gave many of the taunts from the Trinity side a distinctly racist tone: Balliol students, for example, were sometime referred to as "Basutos". In Five Red Herrings, a Lord Peter Wimsey novel by Dorothy L. Sayers, Lord Peter is asked whether he remembers a certain contemporary from Trinity.

"'I never knew any Trinity men,' said Wimsey.'The Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.'" Sayers alludes to the rivalry in Murder Must Advertise: Mr Ingleby, a Trinity man, comments, "If there is one thing more repulsive than another it is Balliolity."One of the wittier raids from Balliol, in 1962 or 1963, involved the turfing of the whole of Trinity JCR. One of the most famous incidents was perpetrated by three Trinity students on the new intake of freshers to Balliol in October 1985, they sent addressed letters to each of Balliol's new freshers on Balliol headed notepaper. It enclosed a narrow neck 100ml screw-top receptacle; the attached letter read, "Dear, Welcome to Balliol. As you are aware the university requires a short medical check-up as part of your Coming-Up. Could you therefore please provide a urine sample in the attached sample bottle and return it to your coll

Michael R. Douglas

Michael R. Douglas is an American theoretical physicist and professor at Stony Brook University. Douglas was born in Baton Rouge, the son of Nancy and Ronald G. Douglas, a mathematician specializing in operator algebras, he received his bachelor's degree in physics from Harvard University. He went to Caltech and received a Ph. D. in physics in 1988 under John Schwarz, one of the developers and leading researchers in superstring theory. After completing his Ph. D. Douglas was a postdoc at the University of Chicago for one year moved to Rutgers University in 1989 with Dan Friedan and Steve Shenker to help start the New High Energy Theory Center, he was promoted to assistant professor in 1990 but spent his first year visiting the École Normale Supérieure and the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He became an associate professor at Rutgers in 1995, left for a year in 1997-1998 to take up a permanent position at the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, he returned to Rutgers and in 2000 became the director of the NHETC.

In 2008, Douglas moved from Rutgers to become the first permanent member of the Simons Center for Geometry and Physics, a research center at Stony Brook University. Douglas is best known for the development of matrix models, for his work on Dirichlet branes and on noncommutative geometry in string theory, for the development of the statistical approach to string phenomenology, he was on the team that built the Digital Orrery, a special-purpose computer for computations in celestial mechanics, maintains an active interest in computer science. He is very active in organizing schools and workshops, for example at Les Houches and the KITP Santa Barbara. Douglas received the 2000 Sackler Prize in theoretical physics, holds a Louis Michel Visiting Professorship at the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, has been a Gordon Moore Visiting Scholar at Caltech, a Clay Mathematics Institute Mathematical Emissary. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. Douglas has two children.

His wife, Nina Ilieva Douglas, is an artist

Nysa's monuments

This is a list of monuments in the town of Nysa in Poland. The Basilica of St. James and St. Agnes church complex, dedicated to St. James the Apostle and St. Agnes the Virgin and Martyr, was consecrated in 1198. However, it reached its present form in 1401–30; this 71-meter-high building is surrounded by 19 chapels located between buttresses. In its gothic interior 22 pillars support the ceiling. Numerous bishops’ tombstones deserve mentioning, with the tombstone of Balthazar von Pronto being the greatest; the church burnt down in World War II, during the heavy fighting of the Vistula–Oder Offensive of early 1945 when the Red Army pushed the German Army Group A out of southwest Poland. The church was rebuilt over a 12 year period, from 1947 through to 1958. A minor basilica, the church is colloquially referred to as a cathedral though it is a parish church; the church is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments, as designated February 28, 2011. Its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland.

It is a 43-meter-high tower, built in likeness of the bell tower in nearby Wroclaw by three consecutive bishops – Rdesheim and Turzo. The tower was never finished but it housed the 16-ton Jacob’s bell, it was damaged in World War II, during the heavy fighting of the Vistula–Oder Offensive of early 1945 when the Red Army pushed the German Army Group A out of southwest Poland. The tower was renovated after the war, it houses a treasury displaying masterworks of Nysa’s goldsmiths. It was a stately residence imitating one of the palaces in Rome; the seat of Wroclaw bishops until 1810 it became the location of a law court and land registry office. Presently it houses a museum; the renaissance building for weight standards used in the town. Its construction was initiated by the bishop John Stichs; the building was decorated with paintings and sculptures of which only the statue of justice and some polychromes survived up to today. On one of the corners one can find a bullet from the Napoleonic siege in 1807.

It was destroyed in World War II, during the heavy fighting of the Vistula–Oder Offensive of early 1945 when the Red Army pushed the German Army Group A out of southwest Poland. The Scales House was rebuilt after the war. Church belonged to the Fathers of the Holy Sepulcher, it is considered to be Nysa’s most beautiful example of baroque architecture with exquisite illusion frescos by the Schefler brothers. Beautiful interior is concentrated on descriptions of Christ’s life, however, we can find there an imitation of His grave too, but the most interesting piece in the church is a cross on the ceiling, which seems to be hanging vertically regardless of an angle from which it is viewed – masterpiece of illusion painting. Former representative seat of the Jesuit fraternity, the main founder of, bishop Carl Ferdinand. After the liquidation of the order, the building was turned into a high school, which became one of the most important schools of modern Silesia, its most beautiful part is the beautiful baroque gate at the entrance to the building.

The church was built by the Jesuits on the site of a medieval temple. Its interior represents the distinct Jesuit style, sometimes called “Del Gesu”; the front is fitted with niches containing wooden figures of Jesuit saints. Under the Prussians the temple was changed into a storehouse One of the most beautiful towers in Silesia, it was 95 meters high, it was destroyed in 1945 and not rebuilt until 2009. Its present structure will be used as a view tower; the presently non-existing town hall was built in the 16th century. They were parts of Nyssa’s fortifications, those are two out of four towers, that survived till present days, they both serve as view points. Tower by Wroclaw Gate is a 33-meter-high tower with beautifully decorated baroque portal. Tower by Ziebice Gate is 42 meters high. In 1922 a stone lion figurine looted from Ziebice, was placed above the tower entrance, it was a castle standing since 1260, rebuilt and surrounded with court buildings in 1459. In 1842 the building was adapted for artillery workshops.

The only part that remained is a defensive towers along with a fragment of wall. The wall by the gate was marked according to water levels during floods. "Nysa-przystanek wędrowca" 2004 J. Daniel, I. Zielonka "Nysa. Skarby sztuki i osobliwości" 1999 Marek Sikorski um.nysa.pl