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At the University of Cambridge, a Tripos is any of the undergraduate examinations that qualify an undergraduate for a bachelor's degree or the courses taken by an undergraduate to prepare. For example, an undergraduate studying mathematics is said to be reading for the Mathematical Tripos, whilst a student of English literature is reading for the English Tripos. In most traditional English universities, a student registers to study one field rather than having "majors" or "minors" as in American, Canadian, or Scottish universities. In practice, most degrees may be interdisciplinary in nature, depending on the subject; the multi-part tripos system at Cambridge allows substantial changes in field between parts. The word has an obscure etymology, but may be traced to the three-legged stool candidates once used to sit on when taking oral examinations. An apocryphal legend says that students used to receive one leg of a stool in each of their three years of exams, receiving the whole stool at graduation.

Another tradition holds that the name derives from the three brackets printed on the back of the voucher. The only way to obtain an honours degree at Cambridge was the Mathematical Tripos examination. John Jebb proposed reforms in 1772, but implementation was blocked by various matters such as lack of expertise in the smaller colleges in a wider range of subjects. Classed examinations in law were introduced in 1816 by James William Geldart, Regius Professor of Civil Law. Although a classical tripos was created in 1822, it was only open to those who had high honours in mathematics or those who were the sons of peers; this restriction ended around 1850, triposes in the moral sciences and natural sciences were introduced in the 1860s. The origin and evolution of the Cambridge Tripos can be found in William Clark's Academic Charisma and the Origin of the Research University. A tripos is divided into two parts: Part I, broadly based, Part II, which allows specialization within the student's chosen field.

Since a bachelor's degree takes three years to complete, either Part I or Part II is two years, the other one year. The details of this can vary from subject to subject. There is an optional Part III offered in some subjects, such as the Mathematical Tripos; some Part III courses allow the student to graduate with both a master's degree and a bachelor's degree: for example, scientific Part III courses allow the student to graduate with an M. Sci. degree in addition to the B. A. degree which all Cambridge graduates receive. The Engineering Tripos is divided into four Parts, each corresponding to one academic year, leads to the simultaneous awarding of the B. A. and M. Eng. Degrees. Students are examined formally at the end of each part and are awarded a degree classification for each part; the Part II classification is but incorrectly, considered to be the classification for the overall degree. Most subjects are examined in all three years; the English and History Triposes have preliminary rather than full examinations at the end of the first year.

Degree regulations state that, to be awarded a degree, a student must have passed two honours examinations – this could include a Part I and a Part II, two Part I exams, or a Part I and a Part IA. From October 2011, students can only be awarded an honours degree if they have been awarded honours in a Part II or Part III examination. All students must complete at least nine terms of residence – making it impossible for students to complete two one-year tripos parts; this makes it easy for an undergraduate to switch out of a subject. So a one-year Part I must be followed by a two-year Part II, vice versa. More exotic combinations are possible, with the permission of the student's college and prospective department, but some combinations create a four-year bachelor's degree. A few subjects – e.g. Management Studies, Linguistics – exist only as Part II, can be preceded by any manner of Part I subject. Students who possess a bachelor's degree or equivalent from another university are permitted to skip Part I, thus can complete a Cambridge bachelor's degree in two years or less.

Students holding a BA degree from Cambridge are not permitted to collect a second BA from the University. A student requesting to graduate is assessed on two criteria: not only the Triposes they have completed, as recorded in the Cambridge University Reporter, but the number of terms kept. A student's requests to graduate should be approved by their college, be unopposed by the regent house, one of the university's governing bodies with vetoing powers. Below is the list of Triposes offered by the University: Anglo-Saxon and Celtic Tripos Architecture Tripos Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Chemical Engineering Tripos (part IIB completion l

André Brincourt

André Brincourt was a French writer and journalist. A former resistant, volunteer at eighteen during the Second World War André Brincourt directed the cultural pages the literary supplement of the newspaper Le Figaro, he was a literary journalist on television and had television interviews with André Malraux, of which he was a friend. Alongside his work as a journalist, he wrote about twenty books in a wide variety of literary genres, ranging from poetry to novel. In his last years, he seemed to have a preference for the fragment and the aphorism as evidenced by his latest publications. A member of the prix Renaudot from 1984 to 2011, following his resignation he was awarded the Grand prix de littérature de l'Académie française in 1999 for all his work. 1946: Satan et la Poésie, Grasset 1948: Désarroi de l'écriture, Vigneau 1950: Le Vert Paradis, novel, La Table Ronde – prix du Jeune Roman 1952: La Farandole, novel, La Table Ronde – prix Henri-Dumarest 1953 of the Académie française. 1956: Les Œuvres et les Lumières, essay, La Table Ronde – prix Sainte-Beuve 1957: Les Yeux clos, novel, La Table Ronde 1959: La Télévision et ses promesses, essay, La Table Ronde 1965: La Télévision, notes et maximes, Hachette 1965: Malraux ou le temps du silence, essay, La Table Ronde 1973: Noir sur blanc, Fayard 1979: Le Musée imaginaire de la littérature du XXe, Éditions Retz 1986: Malraux, le malentendu, Grasset – prix Georges-Dupau 1987 of the Académie française.

1988: Les Yeux clos, Grasset 1990: La Parole dérobée, Grasset 1995: Messagers de la nuit: Roger Martin du Gard, Saint-John Perse, André Malraux, Grasset – Prix de la Critique de l'Académie française. 1996: Secrètes Araignées, Grasset 1997: Langue française, terre d'accueil, essay, éditions du Rocher – vermeil medal of the Grand prix de la francophonie. 1999: Vive les mouches, Grasset 2000: Le Bonheur de rompre, Grasset 2001: Le Paradis désenchanté, éditions du Rocher 2003: Tête-de-loup, Grasset 2005: La Mer, l'Amour et la Mort, Privat 2006 Les Conquérants d'eux-mêmes, Grasset 2007: Insomnies, pensées, Grasset 2009: Vienne le vent, Melis éditions 2010: Littératures d’outre-tombe, Grasset 1945: Croix de guerre 1939-1945 and Médaille de la Résistance. 1956: Prix Sainte-Beuve 1997: Grande médaille de la francophonie 1999: Grand prix de littérature de l'Académie française for all his work

Anssi Neuvonen

Anssi Neuvonen is a Finnish songwriter and producer. He is best known for being the frontman of indie rock band NEØV. In addition to his work with NEØV, Neuvonen has played with several Finnish acts including Rubik. Neuvonen has performed in the music video for ”City Wrecker” by Canadian singer-songwriter Moonface, he has been a model for the fashion collection by Finnish designer Heikki Salonen. Neuvonen has a Master of Arts degree from University of Eastern Finland, he wrote his master's thesis on Marcel Proust's art concept. Orange Morning Dominique Volant "Windvane" "Morning Fire" "Mellow" "Daydream City" "Laketown" "The Rain People" "Dominique I" "Woolen Pumpkin Shirt" "Elysion" "Person I Used To Be" "Lost In Time" "Brothers" Robokop EP Fake Musket EP Rubik - Data Bandits EPEPEP Rubik - Solar The Exploding Eyes Orchestra - I Jess and the Ancient Ones - Second Psychedelic Coming: The Aquarius Tapes J. Tala - Dustin' Archives Vol. 3 Heikki Salonen - Headstock Moonface - "City Wrecker"

Chávez Ravine (album)

Chávez Ravine: A Record by Ry Cooder is the twelfth studio album by Ry Cooder. It is the first concept album and historical album by Ry Cooder which tells the story of Chávez Ravine, a Mexican-American community demolished in the 1950s in order to build public housing; the housing was never built. The Brooklyn Dodgers built a stadium on the site as part of their move to Los Angeles. Chávez Ravine was nominated for "Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album" in 2006. "Poor Man's Shangri-La" - 5:28 Ry Cooder - vocal, organ, tres Juliette Commagere - vocal Jim Keltner - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Joachim Cooder - timbales "Onda Callejera" - 3:50 Little Willie G. - vocal Juliette Commagere, Carla Commagere - vocal chorus Ry Cooder - guitar, laud Joachim Cooder - percussion Mike Elizondo - bass Joe Rotondi - piano Gil Bernal - tenor saxophone Mike Bolger - trumpet Ledward Kaapana - guitar "Don't Call Me Red" - 4:58 This song is about Frank Wilkinson Ry Cooder - vocal, guitar Juliette and Carla Commagere - vocal chorus Jon Hassell - trumpet Jim Keltner - bongos Joachim Cooder - timbales Mike Elizondo - bass "Corrido de Boxeo" - 3:21 Lalo Guerrero - vocal Ry Cooder - bajo sexto, guitar Joachim Cooder - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Joe Rotondi - piano Flaco Jiménez - accordion "Muy Fifí" - 4:03 Ersi Arvizu - vocal Little Willie G. Jacob Garcia - vocal chorus Ry Cooder - guitar Joachim Cooder - drums, sampling Mike Elizondo - bass Chucho Valdés - piano "Los Chucos Suaves" - 3:08 Lalo Guerrero - vocal Ry Cooder - guitar Jim Keltner - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Joe Rotondi - piano Gil Bernal - tenor sax "Chinito Chinito" - 4:52 Juliette Commagere - vocal Carla Commagere - vocal Ry Cooder - guitar Joachim Cooder - drums Jared Smith - bass Mike Bolger - organ, valve trombone Joe Rotondi - piano "3 Cool Cats" - 2:57 Little Willie G. - vocal Rudy Salas, Michael Guerra, Juliette Commagere, Carla Commagere - vocal chorus Ry Cooder - guitar Jim Keltner - drums Joachim Cooder - timbales Jared Smith - bass Joe Rotondi - piano Gil Bernal - tenor sax Mike Bolger - organ "El U.

F. O. Cayó" - 8:22 Juliette Commagere - vocal Don Tosti - vocal Ry Cooder - tres Mike Elizondo - bass Joachim Cooder - Sampling Jared Smith - keyboard "It's Just Work for Me" - 5:54 Ry Cooder - vocal, guitar Joachim Cooder - drums Mike Elizondo - bass "In My Town" - 5:40 Ry Cooder - vocal, guitar Sunny D. Levine - drum programming Jacky Terrasson - piano "Ejército Militar" - 3:16 Ersi Arvizu - vocal Rosella Arvizu - vocal Ry Cooder - bajo sexto, guitar Joachim Cooder - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Flaco Jiménez - accordion "Barrio Viejo" - 4:42 Lalo Guerrero - vocal, guitar Flaco Jiménez - accordion Joachim Cooder - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Ledward Kaapana - guitar "3rd Base, Dodger Stadium" - 5:45 Bla Pahinui - vocal, ukulele Ry Cooder - guitar Joachim Cooder - drums Mike Elizondo - bass Joe Rotondi - piano Gil Bernal - tenor sax Mike Bolger - trumpet, valve trombone Ledward Kaapana - guitar "Soy Luz y Sombra" - 3:15 Ersi Arvizu - vocal Little Willie G. - vocal Juliette Commagere - vocal Ry Cooder - guitar Joachim Cooder - drums, sampling Jared Smith - bass David Hidalgo - guitar

Dans la Nuit (album)

Dans la Nuit is an album by French clarinetist Louis Sclavis recorded in 2000 and released on the ECM label. The album was initialised through an invitation of French director Bertrand Tavernier to Sclavis, he agreed and wrote this music to Charles Vanel’s 1929 film “Dans la nuit”; the Allmusic review by Glenn Astarita awarded the album 4½ stars stating "Sclavis' multi-hued and altogether vividly constructed arrangements hit the mark in a noticeably huge way". All compositions by Louis Sclavis except as indicated"Dia Dia" - 1:15 "La Travail" - 6:00 "Dans la Nuit" - 3:39 "Fête Foraine" - 4:57 "Retour de Noce" - 2:17 "Mauvais Rêve" - 1:41 "Amour et Beauté" - 2:49 "L'Accident Part 1" - 3:35 "L'Accident Part 2" - 3:17 "Le Miroir" - 4:43 "Dans la Nuit" - 1:11 "La Fuite" - 5:14 "La Peur du Noir" - 1:27 "Les 2 Visages" - 6:19 "Dia Dia" - 5:00 "Dans la Nuit" - 1:29Recorded at Studios La Buissonne in Pernes-Les-Fontaines, France in October 2000. Louis Sclavis — clarinet, bass clarinet Jean-Louis Matinieraccordion Dominique Pifarélyviolin Vincent Courtoiscello François Mervillepercussion, marimba

Anthony Travers

Anthony Travers, OBE was the Chairman of the Board of Cayman Finance from 2009 to 2011. Travers is the Chairman of the Cayman Islands Stock Exchange and former Senior Partner and Managing Partner of international law firm Maples and Calder, he has over thirty years experience in all aspects of Cayman Islands law mutual funds, structured finance and private client, has throughout advised Government on the development of Cayman Islands legislation. Travers was an Exhibitioner at St Catharine's College and graduated with a first class degree in law as a Scholar in 1972. In 1975 he was admitted as a solicitor in England and Wales at Clifford Turner and in 1975 he was admitted as an Attorney at law in the Cayman Islands. Travers joined the firm of Maples and Calder in 1975 and became a partner in 1977, he was the architect of the legislation governing key financial services in the Cayman Islands including the Exempted Limited Partnership Law 1991 and the Mutual Funds Law 1993,which formed the basis for the mutual funds industry and the private equity industry in the Cayman Islands, the Fraudulent Dispositions Law 1989, dealing with asset protection and the Stock Exchange Law 1996.

He served as joint and sole Senior Partner of Maples and Calder from 1980 and as managing partner of the first two foreign offices in Hong Kong in 1995 and London from 1997 to 2003. He returned to Cayman in 2003 as the senior and managing partner and retired from the firm in 2006 having established further offices for the firm in Dubai, the British Virgin Islands, Dublin, he has been the Chairman of the Cayman Islands Stock Exchange since its inception in 1997 and has served as a member of the Cayman Islands Financial Services Council. Travers has spoken extensively on offshore issues over the years. Travers was appointed Chairman of the Cayman Islands Financial Services Association, now renamed Cayman Finance, in March 2009, he stepped down from that position in February 2011. In 2011 the inaugural FCI 500 list of the most influential people in financial centres listed Anthony Travers, # 95. On 1 December 2012 on termination of a six-year non compete clause Travers stepped back into private practice as Senior Partner of boutique Cayman Islands and BVI law firm Travers Thorp Alberga.

Travers appeared on the BBC News programme Newsnight in November 2017 to discuss the leak of the Paradise Papers. He expressed the opinion that journalists responsible should be jailed. Travers is a member of the Law Society of England and Wales, the Cayman Islands Law Society, the Caymanian Bar Association, is on the Editorial Board of LexisNexis Butterworths Offshore Service. Travers was made an Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire for his services to the Government and the financial sector in August 1998. Personal website Maples ex-chief Travers returns to law with move to offshore boutique Global Legal Post - Anthony Travers has taken the senior partner slot at boutique Cayman and British Virgin Islands law firm Thorp Alberga cayCompass - Anthony Travers joins Thorp Alberga law firm CNS Business - Travers in offshore comeback