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Triptych

A triptych is a work of art, divided into three sections, or three carved panels that are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open. It is therefore a type of the term for all multi-panel works; the middle panel is the largest and it is flanked by two smaller related works, although there are triptychs of equal-sized panels. The form can be used for pendant jewelry. Despite its connection to an art format, the term is sometimes used more to connote anything with three parts if they are integrated into a single unit; the triptych form arises from early Christian art, was a popular standard format for altar paintings from the Middle Ages onwards. Its geographical range was from the eastern Byzantine churches to the Celtic churches in the west. During the Byzantine period, triptychs were used for private devotional use, along with other relics such as icons. Renaissance painters such as Hans Memling and Hieronymus Bosch used the form. Sculptors used it. Triptych forms allow ease of transport.

From the Gothic period onward, both in Europe and elsewhere, altarpieces in churches and cathedrals were in triptych form. One such cathedral with an altarpiece triptych is Llandaff Cathedral; the Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp, contains two examples by Rubens, Notre Dame de Paris is another example of the use of triptych in architecture. The form is echoed by the structure of many ecclesiastical stained glass windows. Although identified as an altarpiece form, triptychs outside that context have been created, some of the best-known examples being works by Hieronymus Bosch, Max Beckmann, Francis Bacon; the highest price paid for an artwork at auction was $142.4 million for a 1969 triptych, Three Studies of Lucian Freud, by Francis Bacon in November 2012. The record was broken in May 2015 by $179.4 million for Pablo Picasso's 1955 painting Les Femmes d’Alger. The format has been used in other religions, including Islam and Buddhism. For example: the triptych Hilje-j-Sherif displayed at the National Museum of Oriental Art, Italy, a page of the Qur'an at the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts in Istanbul, exemplify Ottoman religious art adapting the motif.

Tibetan Buddhists have used it in traditional altars. A photographic triptych is a common style used in modern commercial artwork; the photographs are arranged with a plain border between them. The work may consist of separate images that are variants on a theme, or may be one larger image split into three. Stefaneschi Triptych by Giotto, c. 1330 Annunciation with St. Margaret and St. Ansanus by Simone Martini, 1333 The Mérode Altarpiece by Robert Campin, late 1420's The Garden of Earthly Delights, Triptych of the Temptation of St. Anthony and The Haywain Triptych by Hieronymus Bosch The Portinari Altarpiece by Hugo van der Goes, c. 1475 The Buhl Altarpiece, c. 1495 The Raising of the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens, 1610 or 1611 The Aino Myth triptych by Akseli Gallen-Kallela, 1891 The Pioneer by Frederick McCubbin, 1904 Departure by Max Beckmann, 1932-33 Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion by Francis Bacon, 1944 Diptych Polyptych Polyvision Three hares The Institution of the Eucharist at the Last Supper with St. Peter and St. Paul, Metropolitan Museum of Art On the triptych as a writing instrument Example of triptych features and restoration

The Manhattan Project (film)

The Manhattan Project is a 1986 American science fiction thriller film. Named after the World War II-era program that constructed the first atomic bombs, the plot revolves around a gifted high school student who decides to construct an atomic bomb for a national science fair, it was directed by Marshall Brickman, based upon his screenplay co-written with Thomas Baum, starred Christopher Collet, John Lithgow, John Mahoney, Jill Eikenberry and Cynthia Nixon. This was the first production from the short-lived Gladden Entertainment; the film's director and screenplay co-writer Marshall Brickman had established his career as a co-writer on several Woody Allen films. The Manhattan Project was his third film following the comedies Simon and Lovesick. Dr. John Mathewson discovers a new process for refining plutonium to purities greater than 99.997 percent. The United States government provides him a laboratory located in Ithaca, New York, masked as a medical company. John moves to Ithaca and meets real estate agent Elizabeth Stephens while searching for an apartment.

He attempts to win the affections of the single mother by inviting her teenage son Paul to take a tour of the lab. John is confident in the lab's cover story but Paul, an unusually gifted student with a passion for science, becomes suspicious when he discovers a statistically impossible patch of five-leaf clover on the grounds. Paul and his aspiring journalist girlfriend, Jenny Anderman, decide to expose the weapons factory in dramatic fashion. Paul steals a container of plutonium. To obtain maximum publicity, Paul decides to build an atomic bomb and enter it into the New York Science Fair. After convincing his mother and his school that his project is about hamsters bred in darkness, he begins research and construction of the nuclear device; the lab discovers that a container of plutonium has been replaced by a bottle of shampoo mixed with glitter. A military investigation team, led by Lt. Colonel Conroy, arrives on the scene and determines that Paul is responsible for stealing the plutonium.

Suspecting him of terrorist intent, the investigators search Paul's home and discover that he and Jenny have left for the science fair. After the agents capture the couple in New York City, who feels responsible for the crisis, has a private talk with Paul and convinces him to give the bomb to the agents before a group of other participants at the science fair help Paul and Jenny escape from the hotel. In an effort to expose the lab, Paul hatches a plan to return the bomb on his own terms. Ensuring Jenny is a safe distance away, he calls the agents from a pay phone and walks into the lab with the bomb while being surrounded by snipers and agents. During the standoff, negotiations stall and Paul arms the bomb. John, convinced that Paul is not an actual terrorist, attempts to intercede on his behalf. Due to radiation from the plutonium, the bomb's timer activates on its own and begins to count down with increasing speed. Paul suggests taking the bomb to a quarry outside of the town, but John advises against it, telling Paul that the bomb is much more powerful than he believed.

Desperate to defuse the bomb, all sides put down their weapons and frantically work as a team to dismantle it. They manage to disarm the bomb. After a brief moment of relief, Conroy decides to arrest Paul. John refuses to cooperate and opens the door to the lab, revealing a large crowd, including Jenny and the press; the film ends as John, Paul and Elizabeth all depart the scene. Christopher Collet as Paul Stephens John Lithgow as John Mathewson John Mahoney as Lt. Col. Conroy Jill Eikenberry as Elizabeth Stephens Cynthia Nixon as Jenny Anderman Robert Leonard as Max Richard Jenkins as Radiation Controls Officer Gregg Edelman as Science Teacher After making Lovesick, Brickman was interested in doing something other than comedy. "Jokes are easy," he said. "Humor comes to me so I'm suspicious of it. I secrete jokes like the pancreas secretes.... I wanted character, I wanted to go for the emotions that the kid feels; however he decided against doing something historical because "It's such a monster to do, the scope is so enormous - I couldn't come up with a viable way to make it that wouldn't cost under $60 million to produce."He decided to do something in a contemporary setting which dealt with the same themes.

"I became fascinated with the two worlds that coexist in America now," he says. "The one world of ordinary citizens, like the kid in the movie who has all the concommitant problems of adolescence - sex and girls and school... and the other world, the world of the military–industrial complex, within that world the sort of high-priesthood of nuclear-weapons planners and designers.... You read through the books and these guys are creepy: scary and fascinating, brilliant and elitist and condescending to the rest of the world, and divorced from any sense of consequence, from any sense of ethics or morality."He thought "it might be a good idea to approach the bomb as another consumer item, which in a sense it is. You know, it provides a lot of jobs, a lot of work, a lot of good side-effects."Brickman said he was inspired by an article he read in Scientific American on laser separation of trans-Uranic elements. He developed the structure with a collaborator Thomas Baum.' The plot was influenced by the case of John Aristotle Phillips, a Princeton University undergraduate, who came to prominence in 1977 as the "A-Bomb Kid" for designing a nucle

Taharoa

Taharoa is a small village on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand, to the southwest of Kawhia Harbour and overlooking Lake Taharoa. The New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage gives a translation of "long coast" for Taharoa, it was at times the temporary home of the great Te Rauparaha used as a battle ground on the vast expanses of sand dunes evident by the number of finds over the years, by 1822 they were being forced out of their land by stronger northern tribes. Te Rauparaha began a fighting retreat or migration southwards, one which ended with them controlling a small part of the North Island and Kapiti Island, which became the tribal stronghold. Taharoa has two marae: Āruka Marae and Tahaaroa meeting house, Te Kōraha Marae and Te Ōhākī meeting house. Both are affiliated with the Waikato Tainui hapū of Ngāti Rangitaka; the main industrial activity is iron sand mining, run by New Zealand Steel, which began in 1972 was exporting about 1.4 Mt a year to Japan, with small quantities to South Korea and China.

A 1993 study put reserves at 360 Mt of lower grade sand. An $80m investment in 2014 boosted potential exports to 4 Mt a year. In 2000 mining moved 2 km north; the roadway used for the move is now an airstrip. Sand from the lake is dug by a 250 tonne cutter suction dredge, a 450 tonne floating Trommel screen removes particles larger than 2.5 mm, a 1,000 tonne floating concentrator removes lighter material and the denser sand is magnetically separated.1,375 tonnes an hour of sand was piped 2.5 km to an offshore mono-buoy, extended a further 500m in 2012, replaced in 2017 and is 17 m wide and weighs 250 tons. The previous buoy weighed 185 tons; the three bulk carriers used to transport the sand, Taharoa Destiny, Taharoa Providence and Taharoa Eos, require a pilot to berth at the buoy and a support boat to move ropes and pipes. The mine employs about 150 workers, though only 108 were recorded as working in the whole Taharoa area in the 2013 census. To house its workers, NZ Steel built 65 houses, a hall, Kōhanga Reo, school and fire and ambulance facilities in the village.

According to the 2013 New Zealand census, Taharoa has a population of 228, an increase of 12 people since the 2006 census. Māori make up 90.4% of the population. Kinohaku School is a co-educational state primary school, with a roll of 23 as of March 2019. Te Kura o Tahaaroa is a co-educational state Māori immersion school, with a roll of 24. 1:50,000 map 1953 one inch map 1934 map Google Street View of Taharoa village Taharoa Express at mooring buoy Ironsand mine 1938 aerial views of lake and village aerial views 1944-1983 1906 children