Tristram Edgar Speaker, nicknamed "The Gray Eagle", was an American professional baseball player. Considered one of the best offensive and defensive center fielders in the history of Major League Baseball, he compiled a career batting average of.345. His 792 career doubles represent an MLB career record, his 3,514 hits are fifth in the all-time hits list. Defensively, Speaker holds career records for assists, double plays, unassisted double plays by an outfielder, his fielding glove was known as the place "where triples go to die."After playing in the minor leagues in Texas and Arkansas, Speaker debuted with the Boston Red Sox in 1907. He became the regular center fielder by 1909 and led the Red Sox to World Series championships in 1912 and 1915. In 1915, Speaker's batting average dropped to.322 from.338 the previous season. As player-manager for Cleveland, he led the team to its first World Series title. In ten of his eleven seasons with Cleveland, he finished with a batting average greater than.350.
Speaker resigned as Cleveland's manager in 1926 after he and Ty Cobb faced game fixing allegations. During his managerial stint in Cleveland, Speaker introduced the platoon system in the major leagues. Speaker played with the Washington Senators in 1927 and the Philadelphia Athletics in 1928 became a minor league manager and part owner, he held several roles for the Cleveland Indians. Late in life, Speaker led a short-lived indoor baseball league, ran a wholesale liquor business, worked in sales and chaired Cleveland's boxing commission, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. He was named 27th in the Sporting News 100 Greatest Baseball Players and was included in the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. Speaker was born on April 4, 1888, in Hubbard, Texas, to Nancy Poer Speaker; as a youth, Speaker broke his arm. In 1905, Speaker played a year of college baseball for Fort Worth Polytechnic Institute. Newspaper reports have held that Speaker suffered a football injury and nearly had his arm amputated around this time.
He worked on a ranch before beginning his professional baseball career. Speaker's abilities drew the interest of Doak Roberts, owner of the Cleburne Railroaders of the Texas League, in 1906. After losing several games as a pitcher, Speaker converted to outfielder to replace a Cleburne player, struck in the head with a pitch, he batted.318 for the Railroaders. Speaker's mother opposed his participation in the major leagues, saying that they reminded her of slavery. Though she relented, for several years Mrs. Speaker questioned why her son had not stayed home and entered the cattle or oil businesses, he performed well for the Texas League's Houston Buffaloes in 1907, but his mother stated that she would never allow him to go to the Boston Americans. Roberts sold the youngster to the Americans for $750 or $800. Speaker played in seven games for the Americans in 1907, with three hits in 19 at bats for a.158 average. In 1908, Boston Americans owner John I. Taylor changed the team's name to the Boston Red Sox after the bright socks in the team's uniform.
That year, the club traded Speaker to the Little Rock Travelers of the Southern League in exchange for use of their facilities for spring training. Speaker batted.350 for the Travelers and his contract was repurchased by the Red Sox. He logged a.224 batting average in 116 at bats. Speaker became the regular starting center fielder for Boston in 1909 and light-hitting Denny Sullivan was sold to the Cleveland Naps. Speaker hit.309 in 143 games. Defensively, Speaker was involved in 12 double plays, leading the league's outfielders, had a.973 fielding percentage, third among outfielders. In 1910 the Red Sox signed left fielder Duffy Lewis. Speaker and Harry Hooper formed Boston's "Million-Dollar Outfield", one of the finest outfield trios in baseball history. Speaker was the star of the Million-Dollar Outfield, he ran fast enough that he could stand close to second base giving the team a fifth infielder, but he still caught the balls hit to center field. In 1910 and 1911, Boston finished fourth in the American League standings.
Speaker's best season came in 1912. He led the American League in doubles and home runs, he set career highs with 222 hits, 136 runs, 580 at-bats, 52 stolen bases. Speaker's stolen base tally was a team record until Tommy Harper stole 54 bases in 1973, he batted his.567 slugging percentage was the highest of his dead-ball days. Speaker set a major league single-season record with three hitting streaks of twenty or more games, he became the first major leaguer to hit 50 doubles and steal 50 bases in the same season. In August, Speaker's mother unsuccessfully attempted to convince him to come home. In Fenway Park's first game, Speaker drove in the winning run in the 11th inning, giving Boston the 7–6 win; the 1912 Red Sox won the AL pennant, finishing 14 games ahead of the Washington Senators and 15 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. In the 1912 World Series, Speaker led the Red Sox to their second World Series title by defeating John McGraw's New York Giants. After the second game was called on account of darkness and ended in a tie, the series went to eight games.
The Red Sox won the final game after Fred Snodgrass dropped an easy fly ball and failed to go after a Speaker pop foul. After the
Soba ni Iru ne is Thelma Aoyama's second official single, released on January 23, 2008, featuring SoulJa. It is an answer song to her previous collaboration with SoulJa, "Koko ni Iru yo." B-side "My dear friend" was used as the ending theme to anime Shion no Ō, the opening theme to television show Ryuuha-R. The single reached the number 1 position on Japan's Oricon charts in its second week and sold over 450,000 compact discs. In addition, it sold over 7 million downloads, including 2 million complete downloads, by July 2008. In September 2008, the Guinness World Records certified the song as "the best selling download single in Japan" for the number of full-track downloads. On May 28, 2009, however, it was announced that the record was replaced by Greeeen's song "Kiseki", it was admitted by the Guinness World Records. It was the best-selling download single on the iTunes Store 2008 yearly charts in Japan. Taiwanese band Da Mouth sang their cover version of "Koko ni Iru yo" on their album Wang Yuan Kou Li Kou."Soba ni Iru ne" was covered by Sly and Robbie on their album Amazing.
"Soba ni Iru ne feat. SoulJa" "My dear friend" "This Day feat. Dohzi-T" Oricon Sales Chart Total sales as of 11th Feb'09 - 464,835 Official music video for "Soba ni Iru ne" from Universal Music Japan on YouTube
This is a complete list of members of the United States House of Representatives during the 37th United States Congress listed by seniority. As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 37th Congress. Current seats and party affiliations on the List of current members of the United States House of Representatives by seniority will be different for certain members. Seniority depends on the date. Since many members are sworn in on the same day, subsequent ranking is based on previous congressional service of the individual and by alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman. Committee chairmanship in the House is associated with seniority. However, party leadership is not associated with seniority. Note: The "*" indicates that the representative/delegate may have served one or more non-consecutive terms while in the House of Representatives of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
United States Congressional Elections 1788-1997, by Michael J. Dubin ISBN 0-7864-0283-0 37th United States Congress List of United States congressional districts List of United States Senators in the 37th Congress by seniority Office of the Clerk of the United States House of Representatives