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Triumphal Arch of Orange

The Triumphal Arch of Orange is a triumphal arch located in the town of Orange, southeast France. There is debate about when the arch was built, but current research that accepts the inscription as evidence favours a date during the reign of emperor Augustus, it was built on the former via Agrippa to honor the veterans of the Gallic Wars and Legio II Augusta. It was reconstructed by emperor Tiberius to celebrate the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes in Rhineland; the arch contains an inscription dedicated to emperor Tiberius in AD 27. On the northern facade, the architrave and cornice have been cut back and a bronze inscription inserted, now lost; the arch is decorated with various reliefs of military themes, including naval battles, spoils of war and Romans battling Germanics and Gauls. A Roman foot soldier carrying the shield of Legio II Augusta is seen on the north front battle relief; the arch was built into the town's walling during the Middle Ages to guard the northern entry points of the town.

Architect Augustin Caristie carried out restoration work in the 1850s. The arch was constructed using large unmortared limestone blocks, it has the center one being larger than the flanking ones. The entire structure measures 19.57 meters long by 8.40 meters wide, standing to a height of 19.21 meters. Each façade has four semi-engaged Corinthian columns; the arch is the oldest surviving example of a design, used in Rome itself, for the Arch of Septimius Severus and the Arch of Constantine. The visible pocks or holes are left by practicing medieval crossbowmen with little appreciation for art or history

Kot Fatta

Kot Fatta is a city and a municipal council in Bathinda district in the Indian state of Punjab. The town is the second railway station on the Bathinda-Delhi railway line, it is located on the Bathinda-Mohali State Highway.its 19 kilometres far from main city/district Bathinda. In the north is Bhucho Mandi, in south is Tawandi Sabo and in the east is Maur Mandi; as of the 2001 India census, Kot Fatta has a population of 6493. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kot Fatta has an average literacy rate of 51%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 58%, female literacy is 44%. In Kot Fatta, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Kot Fatta has a Govt. Senior Secondary three primary schools, it has a railway station, a police station, a small market bazaar, a Health Dispensary and veterinary hospital. A municipal council office is located in the grain market. A bus stand with shops on Bathinda Mansa Road; the main Jat Sikh Community are Dhillons and it is an agricultural town.

Wheat, cotton potatoes are the main crops of town. It has four Gurudwara sahib's

David Branson

David Branson was an Australian theatre director and writer. David Branson's father John was an Antarctic scientist, his mother Margaret a school librarian. Branson was born in Melbourne in 1963 and moved with his family to Canberra in 1965, he attended Hackett Primary School, Watson High School, Dickson College in Canberra. He was a member of many youth groups. Branson was a dynamic theatre-worker, he worked with community groups, youth theatres, Repertory Theatre, groups of his own devising to create innumerable productions. He played the violin in the Canberra Youth Orchestra and in many local bands such as The Black Dogs, The Plunderers, The Gadflys, he was a member of, among others, the Doug Anthony Allstars, Found Objects and the Performing Arts Cafe. In 1985 Branson, Ross Cameron, John Utans, Patrick Troy founded Splinters Theatre of Spectacle which had its origins in mediaevalist antics in Canberra's inner north. Splinters staged several large productions, sometimes involving hundreds of people, fire sculptures, giant puppets, & large moving metal sculptures.

Early Splinters performances were at a now-demolished weatherboard cottage in Downer, the Causeway Hall at Kingston, as well as backyards in the inner north. Splinters made good use of crowd manipulation. During his time with Splinters he was involved in more than 20 productions including Cry Stinking Fish as part of the Melbourne Spoleto Festival, Gumboot Full of Blood, Cathedral of Flesh (winner Best Promenade Theatre Performance Award in the Adelaide Fringe Festival, Guardians of the Concourse, Utopia/Distopia, Faust - The Heat of Knowledge. After theatre studies in Melbourne, Branson worked as an actor with many different companies including La Mama Theatre; as a director he staged The Threepenny Handel's Ariodante. His Ribbons of Steel used a mix of archival material, interpretive art and photographic exhibits, to mark the closure of Newcastle's BHP Steelworks. Under the pseudonym'Senor Handsome' he was a founding member, violinist, of the cabaret group Mikelangelo and the Black Sea Gentlemen.

He directed works by Daniel Keene, Grahame Henderson, Alison Croggon, Geire Kami and Christos Tsiolkas. Branson remained with Splinters until 1996 when he became the Artistic Director of Culturally Innovative Arts, which he founded with Louise Morris. Branson remained a Canberra identity, divided his time between Canberra and Melbourne. In Canberra he hosted the "Terrace Sessions" at the Terrace Bar, the Gypsy Bar and the "Salons at the Street" at the Street Theatre, where many avant-garde performances were staged. Branson accompanying others with impromptu violin or off-the-cuff poesy. Branson coined the moniker "Brian Desire" for Canberra artist/poet Brian Hincksmann, he died in a car accident at Anzac Parade. 800 people attended his funeral at St Margaret's Uniting Church in Hackett, the inner-north suburb of Canberra where he grew up. And a large crowd performed and attended Memorials at the Street Theatre in Canberra and the Trades Hall in Melbourne. A street in Dunlop in the Belconnen region of Canberra is named after him.

Https://web.archive.org/web/20050616163614/http://www.melbournecityopera.com.au/People/Branson_Bio.htm Another bio A picture of David Branson, from the film The Sequence, directed by David Branson

Alice Neville

Alice Neville, Baroness FitzHugh was the wife of Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh. She is best known for being the great-grandmother of Queen consort Catherine Parr and her siblings and William, as well as one of the sisters of Warwick the'Kingmaker', her family was one of the most powerful families of the North. They had a long-standing tradition of military service and a reputation for seeking power at the cost of the loyalty to the crown as was demonstrated by her brother, the Earl of Warwick. Lady Alice was the third daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury jure uxoris and Lady Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury suo jure. By her father she was a descendant of King Edward III through the legitimised children of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress wife, Katherine Roët, her mother was the only child and sole heiress of Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury by his first wife Lady Eleanor Holland. Lady Alice was the sister of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age.

Warwick was the most important and influential peer in the realm, one of the principal protagonists in the Wars of the Roses. Her aunt, Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, mother of future kings and Alice's first cousins, Edward IV and Richard III, was another key figure in the dynastic civil wars that dominated most of the latter half of 15th century England. Alice's other siblings included Lady Joan Countess of Arundel. Lady Fitzhugh's nieces, the daughters of Warwick, were Isabel Neville, who married Edward IV's brother George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and Anne Neville. Anne was Princess of Wales as the wife of Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, the son of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou. After the premature death of the Prince of Wales at 17 years old, Anne became Queen consort of England upon her second marriage to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, who became King of England as Richard III. Lady Alice, close to her niece Anne, was supportive of the Duke of Gloucester after he had become Lord Protector of the Realm.

She influenced her family members to do the same. When Gloucester ascended the throne as King Richard III in 1483, Lady Alice and her daughter, were appointed by the Queen to serve as her ladies-in-waiting; the two received presents from the King which included yards of the grandest cloth available to make dresses. At the coronation in 1483, it was Alice and Elizabeth who were two of the seven noble ladies given the honour to ride behind the queen; the position of lady-in-waiting to the Queens of England became a family tradition spanning down to Lady FitzHugh's great-granddaughter, Anne Parr who served all of King Henry VIII's six wives. Lady Fitzhugh was much the same temperament of her brother the Earl of Warwick. Although her husband, Lord FitzHugh is given credit for instigating the 1470 rebellion which drew King Edward IV into the north and allowed a safe landing of the Earl of Warwick in the West country, the boldness of the stroke is far more in keeping with Alice, Lady Fitzhugh's temperament and abilities than with her husband's.

After the death of her husband in 1483, Lady Fitzhugh along with her children Richard, Edward and Elizabeth joined the Corpus Christi guild at York. Lady Alice married Henry, Lord FitzHugh of Ravensworth Castle, near Richmond, head of a powerful local family between Tees and Swale. Lord and Lady FitzHugh had 11 children; this abeyance continues to the present day. George FitzHugh, Dean of Lincoln from 1483 to 1505 Alice FitzHugh married Sir John Fiennes, the son of Sir Richard Fiennes and Joan Dacre, 7th Baroness Dacre. Elizabeth FitzHugh, who married firstly William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal and secondly Sir Nicholas Vaux. By her first husband, Elizabeth was the grandmother to Queen consort Catherine Parr, Countess of Pembroke, William, Marquess of Northampton. Anne, wife of Francis Lovell, 1st Viscount Lovell. Margery, who married Sir Marmaduke Constable. Joan, who became a nun. Edward FitzHugh Thomas FitzHugh John FitzHugh Eleanor FitzHugh Percy-Neville feud The Kingmaker's Sisters: Six Powerful Women in the Wars of the Roses by David Baldwin

Fausta Cialente

Fausta Terni Cialente was an Italian novelist and political activist. Fausta Cialente was born on 29 November 1898 in Sardinian, she was the second child of Alfredo Cialente, an army officer from the Abruzzo region in central Italy and Elsa Wieselberger who had trained as a soprano and came from a musical family in Trieste. Her elder brother Renato appeared in many films. Fausta's early life was marked by upheaval. In 1921 she married Enrico Terni, a banker from a wealthy Jewish family of Italian origin who had settled in Alexandria, Egypt in the early nineteenth century. Enrico was a composer. Cialente's only daughter, was born in 1923. Although based in Alexandria the family would spend long holidays in Italy. Cialente's first novel Natalia, completed in 1927, treated the lesbian relationship of an unhappily married woman, it won the Dieci Savi Prize. When the initial print run of 3000 copies had been sold, her publisher wanted to print more copies but the censors in the Fascist regime asked for two sections of the book to be revised.

Cialente refused and the book was not reprinted but in 1932 a French translation was published in France. In 1930 her short story "Marianna" was published in the literary magazine L'Italia Letteraria, edited by Giambattista Angioletti, her first novel with an Egyptian setting, Cortile a Cleopatra, was completed in 1931. She tried unsuccessfully to persuade the prestigious publisher Mondadori to accept the work, it was serialized in L'Italia letteraria in 1935 and published as a book in 1936. From 1940 she wrote antifascist pamphlets and made daily broadcasts from Radio Cairo against the Fascist regime in Italy. In 1947 she returned to Italy, living there until moving to England in 1984. Many of Cialente's subsequent stories were set in Egypt. "The position of her female characters precoccupies Cialente throughout her work, not least in the semi-autobiographical Le quattro ragazze Wieselberger", which won the Strega Prize. Cialente, Fausta. Natalia: romanzo. Rome: Sapientia, Edizioni dei Dieci. OCLC 955167272.

Cialente, Fausta. "Marianna". L'Italia Letteraria. Volume 6. Republished in Interno con figure. Cialente, Fausta. Cortile a Cleopatra. Milan: A. Corticelli. OCLC 13873407. Cialente, Fausta. Ballata levantina. Biblioteca di letteratura. I contemporanei, 25. Milan: Feltrinelli. OCLC 977921413. Translated by Isabel Quigly as The Levantines, 1963 Cialente, Fausta. Un inverno freddissimo: romanzo. I narratori di Feltrinelli, 87. Milan: Feltrinelli. OCLC 1572178. Cialente, Fausta. Il vento sulla sabbia: romanzo. Milan: Mondadori. OCLC 223416696. Cialente, Fausta. Interno con figure. Rome: Riuniti. OCLC 251671916. A collection of short stories. Includes an autobiographical postface. Cialente, Fausta. Le quattro ragazze Wieselberger: romanzo. Milan: Mondadori. OCLC 247228244. Works by or about Fausta Cialente in libraries

Mohammed Rafeh

Mohammed Rafeh was a Syrian actor popular around the Arab world. He was notable for his role as Ibrahim in the popular Syrian television series Bab Al-Hara. Rafeh was born in a half Syrian and half Palestinian, his father was a Palestinian refugee and as well Ahmad Rafeh. Mohammed Rafeh was notable for his support of the Syrian government. During the Syrian Civil War, Rafeh's picture appeared on a Facebook page titled "The black list of Syrian artists". Rafeh's father said that Mohammed loved the president Bashar al-Assad. Rafeh was kidnapped by the Free Syrian Army's al-Siddiq battalion on 2 November 2012 in Damascus' Barzeh neighborhood. On the same day, he was executed by gunshots to his head and shoulders. On 4 November, his body was returned to his family and buried the next day