Trivial Pursuit is a board game from Canada in which winning is determined by a player's ability to answer general knowledge and popular culture questions. Players move their pieces around a board, the squares they land on determining the subject of a question they are asked from a card; each correct answer earns a plastic wedge, slotted into the answerer's playing piece. Since the game's first release in 1981, dozens of themed editions have been released; some question sets have been designed for younger players, others for a specific time period or as promotional tie-ins. The game was created on December 15, 1979 in Montreal by Canadian Chris Haney, a photo editor for Montreal's The Gazette, Scott Abbott, a sports editor for The Canadian Press. After finding pieces of their Scrabble game missing, they decided to create their own game. With the help of John Haney and Ed Werner, they completed development of the game, released in 1981; the rights to the game were licensed to Selchow and Righter in 1982 to Parker Brothers in 1988, after being turned down by the Virgin Group.
As of 2014, more than 100 million games had been sold in 17 languages. Northern Plastics of Elroy, Wisconsin produced 30,000,000 games between 1983 and 1985. In December 1993, Trivial Pursuit was named to the "Games Hall of Fame" by Games magazine. An online version of Trivial Pursuit was launched in September 2003; the object of the game is to move around the board by answering trivia questions. Questions are split into six categories, with each one having its own color to identify itself; the game includes a board, playing pieces, question cards, a box, small plastic wedges to fit into the playing pieces, a dice. Playing pieces used in Trivial Pursuit are round and divided into six sections, similar to a cheese triangle. A small plastic wedge, sometimes called cheese, can be placed into each of these sections to mark each player's progress. During the game, players move their playing pieces around a track, shaped like a wheel with six spokes; this track is divided into spaces of different colors, the center of the board is a hexagonal "hub" space.
At the end of each spoke is a "category headquarters" space. When a player's counter lands on a square, the player answers a question according to its color, which corresponds to one of the six categories. If the player answers the question his turn continues. Wedges are fitted into a player's piece; some spaces say "roll again," giving an extra roll of the die to the player. The hub is a "wild" space. Questions must be answered without any outside assistance. Any number of playing pieces may occupy the same space at the same time. A variant rule ends a player's turn on collecting a wedge, preventing a single knowledgeable player from running the board. Once a player has collected one wedge of each color and filled up his playing piece, he must return to the hub and answer a question in a category selected by the other players. If this question is answered that player wins the game. Otherwise, the player must try again on the next turn. Over the years, numerous editions of Trivial Pursuit have been produced specializing in various fields.
The original version is known as the Genus edition. Several different general knowledge editions have followed. Other editions include Junior Edition, All-Star Sports, Baby Boomers, 1980s, All About the 80s, 1990s and others. In total, over 100 different editions in different languages have been printed. In the United Kingdom, Trivial Pursuit players complained that the 2006 version of the game was dumbed down in comparison to previous editions, with easier questions and more focus on celebrities and show business; the board game has received mixed reviews throughout those years as Gamespot has described the game as "fun because the formula tickles the inner trivia nut in everyone", The Toy Insider mentioned that it can be "enjoyed by baby boomers and everyone in between" and Board Games Land called it "The timeless classic and the godfather of trivia games". In October 1984, Fred L. Worth, author of The Trivia Encyclopedia, Super Trivia, Super Trivia II, filed a $300 million lawsuit against the distributors of Trivial Pursuit.
He claimed that more than a quarter of the questions in the game's Genus Edition had been taken from his books to the point of reproducing typographical errors and deliberately placed misinformation. One of the questions in Trivial Pursuit was "What was Columbo's first name?" with the answer "Philip". That information had been fabricated to catch anyone; the inventors of Trivial Pursuit acknowledged that Worth's books were among their sources, but argued that this was not improper and that facts are not protected by copyright. The district court judge agreed; the decision was appealed, in September 1987 the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the ruling. Worth asked the Supreme Court of the United States to review the case, but the Co
Resistance and Death is a 1960 collection of essays written by Albert Camus and selected by the author prior to his death. The essays here involve conflicts near the Mediterranean, with an emphasis on his home country Algeria, on the Algerian War of Independence in particular, he criticizes capital punishment and totalitarianism in particular. Camus proclaims the call to justice and the struggle for freedom declaimed in the Old Testament the minor prophets, but he does so in a modern context, where God is silent and man is the master of his own destiny. Although he sees no messianic age, he proclaims the hope that by continuous effort, evil can be diminished and freedom and justice may become more prevalent. Collected here, in the essay "The Artist and His Time," is the address Camus gave in December 1957 at the University of Uppsala, entitled "Create Dangerously"; the speech is reminiscent of Tolstoy's essay, "What is Art?", in that Camus speaks of the social context of art, concluding that "the only justification... is to speak up for those... who cannot do so."
Greta Andersen is a retired Danish swimmer who won a gold and a silver medal in 100 m freestyle events at the 1948 Summer Olympics. In the mid-1950s she moved to the United States, where she set several world records in marathon swimming in the distances up to 50 miles. Andersen was born in Copenhagen to Charlotte Emerentze Benedikte Nielsen. Andersen began swimming in a club aged 16 while doing gymnastics. In 1947, she won two European medals at her first international competition. Next year she won two more medals at the London Olympics, a gold in the 100m freestyle and a silver in the 4 × 100m freestyle relay, she failed to finish her 400m freestyle race due to sudden stomach cramps – she fainted and was rescued from drowning by fellow competitors Nancy Lees and Elemér Szathmáry. According to her recollections, an injection her coach gave her to delay her period caused her legs to be paralyzed and for her to subsequently faint. In 1949 Andersen set a world record in the 100 yard freestyle at 58.2 s, which stood for seven years.
She took part in three events at the 1952 Olympics, but could not use one leg due to a recent knee surgery, failed to medal. Her best result at those Games was a fourth place in the 4 × 100m freestyle relay. During her career in Europe, she won nine individual Danish titles, several team titles, four individual Scandinavian titles. In the mid-1950s she immigrated to Long Beach and obtained US citizenship. There she switched to marathon swimming and became the first person to swim a major channel both ways, she set world records in the 10, 25 and 50 miles. Between 1957 and 1965 she crossed the English Channel six times, setting a record for most Channel swims by a woman, as well as a speed record for women at 10:59 h in 1958, she set an unofficial record for the longest Channel swim, while trying for 23 h to cross the Channel forth and back in 1964. In 1957 Andersen married John Sonnichsen, with whom she opened a swimming school in Los Alamitos in 1960. In 1969 she was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.
List of members of the International Swimming Hall of Fame Greta Andersen at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Greta Andersen at databaseOlympics.com Greta Andersen at International Swimming Hall of Fame
Sir Christopher Wren was 33 years old and near the beginning of his career as an architect when the Great Fire of London in 1666 destroyed many of the city's public buildings, including 88 of its parish churches. Wren's office was commissioned to build St Paul's Cathedral. Many of these buildings survive to this day; some others were or destroyed during the German Blitz of 1940–41. Many of Wren's churches were demolished as the population of the City of London declined in the 19th century and more were destroyed or damaged during the Blitz; the Blitz in 1940–1941 damaged nearly all the churches in the City of London and many were nearly destroyed leaving just the outer walls and tower. However most of them were rebuilt to Wren's original design; these churches were demolished in the 19th century. Only their towers remained with a short section of the outer wall, they are no longer working churches. The population of the City of London declined in the 19th century, the Union of Benefices Act 1860 reduced the number of parish churches.
The surplus churches were demolished. These churches were destroyed in the Blitz and their ruins demolished afterwards; these churches were outside the area of the Great Fire of London. List of demolished churches in the City of London Betjeman, Sovereign City of London Churches, Andover: Pitkin, ISBN 978-0-85372-565-7 Godwin, Churches of London, Vols.1–2, C. Tilt Huelin, G, Vanished Churches of the City of London, London: Guildhall Library Publications, ISBN 978-0-900422-42-3 Reynolds, H, The Churches of the City of London, London: The Bodley Head Limited Friends of the City Churches Church Bells of the City of London City of London Churches by Mark McManus Churches in the City from the Diocese of London Where the existing Wren churches are in London from Google maps View interiors of Wren Churches in 360 degrees
William Douglas Gordon was an American actor, director, story editor and producer. Although he is best known for his writing credits, he acted on numerous TV series. Gordon was born in Santa Clara, California in 1918, he started his career as a writer in 1936, writing for radio shows like The Cisco Kid, The Count of Monte Cristo and The Tommy Dorsey Show. In 1939, he began to direct TV shows, directing the first live television shows for the Don Lee Network and he served as an infantry officer during World War II. In 1958, he acted for the first time in Maverick, appearing subsequently in TV series including Maverick, The Twilight Zone, Peter Gunn, Law of the Plainsman, Rawhide, The Americans and The Virginian during the 1960s, he worked as a script writer for shows like Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Fugitive, Bonanza and Barbary Coast, in addition to writing the screenplay of the films Cotter and Sergeant Ryker. As a director, he directed one episode of The Richard Boone Show titled "Death Before Dishonor" and another of The Fugitive titled "A.
P. B.". On March 31, 1965, he became the producer of Twelve O'Clock High, producing 47 episodes of the series, in addition to producing 32 episodes of The Fugitive between 1964 and 1966, he worked as a story supervisor of The Richard Boone Show, Bonanza and Alfred Hitchcock Presents and directed the television game show Queen for a Day. From 1977 to 1982, along with James Doherty, helped to produce and edit the TV series CHiPs. After retirement, Gordon began writing novels about the Civil War. Gordon died in Thousand Oaks, California of lung cancer aged 73. Cimarron City - The Blood Line TV Episode.... Roy Rankin Maverick - Escape to Tampico TV Episode.... Sam Garth - Prey of the Cat TV Episode.... Fred Bender - Two Tickets to Ten Strike TV Episode.... Eddie Burke Peter Gunn - The Portrait TV Episode.... Maddox Law of the Plainsman - Prairie Incident TV Episode.... Deke - A Matter of Life and Death TV Episode.... Henchman Riverboat - Payment in Full TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Barrier TV Episode....
Joe Travis - About Roger Mowbray TV Episode.... Joe Travis - A Race to Cincinnati TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Unwilling TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Fight Back TV Episode.... Joe Travis - Escape to Memphis TV Episode.... Joe Travis - Witness No Evil TV Episode.... Joe Travis - A Night at Trapper's Landing TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Faithless TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Boy from Pittsburgh TV Episode.... Joe Travis - Strange Request TV Episode.... Joe Travis - Guns for Empire TV Episode.... Joe Travis - The Face of Courage TV Episode.... Joe Travis Black Saddle - A Case of Slow TV Episode.... Dr. Tom Wall Rawhide - Incident of the Last Chance TV Episode.... Sid Gorman The Twilight Zone - Nervous Man in a Four Dollar Room TV Episode.... George - Eye of the Beholder TV Episode.... Doctor The Americans - Harper's Ferry TV Episode.... Lt. Barnes - The Regular TV Episode.... Lt. Barnes Thriller - The Premature Burial TV Episode.... Doctor March Laramie - The Star Trail TV Episode.... Vic Stoddard - A Grave for Cully Brown TV Episode....
Giles The Virginian - West TV Episode.... Blench Bearcats! - Powderkeg TV Episode.... Fallon, Hotel Goon The Bold Ones: The Lawyers - The Strange Secret of Yermo Hill TV Episode.... Dr. Sinclair Alias Smith and Jones - What happened at the XST? TV Episode.... Reverend Siever Captains and the Kings - Chapter III TV Episode.... Doctor Gill Hunter - Blow-Up TV Episode.... Minister Startime TV Series The Americans TV Series Thriller TV Series Outlaws TV Series Rodeo TV Series Alfred Hitchcock Presents TV Series Kraft Suspense Theatre TV Series The Richard Boone Show TV Series Breaking Point TV Series The Fugitive TV Series 12 O'Clock High TV Series Sergeant Ryker The Name of the Game TV Series The Bold Ones: The Lawyers TV Series Alias Smith and Jones TV Series Bonanza TV Series Cotter Petrocelli TV Series The Six Million Dollar Man TV Series Ironside TV Series Barbary Coast TV Series Chips TV Series Twelve O'Clock High TV Series The Fugitive TV Series The Richard Boone Show TV Series Bonanza TV Series Barbary Coast TV Series CHiPs TV Series William D. Gordon on IMDb William D. Gordon at Find a Grave
Salvatore Mineo Jr. was an American actor and director. Mineo is best known for his Academy Award-nominated performance as John "Plato" Crawford opposite James Dean in the film Rebel Without a Cause. Mineo received a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination for his supporting role in Exodus. A 1950s teen idol, Mineo's acting career declined in his adult years, he was murdered in 1976. Mineo was born in the son of coffin makers Josephine and Salvatore Mineo Sr.. He was of Sicilian descent. Mineo was the brother of actors Michael and Victor Mineo, he attended the Quintano School for Young Professionals. Mineo's mother enrolled him in acting school at an early age, he had his first stage appearance in Tennessee Williams' play The Rose Tattoo. He played the young prince opposite Yul Brynner in the stage musical The King and I. Brynner took the opportunity to help Mineo better himself as an actor. On May 8, 1954, Mineo portrayed the Page in the NBC Opera Theatre's production of Richard Strauss's Salome, set to Oscar Wilde's play.
Elaine Malbin performed the title role, Peter Herman Adler conducted Kirk Browning's production. As a teenager, Mineo appeared on ABC's musical quiz program Jukebox Jury. Mineo made several television appearances before making his screen debut in the Joseph Pevney film Six Bridges to Cross, he beat out Clint Eastwood for the role. Mineo successfully auditioned for a part in The Private War of Major Benson, as a cadet colonel opposite Charlton Heston. Mineo's breakthrough as an actor came in Rebel Without a Cause, in which he played John "Plato" Crawford, a sensitive teenager smitten with main character Jim Stark. Mineo's performance resulted in an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, his popularity developed. Mineo's biographer, Paul Jeffers, recounted that Mineo received thousands of letters from young female fans, was mobbed by them at public appearances, further wrote: "He dated the most beautiful women in Hollywood and New York City." In Giant, Mineo played Angel Obregon II, a Mexican boy killed in World War II.
Many of his subsequent roles were variations of his role in Rebel Without a Cause, he was typecast as a troubled teen. In the Disney adventure Tonka, for instance, Mineo starred as a young Sioux named White Bull who traps and domesticates a clear-eyed, spirited wild horse named Tonka that becomes the famous Comanche, the lone survivor of Custer's Last Stand. By the late 1950s, Mineo was a major celebrity, he was sometimes referred to as the "Switchblade Kid", a nickname he earned from his role as a criminal in the movie Crime in the Streets. In 1957, Mineo made a brief foray into pop music by recording a handful of an album. Two of his singles reached the Top 40 in the United States' Billboard Hot 100; the more popular of the two, "Start Movin'", reached #9 on Billboard's pop chart. It was awarded a gold disc, he starred as drummer Gene Krupa in the movie The Gene Krupa Story, directed by Don Weis with Susan Kohner, James Darren, Susan Oliver. He appeared as the celebrity guest challenger on the June 30, 1957, episode of What's My Line?
Mineo made an effort to break his typecasting. He played a Native American brave in the above-mentioned film Tonka, a Mexican boy in the above-mentioned film Giant, a Jewish Holocaust survivor in Exodus. By the early 1960s, Mineo was becoming too old to play the type of role that had made him famous, his rumoured homosexuality led to his being considered inappropriate for leading roles. For example, he was not hired. Mineo appeared in The Longest Day, in which he played a private killed by a German after the landing in Sainte-Mère-Église. Mineo was baffled by his sudden loss of popularity saying: "One minute it seemed I had more movie offers than I could handle. Now in the Guggenheim Museum's permanent collection, the painting is considered "one of the great American nudes." Mineo appeared on the Season 2 episode of The Patty Duke Show: "Patty Meets a Celebrity". Mineo's role as a stalker in Who Killed Teddy Bear, which co-starred Juliet Prowse, did not seem to help his career. Although his performance was praised by critics, he found himself typecast again—this time as a deranged criminal.
Mineo never escaped this characterization. The high point of this period was his portrayal of Uriah in The Greatest Story Ever Told. Mineo guest-starred in an episode of the TV series Combat! in 1966, playing the role of a GI wanted for murder. He did two more appearances on the same show, including appearing in an installment with Fernando Lamas. In 1969, Mineo returned to the stage to direct a Los Angeles production of the LGBT-themed play Fortune and Men's Eyes, featuring unknown Don Johnson as Smitty and himself as Rocky; the production received positive reviews, although its expanded prison rape scene was criticized as excessive and gratuitous. Mineo's last role in a motion picture was a small part in the film Escape from the Planet of the Apes. Mineo stage-directed a Gian Carlo Menotti opera entitled The Medium in December 1