The Troada or Troad, or Troas, is the historical name of the Biga Peninsula in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. This region now is part of the Çanakkale province of Turkey. Bounded by the Dardanelles to the northwest, by the Aegean Sea to the west and separated from the rest of Anatolia by the massif that forms Mount Ida, the Troad is drained by two main rivers, the Scamander and the Simois, which join at the area containing the ruins of Troy. Mount Ida, called by Homer "many-fountain", sourced several rivers, including Rhesos, Caresus, Granicus, Aesepus and Simoeis; the Troad gets its name from the Hittites' name for Taruiša. This identification was first put forth by Emil Forrer, but disputed by most Hittite experts until 1983 when Houwink ten Cate showed that two fragments were from the same original cuneiform tablet and in his discussion of the restored letter showed that Taruiša and Wiluša were placed in northwestern Anatolia. According to Trevor Bryce, Hittite texts indicate a number of Ahhiyawan raids on Wilusa during the 13th century BC, which may have resulted in the overthrow of king Walmu.
Bryce said that archeological surveys conducted by John Bintliff in the 1970s showed that a powerful kingdom that held sway over northwestern Anatolia was based at Wilusa. Greek settlements flourished in Troas during the Archaic and Classical ages, as evidenced by the number of Greek poleis that coined money in their own names; the region was part of the satrapy of Hellespontine Phrygia of the Achaemenid Empire until its conquest by Alexander the Great. After this it fell to the Diadoch Seleucid Empire, passed to Rome's ally, the kingdom of Pergamon; the Attalid kings of Pergamon ceded Mysia, including the territory of the Troad, to the Roman Republic, on the death of King Attalus III in 133 B. C. Under the Roman Empire, the territory of the Troad became part of the province of Asia, of the smaller Mysian province Hellespontus. Under the Byzantine Empire, it was included in the thema of the Aegean Islands. Following its conquest by the Ottoman Empire, the Troad formed part of the sanjak of Biga.
The apostles Paul and Silas first visited Troas during their journey from Galatia to Macedonia. Paul referred to Troas when he asked his fellow worker Timothy out of Ephesus, to bring the cloak he had left there, a journey of about 500 kilometres; the changes from the story, being recounted as "they" to "we" in Acts 16 and Acts 20, imply that Paul was joined by Luke when he went through Troas. Ancient regions of Anatolia Acts of Apostles Alexandria Troas List of traditional Greek place names Along the Troad Coast travel guide from WikivoyageBibliographyTrevor R. Bryce. Chapter 14, "The Trojan War: Myth or Reality" in The Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-924010-8
Maykel Galindo Castañeda is a Cuban footballer. A rising star in the youth ranks of the Cuban national team, he made his debut in a January 2002 friendly match against Guatemala. Galindo made the senior squad for the 2005 CONCACAF Gold Cup, to be played in the United States, he has earned a total of scoring 12 goals. He represented his country in 3 FIFA World Cup qualifying matches and played at 3 CONCACAF Gold Cup final tournaments. After scoring in a 3–1 loss to Costa Rica, Galindo sought asylum in the United States and defected in Seattle, Washington. In an interview with Irish radio show Team 33 on Newstalk, he said of his defection: "I made my decision when I went to United States and thought'I'm not going back to Cuba'. I remember when I called my Mum, I said ` Mum. I'm going to stay here, fighting'. She's crying but at the end of the day, she said ` you're going to be alone over there. Take care, we support you with whatever you do', and it's been 12 years."He confirmed that he had made his first visit to Cuba for more than 11 years in the Autumn of 2016.
Galindo signed with Seattle Sounders of the USL First Division in 2005 but struggled through injuries during his two seasons there. He signed with Chivas USA of Major League Soccer prior to the 2007 season and became a regular starter for Chivas. On April 21, 2007, Galindo scored two goals in the first ten minutes of the match in a 4–0 win over Real Salt Lake, he remained with the club through the 2010 season, though he was loaned to FC Tampa Bay of the USSF Division 2 Professional League in 2010. A new regime hired by Chivas USA before the 2011 season deemed Galindo expendable and his contract option was declined on January 21, 2011, he spent the 2011 preseason training with FC Dallas. FC Dallas traded a Supplemental draft pick for his rights and signed him on April 1, 2011. Galindo stayed with FC Dallas for the 2011 campaign. At season's end, the club declined his 2012 contract option, he entered the 2011 MLS Re-Entry Draft. Galindo became a free agent. USL First Division Champion: 2005 Maykel Galindo at Major League Soccer Maykel Galindo at National-Football-Teams.com
The Lumber Workers' Industrial Union was a labor union in the United States and Canada which existed between 1917 and 1924. It organised workers in the timber industry and was affiliated with the Industrial Workers of the World. Between 1915 and 1917, the Agricultural Workers Organization of the IWW organized hundreds of thousands of migratory farm workers throughout the midwest and western United States. Building on the success of the AWO, the IWW's LWIU used similar tactics to organize lumberjacks and other timber workers, both in the Deep South and the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Canada, between 1917 and 1924; the IWW lumber strike of 1917 led to the eight-hour day and vastly improved working conditions in the Pacific Northwest. Though mid-century historians would give credit to the US Government and "forward thinking lumber magnates" for agreeing to such reforms, an IWW strike forced these concessions; the LWIU joined the One Big Union organization in Canada. But that organization differed structurally from the IWW.
While the IWW organized on industrial lines, the OBU of Canada focused more on organizing workers geographically. The absence of an existing industrial union structure within the Canadian OBU caused the LWIU to pull out its 20,000 members. According to the 1922 publication Industrial Unionism in America, "Their withdrawal was a staggering blow from which the O. B. U. recovered."In 1924 the IWW was split by a division between centralizers and decentralizers. The modern IWW website describes an offshoot led by James Rowan of the LWIU, who invoked the E-P "The E-Pers believed that the administration of the IWW was too emphasizing'Political Action' as opposed to Organizing on the Job; the E-P claimed to oppose'centralism' in favor of'decentralism', but the E-P sought to centralize power within individual Industrial Unions." Industrial Workers of the World Labor federation competition in the United States