Trochilinae

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Trochilinae
BroadbilledHummingbird.jpg
Broad-billed Hummingbird male Cynanthus latirostris, Madera Canyon, Arizona
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Subfamily: Trochilinae
Jardine, 1833
Genera

About 100, see text

Trochilinae is a subfamily of the hummingbird family (Trochilidae). Members of the subfamily Trochilinae are sometimes called typical hummingbirds. They typically display iridescent plumage in metallic reds, oranges, greens and/or blues. Strong sexual dimorphism in plumage and size is evident in many species.

Distribution[edit]

Hummingbirds in Trochilinae are found in America, from Alaska to the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. There is great diversity in almost the entire Central American isthmus, Colombia, and Venezuela; the country with the greatest diversity of this species is Ecuador, which has 132 species equivalent to 40% of the world total, however the country with the highest number of these is Colombia with up to 165 species throughout its territory.

Reproduction[edit]

Calliope Hummingbird (Stellula calliope) female feeding two chicks

To court the interest of the female, the male performs a dance. After the females have been fertilized, they build a small nest lined internally with spider web, cotton, lichen or moss; the nest is often built in a low bush. The female lays two eggs in a period of two days and hatches within 14 to 19 days. Then, the hummingbirds feed their young for about three to four weeks at this time the female travels from the nest up to 140 times a day to feed her young.

Taxonomic list[edit]

Image Genus Living species
Androdon aequatorialis (Tooth-billed Hummingbird) (7162180046).jpg Androdon
Doryfera ludovicae.jpg Doryfera
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird - Sarapiqui - Costa Rica S4E0291 (26084747394).jpg Phaeochroa
Rufous Sabrewing JCB.jpg Campylopterus
Flickr - Dario Sanches - AJUDE A AJUDAR COM O SEU OLHAR.jpg Eupetomena
White-necked jacobin (Florisuga mellivora mellivora) male Tr.jpg Florisuga
Sparkling Violet-ear.jpg Colibri
Anthracothorax nigricollis (Mango pechinegro) - Macho (16247043591).jpg Anthracothorax
Avocettula
Crimson Topaz (Topaza pella).jpg Topaza
Purple-throated carib hummingbird.jpg Eulampis
Ruby-topaz-hummingbird chrysolampis-mosquitus-7042-cr1.jpg Chrysolampis
Antillean crested hummingbird.jpg Orthorhyncus
Violet-headed Hummingbird (f) JCB.jpg Klais
Stephanoxis lalandi -Campos do Jordao, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg Stephanoxis
Abeillia
Lophornis delattrei (cropped).jpg Lophornis
Green Thorntail JCB.jpg Discosura
Red-billed streamertail( Trochilus polytmus) adult male 2.jpg Trochilus
Blue-chinned sapphire (Chlorestes notata notata) male.jpg Chlorestes
Glittering-bellied Emerald.jpg Chlorostilbon
Zafiro Oreja Blanca, White Eared Hummingbird, Hylocharis leucotis (17015994576).jpg Basilinna
Elvira cupreiceps (female).jpg Elvira
Black-bellied Hummingbird - La Paz - Costa Rica MG 2167 (26086455573).jpg Eupherusa
Goethalsia
Violet-capped Hummingbird (cropped).jpg Goldmania
Doubleday Hummingbird - Mexico S4E8781.jpg Cynanthus
ThaluraniaGlaucopis200805DarioSanches.jpg Thalurania
Violet-bellied Hummingbird.jpg Damophila
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis (Colibrí zafirino) - Macho (14413881800).jpg Lepidopyga
Hylocharis chrysura -Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil-8.jpg Hylocharis
Golden-tailed Sapphire JCB.jpg Chrysuronia
Leucochloris albicollis.jpg Leucochloris
Polytmus guainumbi-White-tailed Goldenthroat.jpg Polytmus
Leucippus fallax in Isla Margarita 2.jpg Leucippus
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird JCB.jpg Amazilia
Amazilia leucogaster.jpg Agyrtria
BEIJA-FLOR-DE-GARGANTA-VERDE (Amazilia fimbriata).jpg Polyerata
Amazilia tobaci - perched.JPG Saucerottia
Fiery throated Hummingbird JCB3.jpg Panterpe
White-bellied Mountain-gem - La Paz - Costa Rica MG 2212 (26417364120).jpg Oreopyra
Snowcap (Microchera albocoronata).jpg Microchera
  • snowcap, Microchera albocoronata
Anthocephala
Chalybura urochrysia (male) crop.jpg Chalybura
Purple-throated Mountain-gem - La Paz - Costa Rica MG 1918 (26417362590).jpg Lampornis
Phlogophilus
SpeckledHummingbird.jpg Adelomyia
  • speckled hummingbird
Clytolaema rubricauda -Campos do Jordao, Sao Paulo, Brazil -female-8.jpg Clytolaema

Brazilian ruby

Green crowned brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula) (19406173133).jpg Heliodoxa
Garnet-throated Hummingbird - Mexico S4E7405.jpg Lamprolaima
Eugenes-fulgens-001.jpg Eugenes
Hylonympha
Sternoclyta
  • violet-chested hummingbird
Urochroa bougueri (Colibrí nagüiblanco) (14144500332).jpg Urochroa
Boissoneaua flavescens (Colibrí chupasavia) (16804678517).jpg Boissonneaua
Aglaeactis cupripennis (Colibrí paramuno) (15321782077).jpg Aglaeactis
Andean Hillstar.jpg Oreotrochilus
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi).jpg Lafresnaya
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata) 4.jpg Coeligena
Sword-billed Hummingbird.jpg Ensifera
Great Sapphirewing (f) JCB.jpg Pterophanes
Patagona gigas.jpg Patagona
  • giant hummingbird
Picaflor en el Parque natural Gómez Carreño.jpg Sephanoides
Orange-throated Sunangel.jpg Heliangelus
Greenish Puffleg - Colombia S4E3301.jpg Haplophaedia
Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini).jpg Urosticte
Black-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia victoriae).jpg Lesbia
Red-tailed Comet.jpg Sappho
  • red-tailed comet
Polyonymus
Purple-backed Thornbill (Ramphomicron microrhynchum) (8079763797).jpg Ramphomicron
BeardedMountaineer.jpg Oreonympha
Oxypogon stuebelii - Buffy Helmetcrest - Colibrí Chivito - Barbudito Paramuno 23 (14411705333).jpg Oxypogon
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina).jpg Metallura
Chalcostigma herrani -NW Ecuador-6.jpg Chalcostigma
Opisthoprora
Taphrolesbia
Aglaiocercus kingi (Silfo coliverde) - Juvenil (17012254465).jpg Aglaiocercus
Beija-flor-de-gravata-verde (Augastes scutatus) (2).JPG Augastes
Schistes geoffroyi (Pico de cuña) (22653616465).jpg Schistes
Black-eared Fairy (Heliothryx aurita).jpg Heliothryx
Heliactin
Loddigesia
Heliomaster longirostrus (Picudo coronado) (16210613889).jpg Heliomaster
Rhodopis vesper.jpg Rhodopis
PeruvianSheartail.jpg Thaumastura
Tilmatura
Doricha eliza b.jpg Doricha
Calliphlox amethystina (male).jpg Calliphlox
Slender-tailed Woodstar (Microstilbon burmeisteri) (8077616362).jpg Microstilbon
Lucifer Hummingbird (female).jpg Calothorax
Bee hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae) adult male non-breeding.jpg Mellisuga
Black-chinned Hummingbird. Archilochus alexandri. Male - Flickr - gailhampshire (2).jpg Archilochus
Annas Hummingbird (Calypte anna), male (4205673916).jpg Calypte
Bumblebee Hummingbird (Atthis heloisa) (8079384589).jpg Atthis
Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny).jpg Myrtis
Picaflor de arica.jpg Eulidia
Short-tailedWoodstar.jpg Myrmia
White-bellied Woodstar (Chaetocercus mulsant) 2015-06-16 (3) (26457944788).jpg Chaetocercus
Broad-tailed Hummingbird male RWD.jpg Selasphorus

See also[edit]

External Links[edit]