Troma Entertainment is an American independent film production and distribution company founded by Lloyd Kaufman and Michael Herz in 1974. The company produces low-budget independent films of the horror genre. Many of them play on 1950s horror with elements of farce, parody and splatter. In 2012, the company released many of its films on YouTube. Troma has produced and distributed over 1,000 independent films since its creation, its slogan in 2014 was "40 years of Disrupting Media". Another slogan the company has used is "Movies of the Future." Troma films are B-movies known for their surrealistic or automatistic nature, along with their use of shocking imagery. They contain overt sexuality and intentionally sadistic and blatant graphic violence, so much that Troma film has become a term synonymous with these characteristics. Troma reuses the same props and scenes sometimes to save money. At a certain point, this became another hallmark of Troma. Examples include a severed leg, a penis monster, the flipping and exploding car filmed for the movie Sgt.
Kabukiman N. Y. P. D. Which is used in place of any other car that needs to explode. Troma produced or acquired early films featuring several rising talents, such as Carmen Electra, Billy Bob Thornton, Vanna White, Kevin Costner, J. J. Abrams, Samuel L. Jackson, Marisa Tomei, Michael Jai White, Vincent D'Onofrio, David Boreanaz, Paul Sorvino, James Gunn, Trey Parker and Matt Stone, before they were discovered. Another Academy Award-winning director, Oliver Stone, made his debut as an actor in The Battle of Love's Return, their latest productions, Return to Nuke'Em High Volume 1 and its sequel Return to Return to Nuke'Em High AKA Volume 2, were released in 2013 and 2018, respectively. In the mid-1970s, Kaufman and Herz began producing and distributing raunchy sex comedies such as The First Turn-On! and Squeeze Play!. Troma provided production support for Louis Malle's My Dinner With Andre, for which Kaufman served as a production manager. In 1985, Troma had a hit with the violent comedy horror superhero film The Toxic Avenger.
The film went on to become Troma's most popular, spawning sequels and an animated television program. However, following the financial demise of the company Troma itself, the sequels to the film were box office bombs, the cartoon adaptation ended; the Toxic Avenger character is now Troma's official mascot. Kaufman's follow-up film to The Toxic Avenger was Class of Nuke'Em High, co-directed with Richard W. Haines; the film was a hit nearly as successful, though it inspired two unsuccessful sequels, both following the financial demise of Troma. At one time, it was the highest-selling VHS release for Troma; the Toxic Avenger was turned into a musical which debuted at the George Street Playhouse in New Brunswick, New Jersey and opened in New York in the fall of 2008. The Toxic Avenger Musical book by Joe DiPietro, the author of the long-running I Love You, You're Perfect, Now Change and All Shook Up, was released the same year; the music is by keyboardist of the rock band Bon Jovi. Soon after Class of Nuke'Em High was completed and distributed, Kaufman directed Troma's War.
Intended as a criticism of what it saw as Ronald Reagan's attempt to glamorize war, the story concerns a group of everyday people who crash land on a remote island, only to find it populated by an isolationist militia that intends to overthrow the US government. Troma's War was a box office bomb. In the aftermath of the film's poor performance, despite another stab at the superhero genre with Sgt. Kabukiman N. Y. P. D. Troma experienced financial hardship and tried to reestablish itself as a smaller company out of necessity. Today, the majority of Troma films are viewed for the first time on VHS or DVD, with some theatrical releases for their films in smaller art houses, college campuses, independent cinemas. In August 2012, Troma released over 100 of its back catalog films on YouTube, many for free, some for 48-hour paid viewing. From 1995 to 2000, Troma produced some of their greatest work. Kaufman directed three independent films, all distributed in limited theatrical releases: Tromeo and Juliet, a loose parody of Shakespeare's play.
Troma's financial hardship worsened after the botched funding of a low-budget video feature titled Tales from the Crapper, which cost $250,000 despite most of the footage being unusable. India Allen, one of the producers, backed out of the film halfway through, sued Troma, citing breach of contract, sexual harassment, trade slander, intentional infliction of emotional distress. Kaufman supervised a reshoot in an attempt to salvage the film, dividing the footage into two parts and recasting the film as a double feature. Tales from the Crapper was released on DVD in September 2004. Troma produces and acquires independent films, despite financial hardships and limitations. Troma Films has distributed many films from third parties including Trey Parker's Cannibal! The Musical. Lloyd encourages independent filmmaking, making cameo appearances in many low-budget horror films without fee. Among his more recent appearances is in former colla
John Rankine was a British science fiction author, who wrote books as John Rankine and Douglas R. Mason. Rankine was born in Hawarden, Flintshire and first attended Chester Grammar School and in 1937 went to study English Literature and Experimental Psychology at the University of Manchester, where he was a friend of Anthony Burgess. We know little of his life until 1966, when his first short stories and novels were published while he was in his mid-forties; the novels have a 1960s and 1970s feel to them. One theme he worked with was that of a shorter life span borrowed from William F. Nolan's Logan's Run, but while the background and theme seemed similar, The Resurrection of Roger Diment took the concept in a different direction. Rankine wrote television novels in the Space: 1999 universe. From Carthage Then I Came a.k.a. Eight Against Utopia Ring of Violence The Tower of Rizwan Landfall is a State of Mind The Weisman experiment The Janus Syndrome Matrix Horizon Alpha Dilation Effect Satellite 54-Zero The Resurrection of Roger Diment The End Bringers The Phaeton Condition Operation Umanaq The Omega Worm Pitman's Progress Euphor Unfree Mission to Pactolus R.
The Typhon Intervention In the Eye of the Storm The Darkling Plain Dag Fletcher The Blockade of Sinitron Interstellar Two-Five One is One The Plantos Affair The Ring of Garamas The Bromius Phenomenon Space 1999 2 Moon Odyssey 5 Lunar Attack 6 Astral Quest 8 Android Planet 10 Phoenix of Megaron Space Corporation Never the Same Door Moons of Triopus Also Binary Z Tuo Yaw BAZOZZ ZZZ DZZ: And Other Short Stories New Writings in SF 7 New Writings in SF 9 New Writings in SF 11 New Writings in SF 16 New Writings in SF 21 "Folly to Be Wise" "The Man Who Missed the Ferry" "There Was This Fella..." "Locust Years" "All Done by Mirrors" "Algora One Six" "Second Run at the Data" Douglas R. Mason at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Fantastic Fiction UK Golden Apple, Wallasey Douglas R. Mason 1918–2013 John Rankine at Library of Congress Authorities, with 8 catalogue records Douglas R. Mason at LC Authorities, 2 records, at WorldCat
Tamar Ariav is an Israeli professor of education and the current president of Beit Berl College. Ariav lives in Ra'anana with her husband Gadi Ariav, a professor emeritus in the Coller School of Management at Tel Aviv University, she is the mother of Yotam Ariav, a partner with Boston Consulting Group, Inbar Ariav, an entrepreneur in the jewelry business. Ariav finished high school in Ramat HaSharon, she served in the Israeli Air Force. Ariav holds a B. A. in Economics and Statistics from Tel Aviv University, an M. A. in Curriculum Planning from Tel Aviv University, a Ph. D. in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of Pennsylvania.. She holds a teaching certificate from Tel Aviv University, her teaching career began in 1971, as a teacher of mathematics in the Israeli public schools, has stretched to Germany and the United States, where she led a professional consortium developing curriculum for Jewish education under the umbrella of the national Jewish Education Service of North America.
She has written papers on curriculum development, including "An Attempt to Construct a Model for Time Management of a Curriculum Development Project," co-authored with Naama Sabar. Until 2015, Ariav was the Chair of RAMA, the forum of 21 heads of colleges of education throughout Israel, she has been a member of the Council for Higher Education in Israel and has chaired academic committees, such as the Committee for Academic Management in Israeli Colleges and the Committee for New Frameworks in Teacher Education, which set professional standards for teacher education at the national level. Ariav has been a visiting scholar at the University of Irvine, she has served on national policy committees as well as committees that grant prizes or research funding. Ariav has been on the faculty of Beit Berl College since 1985. During her tenure there, she filled a range of roles including teaching and management positions, her research over the past two decades has focused on teacher education policyIn 1989 she headed the Department of Educational Foundations and in 1993 she established the Curriculum Planning Center which she led until 2000.
In the years that followed, Ariav led a number of committees: she was the Chair of the College Academic Council until 2002, Chair of the Steering Committee of the Honors Program until 2005, Chair of the Planning and Development Committee until 2007. Following that, she spent a year tenure as Head of the Master's Program in Curriculum and Evaluation. In 2008, Ariav was appointed President of Beit Berl College. Ariav headed the college's transition from the auspices of the Ministry of Education to being the first college of education to be supervised by the Planning and Budgeting Committee of the Council of Higher Education – on the level of Israel's universities and regional colleges. Among her major initiatives are the internationalization of the College, which now maintains over 25 global academic relationships, enhanced focus in teaching and learning with ICT, the creation of Future Learning Spaces, increased support for research. At Beit Berl College, Ariav created the Center for the Advancement of Shared Society and the Center for Haredi Education, alongside leading the development of the Professional Development School model for clinical training.
Under her presidency, the college has expanded its academic portfolio and embarked on graduate tracks for pre-service education. Ariav has stated that she is committed to higher education as a vehicle for social mobility and social justice, explaining that she sees quality teacher education and development as crucial forces to improve the Israeli educational system, she aims to help Beit Berl build a more global outlook
Fort Sully was one of the main military posts located on the east bank of the Missouri river in central Dakota built for use in the Indian Wars. There were two forts named Sully—old Fort Sully, in existence and occupied from 1863 to 1866, the or new Fort Sully, established in 1866 and was continuously occupied as a military fort until its abandonment in the fall of 1894. Old Fort Sully 44°20′46″N 100°16′29″W, in present-day Hughes County, was built by the orders of Major General Alfred Sully in September 1863 and was named for him, it was located about eighty rods from the left bank of the Missouri River, a short distance above the head of Farm Island and about four and one-half miles southeast of what is now the city of Pierre, South Dakota. It was built of cottonwood timber taken from Farm Island. A portion of the command of General Sully in the campaigns of 1863-4 and 1865 against the Sioux was garrisoned at old Fort Sully, it was abandoned in the fall of 1866 on account of Its unhealthful location on the lowlands of the Missouri.
Today the site is located within the Farm Island State Recreation Area. On the 13th day of October it was pronounced ready for a company, its garrison marched in. Troops in the Department of the Northwest, Maj.-Gen. John Pope, U. S. Army, District of Iowa, Northwestern Indian Expedition under Brig.-Gen. Alfred Sully: 30th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, Companies D and F June 30, 1864 Lieut. Col. Edward M. Bartlett.7th Iowa Cavalry, Companies K, L, M Sully's Expedition against hostile Sioux Indians July 25-October 8, 1864. Actions at Tah kah a kuty July 25, 1864.. Two Hills, Bad Lands, Little Missouri River, August 8, 1864. Company G, 6th Iowa Cavalry September 1, 186430th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, Company D October 1, 1864, Captain David C. Fulton6th Iowa Cavalry February 28, 1865 yo April 30, 1865, Fort Sully, D. T. Maj. Albert E. House. Companies E and F, 4th U. S. Volunteer Infantry June 19, 1865 to June 4, 1866, Lt. Col. John Pattee, 7th Iowa Cavalry Treaty between, the United States of America and the Yanktonai Band of Dakota or Sioux Indians.
Concluded at Fort Sully, October 20, 1865. Art. I; the Yanktonai band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of The United States, hereby obligate and bind themselves and collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against the persons and property of its citizens, but to use their influence, and, if requisite, physical force, to prevent other bands of Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes, from making hostile demonstrations against the Government or people of The United States. In 1866 old Fort Sully was temporarily under the command of the Department of the Platte before being assigned to the Department of Dakota in the new Division of Missouri; the or new Fort Sully, Established July 25, 1866. Its-erection was begun in July, 1866, but it was not completed until 1868; the site of the new fort 44°35′17″N 100°35′24″W, in present-day Sully County, was much more suitable and healthful than the old Fort Sully, Indeed, it was an ideal spot for a fort for defense.
It stood on an elevated plateau about 160 feet above a beautiful valley of the Missouri. Its site was about the same elevation above much of the surrounding prairie; this Fort Sully was for many years one of the main military forts in Dakota. Fort Sully was situated on the east bank of the Missouri River, twenty miles below the mouth of Cheyenne River; the nearest town is Yancton, 300 miles below by river. The nearest posts are Fort Randall, 200 miles below, Fort Rice, about the same distance above; the post was about halfway between the head of navigation and the mouth of the Missouri, is 1,480 miles above St. Louis, it is built on the "third terrace," a level plateau, 160 feet above low-water mark, about the same distance below the summit level proper. On the south the surface slopes into a deep ravine, except in early spring. On the west the descent is abrupt to the second terrace, a strip one hundred yards wide, on which are the stables, saw-mill, interpreter's house, etc. Still further below was the river bottom, of varying width subject to overflow, moderately well timbered and fertile.
Here the company and hospital gardens are situated. Latitude 44 degrees, 37 minutes. On the left bank of the Missouri river. Postoffice and telegraph station at post. Nearest town, Dakota, 220 miles distant by wagon road, Dakota, distant 262 miles by land, 351 by Missouri river. 575 miles by Missouri river. The post was intended for four companies; the men's quarters consist of two buildings, ea
Emin Arslan was a Lebanese author, journalist and consul. He was the Consul General of the Ottoman Empire in Bordeaux, Brussels and Buenos Aires, he authored books and articles in Arabic and French. He supported the ideas of the Young Turks, who favoured a reform so as to restore the Ottoman constitution of 1876 and the parliament and grant rights to all the individuals and nations of the Empire. In 1914, while at office as Ottoman Consul General in Buenos Aires, he broke with the Young Turks government due to its alliance with the German Empire and its entrance in World War I, which Arslan harshly criticized, he denounced the extermination of Armenians from the review he founded and edited, La Nota, in August 1915. During his stay in Europe he had condemned the Hamidian massacres from the French press. After the war Arslan supported a provisional Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon; as the Mandate prolonged he denounced it as a corrupt and despotic colonization and adhered to the idea of the independence of former Ottoman Syria as a single sovereign state.
Emin Arslan was born in Ottoman Empire. He belonged to a distinguished Druze family whose members hold traditionally the title of Emirs until today. Emin was son of Zahiyya Shihāb and Mağīd Arslān, son of Milḥam, son of Ḥaidar, son of'Abbās, son of Fakhreddīn, he had three brothers: Nouhad, Sa ` īd and Tawfīq. The latter helped found Greater Lebanon in 1920 and fathered Mağīd Arslān II, a Lebanon's independence hero, member of the Lebanese Parliament and government minister. Current traditional chief of the Arslān family, Talal Arslan, is therefore a great niece of Emin Arslan. Emin had no children. In 1892 he was designated mudīr of the Far West Directorate, in the Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate, he resigned in 1893 after a conflict with the mutaṣarrif Na'ūm Pāšā. Arslan joined the Freemasonry on 24 August 1889. In 1893, he joined his friend Salim Sarkis in exile, they stopped in Egypt and went to Paris where, along with other Arab expatriates founded the "Turkish Syrian Committee."They contacted Ahmed Rıza, a major supporter of the Young Turks movement and editor of Meşveret, a Turkish written political newspaper.
The main activity of the exiles was to spread criticism against the Ottoman regime through the general European press and from some party organs. They demanded restoration of the 1876 Ottoman constitution, reestablishment of the parliament and equal rights for individuals and communities. Kashf an-Niqāb, i.e. "unveiling", was an Arabic written newspaper edited in Paris by Emin Arslan and his friend and journalist Salim Sarkis, from 9 August 1894 until 25 July 1895. According to Sarkis, the Ottoman embassy pressured the French authorities into censoring the magazine and order the concierge to disclose names of visitors. "Turkiyā al-Fatāt – La Jeune Turquie", i.e. "Young Turkey", was a bilingual biweekly edited in Paris in Arabic and French from December 1895 through middle 1897 by Emin Arslan and Ḫalīl Ġānim on behalf of the "Turkish Syrian Committee," self described as "journal of political propaganda." It criticized sultan Abdul Hamid II's government. Co-editor Khalil Ghanem had taken part in the previous reformist movement known as the Young Ottomans.
Member of the first Ottoman parliament in 1877, the French Embassy in Constantinople granted him political asylum after his mentor Midhat Pasha was deposed. Before meeting Arslan he had edited al-Bassir weekly. Ghanem wrote for the Journal des débats and was named chevalier of the French Legion of Honour in 1879. In 1896 Arslan wrote four articles that were published on La Revue Blanche, titled "Les Affaires de Crète", "Les Affaires d'Orient", "Les Troubles de Syrie" and "Les Arménians à Constantinople"; the latter was about the Occupation of the Ottoman Bank by Armenian militants and denounced the subsequent brutal retaliation. At those times Arslan frequented French writer Jules Claretie and they assisted together at the fourth International Press Congress in Stockholm in 1897; the Ottoman leadership tried to neutralize the exiles' propaganda in Europe. Despite not being too numerous, the exiles managed to get attention in the press; as one of them wrote: " knows that if we are allowed a free hand in Paris our members and papers can do him more harm than ten French men-of-war."On 29 January 1897, one of their communiques was published by the Official Bulletin of the Kingdom of Italy.
It was addressed to "the six powers signatories of the Treatises of Paris and Berlin" and it was signed by "Murād Bey, general deputy of the Young Turkey. Arslan states in his memories that he rejected the agreement despite having direct relatives who would be released with the amnesty, he proposed suspending the agreement until the Ottoman government showed progress in abiding by it, rejected by Cemâluddîn
Velvet: Side A is the fourth extended play by American singer Adam Lambert, released through More Is More and Empire Distribution on September 27, 2019. It consists of six songs; the lead single, "Superpower", was released on September 4, 2019. With the record featuring a "'70s funk vibe", Lambert stated that he wanted to make an album, "a slight homage to that period and all the different types of music that I heard growing up" as well as to "hear instruments in my music again, to feel a little more analog; when I get on stage to perform it, I wanted it to be able to be recreated with live players." Reviewing the EP for the Associated Press, Wayne Parry wrote that it "toggl effortlessly among dance club thump, guitar-driven rock,'70s funk and power-ballad drama", commenting that the EP displays one of the reasons why Lambert was successful on American Idol—his "deep knowledge of and appreciation for vastly different genres of music — and the ability to kill at all of them". Lucy Mapstone of The Irish News rated the EP 8 out of 10 and called it "dripping with glitter and soul and pop and funk and R&B and dance and everything else this former American Idol star could throw at it, but without the tracks becoming too over-worked and clunky".
Velvet: Side A is the sixth extended play by American recording artist Adam Lambert. It serves as a companion to his 2019 extended play Velvet: Side A, the first part of his forthcoming fourth studio album Velvet, it was released on January 12, 2020 through More Is More and Empire Distribution