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Trophée des Champions

The Trophée des Champions, is a French association football trophy contested in an annual match between the champions of Ligue 1 and the winners of the Coupe de France. It is equivalent to the Super Cups found in many countries; the match, with its current name, was first played in 1995, but the format in French football has existed since 1949 when the 1948–49 first division champions, Stade de Reims, defeated the winners of the 1948–49 edition of the Coupe de France, RCF Paris, 4–3 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in Colombes. The match is co-organized by the Ligue de Football Professionnel and the Union Syndicale des Journalistes Sportifs de France. From 1955–1973, the French Football Federation hosted a similar match known as the Challenge des champions; the match was eliminated after only two seasons due to its unpopularity. In 1995, the FFF re-instated the competition under its current name and the inaugural match was contested between Paris Saint-Germain and Nantes in January 1996 at the Stade Francis-Le Blé in Brest.

The following season, the match was not played due to Auxerre winning the double. A similar situation occurred in 2008; the match was on the brink of cancellation, the LFP decided to allow the league runner-up, Bordeaux, to be Lyon's opponents. Bordeaux won the match 5–4 on penalties; the Trophée des Champions match is contested at the beginning of the following season and has been played at a variety of venues. During the Challenge des champions era, the match was in such cities as Marseille, Paris and Saint-Étienne. From 1995–2008, the match was hosted three times at the Stade Gerland in Lyon. Other venues include the Stade Pierre de Coubertin twice in Cannes, the Stade de la Meinau in Strasbourg, the Stade de l'Abbé Deschamps in Auxerre. On 12 May 2009, the French Football Federation announced that the 2009 Trophée des Champions would be played outside France for the first time, at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal, Canada, it has since been held in Tunisia, the United States and China. Official site

RaiderZ

RaiderZ was a massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed by the now defunct Korean developer MAIET Entertainment. It was published in North America in November 2012 by Perfect World Entertainment; the game is free-to-play and no monthly subscription fee is required due to the service being funded by real money transactions via the in-game cash shop. On July 14, 2017 the RaiderZ Facebook page posted an update stating "Journey's Begin" The developer is now listed as Masangsoft RaiderZ takes place in the once prosperous and powerful kingdom of Rendel, being overrun by marauding monsters. RaiderZ offers classic MMORPG gameplay features such as guilds, dungeons and player versus player battles, it introduces a non-targeting combat system where players participate in combat, similar to TERA. In addition to that, players will be able to cut or break off special body parts of special enemies and use these against them. Combat is skill based and each individual attack or ability must be aimed manually.

Dodging enemy attacks during boss fights, is crucial to achieving victory. Another difference from other MMORPGs is the unique character progression. There are no set classes and after reaching level 10, players can choose from a wide range of skills to develop their characters in any way they want. European Publisher Gameforge emphasizes that RaiderZ is "not a casual game" but instead is challenging for the most experienced players. One example of this is the fact that players will be able to fight against giant boss monsters on their own though it is advised to engage them in groups. RaiderZ blends gameplay features of MMORPGs with Third Person Action games, allowing players to participate in combat. Instead of the typical point & click controls used in most MMORPGs, RaiderZ requires players to swing their weapons, dodge enemy attacks and maneuver around opponents to get into a better position. However, using special skills that can be placed into a skill bar still plays a big role in RaiderZ.

Fighting against strong and big boss enemies is one of the main features of RaiderZ. Whether in instanced dungeons or within the open game world, players will encounter special opponents that will require skill and teamwork to overcome. During battles, these monsters will lose certain body parts that can be used as shields or weapons or will provide special abilities for a short period of time. Bosses in RaiderZ use several special abilities like swallowing or grabbing players at random. New pieces of armor and weapons are only gained through the crafting system. Players will have to fight against enemies or trade with other players to obtain component parts that are used to create new equipment; the majority of these items will be bound to the character that made it, the resources and the appropriate recipes won't. Players will be able to learn to play certain musical instruments such as guitars and join other players to create beautiful music; these instruments will be combined with quest lines and once you have finished the relevant quests, you can buy the instrument and start playing different notes.

Players can enchant their items through magical stones acquired in-game or through the cash shop, there are 2 types of magic stones, which helps the item to level up, the one that protects the item from breaking when attempting to enchant, has chances of decreasing the enchant grade. The factions of the game help the player to choose their in-game positioning, whether to be an ally of the nation or against it, there are 3 levels within the faction system, the first is the normal, the second friendly, the third reliable, from these levels it is possible to create different items using items collected in the game

Saratoga Trunk (novel)

Saratoga Trunk is a best-selling novel by American author Edna Ferber published by Doubleday, Doran in 1941. It concerns a notorious Creole woman, Clio Dulaine, who returns to her native New Orleans and marries a Texas gambler, Colonel Clint Maroon; the book serves as the basis for the 1945 film, Saratoga Trunk, the 1959 stage musical and was published as an Armed Services Edition during WWII. In 1875, Clio Dulaine, the illegitimate daughter of an aristocratic New Orleans French Creole father and a light-skinned Creole woman of color, his placée, returns from Paris to her birthplace in Rampart Street to avenge her mother's mistreatment at the hands of her father's family, the Dulaines. Years ago, Clio's mother, Rita Dulaine, accidentally killed her husband, Nicholas Dulaine, when he tried to prevent her from committing suicide, the scandalized Dulaines exiled Clio and her mother to Paris. Clio is accompanied by her maid, Angélique Pluton, her dwarf manservant, Cupidon. After fixing up the rundown house in Rampart Street, Clio ventures out, hoping to encounter the Dulaines, now comprising her father's widow, the widow's mother, the widow's daughter Charlotte Thérèse.

At the French marketplace, Clio stops for a bowl of jambalaya and is attracted to Clint Maroon, a tall Texan in a white hat, eating at the counter. The attraction is mutual, Clint offers to drive Clio to the cathedral in his carriage, but a disapproving Angélique interferes, Clio leaves without him. After the service, Clio and Cupidon breakfast at Begue's, the restaurant patronized by the Dulaines every Sunday. While eating, Angélique spots the Dulaines walking in, but they leave after recognizing Clio. Clint and Clio meet again at the restaurant, afterward he drives her home. Soon after and Clint begin a courtship. Clint moves into Clio's house. Although they are in love with each other, obsessed with her plans for revenge, intends to marry a rich and powerful man to prove that she is as good as her father's family. Clint, a gambler, who never intends to marry, is out for revenge against the railroaders who ruined his father in Texas. Clio continues to embarrass the Dulaines at every opportunity, planning, if necessary, to sabotage the society debut of her half-sister Charlotte Thérèse.

Exasperated by Clio's unrelenting machinations, Clint leaves for New York. As the result of Clio's scheming, the Dulaines pay her $10,000 and agree to destroy the Rampart Street house and bury her mother in a New Orleans cemetery. Clio joins Clint in Saratoga Springs, where she plots to marry wealthy railroad heir Bartholomew Van Steed. Clio's arrival with Angelique and Cupidon causes quite a stir, because the hotel is booked, Clint offers Clio, who assumes the identity of a mourning Mrs. De Chanfret, two of the rooms in his suite, he explains that Bart owns a railroad, the Saratoga Trunk, worth millions of dollars because it connects the coal country with New York. Railroader Raymond Soule, the same man who ruined Clint's father, is trying to steal the railroad from Bart. Clio poses as the widow of a French count, a claim that many doubt until she is unexpectedly backed up by socialite Mrs. Coventry Bellop, who intensely dislikes Van Steed's mother. Clio's beauty and melodramatic posturing capture Bart's attentions.

Meanwhile, Clint offers to save the Saratoga Trunk from Soule in exchange for shares in the railroad. When Clio learns that Bart is paying Clint to do his dirty work, she hysterically accuses him of cowardice and sends him away; this excites Bart, who explains that he wants to marry her anyway. The costume ball that evening is interrupted by the arrival of Clint and Cupidon, who were wounded during a pitched battle with Soule's men. Clio realizes that she loves Clint too much to nurses him back to health. Clint tells Clio that, having saved the Saratoga Trunk from Soule, his railroad shares have made him a rich man, he plans to take over the trunk line himself from Van Steed

Masataka Yoshida

Masataka Yoshida is a Japanese professional baseball outfielder for the Orix Buffaloes in Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball. He has played for the Buffaloes since 2016, he was selected 2018 NPB All-Star game. Yoshida was drafted by the Orix Buffaloes in the first round of the 2015 rookie draft, his uniform number is 34. Yoshida represented the Japan national baseball team in the 2014 Haarlem Baseball Week, 2015 Summer Universiade, 2019 exhibition games against Mexico and 2019 WBSC Premier12. On February 27, 2019, he was selected at the 2019 exhibition games against Mexico. On October 1, 2019, he was selected at the 2019 WBSC Premier12. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference NPB

Pavel Tichý

Pavel Tichý was a Czech logician and mathematician. He worked in the field of intensional logic and founded Transparent Intensional Logic, an original theory of the logical analysis of natural languages – the theory is devoted to the problem of saying what it is that we learn and can communicate when we come to understand what a sentence means, he spent 25 years working on it. His main work is a book The Foundations of Frege's Logic, published by Walter de Gruyter in 1988. Tichý was born in Brno in 1936, his father was an insurance clerk. His family lived in Zlín until 1948. At school he was a brilliant student, he liked playing music of Jaroslav Ježek on the piano. After finishing studies in Vsetin he moved to Prague followed by his parents. Tichý graduated in 1959 at Charles University in Prague, he stayed there tutoring as an assistant from 1961 to 1968 at the department of Logic at Faculty of Philosophy. One of his other hobbies was carpentry, he was said to be perfectionist in everything he did, whether he was learning a foreign language or making a table.

In 1968 he received an invitation from Exeter University in the United Kingdom. He was permitted to leave the country though it was shortly after Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia in the Prague Spring, he decided not to return. In 1970 he emigrated with his family by ship, he started teaching at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand where he became Professor of Philosophy at Otago in 1981. Tichý stayed teaching there until his death, he is remembered as ferocious debater who liked to express his views directly regardless of any bad implications it could have. This made him a lot of friends but a lot of enemies. Four years after the Velvet Revolution, in 1993, Tichý was offered the position of Head of the Department of Logic at the Faculty of Philosophy and Arts of Charles University in Prague, he committed suicide before taking up this position. PhDr. Thesis: Výklad Gödelovy věty o neúplnosti v prosté teorii typů Candidate of Sciences, thesis: Vyčíslitelnost ve vztahu k teoriím Docent, thesis: Intensions in Terms of Turing Machines and On the Vicious Circle in Definitions: Two Studies in Logical Semantics PhD, thesis: Contributions to the Theory of Postulate Systems Associate Professor, University of Otago, 1978 Professor, University of Otago, 1981 P. Tichý: The Foundations of Frege's Logic.

De Gruyter and New York 1988, 333 pp. ISBN 3-11-011668-5 V. Svoboda, B. Jespersen, C. Cheyne: Pavel Tichý's Collected Papers in Logic and Philosophy. Filosofia and Otago University Press, Dunedin, 901 pp. ISBN 1-877276-98-7 Tichy's biography and bibliography – Transparent Intensional Logic website, Masaryk University, Brno Tichy's biography – Mac Tutor Biographies, University of St Andrews, Scotland Tichy's biography – University of Otago

Arieh Sharon

Arieh Sharon was an Israeli architect and winner of the Israel Prize for Architecture in 1962. Sharon was a critical contributor to the early architecture in Israel and the leader of the first master plan of the young state, reporting to Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion. Sharon studied at the Bauhaus in Dessau under Walter Gropius and Hannes Meyer and on his return to Israel in 1931, started building in the International Style, better known locally as the Bauhaus style of Tel Aviv. Sharon built private houses, cinemas and in 1937 his first hospital, a field in which he specialized in his career and constructing many of the country's largest medical centers. During the War of Independence in 1948, Sharon was appointed head of the Government Planning Department, whose main challenge was where to settle the waves of immigrants who were arriving in the country, in 1954 returned to his private architectural office. In the sixties, he expanded his activities abroad and during the next two decades built the Ife University campus in Nigeria.

As the city of Tel Aviv rose from three and four storey buildings to multi-storey buildings in the sixties and seventies, Sharon's office designed many high-rise buildings for the government and for public institutions. Sharon's grandson, Arad Sharon, is an architect. Ludwig Kurzmann was born in Jaroslau, Austria-Hungary, in 1900. After graduating from high school in 1918, he studied at the German Technical University in Brno. In 1920 he emigrated to Palestine with a group of young pioneers belonging to the “Shomer Hatzair” movement and worked for one year with a farmer in Zikhron Ya'akov, he joined Kvutzat Gan Shmuel in 1921 which evolved into a kibbutz, working as a beekeeper, taking charge of planning and constructing simple farm buildings, cow-sheds and dwelling units. In 1926, on one year's leave from the kibbutz, he traveled to Germany to extend his knowledge in building and architecture. Sharon spent a month in Berlin and arrived at the Bauhaus in Dessau, where he was admitted to the preliminary course – the famous Bauhaus Vorkurs – by Walter Gropius, the founder of the Bauhaus.

Sharon studied under Josef Albers, whose teachings were based on letting the student experience different materials, trying them out, making experiments. Sharon's exercises – turning two-dimensional sheets of paper and metal into three-dimensional shapes – were shown in a Bauhaus exhibition. In April 1927, Hannes Meyer was appointed head of the building department and Sharon was to be influenced by his teacher's pragmatical and functional approach to architecture. In 1928 he and two other Bauhäusler, Gunta Stölzl, head of the Bauhaus weaving workshop and the student Peer Bücking visited the Vkhutemas Academy in Moscow, an avant garde art school with similar aims as the Bauhaus. In 1929, some time after their return, Sharon and Stölzl were married and their daughter Yael was born. In the same year, he received his Bauhaus diploma and was put in charge of Hannes Meyer's architectural office in Berlin, to supervise the construction of the Bundesschule des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes in Bernau bei Berlin.

Next to the Bauhaus school buildings in Dessau, it was the second largest project undertaken by the Bauhaus. The building underwent an extensive restoration, completed in 2007, it is a protected building. In 1931, Sharon returned to Palestine and opened his architectural office in Tel Aviv, while Gunta Stölzl emigrated to Switzerland with their daughter, Yael. In 1936 the two divorced. Sharon's first commission in Tel Aviv was the construction of four pavilions for the Histadrut exhibit at the Levant Fair in 1932; these pavilions, for which he had won first prize in an architectural competition, were composed of modular wooden elements, progressively growing in height and length, covered by jute. There followed a series of buildings in the so-called international style which would help define the city's architecture as the "White City." In addition he built residential cooperative housing estates, private houses, the central administrative seat of the Histadrut in Tel Aviv, in 1936 his first hospital for 60 beds, near Tel Aviv.

Sharon's housing estates, known as Meonot Ovdim in Hebrew, were built around large garden patios in the center, a continuous group layout, a public space for the residents, while communal services, such as a kindergarten, laundry and synagogue were placed on the ground-floor. A distinctive feature of Tel Aviv's townscape are the pilotis on which most of the apartment buildings in the residential quarters are raised; this feature was achieved on the part of several avant-garde architects in the early thirties in a fierce struggle against the existing municipal bylaws. The spacious voids between the pillars created a shaded streetscape, added to the natural ventilation during the hot summer days and connected the pavements with the green areas. During the Second World War, building activities in the big towns all but stopped, due to the lack of fundamental building materials such as concrete and iron. Sharon began building simple structures in the kibbutzim, above all community buildings and schools, which were constructed from local materials, like sand and limestone.

The dining hall in a kibbutz forms the center of the community, where in addition to its primary function, the members used to meet on social occasions, cinema or theatre performances, or political meetings. The school communities were built for 200–300 children of several kibbutzim, where the youngsters aged 12–18 lived and worked together