An area of tropical monsoon climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C in every month of the year and a dry season. Tropical monsoon climates is the intermediate climate between the drier Aw. A tropical monsoon climate, has its driest month seeing on average less than 60 mm, but more than 100 −; this latter fact is in direct contrast to a tropical savanna climate, whose driest month sees less than 60 mm of precipitation and less than 100 − of average monthly precipitation. In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either see more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less pronounced dry seasons. Additionally, a tropical monsoon climate tends to see less variance in temperatures during the course of the year than a tropical savanna climate; this climate has a driest month which nearly always occurs at or soon after the "winter" solstice for that side of the equator.
There are two versions of a tropical monsoon climate: Less pronounced dry seasons. Regions with this variation of the tropical monsoon climate see copious amounts of rain during the wet season in the form of frequent thunderstorms. However, unlike most tropical savanna climates, a sizeable amount of precipitation falls during the dry season. In essence, this version of the tropical monsoon climate has less pronounced dry seasons than tropical savanna climates. Extraordinarily rainy wet seasons and pronounced dry seasons; this variation features pronounced dry seasons similar in length and character to dry seasons observed in tropical savanna climates. However, this is followed by a sustained period of extraordinary rainfall. In some instances, up to 1,000 mm of precipitation is observed per month for two or more consecutive months. Tropical savanna climates do not see this level of sustained rainfall. Tropical monsoon climates are most found in South and Central America. However, there are sections of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, North America, Australia that feature this climate.
The major controlling factor over a tropical monsoon climate is its relationship to the monsoon circulation. The monsoon is a seasonal change in wind direction. In Asia, during the summer there is an onshore flow of air. In the “winter” an offshore air flow is prevalent; the change in direction is due to the difference in the way land heat. Changing pressure patterns that affect the seasonality of precipitation occur in Africa though it differs from the way it operates in Asia. During the high-sun season, the Intertropical convergence zone induces rain. During the low-sun season, the subtropical high creates dry conditions; the monsoon climates of Africa, the Americas for that matter, are located along tradewind coasts. Calamba, Philippines Cairns, Australia Chittagong, Bangladesh Conakry, Guinea Kochi, India Makassar, Indonesia Malé, Maldives Miami, United States Port Harcourt, Nigeria Recife, Brazil San Juan, Puerto Rico Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic San Pedro Sula, Honduras Taitung, Taiwan Yangon, Myanmar
Joseph Paganon was a French chemical engineer and politician. He was Minister of Public Works in 1933–34, for a few days in 1935, he helped provide infrastructure needed by the alpine tourist industry in his native department of Isère, introduced reforms to railway regulations. He was Minister of the Interior in 1935–36 during a period when France was struggling to manage an influx of refugees from Nazi Germany, tensions were rising in the French colony of Algeria. Joseph Paganon was born on 19 March 1880 in Isère, his parents were Alexandre Paganon from Laval, teachers in Vourey. He spent his childhood in Sainte-Agnès, a small mountain village, He studied at the Lycée Polyvalent Vaucanson in Grenoble, he won a scholarship that let him study at the Faculty of Science in Lyon and the School of Chemistry. He graduated with a diploma as a Bachelor of Science. Paganon moved to Paris to work as a secretary at the head office of the Poulenc frères company, while studying under Louis Bouveault at the Sorbonne.
He earned a doctorate in Chemistry with a thesis on artificial silk. This won him a travel scholarship to Germany. There he was attached to the French embassy in Berlin and attended courses of Hermann Emil Fischer at the Faculty of Science. After returning to Paris he became a contributor to the journal Le Temps, writing on economic and social topics. In 1906 Paganon joined the office of the Minister of Agriculture. In 1908 he was appointed adviser on foreign trade, he was secretary general of the National Committee of Advisers on Foreign Trade. Paganon became chief of staff to Jules Pams, Minister of Agriculture from 1911 to 1913. During World War I he served in the chasseurs before being attached as a chemist to the Ministry of Armament, with the status of artillery officer. In 1917 Paganon was recalled to the Ministry of Agriculture, where he was chief of staff until 1918; as an officer, he was military attaché to Georges Clemenceau. Soon after the war Pams, now Minister of the Interior, appointed him chief of staff to that Ministry.
He was elected mayor of the commune of Isère. Paganon ran unsuccessfully for election to the legislature on 16 November 1919. On 11 May 1924 he was elected deputy for the Isère, he joined the Radical Socialist group in the chamber. He was elected to the general council of Isère representing Goncelin in 1925, he was reelected deputy in April–May 1928 for the first district of Grenoble, was again elected on 1 May 1932. On 3 June 1932 he was appointed under-secretary of state for Foreign Affairs in the third cabinet of Édouard Herriot, holding office until 14 December 1932. In this role he participated in the Geneva talks of June 1932 on German reparations for World War I damages. On 31 January 1933 Paganon was appointed Minister of Public Works in the first cabinet of Édouard Daladier, he retained this post in the cabinets of Albert Sarraut and Camille Chautemps and the second cabinet of Daladier, which fell on 7 February 1934. As Minister of Public Works he reclassified 40,000 kilometres of roads into the national network.
He began work on the Sautet dams. In Isère he created or improved tourist routes, including access to Villard-Notre-Dame, the link from Uriage to Allevard called the "Balcon de Belledonne". In the mid-1930s the Alpe d'Huez resort consisted of a few cabins and chalets, one of them owned by Paganon, reached by a zigzag gravel road. Paganon anticipated a boom in winter sports and authorized construction of a new road up to the resort. Fourteen companies shared each building 1 kilometre of the road; the ski resort soon began to thrive. In response to requests from the railway companies to allow greater competition with road haulage companies, Paganon introduced what became known as the "Paganon amendment", The amendment to the act of 1921 was dated 8 July 1933, it gave the government greater power, allowed for various changes to earlier acts to improve efficiency. The effect was a thorough overhaul of railway operations, tariffs and infrastructure; the reform did little to improve the financial condition of the railways, which continued to lose money.
Paganon was unable to resolve the problem of coordinating rail and road haulage without favoring one or the other. Paganon was briefly Minister of Public Works in the ephemeral cabinet of Fernand Bouisson from 1–4 June 1935. On 17 November 1935 he was elected senator for the Isère in a by-election. Paganon was appointed Minister of the Interior in the fourth cabinet of Pierre Laval on 7 June 1935, he had to deal with growing numbers of refugees from Eastern Europe. The French position on the High Commission for Refugees and Other of the League of Nations was ambiguous. France wanted a weak organization that would not interfere with French rights to refuse visas and expel refugees, a strong organization that would force other countries to take more refugees in the Americas. Paganon observed that the HCR wanted to get France to absorb the refugees in the country so the HCR could concentrate on placing the refugees who were continuing to flee from Germany, he felt this was "unfavorable toward those rare countries like our own, which had committed the imprudence of welcoming foreigners too generously."
However, he agreed that France could not return refugees to countries where their lives were in danger. Paganon began to explore the possibility of placing refugees in farming settlements in the south of France. In November he issued two circulars that stated that refugees and stateless foreigners could not be expelled unless they had committed crimes or subversive acts; this did not prevent expulsions, as the Sûreté Nationale refused to
Teamo Supremo is an American animated television series created by Phil Walsh. Animated in the limited animation style pioneered by Jay Ward, predecessors which inspired its style, it tells of three superhero children: Captain Crandall, Skate Lad, Rope Girl; these three protect their state from all sorts of supervillains, such as the evil Baron Blitz, the shape-changing femme fatale known as Madame Snake. The series debuted on ABC as part of Disney's One Saturday Morning block on January 19, 2002, where most of its first season aired. However, it started airing on Toon Disney in September of that same year, where most of its second season premiered. During the spring of 2003, about half of its second season premiered on what had been by renamed ABC Kids. In September 2003, it was taken off ABC Kids, leaving the rest of the episodes to premiere on Toon Disney, ending its run by 2004. Thirty-nine episodes were made, with 76 total stories. Captain Crandall / Cap – The leader of Teamo Supremo, who believes that he is an alien superhero from another planet.
He is addressed as "Cap" by his teammates, his battle catchphrase is "Buh-Za!". In episodes, Crandall's imaginary superpowers and backstory seem to become canon. In the finale, he experiences a sudden burst of superhuman defense, his skin turns purple when he gets angry. His gadgets include a special Level 7 belt, as well as a yo-yo, marbles, a boomerang, a shield. Hector Felipé Corrio / Skate Lad – The Hispanic member of Teamo Supremo, Hector is the state's skateboarding champion, his main gadget is a patriotic-themed jet-propelled skateboard and his catchphrase is "Chi-Ka!". Brenda / Rope Girl – The sole female member of Teamo Supremo, she has purple hair and buck teeth and speaks with a Southern drawl, her catchphrase is "Wuh-Pa!", her gadget is a jumprope, which she uses as a lasso when battling villains, but can be used to transform herself and Hector into their heroic alter egos when all three jump rope together. Governor Kevin – The "groovy" governor of the state they live in, he always calls for Teamo when necessary, he sometimes has to lend excuse notes if the crime makes Teamo late for class.
The Chief – The chief of police, who does not take kindly to Teamo taking police matters into their own hands. He was a former US Cold War secret agent named Epsilon. A recurring joke with the chief is when he takes a villain away, he'll say a witty line that ends with jail, etc.. He once tried to operate as a costumed superhero himself, using the code-name'Lawman', but made a hash of it since his'gadgets' consisted of an umbrella and an eggwhisk, he suffers from Beat Deafness. Mrs. Crandall – Crandall's human mother, he refers to her as "Earth Mom". She is oblivious to the fact that Crandall and his friends are superheroes. Jean Crandall – Crandall's older human sister, aware of his superhero career, she gives the team advice, claiming it's necessary if she "wants to be a some day". Mr. Paulson – The eccentric director of Level 7, a top-secret facility that makes Teamo's gadgets. Samantha – Paulson's assistant. Mrs. Woolingantz – Teamo's schoolteacher who excuses them if Governor Kevin needs them.
She gets angry when it isn't done. Action – Crandall's dog, he is sometimes called to help Teamo in ala Ace the Bat-Hound. Mrs. Corrio – Hector's mother; the Twins – Hector's unnamed twin sisters, who speak gibberish in unison. Brenda's Mom – Brenda's mother, from whom she seems to get her Southern accent. Barclae / Diaper Dude – Brenda's baby brother, who once helped Teamo in one of their adventures, his first spoken word was "Brenda." Teamo's Dads – The kids' respective fathers, but not much is known about them as they've only been seen in one episode. Crandall's dad seems to read the newspaper a lot and Hector's dad runs a skateboard shop. Patience – The Chief's daughter, she has her father's vocal cords. Mauricio the Comedian – A black comedian, he has at least twice been the target of villains seeking revenge on him. Tiffany Javelins / Songstress / Sally Smith – A teen singer whom Brenda idolizes. Worked for the Mischievous Manager, but turned good afterwards. Strangely, Toon Disney's official site for the show still labelled her as a villain.
B. Barry Berylium – Chief editor of the state's newspaper, The Stately Planet, he prefers being addressed as "Chief" over "Sir". Ollie Jimson – A rookie news journalist who works for Mr. Berylium, who finds it annoying that Ollie never calls him "Chief", his name is a nod to Jimmy Olsen. Viva Voom – Governor Kevin's Dutch girlfriend from high school, she still has her relationship with Kevin. A fellow member of the school faculty is the one to tell Mrs. Woolingantz that Governor Kevin needs Teamo's help, her name was never revealed in the series, nor did she actually have dialogue. Newscaster - The state's newsman who always pops up on TV to deliver news, his name was never revealed either. There are other superheroes that help keep the state safe from crime: Mr. Gruff (voiced by C