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Tsung-Dao Lee

Tsung-Dao Lee is a Chinese-American physicist, known for his work on parity violation, the Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars. He is a University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University, where he taught from 1953 until his retirement in 2012. In 1957, Lee, at the age of 30, won the Nobel Prize in Physics with Chen Ning Yang for their work on the violation of the parity law in weak interactions, which Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally verified in 1956, with her so-called Wu experiment. Lee remains the youngest Nobel laureate in the science fields after World War II, he is the third-youngest Nobel laureate in sciences in history after William L. Bragg and Werner Heisenberg. Lee and Yang were the first Chinese laureates. Since he became a naturalized American citizen in 1962, Lee is the youngest American to have won a Nobel Prize. Lee was born in Shanghai, with his ancestral home in nearby Suzhou, his father Chun-kang Lee, one of the first graduates of the University of Nanking, was a chemical industrialist and merchant, involved in China's early development of modern synthesized fertilizer.

Lee's grandfather Chong-tan Lee was the first Chinese Methodist Episcopal senior pastor of St. John's Church in Suzhou. Lee has one sister. Educator Robert C. T. Lee is one of T. D.'s brothers. Lee's mother Chang and brother Robert C. T. moved to Taiwan in the 1950s. Lee received his secondary education in Jiangxi. Due to the Second Sino-Japanese war, Lee's high school education was interrupted, thus he did not obtain his secondary diploma. In 1943, Lee directly applied to and was admitted by the National Che Kiang University. Lee registered as a student in the Department of Chemical Engineering. Lee's talent was discovered and his interest in physics grew rapidly. Several physics professors, including Shu Xingbei and Wang Ganchang guided Lee, he soon transferred into the Department of Physics of National Che Kiang University, where he studied in 1943–1944. However, again disrupted by a further Japanese invasion, Lee continued at the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming the next year in 1945, where he studied with Professor Wu Ta-You.

Professor Wu nominated Lee for a Chinese government fellowship for graduate study in the US. In 1946, Lee went to the University of Chicago and was selected by Professor Enrico Fermi to become his PhD student. Lee received PhD under Fermi in 1950 for his research work Hydrogen Content of White Dwarf Stars. Lee served as research associate and lecturer in physics at the University of California at Berkeley from 1950 to 1951. In 1953, Lee joined Columbia University, his first work at Columbia was on a solvable model of quantum field theory better known as the Lee Model. Soon, his focus turned to the developing puzzle of K meson decays. Lee realized in early 1956. At Lee's suggestion, the first experimental test was on hyperion decay by the Steinberger group. At that time, the experimental result gave only an indication of a 2 standard deviation effect of possible parity violation. Encouraged by this feasibility study, Lee made a systematic study of possible P,T,C and CP violations in weak interactions with collaborators, including C. N. Yang.

After the definitive experimental confirmation by C. S. Wu and her collaborators of parity non-conservation and Yang were awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize for Physics. In the early 1960s, Lee and collaborators initiated the important field of high energy neutrino physics. In 1964, with M. Nauenberg, analyzed the divergences connected with particles of zero rest mass, described a general method known as the KLN theorem for dealing with these divergences, which still plays an important role in contemporary work in QCD, with its massless, self-interacting gluons. In 1974–75, Lee published several papers on "A New Form of Matter in High Density", which led to the modern field of RHIC physics, now dominating the entire high energy nuclear physics field. Besides particle physics, Lee has been active in statistical mechanics, hydrodynamics, many body system, solid state, lattice QCD. In 1983, Lee wrote a paper entitled, "Can Time Be a Discrete Dynamical Variable?". Beginning in 1975, Lee and collaborators established the field of non-topological solitons, which led to his work on soliton stars and black holes throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

From 1997 to 2003 Lee was director of the RIKEN-BNL Research Center, which together with other researchers from Columbia, completed a 1 teraflops supercomputer QCDSP for lattice QCD in 1998 and a 10 teraflops QCDOC machine in 2001. Most Lee and Richard M. Friedberg have developed a new method to solve the Schrödinger Equation, leading to convergent iterative solutions for the long-standing quantum degenerate double-wall potential and other instanton problems, they have done work on the neutrino mapping matrix. Soon after the re-establishment of China-American relations with the PRC, Lee and his wife, Jeannette Hui-Chun Chin, were able to go to China, where Lee g

Kathy Kinloch

Kathy Kinloch is a Canadian executive, President of the British Columbia Institute of Technology and has received awards for being one of the most influential women in the province's business sector. In 2016, Kathy was named a Woman of Distinction by the YWCA Metro Vancouver and one of Canada's 100 Most Powerful Women awarded by WXN, the Women's Executive Network, she was recognized in 2015 by BC Business as one of the 50 most influential women in British Columbia. After being an Alberta-trained nurse, for 15 years between 1982 and 1987, Kinloch was a vice-president at Surrey Memorial Hospital, she became a chief operating officer for the health region and Fraser Health from 1997 to 2005. After 2 years as a senior advisor at the province's Ministry of Health, she served 3 years at BCIT as Dean of Health Sciences. After 3 years as President of Vancouver Community College, Kinloch transferred to be President of BCIT in January 2014. In 2015, Kinloch's second year at BCIT, it created the first sexual-assault policy for a BC post-secondary institution.

After a voyeurism incident on campus that year, Kinloch announced a new Safety Smart Program. Kinloch is a member of the Vancouver CEO Forum and a board member of Coast Mental Health, the Immigrant Employment Council of B. C

Crossroads League

The Crossroads League is an athletic conference composed of NAIA private Christian colleges in Indiana and Ohio. The current conference commissioner is Larry DeSimpelare. In June 2012, the conference voted to change its name from the Mid-Central College Conference to the Crossroads League, a name which better represents the modern conference growing beyond its Central Indiana roots. April 10, 1959 - An organizational meeting was held in Huntington, IN, attended by representatives from Huntington College, Concordia College, Tri-State University, Indiana Tech. Richard Klopfenstein was elected to serve as Chairman, while Murray Mendenhall Jr. was chosen as Secretary. Motions were carried to include basketball, baseball and tennis as sanctioned sports. Further motions established All-Sports Points regulations for competition. At this time several possible conference names were presented including: North Central Indiana Conference and Mid-Indiana Conference, but no final decision was made at this time.

Richard Klopfenstein spearheads move to create a broad based athletic conference for colleges throughout Indiana sharing faith based heritage and athletic competition. Klopfenstein would serve as the MCC's first President beginning in 1959 and remain active both in the MCC and at Huntington University where he would serve as Athletic Director and coach. Klopfenstein is regarded as the "founding father" of the MCC. May 14, 1959 - The name Mid-Central College Conference is chosen by a 5-4 vote over Northern Indiana College Conference. June 1, 1959 - The Mid-Central College Conference Constitution is ratified. 1959-60 - Huntington College wins the first MCC All-Sports Trophy. Tennis, basketball and baseball complete the first year of championship play. September 17, 1963 - Membership in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics is granted. 1964-65 - Badminton, bowling and table tennis are all hosted as single day tournaments for MCC institutions. 1965-66 - Track & field is added as MCC sport.

1966 - Saint Francis College joins the MCC as the 5th member institution 1967 - Soccer added as MCC sport. 1968 - The first drafts of a Procedures Manual to govern MCC administration and sports are created. Nov. 6, 1969 - Goshen College granted membership in MCC. 1974 - Membership in the National Association of Intercollegiate Commissioners is registered. 1979 - MCC Membership dues are increased to $200.00 per year. May 8, 1979 - Financial aid limits and regulations are updated to reflect % of institution tuition. May 8, 1980 - Tri-State University confirms they will leave the MCC, effective for the 1981-82 season. May 12, 1980 - Saint Francis College submits their intent to withdraw from the MCC beginning with the 1981-82 season siting differences in philosophy of athletic scholarships. 1980-81 - Tic Toc Trophy Shop contracted to provide All-Conference plaques and championship trophies. 1980-81 - Huntington College wins the baseball championship with an 8-0 MCC record. September 18, 1980 - Men's soccer coaches formally commission referee evaluations for match officials.

November 5, 1980 - Bethel College is formally welcomed to the MCC, Grace College renews their MCC membership. May 27, 1981 - In conference meetings member representatives affirm the Christian commitment of the MCC, reinforce the need for further reaching publicity of the conference. Harold Yoder, acting as the current MCC President, commissions a committee to explore ways to further publicize and disseminate press releases for MCC events. September 16, 1981 - A non-weighted formula is adopted for an all sports considered for the MCC All-Sports Trophy. 1981 - Grand Rapids Baptist, Concordia Lutheran, Spring Arbor University have applications for membership rejected. Concerns about interstate travel halt plans to expand the MCC. 1981-82 - Goshen men's soccer posts 4-0 MCC record to win Conference Championship. November 11, 1981 - The addition of women's sports in considered and becomes part of future plans for official MCC sports. September 15, 1982 - MCC baseball coaches unanimously vote to accept doubleheader format for all conference competition.

September 15, 1982 - An official invitation is extended to the women's athletic programs at member institutions to join the MCC commencing with the 1983-84 season. Responses are mixed, with various concerns expressed regarding scholarship limits and the number of sports to be sponsored, no official action is taken. November 9, 1982 - A graphical logo is commissioned to represent the MCC, all member institution art departments are solicited for submissions. March 8, 1983 - Questions regarding the participation of women's sports is again brought to the table in MCC meetings, again institutions are approached. 1982-83 - Coach of the Year Mike Atkinson and the Marion Golf team posted an 18-2 MCC Championship winning season, helped Marion claim the MCC All-Sports Trophy for that year. May 10, 1983 - The MCC official logo is selected, the state of Indiana with the letters'MCC' in a red and white color scheme is approved by a 10-8 vote of institution representatives. November 9, 1983 - MCC representatives recalibrate the financial aid regulations to protect conference competition and maintain the founding spirit of broad based sports competition within the MCC.

April 2, 1984 - A constitutional revision by member Faculty Academic Representatives recognizes Bethel College, Grace College, Goshen College, Huntington University, Marion College as member institutions, mandated full participation in all 7 MCC sports by the 1986-87 season from all schools. September 13, 1984 - A written invitation is sent to member athletic directors regarding adding women's basketball and volleyball. Only 4

Lewis Gilbert

Lewis Gilbert was a British film director and screenwriter, who directed more than 40 films during six decades. Lewis Gilbert was born in Hackney, London, to a second-generation family of music hall performers, spent his early years travelling with his parents, of Jewish descent, George Gilbert, watching the shows from the wings, he first performed on stage at the age of five. This pleased the audience, so this became the finale of his parents' act; when travelling on trains, his parents hid him in the luggage rack, to avoid paying a fare for him. His father contracted tuberculosis, he died aged 34. As a child actor in films in the 1920s and 1930s, he was the breadwinner for his family, his mother was a film extra, he had an erratic formal education. In 1933, at the age of 13, he had a role in Victor Hanbury and John Stafford's Dick Turpin, at age 17 a small uncredited role in The Divorce of Lady X opposite Laurence Olivier. Alexander Korda offered to send him to RADA, but Gilbert chose to study direction instead, assisting Alfred Hitchcock's Jamaica Inn.

When the Second World War started, he joined the Royal Air Force's film unit, where he worked on various documentary films. He was seconded to the First Motion Picture Unit of the U. S. Army Air Forces, where his commanding officer was William Keighley, an American film director, who allowed Gilbert to take on much of his film-making work. After the war, he continued to write and direct documentary shorts for Gaumont British, before entering low budget feature film production. Gilbert made his name as a director in the 1950s and 1960s with a series of successful films working as the film's writer and producer as well; these films were based on true stories from the Second World War. Examples include Reach for the Sky, Carve Her Name with Pride and Sink the Bismarck!. Gilbert directed Alfie starring Michael Caine. Gilbert's wife Hylda discovered the play by Bill Naughton when she visited the hair salon and sat next to an actress, in a production. Upon seeing the play, Hylda urged Gilbert to make it into a film.

Gilbert used the technique of having the lead character speak directly to the viewer, a technique he also used in Shirley Valentine. Gilbert said Alfie was only made because the low budget was "the sort of money Paramount executives spend on cigar bills"; the film won the Jury Special Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, was nominated for five Academy Awards including best picture. Gilbert was nominated for a Golden Globe for best director. In 1967, Gilbert was chosen to direct Lionel Bart's musical of Oliver! but contracted to another project had to pull out and recommended Carol Reed who took over. "It was the lowest point in my life," said Gilbert. "I'd developed Oliver! with Lionel Bart. I had to do The Adventurers instead... While doing this film, I signed to do The Godfather; because of their financial problems, Paramount could only find $2m to make it. I said it needed $7m". So instead Gilbert made Friends. Although known for character dramas, Gilbert directed three of the James Bond films. After some reluctance, he was persuaded by Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli to direct You Only Live Twice.

Gilbert returned to the series in the 1970s to make The Spy Who Loved Moonraker. In the 1980s he returned to more small-scale dramas with film versions of Willy Russell's plays Educating Rita and Shirley Valentine. Gilbert directed the film Stepping Out. Gilbert was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1997 Birthday Honours for services to the film industry. In 2001, Gilbert was made a Fellow of the British Film Institute, the highest accolade in the British film industry. In June 2010 he appeared on the BBC Radio 4 programme Desert Island Discs. In it he said that his 1970 film The Adventurers was a disaster, that he should never have made it. On working with Orson Welles on Ferry to Hong Kong, he said that it was: "dreadful, it was my nightmare film, it was a dreadful film, everything was wrong with it. He said that his biggest mistake was failing to direct the film version of the musical Oliver!. Its composer Lionel Bart had assured Gilbert that nobody else would do the film, but Gilbert was contractually committed to Paramount to make a film, which caused him to withdraw from the project.

He was married to Hylda Tafler for 53 years, until her death in June 2005. All My Flashbacks: The Autobiography of Lewis Gilbert Sixty Years a Film Director was published by Reynolds & Hearn in 2010, he died at home in Monaco on 23 February 2018, aged 97. Lewis Gilbert on Desert Island Discs 2010 BFI film and TV credits for Lewis Gilbert Retrieved 14 April 2012 Lewis Gilbert at BAFTA Lewis Gilbert on IMDb Lewis Gilbert at AllMovie

Dart (1818 ship)

Dart was a merchant ship built at Sunderland, England, in 1818. She made three voyages transporting convicts from Mauritius to Australia, she was wrecked in 1838. Captain George Griffin commanded Dart between 1833 and 1837 voyaging to Newcastle, Swan River, King George Sound, Moreton Bay, Norfolk Island, with cargoes of coal, wheat, barley and opossum skins, she transported one convict, Daniel Mitchell, from Mauritius in 1831, one or more convicts in 1833. Lastly, Dart left Mauritius with two female convicts and arrived in Sydney on 9 July 1834. While on a voyage for King George Sound, under the command of Captain Patton, sailing from Holdfast Bay, South Australia, on 29 March 1838, Dart went ashore on the Troubridge Shoals in Gulf St Vincent and was wrecked. There was no loss of life. Bateson, The Convict Ships, 1787–1868, Sydney, 1974. ISBN 0-85174-195-9


Marialite is a silicate mineral with a chemical composition of Na4Al3Si9O24Cl if a pure endmember or Na43 with increasing meionite content. Marialite is a member of the scapolite group and a solid solution exists between marialite and meionite, the calcium endmember, it is a rare mineral used as a collector's stone. It has a rare but attractive gemstones and cat's eye. Marialite has a 4/m crystal class, it has a 4 fold rotation with 90° mirror planes. Crystals are prismatic with prominent forms of prisms and dipyramids. Marialite belongs to an uniaxial negative optical class which means it has one circular section and a principal section shaped like an oblate sphenoid. Marialite was first described in 1866 for an occurrence in the Phlegrean Volcanic complex, Italy, it was named by German mineralogist Gerhard vom Rath for Maria Rosa vom Rath. Marialite occurs in regional and contact metamorphism: marble, calcareous gneiss and greenschist, it occurs in skarn and hydrothermally altered volcanic rocks.

This means that Marialite is formed in high pressure and/or high temperature environments