Tung Chung, meaning "eastern stream", is an area on the northwestern coast of Lantau Island, Hong Kong. One of the most recent new towns, it was a rural fishing village beside Tung Chung Bay, along the delta and lower courses of Tung Chung River and Ma Wan Chung in the north-western coast of Lantau Island; the area was once an important defence stronghold against pirates and foreign military during the Ming and the Qing dynasties. Developed as part of the Airport Core Programme, the North Lantau New Town is the first new town on an outlying island of Hong Kong, with the first phases built on reclaimed land to the north and northeast of the original Tung Chung Town. Administratively, Tung Chung is part of Islands District. Since the Song Dynasty between 960–1279 AD, there have been people living in Tung Chung. At that time, they lived on agriculture. Crabs and crops were their main productions; this place was called Tung Sai Chung, when Hong Kong was still a group of fishing villages. Tung means east in Cantonese.
At that time, merchandising ships sailed east to the west to Macau. Tung Chung may be a new town, they show another façade of Tung Chung, of a village before the development of the airport and the town. In the 1990s, Tung Chung was developed as a new town; this was undertaken as part of the Airport Core Programme, a package of development and infrastructure projects surrounding the relocation of Hong Kong's international airport from Kai Tak to Chek Lap Kok, adjacent to Tung Chung. Tung Chung New Town was intended to serve as a supporting community for the new airport. According to the information from the Hong Kong Territory Development Department, Tung Chung is being developed in four phases into a new town with a target population of 250,000 people; the first phase was completed in 1994. This phase of development provided about 20,000 people in the district to support the airport at Chek Lap Kok. Phase 2 of Tung Chung development was completed. About 350,000 square metres of land was reclaimed east of the Phase 1 development area.
Roads and drainage works to serve this reclaimed land were completed in May 2000. Land formation of 270,000 m2 for the remaining Phase 2 areas south of Tung Chung Bay together with the associated infrastructure were completed in February 2001. Upon completion, Phase 2 development will accommodate a population of 67,000. Reclamation works under Phase 3A development commenced in March 1999 and were completed in April 2003. About 260,000 m2 of land was reclaimed north-east of Phase I development area; the reclamation will provide land for housing developments to accommodate a population of about 22,000. The remaining development in Tung Chung is planned to be implemented as Phases 3 and 4 and to be completed in a foreseeable future. Tung Chung is residential, but an office block and hotel have been completed, it is envisaged that in the future, other commercial projects will be developed in Tung Chung to support the growing population. Tung Chung New Town is the newly developed core living area around Tung Chung.
The development is one of the ten parts of the Hong Kong Airport Core Programme. The first phase of public housing development was completed in late 1997 and can accommodate up to 15,000 people. Another 5,000 people are housed in the private housing development completed in 1998. Tung Chung Crescent is the MTR Tung Chung Station Development Package One together with Seaview Crescent and Citygate, it is the first private residential estate completed in Tung Chung. It is jointly developed by five local developers including Hang Lung Development Co. Ltd. Henderson Land Development Co. Ltd. New World Development Co. Ltd. Sun Hung Kai Properties Ltd. Swire with the MTR Corporation. Seaview Crescent, developed by the same developers as Tung Chung Crescent, consists of four tower blocks in the same style of Tung Chung Crescent, though these face the sea and the airport at Chek Lap Kok. Coastal Skyline is the MTR Tung Chung Station Development Package Two, it was jointly developed by HKR International Limited, Hong Leong Holdings Limited and Reco Tung Chung Pte Ltd. and MTR Corporation and consisting of seven residential towers of around 50 stories each, a number of low-rise flats.
Caribbean Coast is the MTR Tung Chung Station Development Package Three. It was jointly developed by Hutchison Whampoa Limited and the MTR Corporation, it is about 67,900 m2 with both commercial buildings. Public housing and Home Ownership Scheme flats make up a sizeable part of Tung Chung; the first phase of public housing development including five homeownership blocks at Yu Tung Court and three public rental housing blocks at Fu Tung Estate comprising 2,640 homeownership and 1,664 rental units. Yat Tung Estate is a newer integrated development consisting of twenty 40-story tower blocks towards the south of the town center, near the fishing village in Tung Chung Bay, complete with kindergartens and secondary schools, shopping mall, car park, transport interchange. Tung Chung Town Centre features a number of shops, restaurants, a cinema and entertainment facilities centered on the Citygate development; the Tung Chung Citygate Outlets have many factory outlets of high-end brands and other brands as well as offering huge discounts.
Fu Tung Shopping Centre, Yat Tung Shopping Centre, Citygate are the three shopping centres in Tung Chung thus far. Further shopping malls are expected at the new dev
St Laurence's Church is in the village of Morland, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Appleby, the archdeaconry of Carlisle, the diocese of Carlisle, its benefice is united with those of St Mary, Thrimby, St Barnabas, Great Strickland, St Cuthbert, Cliburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, it has the only Anglo-Saxon tower in Cumbria. The precise date of the tower is uncertain, but it has been dated to between 1041 and 1055, it was raised in height in 1588, the small spire was added later. The nave dates from the 12th century, includes some Norman features; the aisles were added in that century, followed by the chancel and transepts during the next century. The chancel was rebuilt in 1600, the north aisle in the 18th century; the church was restored in 1896 by C. J. Ferguson, work was carried out in the 20th century by W. D. Caröe; the church is constructed in rubble stone, with slate roofs, a short lead-covered spire on top of the tower.
It has a cruciform plan, consisting of a three-bay nave and south aisles, a south porch and south transepts, a chancel, a north vestry, a west tower. The tower dates from before the Norman conquest, is in three stages, it has no buttresses or external doors, its windows are small. The bell openings are set with baluster mullions. On the west side of the tower is a blue clock face. In the transepts are 13th-century lancet windows; the windows on the south side of the chancel, the east window, have four lights and are Perpendicular in style. The windows along the side of the north aisle are Georgian with keystones; the south porch is gabled, with stone benches inside. The inner doorway dates from the 13th century, has a pointed arch. Four steps lead down into the interior of the church; the tower is entered by a narrow door. The south arcade is carried on round piers with octagonal abaci, has pointed arches; the north arcade is similar, except that one of the piers is octagonal, has a capital decorated with scallops.
There are fragments of Norman zigzag carving incorporated in the wall above the north transept, in the west wall of the north aisle. The reredos dates from 1926, is by Caröe; the altar rail dates from the late 17th century, is carried on balusters. The pulpit has been reduced from a three-decker and is dated 1721; the font consists of a small octagonal bowl. In the church is a poor box, cut from a log, dated 1648. Only the east window contains stained glass. In the south transept is a coffin lid from the 13th century, carved with a foliated cross; the two-manual pipe organ was made in 1913 by Binns, restored in 1951. In the tower are three bells, dated 1687, 1726, 1764. Associated with the church are three structures. To the southeast of the chancel is an altar tomb dating from the 15th century formerly inside the church, it is constructed in sandstone blocks, has three brass plates, the oldest inscribed with the date 1781. The tomb is listed at Grade II*. To the southwest of the tower is a sundial consisting of a medieval cross-base, with a column dating from the 19th century.
It is listed at Grade II. Listed at Grade II are the gatepiers and attached walls at the entrance to the churchyard; the gatepiers are rusticated, surmounted by ball finials, There is a weathered inscription on the east side. Michael of Glasgow, nominal bishop of Glasgow. Grade I listed churches in Cumbria Grade I listed buildings in Cumbria Listed buildings in Morland, Cumbria Photographs from Visit Cumbria
Emma Okas Wike is a real estate developer and urban planner from Rivers State, Nigeria. He is the principal partner of the firm Emma Wike & Partners. Wike is a graduate of the Rivers State University of Science and Technology from where he obtained his diploma in Town planning, bachelor's degree in Estate management and master's degree in Environmental management, he has over twenty years of experience in Real estate management acquired from working for companies such as Sam Oduve & Partners, Knight Frank & Rutley and Alagbe & Partners. He is the founding member and managing partner at Emma Partners. On 11 June 2015, he became a board member of the Greater Port Harcourt City Development Authority. In April 2016, he rose from publicity secretary to 2nd vice-president of the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers. Fellow, Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers Member, International Real Estate Federation Member, International Right of Way Association Member, International Facility Management Association Member, African Real Estate Society Greater Port Harcourt City Development Authority Rivers State Ministry of Urban Development Official website