Chai Wan station
Chai Wan is the eastern terminus of the MTR Island Line on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It is the only station on the Island Line, elevated; the station is located at the junction of Chai Wan Road and Island Eastern Corridor, it serves Siu Sai Wan and Chai Wan, a residential and industrial town, the bus terminus nearby has bus and minibus routes to Siu Sai Wan and Stanley, as well as the nearby residential developments. It was the southernmost railway station in Hong Kong, the southernmost rapid transit station in China, prior to the opening of Lei Tung Station on the South Island Line on 28 December 2016. There were no platform screen doors when this station was opened, but the MTR Corporation has retrofitted automatic platform gates on both platforms in 2011. Passengers from Chai Wan going to Kennedy Town can board trains on either platforms; the platform from which a train will leave first is indicated on a display board. An overrun track is present to allow trains to stop and reverse direction if they travel beyond Chai Wan Station.
However, this set of tracks is used, as trains arriving at Chai Wan Station leave for Kennedy Town by pulling out of the same platform. A: New Jade Gardens, Chai Wan Industrial Area, Siu Sai Wan B: Cheung Lee Street C: Public transport interchange D: Ning Foo Street E: Hing Wah Estate There is a public transport interchange located beneath the station, accessible by exiting the station from Exit C. Bus services to Chai Wan Pier, Stanley Pier and Siu Sai Wan can be accessed. Bus Route To Island Resort: 82M, N8XTo Cape Collinson: 388Minibus Routes To Cape Collinson: 18MTo Chai Wan Pier and Hing Man Estate: 20MTo Fung Wah Estate: 43MTo Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital: 48MTo Siu Sai Wan: 47M, 44MTo Stanley: 16XTo Chung Hom Kok: 16M Taxi stand
MTR Rotem EMU
The Rotem EMU is an electric multiple unit that operates on the MTR rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. They were jointly built by a consortium consisting of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan and Hyundai Rotem of South Korea and come in two variants: those delivered for the Tseung Kwan O line now, those delivered in 2006 to 2007 for the Tung Chung line. In 2003 and 2004, the urban line trains ran on the Tsuen Wan line, Island line and Tseung Kwan O line; the K-Stock trains are different from the R-stock trains to be built by Hyundai Rotem for the future North South Corridor, which were ordered by MTRC on 14 December 2012, as 37 nine-car sets and will enter service on the current East Rail line in 2018. The first of the 104 TKE-C651 cars entered service in late April 2002; these trains were designated to serve on the Tseung Kwan O line, but incompatible signalling apparatus installed in the new trains meant that all of the K-stock trains were unable to serve on the Tseung Kwan O line.
As an alternative, all of those prototypes were ordered to serve on the Kwun Tong line. They have since been moved to the Tseung Kwan O Line with the extension to LOHAS Park in 2009 and the subsequent arrival of the newer C-stock on the Kwun Tong Line. Since it is much heavier than the older M-Train, it does not have any cars similar to D cars in M-Train; the K-Stock is similar to the first trains used on Phase I of the Delhi Metro in India, which were designed by Mitsubishi/Rotem, but built by BEML through a technology transfer arrangement. The configuration of a TKL K Stock train is A-C-B-B-C-B-C-A. Maximum train speed is 90 km/h but with the max speed of 80 km/h on service maximum starting acceleration is 1.3 m/s2, maximum service deceleration rate is 1.35 m/s2, emergency deceleration is 1.4 m/s2. This modern train is equipped with the modern 2-Level 3300V-1200A-IGBT VVVF Inverter from Mitsubishi Electric; the first TKE-C6522-04E train came into service for MTR in 12 June 2006 to 26 February 2007.
MTRC wanted to buy new additional trains for the Tung Chung line when the North Island line project began. MTR anticipated that the opening of the Disneyland Resort and Ngong Ping 360 would have an increase in passenger demand and therefore ordered four new trains for the Tung Chung Line; the time frame from order to completion is short in comparison to other stock, however. The configuration of a TCL K-Stock train is V-Z-X-Y-W-X-Z-V. Maximum train speed is 140 km/h but with the max speed of 135 km/h on service maximum acceleration is 1 m/s2, maximum service deceleration rate is 1.35 m/s2, emergency deceleration is 1.4 m/s2. This advanced train is equipped with the modern 1-Level 3300V-1200A-IGBT VVVF Inverter from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Media related to K-Stocks at Wikimedia Commons spec sheet
Disneyland Resort line
The Disneyland Resort line is a heavy rail MTR line connecting Sunny Bay to the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, coloured pink on the network diagram. It is the seventh line of the former MTR network before the merger of MTR and KCR, the world's first metro line designed to service a Disney theme park. There are only two stations on this line, Sunny Bay and Disneyland Resort, the line operates as a shuttle service between these two stations. Sunny Bay station is an interchange station with the Tung Chung line between Tsing Yi and Tung Chung stations; the rail link was completed in April 2005. In preparation for the opening of Hong Kong Disneyland on 12 September, the line started operating on 1 August 2005; the rolling stock is distinctive on account of its Mickey Mouse windows, interior couch seating, Disneyland figurines displayed in the carriages. On 4 September 2005, the Disneyland Resort line served nearly 40,000 passengers. Peak patronage occurs around 08:00-10:00 and 21:00–23:00 hours, at the parks' respective opening and closing times.
The Disneyland Resort line is 3.5 kilometres long, has a travel time of around 6 minutes. Its track gauge is 1,432 mm; the MTR designed a new driverless train and produced it by refitting existing M-Trains for the line, designed with a Disney theme in mind. Bronze statues of well-known Disney characters, such as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck, are included inside of the trains, the windows are shaped not like squares but like Mickey Mouse's head. All of the trains used on the Disneyland Resort line were ordered from 1994-1998 as subtype H-Stock train. MTR contracted Alstom for these trains. Units A/C274 A/C281 A/C284 A/C289 A/C291 and B/C490 are now used on the Disneyland Resort line; these trains are operated automatically without drivers. However, unlike the South Island Line, the operator's cab area has been retained, visible through the glass window at the train ends; this is a list of the stations on the Disneyland Resort line. Disneyland Resort station is designed in a Victorian style. On the other hand, Sunny Bay station is designed in a futuristic style.
It was intended for passengers travelling along this line to experience a feeling of time travel. Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts Environmental reports of the Disneyland Resort Line Project Disneyland Resort Line project website A brochure of the Penny's Bay Rail Link project HKDL Source - The Premiere Hong Kong Disneyland Fansite - MTR Page
Central and Western District
The Central and Western District located on northwestern part of Hong Kong Island is one of the 18 administrative districts of Hong Kong. It had a population of 243 266 in 2016; the district has the most educated residents with the second highest income and the third lowest population due to its small size. Central is the core urban area of Hong Kong. Western District covers Kennedy Town, Sai Ying Pun, parts of Lung Fu Shan; the district was part of City of the earliest urban settlement in colonial Hong Kong. Central District, as Victoria City, was the first area of planned urban development in Hong Kong during the colonial era; the British held a land sale in June 1841. A total of 51 lots of land were sold to 23 merchant houses to build warehouses; the property buyers included Dent's, Russell's and Olyphant's. At the time, the two roads Albany Nullah and Glenealy Nullah were used by the British; the streets became known as Government Hill. In 1857, the British government divided it into seven districts.
Those located in present-day Central and Western are: Sai Ying Pun, Sheung Wan, Tai Ping Shan, Central. The area was a European area until 1860 when Chinese merchants begin buying up European properties around Cochrane and Pottinger Streets; the Central district was the principal European business district, hence the arrival of the first major bank HSBC. The Western district was the commercial centre for Chinese businesses; when property values in the district rose, a meeting was held in February 1866 to establish a "District Watch Force" to police and protect this specific area. In 1880, Shek Tong Tsui was established, followed by Kennedy Town in the 20th century. By the 1890s the majority of Hong Kong's population was concentrated in the district with about 200,000 residents in Victoria City. District councils in Hong Kong are consultative bodies of the HKSAR government with limited powers restricted to building and maintaining parks, open areas and cultural activities and tourist promotion.
The corresponding body for the district is Western District Council. District council elections are held every four years. Fifteen constituency members are elected; the constituency areas are smaller than the used geographic areas, which are in turn based on the old 1857 and 1880 divisions. In Hong Kong's 2011 Census the district population was 251,519, down four percent from 261,884 in the 2001 census, with an average of 2.7 people for each of the 89,529 households. Among the 18 districts and Western has the second highest median household income in the territory. In terms of average size of households, it is third smallest at 2.8 persons, behind only Wan Chai and Yau Tsim Mong District, at 2.7 each. In 2016 census, the district population was reduced to 243,266 or down 3% from 2011. Central and Western District has a ethnically diverse population. 83% of the district's residents are Chinese, the largest ethnic groups are Filipinos and white people. 72% of the district's residents speak Cantonese as their primary language, while 14% use English and 3% use Mandarin.
The district is located at 22°17′00″N 114°09′00″E, based on the location of the General Post Office in Central. With an area of 12.4 km2, the district occupies the northwestern portion of Hong Kong Island. It is surrounded by Wan Chai District on the east, Southern District on the south, Victoria harbour in the north; the district encompasses Green Island and Little Green Island, two uninhabited islands to the west of Hong Kong Island. Areas from west to east along Victoria Harbour are: Kennedy Town, Sai Ying Pun, Sheung Wan, Central and other localities. Neighbourhoods within the district are listed from east to west. Queensway Central is the business centre of Hong Kong, many multinational financial services corporations have their headquarters there. Government Hill, the site of the government headquarters, is in Central; the Central-Mid-levels escalator in Hong Kong is the longest outdoor covered escalator system in the world. The system is 800 metres long, connecting Des Voeux Road Central, in Central with Conduit Road in the Mid-levels, passing through narrow streets in Soho.
The escalator runs downhill from 6 am uphill from 10:20 am to 12:00 am every day. Apart from its significance in transport linkage, it is a tourist attraction, with many restaurants and shops lining its route; the Bank of China Tower in Central houses the headquarters of BOCHK. Designed by I. M. Pei, the 70 storey building's height is 315 metres with two masts reaching 369 metres. Construction began in 1985 and the building was completed in 1989, it was the first building outside the United States to exceed 300 metres. It was the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1989 to 1992, when the nearby, taller Central Plaza was completed. Built in 1962, the City Hall complex housed the old central library of Hong Kong, as well as concert halls, restaurants and a marriage registry; the conference room of the former Urban Council was at the lower building of the City Hall. The garden at the north-western side of the complex includes a memorial to those killed in Hong Kong during World War II; the funnel-shaped Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces
Lai King station
Lai King is an MTR rapid transit station located in Lai King, Kwai Tsing District, Hong Kong. The station is served by the Tsuen Wan Line and the Tung Chung Line, provides cross-platform interchange between them. Both lines emerge from a tunnel to viaducts at the station; the Chinese name of the station uses the character 茘 instead of the common one 荔, the former being regarded as correct and the latter a variant by the Kangxi dictionary. It is the same for Lai Chi Kok station. Lai King was opened on 10 May 1982 as part of the Tsuen Wan Line; the station was designed to serve the large public housing complex located above the station, as well as the container terminal on the coast to the southwest of the station. When the Lantau Airport Railway was proposed, Lai King was chosen to be the interchange between the Tsuen Wan Line and the Tung Chung Line. During the construction of the Tung Chung Line platforms, the layout of the station was altered; the northbound Tsuen Wan Line track was raised to a new level above the original station, providing cross-platform interchange with the northbound Tung Chung Line.
Similar platform arrangements were constructed for southbound tracks. The original Tsuen Wan Line track was abandoned from the sidings south of the station to north of it. A pair of tracks were constructed for the Airport Express, which does not stop at this station. Passengers on the Tung Chung Line travelling in the direction of Tung Chung can go to the opposite platform to change to Tsuen Wan Line trains for destinations in the Kwai Chung and Tsuen Wan districts and vice versa; the Tung Chung Line has proved popular among passengers living on Hong Kong Island who work in areas north of Lai King, in rush hour, packed Tung Chung Line trains empty at Lai King station. Passengers on the Tsuen Wan Line travelling towards Central can go to the opposite platform to change to the Tung Chung Line for a faster route towards Hong Kong Island. In fact, once this interchange station opened, many commuters who used to travel the entire length of the Tsuen Wan Line took to leaving the train at Lai King, hence a large number of passengers is seen in Tung Chung Line trains during the morning and evening rush.
A1: Lai King Hill Road A2: Yin Lai Court A3: Lai King Estate B: Kwai Chung Container Terminal C: HKEAA Lai King Assessment Centre At the bus stops outside / opposite Exit A1: 30: Allway Gardens ↔ Cheung Sha Wan 42: Cheung Hong ↔ Shun Lee 45: Lai Yiu ↔ Kowloon City Ferry 46: Lai Yiu ↔ Jordan 46X: Mei Foo ↔ Hin Keng 269M: Tin Yan Estate ↔ Cho Yiu N241: Cheung Hang ↔ Hung Hom Station Outside Yin Lai Court Shopping Centre: 46M: Highland Park → Lai King MTR Station Circular 90M: Mei Foo → Highland Park 91A: Highland Park → Kwai Fong 93: Wah Yuen Chuen → Tsuen Wan 93A: Wonderland Villas → Tsuen Wan 313: Princess Margaret Hospital → Tsuen Wan 407: Princess Margaret Hospital → Cheung Wang 407A: Princess Margaret Hospital → Kwai FongOpposite Yin Lai Court Shopping Centre: 47M: Wonderland Villas → Lai King MTR Station Circular 90M: Highland Park → Mei Foo 91A: Kwai Fong → Highland Park 93: Tsuen Wan → Wah Yuen Chuen 313: Tsuen Wan → Princess Margaret Hospital 407: Cheung Wang → Princess Margaret Hospital 407A: Kwai Fong → Princess Margaret HospitalThe MTR provides a 50¢ interchange discount for passengers changing from minibus route 407A to the MTR at Lai King or Kwai Fong stations, or vice versa
Island line (MTR)
The Island line is one of eleven lines of the MTR, the mass transit system in Hong Kong. It runs from Kennedy Town in Western to Chai Wan in the Eastern District; the line first opened on 31 May 1985. It travels through 16.3 kilometres in 34 minutes along its route, serving 17 stations. The line is indicated by dark blue, on the MTR map; the Hong Kong Government authorised the construction of the 13.1 km long Island line in December 1980, after rejecting plans to extend the tram to Chai Wan. On 31 May 1985 the Island line opened with services operating between Admiralty and Chai Wan stations in six-car trains. On 23 May 1986, the Island line was extended to Central station and Sheung Wan station. Both Admiralty and Central stations became interchange stations with the Tsuen Wan line; as part of this extension, each train was lengthened to eight cars. After the Kwun Tong line was extended to Quarry Bay station through the Eastern Harbour Crossing on 1 October 1989, that station became an interchange station with the Island line, but unlike that at Admiralty, there is no cross-platform arrangement requiring passengers to use two escalators and a long passage in between to change between the lines.
In a response to the resulting congestion, the government recommended the Quarry Bay Congestion Relief Works project, decided to expand North Point station to include a second interchange with the Kwun Tong Line, with construction starting in July 1998. The North Point interchange opened on 27 September 2001, proved to be a much more efficient method of interchanging, as the new station featured cross-platform interchange, reducing the time required to interchange from five minutes at Quarry Bay station to less than one minute. On 4 August 2002, both these stations became interchange stations with the new Tseung Kwan O line which had taken over the harbour crossing section from the Kwun Tong line. In 2002, the MTRC announced that it would use HK$300 million to construct the West and South Island lines, provided that the Government would award subsidies towards the project. No sooner, in May 2002, the first proposal from the MTRC detailed a western extension of the existing Island line towards Kennedy Town.
However the plan was abruptly brought to a halt due to land reclamation obstacles on the western coast of Hong Kong Island, the enormous cost and uncertainties concerning the Hong Kong Government's subsidies for the project. However, the current plan for the new lines to the Southern District would require parts of the Western extension in order for it to be completed; as a result, the MTR Corporation was conducting extensive surveys as well as public forums to gather opinion and suggestions concerning the alignment of the extension and location of the Sai Ying Pun, Shek Tong Tsui and Kennedy Town stations for the West Island line. Construction commenced on the Island line's western extension to Kennedy Town in 2009 and on 28 December 2014, the extension opened to passenger services, providing direct heavy rail connection to the western district of Hong Kong Island for the first time. New intermediate stations at Sai Ying Pun and the University of Hong Kong opened as part of the extension.
The Island line resembles the deep-level lines of the London Underground, as most of the route and stations along the line are deep underground and consist of cylindrical tunnels. This is the result of a lack of available land, as the construction plans for the line required it to be built under major roads. Only the segment of the line east of Shau Kei Wan has space for track expansion and thus the line emerges to the surface at Heng Fa Chuen, on a viaduct, which runs alongside Shing Tai Road, which passes over Chai Wan Park and Island Eastern Corridor above ground, all the way to Chai Wan; the route of the original underground section of the line is served by local trams at surface level. This brought concerns that the tram system might be abolished when the MTR line was to be built, but a decision to save the tramline was made in 1980; because of the depth of the line, most underground stations on this line have curved walls on the platforms, which are due to the route's cylindrical tunnels, only with a greater diameter.
Of the underground stations not bearing this feature, Tai Koo station is itself a large tube containing both the concourse and the platform, Sai Ying Pun station and HKU station consists of station boxes that are themselves tube-like though flatter, while Shau Kei Wan, Admiralty and Kennedy Town stations are built using the cut-and-cover method. Because most stations were built under roads, most of the platforms are curved, resulting in large platform gaps; the few stations where the platforms are otherwise straight are those on the West Island line as well as North Point, Quarry Bay, Tai Koo, Heng Fa Chuen and Chai Wan. All Island line stations except Heng Fa Chuen and Chai Wan have their Chinese station names written in Chinese calligraphy as part of the stations' livery. A retired architect involved in the design of the Island line explained that calligraphy are written in large fonts to alleviate the psychological effect caused by the narrow platforms and the curvature of the walls, in addition to remind passengers what this stop is.
This explains why Heng Fa Chuen and Chai Wan stations do not have calligraphy forming part of its livery, as they are built above ground rather than underground. This feature is shared amongst some newer MTR stations such as those on the Tseung Kwan O line and Lam Tin station on the Kwun Tong line. Due to geographical problems, the platforms of Wan Chai
Disneyland Resort station
Disneyland Resort is a station on the Hong Kong MTR Disneyland Resort Line. It was built to serve the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, is located in Penny's Bay; the station is designed with spacious open areas. It has been designed with a Disney theme in mind to match the décor of the park, it opened for public use on 1 August 2005, in preparation for the opening of Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, which opened on 12 September 2005. Architecture firm Aedas was the architect for the Disneyland Resort Line and for the Sunny Bay and Disneyland Resort stations; this station is the second to have only one platform, after Po Lam Station on the Tseung Kwan O Line. The platform is equipped with automatic platform gates to prevent passengers from accidentally falling onto the track; this kind of gate was the first of its kind to be introduced in Hong Kong. As of 2015, the current automatic platform gates are as long as a four-car train and can be extended in the future to accommodate a train length of up to eight cars.
There is only one exit at this station. There is a bus interchange at Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. R8 parallels the Disneyland Resort Line. Routes R33 and R42 operate only on public holidays. Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts