Straiton is a village on the River Girvan in South Ayrshire in Scotland built in the 18th century, but with some recent housing. It was the main location for the film The Match, where two rival pubs played against each other in an annual football match as a challenge. However, since the village has only one pub, a house was used as a pub for filming, it lies in the hills between Kirkmichael, Dalmellington and Maybole. Local attractions include: Blairquhan Castle, open to visitors in spring and summer, a location for the filming of The Queen starring Helen Mirren, Channel 4's Beauty and the Geek and the Monument, which overlooks the village. Tairlaw Linn a local waterfall The village's public toilets were closed by South Ayrshire Council in 2008 and subsequently re-opened under the management of the village community. Donations are invited to cover the £3500 annual running costs
Dunure is a small village in the South Ayrshire area of Scotland about 5 miles from Ayr, Scotland. It is located on the coast of the Firth of Clyde, is near to Maybole, south of Ayr; the village is most notable for its ruined mediaeval castle in a clifftop setting, its small former fishing harbour nearby, a small plant maze known as the Dunure Labyrinth. The first buildings in the lower Dunure village were erected in the early nineteenth century, not long after improvements to the local harbour in 1811. Kennedy Hall dates from 1881 and Dunure House from around 1800. Limekilns are a common feature of small harbours and Dunure has a fine specimen at the village play park. Fisherton Church was erected in 1938 as a chapel of ease for district, it was rebuilt and extended in 1912. Dunduff Castle stands above Fisherton; the remains of a prehistoric earthwork, the Dane's Hill, are in a nearby field. The ruins of the pre-reformation Kirkbride church and cemetery are nearby, abandoned since the parish was combined with that of Maybole.
The harbour is a square basin with a breakwater quay, topped off by a locally characteristic cylindrical stone harbour light. The Earl of Cassillis improved the harbour at a cost of £50,000 in 1811, making the location more attractive for fishing; the depth of the water in the harbour is 12 feet at ordinary spring tides, but could be artificially increased to 30 feet. William Aiton records in 1808 that the sole costs of the improvements to Dunure harbour were borne by Thomas Kennedy of Dunure Esq. There was a Dunure railway station in the village on the Maidens and Dunure Railway: the station closed in the 1930s; the substantial ruins of the infamous Dunure Castle are in the village. Dunduff Castle above Fisherton primary school is now a private home. John Keppie, a colleague of the renowned Glasgow artist and type designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh, rented the house of Mainslea and a small cottage in its back garden opposite Dunure Castle for what was known as “The Roaring Camp”, a holiday home popular with young women friends of theirs from the Glasgow School of Art.
It was from this base that Mackintosh set out on a sketching expedition to the abbey of Crossraguel and Maybole in 1895. The mounted skeleton of the famous Clydesdale horse'Baron of Buchlyvie' is a popular attraction for the Kelvingrove Museum and Art Galleries in Glasgow; the Baron finished his days at Dunure Mains Farm and was buried there. A labyrinth has been constructed in a hollow on the headland overlooked by the castle. In May 2008 local community councillor Andy Guthrie was awarded £3,990 from Awards for All to construct the labyrinth with the help of the village, B. T. C. V. C. S. V. Dunure Community Council, Fisherton primary school; the Dunure Labyrinth has proved popular across the world, has its own Facebook page. It was given an'Action Earth' award, a biodiversity award from Scottish Natural Heritage. Jeff Saward, an international expert on the subject, gave advice on the history of labyrinths, it is looked after by volunteers from the village and pagan groups from around Scotland, is open all year.
The famous Electric Brae is located on the main road near the village: its nickname comes from the optical illusion that it is going uphill instead of down. Dunure Community Council Dunure Community Council Web Site Pictures of Dunure Pictures of Dunduff Castle Video footage of the Dunure Labyrinth Video footage of the Dunure Doocot Dunure Labyrinth Facebook page
United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office is the UK's agency for providing hydrographic and marine geospatial data to mariners and maritime organisations across the world. The UKHO is a trading fund of the Ministry of Defence and is located in Taunton, with a workforce of 900 staff; the UKHO is responsible for operational support to the Royal Navy and other defence customers. Supplying defence and the commercial shipping industry, they help ensure Safety of Life at Sea, protect the marine environment and support the efficiency of global trade. Together with other national hydrographic offices and the International Hydrographic Organization, the UKHO works to set and raise global standards of hydrography and navigation; the UKHO produces a commercial portfolio of ADMIRALTY Maritime Data Solutions, providing SOLAS-compliant charts and digital services for ships trading internationally. The Admiralty's first Hydrographer was Alexander Dalrymple, appointed in 1795 on the order of King George III and the existing charts were brought together and catalogued.
The first chart Dalrymple published as Hydrographer to the Admiralty did not appear until 1800. He issued Sailing Directions and Notices to Mariners. Dalrymple was succeeded on his death in 1808 by Captain Thomas Hurd, under whose stewardship the department was given permission to sell charts to the public in 1821. In 1819 Captain Hurd entered into a bi-lateral agreement with Denmark to exchange charts and publications covering areas of mutual interest; this is thought to be the earliest formal arrangement for the mutual supply of information between the British and any foreign Hydrographic Office. Hurd developed the specialism of Royal Navy hydrographic surveyors. Rear-Admiral Sir W. Edward Parry was appointed Hydrographer in 1823 after his second expedition to discover a Northwest Passage. In 1825 some 736 charts and coastal views were being offered for sale by the Hydrographic Office. In 1828 Captain Parry and the Royal Society organised a scientific voyage to the South Atlantic, in collaboration with the Hydrographers of France and Spain, using HMS Chanticleer.
In 1829, at the age of 55, Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort became Hydrographer. During his time as Hydrographer, he developed the eponymous Scale, saw the introduction of official tide tables in 1833 and instigated various surveys and expeditions. Several of these were by HMS Beagle, including one to Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia in 1826. In 1831 Captain Beaufort informed Captain FitzRoy that he had found a savant for the latter's surveying voyage to South America, Charles Darwin. After completing extensive surveys in South America he returned to Falmouth, Cornwall via New Zealand and Australia in 1836. By the time of Beaufort's retirement in 1855, the Chart Catalogue listed 1,981 charts and 64,000 copies of them had been issued to the Royal Navy. In the 1870s, the Royal Naval Surveying Service supported the Challenger expedition, a scientific exercise that made many discoveries, laying the foundation of oceanography; the cruise was named after HMS Challenger. On her 68,890-nautical-mile circumnavigation of the globe, 492 deep sea soundings, 133 bottom dredges, 151 open water trawls and 263 serial water temperature observations were taken.
The Challenger crew used a method of observation developed in earlier small-scale expeditions. To measure depth, the crew would lower a line with a weight attached to it until it reached the sea floor; the line was marked in 25 fathom intervals with flags denoting depth. Because of this, the depth measurements from the Challenger were at best accurate to 25 fathoms, or about 46 metres; as the first true oceanographic cruise, the Challenger expedition established an entire academic and research discipline. During the late 19th century, the UKHO took part in several international conferences, including the International Meridian Conference to determine a prime meridian for international use and other conferences working towards the establishment of a permanent international commission concerning hydrographic matters. Hydrographers to the Admiralty Board during this period included: Rear-Admiral John Washington, Rear-Admiral George Henry Richards, Captain Sir Frederick J O Evans and Rear-Admiral Sir William J L Wharton.
During Rear-Admiral A Mostyn Field's term as Hydrographer to the Admiralty Board, the Hydrographic Office lent instruments to the Nimrod Expedition of the British Antarctic Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton in 1907. Following the RMS Titanic in 1912, the Safety of Life at Sea convention was established, as well as the introduction of ice reporting and forecasting. During World War I, while Rear-Admiral Sir John F Parry was Hydrographer of the Navy, the Hydrographic Office produced numerous new charts and products to support the Royal Navy. Following the war, the First International Hydrographic Conference was held in London, it led to the establishment in 1921 of the International Hydrographic Organization. In the 1930s, the systematic and regular collection of oceanographic and naval meteorological data started. In the Second World War, while led by Vice-Admiral Sir John A Edgell, chart printing moved to Creechbarrow House in Taunton in June 1941; this was the first purpose-built chart making factory, was designed by the Chief Draughtsman, Mr Jowsey.
In 1968, compilation staff were transferred from Cricklewood to Taunton, thus bringing together the main elements of the Hydrographic Office. A purpose-built office, named after Alexander Dalrymple, was opened. Metrication and computerisation of charts began in the 1960s and early 1970s under the leadership of Rear-Admiral Sir Edmund G Irving, Rear-Admiral George Stephen Ritchie
Alexander "Sawney" Bean was said to be the head of a 45-member clan in Scotland in the 16th century who were executed for the mass murder and cannibalization of over 1,000 people. The story appears in a crime catalogue of Newgate Prison in London. While historians tend to believe Bean never existed or that his story has been exaggerated, it has passed into local folklore and become part of the Edinburgh tourism. According to The Newgate Calendar, Alexander Bean was born in East Lothian during the 16th century, his father was a ditch-digger and hedge-trimmer and Bean tried to take up the family trade, but realized that he had little taste for honest labour. He left home with a vicious woman named Agnes Douglas, who shared his inclinations and was accused of being a witch. After some robbing and the cannibalization of one of their victims, the couple ended up at a coastal cave in Bennane Head between Girvan and Ballantrae, where they lived undiscovered for some 25 years; the cave was 200 yards deep and the entrance was blocked by water during high tide.
The couple produced six daughters, 18 grandsons and 14 granddaughters. Various grandchildren were products of incest between their children. Lacking the inclination for regular labour, the clan thrived by laying careful ambushes at night to rob and murder individuals or small groups; the bodies were brought back to the cave where they were eaten. Leftovers were pickled in barrels and discarded body parts would sometimes wash up on nearby beaches as part of the clan's way of making the people think a wild animal was responsible; the body parts and disappearances did not go unnoticed by the local villagers, but the Beans stayed in their cave by day and took their victims at night. The clan was so secretive; as more significant notice was taken of the disappearances, several organized searches were launched to find the culprits. One search took note of the cave but the men refused to believe anything human could live in it. Frustrated and in a frenetic quest for justice, the townspeople lynched several innocents and the disappearances continued.
Suspicion fell on local innkeepers since they were the last known to have seen many of the missing people alive. One fateful night, the Beans ambushed a married couple riding from a fayre on one horse, but the man was skilled in combat where he deftly held off the clan with sword and pistol; the clan fatally mauled the wife. Before they could take the resilient husband, a large group of fayre-goers appeared on the trail and the Beans fled. With the Beans' existence revealed, it was not long before the King heard of the atrocities from the survivor and decided to lead a manhunt with a team of 400 men and several bloodhounds, they soon found the Beans' overlooked cave in Bennane Head thanks to the bloodhounds. The cave was the scene of many murders and cannibalistic acts where it was scattered with human remains with some body parts hanging on the wall, barrels filled with limbs, stolen heirlooms and jewellery. There were two versions on what happened next: The most common of the two is that the clan was captured alive where they gave up without a fight.
They were taken in chains to the Tolbooth Jail in Edinburgh transferred to Leith or Glasgow, where they were promptly executed without trial as they were seen as subhuman and unfit for one. Sawney and his fellow men had their genitalia cut off and thrown into the fires, their hands and feet severed, were allowed to bleed to death, with Sawney shouting his dying words: "It isn't over, it will never be over." After watching the men die, her fellow women, the children were burned alive on the stakes from which they were hung. This recalls, in essence if not in detail, the punishments of hanging and quartering decreed for men convicted of treason, while women convicted of the same were burned. There was another claim that gunpowder was placed at the entrance of their cave where they faced the fate of suffocation; the town of Girvan, located near the macabre scene of murder and debauchery, has another legend about the cannibal clan. It is said that one of Bean's daughters left the clan and settled in Girvan where she planted a Dule Tree that became known as "The Hairy Tree."
After her family's capture and exposure, the daughter's identity was revealed by angry locals who hanged her from the bough of the Hairy Tree. Sawney Bean is considered a mythical figure. Citing an account of 1843, Dorothy L. Sayers included a gruesome narrative in her anthology Great Short Stories of Detection and Horror A 2005 article by Sean Thomas notes that historical documents, such as newspapers and diaries during the era in which Sawney Bean was active, make no mention of ongoing disappearances of hundreds of people. Additionally, Thomas notes inconsistencies in the stories but speculates that kernels of truth might have inspired the legend:... from broadsheet to broadsheet, the precise dating of Sawney Bean's reign of anthropophagic terror varies wildly: sometimes the atrocities occurred during the reign of James VI, whilst other versions claim the Beans lived centuries before. Viewed in this light, it is arguable that the Bean story may have a basis of truth but the precise dating of events has become obscured over the years.
The dating of the murders was brought forward by the editors and writer of the broadsheets, so as to make the story appear more relevant to the reader
Dailly is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is located on the Water of Girvan, 5 miles south of Maybole, 3.1 miles east of Old Dailly. "New Dailly", as it was known, was laid out in the 1760s as a coal-mining village. In 1849 a fire broke out in Maxwell Colliery, one of the nearby mines, continued to burn for 50 years. Thomas Thomson FRSE antiquary and friend of Walter Scott Thomas's younger brother, John Thomson of Duddingston FRSE minister at Dailly 1800-1805 and artist Hew Ainslie, poet Anne Hepburn, missionary was born here in 1925 Tommy Lawrence, footballer Ross McCrorie, footballer who plays with Rangers Robby McCrorie footballer who plays with Rangers "Dailly". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2008-07-04. Media related to Dailly at Wikimedia Commons
Crosshill, South Ayrshire
Crosshill is a small village in South Ayrshire, Scotland
Maidens is a village in the Kirkoswald parish of Ayrshire, Scotland. Situated on the coast of the Firth of Clyde at the southern end of Maidenhead Bay, a series of rocks known as the "Maidens of Turnberry" form a natural harbour; the village lies two miles north of the ruinous Turnberry Castle, ancient seat of the Earls of Carrick, five miles west of Maybole. It had its own railway station on the Maidens and Dunure Light Railway. At 1991, Maidens had a population of 567. "Maidens". The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 5 October 2015. Video footage of Maidens Harbour