Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. is an American former television and media conglomerate, part of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded by Ted Turner, based in Atlanta, Georgia, it merged with Time Warner on October 10, 1996. Among its main properties were its namesake TBS, TNT, CNN, Turner Classic Movies, Cartoon Network and Adult Swim, TruTV, it licensed or had ownership interests in international versions of these properties. The headquarters of Turner's properties are located in both the CNN Center in Downtown Atlanta, the Turner Broadcasting campus off Techwood Drive in Midtown Atlanta, which houses Turner Studios; the company was known for several pioneering innovations in U. S. multichannel television, including its satellite uplink of local Atlanta independent station WTCG channel 17 as one of the first national "superstations", its establishment of CNN—the first 24-hour news channel. On June 14, 2018, Time Warner was acquired by renamed WarnerMedia. On March 4, 2019, AT&T announced a major reorganization of WarnerMedia that dissolves Turner as a business unit, by dispersing some of its properties into two new divisions—WarnerMedia Entertainment and WarnerMedia News & Sports - while transferring others to fellow WarnerMedia division Warner Bros. and phasing out the Turner brand in relation to those networks.
Turner Broadcasting System traces its roots to a billboard company in Savannah, Georgia purchased by Robert Edward Turner II in the late 1940s. Turner grew the business, which became known as Turner Advertising Company. Robert Edward Turner's son, Ted Turner, inherited the company when the elder Turner died in 1963. After taking over the company, Ted Turner expanded the business into television. Turner Broadcasting System as a formal entity was incorporated in Georgia in May 1965. In 1970, Ted Turner purchased WJRJ-Atlanta, Channel 17, a small, Ultra High Frequency station, renamed it WTCG, for parent company Turner Communications Group. During December 1976, WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems. On December 17, 1976 at 1:00 pm, WTCG Channel 17's signal was beamed via satellite to its four cable systems in Grand Island, Nebraska. All four cable systems started receiving the 1948 Dana Andrews - Cesar Romero film Deep Waters in progress; the movie had started 30 minutes earlier.
WTCG went from being a little television station to a major TV network that every one of the 24,000 households outside of the 675,000 in Atlanta was receiving coast-to-coast. WTCG created a precedent of today's basic cable television. HBO had gone to satellite transmissions to distribute its signal nationally in 1975, but, a service that cable subscribers were made to pay extra to receive. Ted Turner's innovation signaled the start of the basic cable revolution. In 1979, the company changed its name to Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. and the call letters of its main entertainment channel to WTBS. On June 1, 1980, Cable News Network was launched at 5:00pm EDT becoming the first 24-hour news cable channel; the husband and wife team of Dave Walker and Lois Hart news anchored the first newscast, Burt Reinhardt the executive vice president of CNN, hired most of the channel's first 200 employees & 25-member staff including Bernard Shaw, the network's first news anchor. In 1981, Turner Broadcasting System acquired Brut Productions from Faberge Inc.
In 1984, Turner initiated Cable Music Channel, his competition for WASEC's MTV. The channel was short-lived but helped influence the original format of VH1. In 1986, after a failed attempt to acquire CBS, Turner purchased the film studio MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian for $1.5 billion. Following the acquisition, Turner sold parts of the acquisition. MGM/UA Entertainment was sold back to Kirk Kerkorian; the MGM/UA Studio lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures. Turner kept MGM's pre-May 1986 film and TV library as well as the Associated Artists Productions library, the U. S./Canadian distribution rights to the RKO Pictures library. Turner Entertainment Co. was founded on August 4, 1986. On October 3, 1988, the company launched Turner Network Television. Turner expanded its presence in movie production and distribution, first with the 1991 purchase of the Hanna-Barbera animation studio during a competitive bid with MCA/Universal Studios, Hallmark Cards, several other corporations.
On December 22, 1993, Turner acquired Castle Rock Entertainment. Turner purchased New Line Cinema a month later. Turner launched Cartoon Network on October 1, 1992, followed by Turner Classic Movies on April 14, 1994. On October 10, 1996, Turner merged with Time Warner, a company formed in 1990 by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications. Through this merger, Warner Bros. had regained the rights to its pre-1950 library, while Turner gained access to the company's post-1950 library and other properties. In 2003, Philip I. Kent succeeded Jamie Kellner as chairman. Operational duties for The WB were transferred by Time Warner from Warner Bros. to Turner Broadcasting during 2001, while Kellner was chairman, but were returned to Warner Bros. in 2003 with the departure of Kellner. On February 23, 2006, the company agreed to sell the regional entertainment channel Turner South to Fox Entertainment Group. Fox assumed control of the channel on May
The Arrow Sport was a two-seat sporting biplane aircraft built in the United States in the 1920s and 1930s. The plane was designed by Swen Swanson and it was of conventional configuration with tailskid undercarriage, but was interesting in that the pilot and passenger sat side by side in the open cockpit, because as designed, the cantilever wings lacked interplane struts – the upper wing attaching directly to the top of the fuselage; this latter feature proved so alarming to many prospective pilots that the manufacturer supplied N-type struts that were of no real function other than to allay the aviators' fears. Several Sport aircraft flew in the United States in 2009. Nine Sports are preserved in U. S. museums and collections including an example of the A2-60 variant at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington DC. An Arrow Sport Pursuit is on display * Western Antique Automobile Museum. Sport – Two-seat spoting biplane, powered by a 60-hp LeBlond radial piston engine. Sport 85 - 85 hp Leblond radial, extra four degrees of dihedrial on lower wing.
Sport A2 Sport A2-60 Sport A2-66 Sport A2-90 Tangerine Sport Pursuit – Improved version, powered by a 100-hp Kinner K-5 radial engine. Data from American airplane specificationsGeneral characteristics Crew: 1 Capacity: 1 passenger Length: 19 ft 3 in Wingspan: 25 ft 10 in Height: 7 ft 5 in Wing area: 183 sq ft Empty weight: 900 lb Gross weight: 1,346 lb Powerplant: 1 × LeBlond 5D radial engine, 60 hp Performance Maximum speed: 100 mph Cruise speed: 85 mph Stall speed: 30 mph Range: 200 mi Service ceiling: 14,000 ft Aircraft of comparable role and era Warren CP-2 Notes Bibliography NASM website aviationhistory.com
John Alexander Kirkpatrick Millar, known as Sandy Millar, is a retired Anglican bishop who, on 27 November 2005, was consecrated in Kampala as an assistant bishop in the Province of Uganda, in a joint initiative of the Archbishop of Uganda, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of London. He was subsequently licensed at St Paul's Cathedral, London, on 9 February 2006 to act as an honorary assistant bishop in the Diocese of London, he thereafter served as priest-in-charge of St Mark’s, Tollington Park in North London until 2 February 2011 when he retired. Millar was born into an upper class Scottish family, his father was a major-general. He was educated at Lambrook Preparatory School, Eton College and Trinity College, graduating in 1962 with the degree of Master of Arts, he practised as a barrister for 10 years. After that, he gained a diploma in theology from the University of Durham, he was ordained deacon in 1976 and priest in 1977 at the age of 37. Millar has been a prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral since 1997.
Millar is in the Charismatic Evangelical tradition of the Church of England, but has concentrated on local missions and not on participation in controversies in the wider Anglican Communion. However, in October 2007, he was reported to have said to an American church congregation that "there is a war on for the soul of the church" and to have told the congregation, which had left the Episcopal Church of the United States in protest at its acceptance of homosexuality, "your steadfastness in the face of a new and speciously sophisticated manifestation of evil has won you many admirers all over the world." These comments were publicised on the internet. On 29 April 2012, Millar was licensed as an honorary assistant bishop in the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich, by which time he was living in Aldeburgh. Millar was vicar of Holy Trinity Brompton from 1985 to 2005 and was the principal person responsible for the Alpha course, he was succeeded as principal of Alpha by Nicky Gumbel. During this period, he developed a strategy of church planting throughout London, thereby making it possible for dying churches to have a fresh start with congregations and clergy provided by Holy Trinity — all in close association with the London bishops.
Such church "plants" included: 1985: St Barnabas' Addison Road, West Kensington 1987: St Mark's Battersea Rise 1989: St Paul's Onslow Square 1994: St Stephen's Church, Westbourne Park 2000: St Paul's, Hammersmith 2002: St George the Martyr's, Queen Square, Bloomsbury 2005: St Paul's ShadwellAnother of his achievements is the rehabilitation of the disused church of St Paul's, Onslow Square, located in his parish. Millar initiated "The Marriage Course" and "The Marriage Preparation Course", which run both throughout the United Kingdom and in many other countries. In 2005, a book containing a selection of his writings, was published. Sandy Millar The Revd Sandy Millar The Revd Prebendary Sandy Millar The Rt Revd Sandy Millar Nicky Lee