Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia; the channel's programming consists of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the North American distribution rights to films from RKO Pictures. However, TCM licenses films from other studios, shows more recent films; the channel is available in the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, Latin America, Italy, Cyprus, the Nordic countries, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, Ted Turner acquired the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio for $1.5 billion. Concerns over Turner Entertainment's corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before.
As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGM's library of films released up to May 9, 1986. Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies; the film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the base form of programming for TCM upon the network's launch. Before the creation of Turner Classic Movies, films from Turner's library of movies aired on the Turner Broadcasting System's advertiser-supported cable network TNT – along with colorized versions of black-and-white classics such as The Maltese Falcon. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14, 1994, at 6 p.m. Eastern Time, with Ted Turner launching the channel at a ceremony in New York City's Times Square district; the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as "the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City". The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, the same film that served as the debut broadcast of its sister channel TNT six years earlier in October 1988.
At the time of its launch, TCM was available to one million cable television subscribers. The network served as a competitor to AMC—which at the time was known as "American Movie Classics" and maintained a identical format to TCM, as both networks focused on films released prior to 1970 and aired them in an uncut and commercial-free format. AMC had broadened its film content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner which, besides placing Turner Classic Movies and Warner Bros. Entertainment under the same corporate umbrella gave TCM access to Warner Bros.' Library of films released after 1950. In the early 2000s, AMC abandoned its commercial-free format, which led to TCM being the only movie-oriented basic cable channel to devote its programming to classic films without commercial interruption or content editing. On March 4, 2019, Time Warner's new owner AT&T announced a planned reorganization that would dissolve Turner Broadcasting.
TCM, along with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, over-the-top video company Otter Media, will be moved directly under Warner Bros.. Speaking about the move, then-Warner Bros. CEO Kevin Tsujihara explained that TCM was "a natural fit with Warner Bros." due the company's massive film library. In 2000, TCM started the annual Young Composers Film Competition, inviting aspiring composers to participate in a judged competition that offers the winner of each year's competition the opportunity to score a restored, feature-length silent film as a grand prize, mentored by a well-known composer, with the new work subsequently premiering on the network; as of 2006, films that have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film Camille, two Lon Chaney films: 1921's The Ace of Hearts and 1928's Laugh, Clown and Greta Garbo's 1926 film The Temptress. In April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event—now held annually—at the Grauman's Chinese Theater and the Grauman's Egyptian Theater in Hollywood.
Hosted by Robert Osborne, the four-day long annual festival celebrates Hollywood and its movies, featured celebrity appearances, special events, screenings of around 50 classic movies including several newly restored by The Film Foundation, an organization devoted to preserving Hollywood's classic film legacy. Turner Classic Movies operates as a commercial-free service, with the only advertisements on the network being shown between features – which advertise TCM products, network promotions for upcoming special programs and the original trailers for films that are scheduled to be broadcast on TCM, featurettes about classic film actors and actresses. In addition to this, extended breaks between features are filled with theatrically released movie trailers and classic short subjects – from series such as The Passing Parade, Crime Does Not Pay, Pete Smith Specialties, Robert Ben
Manny Bermudez is an American mixed martial artist who competed in the bantamweight and featherweight divisions. A professional mixed martial artist since 2015, Bermudez has competed in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Bermudez was born in Boston, United States Bermudez started training Brazilian jiu-jitsu at the age of thirteen and competed his first amateur fight five year later. Bermudez fought all his fights under Cage Titan, Classic Entertainment, Sports promotions since 2015 and amassed a record of 11-0 prior signed by UFC. Bermudez made his UFC debut on February 24, 2018, at UFC on Fox: Emmett vs. Stephens against Albert Morales, he won the fight by a guillotine choke in round two. Bermudez was scheduled to face Davey Grant on 27 May 2018 at UFC Fight Night 130. However, Grant pulled out of the fight after being diagnosed with a staph infection, the bout was scrapped; the pairing was left intact and took place on 22 July 2018 at UFC Fight Night 134. He won the fight via a triangle choke.
Bermudez was scheduled to face Benito Lopez on January 26, 2019 at UFC 233. As a result of the cancellation of UFC 233, the pair was rescheduled to UFC on ESPN: Ngannou vs. Velasquez on February 17, 2019. At the weigh-ins, Bermudez weighed in at 140 pounds, 4 pounds over the bantamweight non-title fight upper limit of 136 pounds; as a result, the bout proceeded at catchweight and Bermudez was fined 30% of his purse which went to his opponent Lopez. He won the fight via a submission in round one. After the Lopez fight, Bermudez signed a new, four-fight contract with the UFC. A bantamweight bout between Bermudez andCasey Kenney was scheduled to on August 17, 2019 at UFC 241. However, the UFC decided to move the bout to a catchweight bout of 140 lbs. due to the fighters cutting substantial weight the night before weigh-ins. Bermudez lost the bout via unanimous decision. Bermudez faced Charles Rosa on October 18, 2019 at UFC on ESPN 6. At the weigh-in, Bermudez weighed in at 148 pounds, 2 pounds over the featherweight non-title fight limit of 146.
The bout was held at catchweight. Bermudez was fined 20 % of his purse, he lost the fight via a submission in round one, was subsequently released from the promotion. On January 20, 2020, news surfaced that Bermudez is scheduled to face Bruce Boyington at New England Fights 42 on February 8, 2020, replacing Josh Grispi, forced to withdraw from the bout due to legal complications. Bermudez missed the lightweight title weight limit, making him ineligible for the championship. Bermudez won the fight via first-round submission. Bermudez is a student at Bridgewater State University, majoring in Business Management. List of current UFC fighters List of male mixed martial artists Professional MMA record for Manny Bermudez from Sherdog Manny Bermudez at UFC
Ted Sperling is a musical director, orchestrator, stage director and musician for the stage and concerts. He won the Tony Award for Best Orchestrations and the Drama Desk Award, Outstanding Orchestrations, for his work in The Light in the Piazza in 2005, he is the Artistic Director of MasterVoices the Collegiate Chorale. Sperling was born in Manhattan and started taking violin lessons at age 5, studied at Juilliard School starting at age 16, graduated from Yale University, Phi Beta Kappa, summa cum laude at the age of 21. Sperling has been the musical director, stage director and/or arranger for such Broadway musicals as the revival of South Pacific and The Light in the Piazza, for some ten Off-Broadway musicals, starting with Gus and Al in 1989 through Striking 12 in 2006, he appeared on-stage in the musical Titanic as a performer and one of the on-stage trio of musicians. He began stage directing in regional theatre in 2001, directed the musical See What I Wanna See, both regionally and off-Broadway, in 2004 and 2005.
He is the musical conductor for concerts for performer Victoria Clark. The two met at Yale University, when they sang in the Yale Chapel Choir and he was the first violist in the Yale Symphony Orchestra, he has conducted concerts for Audra McDonald, such as her Houston Grand Opera debut in March 2006 and her New York Philharmonic New Year's Eve concert, December 31, 2006. In 2013 he was named Artistic Director of MasterVoices The Collegiate Chorale. In 2002 he was named Associate Artistic Director of the Prince Music Theater in Philadelphia, PA. In 2008 he was appointed Director of the Public Theater's Musical Theatre Initiative. In 2015 he was named Artistic Director of MasterVoices; as an actor, he appeared on Broadway as the bandleader Wallace Hartley in the original production of Titanic. Guys and Dolls - Musical Director and incidental music arrangements South Pacific - Musical Director, Conductor Striking 12, Daryl Roth Theatre, Stage director, The Light in the Piazza - Orchestrator, Musical Director, Conductor Peter Pan and Wendy, Prince Music Theater, Stage Director Lady in the Dark, Prince Music Theater, Stage Director The Full Monty - Musical Director and incidental music arrangements How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying - Musical Director, Conductor and incidental music arrangements Sunday in the Park with George Synthesizer Ted Sperling at the Internet Broadway Database Internet Off-Broadway Database listing Official Web Site playbill.com, October 26, 2005 American Theatre Wing biography at americantheatrewing.org as of October 2005 MasterVoices website mastervoices.org Under a Minute: Ted Sperling, ALL ARTS