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Turul

The Turul is a mythological bird of prey depicted as a hawk or falcon, in Hungarian tradition and a national symbol of Hungarians. The Turul is based on a large falcon, the origin of the word is most Turkic: togrıl or turgul means a medium to large bird of prey of the family Accipitridae, goshawk or red kite. In Hungarian the word sólyom means falcon, there are three ancient words describing different kinds of falcons: kerecsen and turul. In Hungarian tradition, it originated as the clan symbol used in the 9th and 10th centuries by the ruling House of Árpád. In the legend of Emese, recorded in the Gesta Hungarorum and the Chronicon Pictum, the turul is mentioned as occurring in a dream of Emese, when she was pregnant. In older literature, this was interpreted as "impregnation"; the Turul's role is one of a protector spirit. In a second dream by the leader of the Hungarian tribes, in which eagles attacked their horses and a Turul came and saved them, it is said that the mythic bird, the Turul, is the original bird of the original Hungarians, the Magyars, who migrated out of the plains of Central Asia.

The legend says that in 896 AD, the bird dropped its sword in what is now modern day Budapest, indicating to the Magyars that the area was to be their homeland. Thus, what they say was the beginning of the 1000 years the Magyars have lived in their now capital city area of Budapest; the Turul is used as in the design of coats of arms of the Hungarian Army, the Counter Terrorism Centre and the Office of National Security. There were each with a wingspan of 15 metres, in Greater Hungary; the last of the three stands on a mountain near Tatabánya, but the other two were destroyed. It is the largest bird statue in Europe, the largest bronze statue in Central Europe. There remain at least 195 Turul statues in Hungary, as well as 48 in Romania, 8 in Slovakia, 7 in Serbia, 5 in Ukraine, 1 in Austria. One of the most erected, as of 29 September 2012, on St Michael the Archangel's Day, is in Hungary's Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park; some of the Kingdom of Hungary postage stamps issued after 1900 feature the Turul.

Oksoko Konrul National symbols of Hungary Historical coat of arms of Transylvania Tughril Media related to Turul at Wikimedia Commons

V. L. Ethiraj

Vellore Lakshmanaswamy Ethiraj was an Indian lawyer and philanthropist who founded Ethiraj College for Women, a college in Chennai, India. He was the first Indian to be appointed as Crown Prosecutor by the British Raj, he served as the President of the Madras Bar Association. Ethiraj was the only child of Lakshmanaswamy and Ammayi Ammal. V. L. Ethiraj received his undergraduate degree from Presidency College and received his law degree from the University of Dublin. One of Ethiraj's successes was the Lakshmikanthan murder case, which he fought in defense of Tamil actors M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar and N. S. Krishnan, his advocacy was described by C. P. Ramaswami Iyer as "a marvel of the 20th century". Education in Chennai Ethiraj College for Women

Agrostemma

Agrostemma is a genus of annual plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, containing the species known as corncockles. Its best-known member is A. githago, the common corncockle, a native of Europe where it is called "the corncockle". The species is a weed of cereals and other crops with a centre of origin in the eastern Mediterranean. Nowadays declining in its native range because of improved seed cleaning, it is found as a weed worldwide. Agrostemma gracile, the slender corncockle, is only found in central Greece near the city of Farsala. Corncockle is an attractive plant, its seeds are still commercially available to gardeners. Agrostemma brachyloba Hammer, narrow corncockle Agrostemma githago L. common corncockle, corn-pink Agrostemma gracile

White-tailed deer

The white-tailed deer known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to North America, Central America and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia. It has been introduced to New Zealand, Jamaica, the Bahamas, the Lesser Antilles, some countries in Europe, such as the Czech Republic, Romania, Serbia and France. In the Americas, it is the most distributed wild ungulate. In North America, the species is distributed east of the Rocky Mountains as well as in southwestern Arizona and most of Mexico, aside from Lower California, it is replaced by the black-tailed or mule deer from that point west except for in mixed deciduous riparian corridors, river valley bottomlands, lower foothills of the northern Rocky Mountain region from South Dakota west to eastern Washington and eastern Oregon and north to northeastern British Columbia and southern Yukon, including in the Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands. Texas is home to the most white-tailed deer of any U. S. state or Canadian province, with an estimated population of over four million.

Notably high populations of white-tailed deer occur in the Edwards Plateau of Central Texas. Michigan, Iowa, Missouri, New Jersey, Wisconsin, New York, North Dakota, Ohio and Indiana boast high deer densities; the conversion of land adjacent to the Canadian Rockies into agriculture use and partial clear-cutting of coniferous trees has been favorable to the white-tailed deer and has pushed its distribution to as far north as Yukon. Populations of deer around the Great Lakes have expanded their range northwards, due to conversion of land to agricultural uses favoring more deciduous vegetation, local caribou and moose populations; the westernmost population of the species, known as the Columbian white-tailed deer, once was widespread in the mixed forests along the Willamette and Cowlitz River valleys of western Oregon and southwestern Washington, but today its numbers have been reduced, it is classified as near-threatened. This population is separated from other white-tailed deer populations; some taxonomists have attempted to separate white-tailed deer into a host of subspecies, based on morphological differences.

Genetic studies, suggest fewer subspecies within the animal's range, as compared to the 30 to 40 subspecies that some scientists have described in the last century. The Florida Key deer, O. v. clavium, the Columbian white-tailed deer, O. v. leucurus, are both listed as endangered under the U. S. Endangered Species Act. In the United States, the Virginia white-tail, O. v. virginianus, is among the most widespread subspecies. The white-tailed deer species has tremendous genetic variation and is adaptable to several environments. Several local deer populations in the southern states, are descended from white-tailed deer transplanted from various localities east of the Continental Divide; some of these deer populations may have been from as far north as the Great Lakes region to as far west as Texas, yet are quite at home in the Appalachian and Piedmont regions of the south. These deer, over time, have intermixed with the local indigenous deer populations. Central and South America have a complex number of white-tailed deer subspecies that range from Guatemala to as far south as Peru.

This list of subspecies of deer is more exhaustive than the list of North American subspecies, the number of subspecies is questionable. However, the white-tailed deer populations in these areas are difficult to study, due to overhunting in many parts and a lack of protection; some areas no longer carry deer, so assessing the genetic difference of these animals is difficult. Some subspecies names, ordered alphabetically: O. v. acapulcensis – Acapulco white-tailed deer O. v. borealis – northern white-tailed deer O. v. carminis – Carmen Mountains white-tailed deer O. v. clavium – Key deer or Florida Keys white-tailed deer O. v. chiriquensis – Chiriqui white-tailed deer O. v. couesi – Coues' white-tailed deer, Arizona white-tailed deer, or fantail deer O. v. dakotensis – Dakota white-tailed deer or northern plains white-tailed deer O. v. hiltonensis – Hilton Head Island white-tailed deer O. v. idahoensis – white-tailed deer O. v. leucurus – Columbian white-tailed deer O. v. macrourus – Kansas white-tailed deer O. v. mcilhennyi – Avery Island white-tailed deer O. v. mexicanus – Mexican white-tailed deer O. v. miquihuanensis – Miquihuan white-tailed deer O. v. nelsoni – Chiapas white-tailed deer O. v. nigribarbis – Blackbeard Island white-tailed deer O. v. oaxacensis – Oaxaca white-tailed deer O. v. ochrourus – northwestern white-tailed deer or northern Rocky Mountains white-tailed deer O. v. osceola – Florida coastal white-tailed deer O. v. rothschildi – Coiba Island white-tailed deer O. v. seminolus – Florida white-tailed deer O. v. sinaloae – Sinaloa white-tailed deer O. v. taurinsulae – Bulls Island white-tailed deer O. v. texanus – Texas white-tailed deer O. v. thomasi – Mexican lowland white-tailed deer O. v. toltecus – rain forest white-tailed deer O. v. truei – Central American white-tail

Ephesus, Georgia

Ephesus is a city in Heard County, United States. The city was founded as "Loftin", was incorporated as "Ephesus" in 1964, after the local church and school, named for the biblical city of Ephesus in present-day Turkey; the population was 427 at the 2010 census. Ephesus is located in the northwest corner of Heard County at 33°24′18″N 85°15′35″W, it is 2 miles east of the Alabama border. Georgia State Route 100 passes through the center of town, leading north 10 miles to Bowdon and southeast 14 miles to Franklin, the Heard County seat. Carrollton, the nearest city with more than 20,000 people, is 17 miles to the northeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, Ephesus has an area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 388 people, 154 households, 111 families residing in the town. The population density was 127.9 people per square mile. There were 170 housing units at an average density of 56.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.45% White, 0.77% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.26% from two or more races.

There were 154 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $40,833, the median income for a family was $44,250. Males had a median income of $30,750 versus $17,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,749. About 8.2% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Ephesus has a small elementary school for grades Pre-K through 5

Korsh Theatre

The Russian Drama Korsh Theatre was a theatre which functioned in Moscow, Imperial Russia in 1882–1917. After the 1917 Revolution it carried on for several years under different guises and was shut down in 1933; the theatre was co-founded by the entrepreneur Fyodor Korsh and the actors Modest Pisarev and Vasily Andreyev-Burlak on the basis of the Anna Brenko's Pushkin Theatre which had gone bankrupt in 1881. In 1883 Korsh became its sole owner, its earliest productions included Revizor by Nikolai Gogol, The Forest by Alexander Ostrovsky and Masquerade by Mikhail Lermontov. The Korsh Theatre opened on 30 August 1885 and a year staged its first major hit, Alexander Griboyedov's Woe from Wit. Experimenting with technical stage effects, it soon acquired the reputation of being the most technically advanced theatre in Russia. Korsh's was the first electrified Moscow theatre in the days when the Bolshoi and Maly Theatres relied on gas lamps. Initially'cheap' comedies and vaudevilles dominated the theatre's repertoire, but it was on their commercial success that the Korsh Theatre built its financial independence and started producing serious work, including plays by Henrik Ibsen, Hermann Sudermann and Edmond Rostand.

The Moscow premier of Leo Tolstoy's The Power of Darkness was staged at the Korsh's on 19 October 1895. It was at this theatre that Chekhov the playwright debuted, after his play Ivanov had been commissioned by Korsh in 1887; the theatre produced two more plays by Chekhov, The Bear and The Marriage. Each Friday the theatre presented a premiere. Invariably a half-baked production staged through three or four rehearsals, they bore the atmosphere of improvisation and attracted huge public interest regardless of the quality; the majority of such pieces were being dropped never to be returned to. Korsh with his assistants attended the'hottest' premieres at the leading European theatres; each time they would shorthand the play's text sitting in the audience, translate it on the spot and rush back to Moscow to stage a play which hasn't yet been published back home. In the early 1890s it was the first to produce such popular European plays as Charley's Aunt by Brandon Thomas, M-me Sans-Gêne by Victorien Sardou, Business is Business by Octave Mirbeau, Le Contrôleur des wagons-lits by Alexandre Bisson.

The emergence in 1898 of the serious rival in the face of the Moscow Art Theatre led by Konstantin Stanislavski, worried Korsh into inviting the stage director Nikolai Sinelnikov who brought with him several aspiring talents and staged some lauded productions, including Cyrano de Bergerac by Rostand, The Tempest by Shakespeare and Vanyushin's Children by Sergey Naydyonov. Some of them were successful but the theatre never succeeded in trying to regain its position as the leading force on the Russian theatrical scene. From 1917 onwards the former Korsh Theatre was in the constant turmoil of reorganisations, it was known consequentially as the Union of Artists, The Third RSFSR Theatre, The Comedy Theatre and the Moscow Drama Theatre, before being disbanded in 1933. Its director Karpov was arrested and prosecuted, part of the troupe moved to the Moscow Art Theatre. Nowadays the house on Petrovsky Lane, 3 belongs to the Theatre of Nations, it claims to follow the traditions set by its predecessor and stages occasional memorial events commemorating its history