click links in text for more info


Tusculum is a ruined Roman city in the Alban Hills, in the Latium region of Italy. Tusculum was one of the largest Roman cities in the Alban Hills and today is amongst the largest ruins of a Roman city in the region; the Tusculum is located on Tuscolo hill on the northern edge of the outer crater rim of the Alban volcano. The volcano itself is located in the Alban Hills 6 kilometres south of the present-day town of Frascati. Tuscolo Hills' summit is 670 metres above sea level and affords a view of the Roman Campagna, with Rome lying 25 kilometres to the north-west. Rome was reached by the Via Labicana to the north. Tusculum was most famous in Roman times for the many great and luxurious patrician country villas sited close to the city, yet a comfortable distance from Rome. Strabo wrote about Tusculum in Geography, V 3 § 12.: But still closer to Rome than the mountainous country where these cities lie, there is another ridge, which leaves a valley between them and is high as far as Mount Albanus.

It is on this chain, a city with no mean equipment of buildings. According to legend, the city was founded either by Telegonus, the son of Odysseus and Circe, or by the Latin king Latinus Silvius, a descendant of Aeneas, who according to Titus Livius was the founder of most of the towns and cities in Latium; the geographer Filippo Cluverio discounts these legends, asserting that the city was founded by Latins about three hundred years before the Trojan War. Funerary urns datable to the 8th–7th centuries B. C. demonstrate a human presence in the late phases of Latin culture in this area. Tusculum is first mentioned in history as an independent city-state with a king, a constitution and gods of its own; when Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the last King of Rome, was expelled from the city in 509 B. C. he sought military help from his son-in-law Octavius Mamilius, one of the leading men of Tusculum. After the war between Clusium and Rome failed to win back the throne for Tarquinius, he sought refuge with Mamilius in Tusculum.

The Mamilii claimed to be descended from the founder of the city. Mamilius commanded the army of the Latins against the Romans at the Battle of Lake Regillus, where he was killed in 498 B. C; this is the point. According to some accounts Tusculum subsequently became an ally of Rome, incurring the frequent hostilities of the other Latin cities. In 460 B. C. the Sabines occupied the Capitol. Of the Latin cities, only Tusculum sent troops, commanded by the dictator Lucius Mamilius, to help the Romans. Together with the forces of the consul Publius Valerius Poplicola they were able to quash the revolt. Poplicola was thankful to the Tusculans for their help, conferred on Lucius Mamilius the honour of Roman citizenship. In 459 B. C. the Aequi captured its citadel. Because of the assistance given Rome the previous year, the Romans came to their defense, helped regain the citadel, with soldiers under the command of Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus, who defeated the Aequi at the battle of Mount Algidus. In 381 BC, after an expression of complete submission to Rome, the people of Tusculum received a franchise from Rome.

Tusculum became self-governing city. The Tusculum citizens were therefore recorded in the "Tribus Papiria". Other accounts, speak of Tusculum as allied with Rome's enemies, the last being the Samnites in 323 BC. In 54 BC, in his Orationes Pro Cn. Plancio, Marcus Tullius Cicero said: "You are from the most ancient municipium of Tusculum, from which so many consular families are originating, among which the gens Iuventia—all other municipia do not have so many coming from them". Varro wrote about the laws of Tusculum in De Lingua Latina, Volume 5: "New wine shall not be taken into the town before the Vinalia are proclaimed"; the town council kept the name of senate. Notwithstanding this, the fact that a special college of Roman equites was formed to take charge of the cults of the gods at Tusculum, of the Dioscuri, the citizens resident there were neither numerous nor men of distinction; the villas of the neighbourhood had indeed acquired greater importance than the town itself, not accessible. By the end of the Republic, still more during the imperial period, the territory of Tusculum was a favorite place of residence for wealthy Romans.

Seneca wrote: "Nobody who wants to acquire a home in Tusculum or Tibur for health reasons or as a summer residence, will calculate how much yearly payments are". In 45 BC Cicero wrote a series of books in his Roman villa in the Tusculanae Quaestiones. In his times there were eighteen owners of villas there. An example is the so-called villa of Lucullus, which belonged to Flavia gens, built in terraces on the slope of Tusculum facing Rome: the vast terrace now houses all the historical centre of Frascati. Much of the territory, but not the town itself, which lies far too high, was supplied with water by the Aqua Crabra; the last archeological evidence of Roman Tusculum is a bronze tablet of 406 AD commemorating Anicius Probus Consul

Jakob Johansson (footballer, born 1998)

Jakob Warbug Johansson is a Danish footballer who plays as a forward for Danish 1st Division club HB Køge. Johansson have played for the club since he was U15 player. Got his debut for FC Nordsjælland on 7 August 2016. Johansson started on the bench, but replaced Mathias Jensen in the 56nd minute in a 1-2 defeat against AaB in the Danish Superliga. FC Nordsjælland confirmed on 6 June 2017, that they had extended Johansson's contract and promoted him to the first team squad. On 31 January 2018, Johansson was loaned out to Randers FC with an option to buy, for the rest of the season. On 7 August 2018 Johansson was sent on another loan; this time he was loaned to HB Køge in the Danish 1st Division for the entire 2018–19 season. Johansson had a good spell at the club, scoring 15 goals in 30 games; the club announced on 14 June 2019, that he would continue at the club, signing a permanent two-year contract with the player. Jakob Johansson at Soccerway Jakob Johansson at DBU

Richard Lloyd Parry

Richard Lloyd Parry is a British foreign correspondent and writer. He is the Asia Editor of The Times of London, based in Tokyo, is the author of the non-fiction books In the Time of Madness, People Who Eat Darkness: The Fate of Lucie Blackman, Ghosts of the Tsunami, he was born in Southport and was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and Oxford University. His interest in the Far East was sparked by a trip to Japan in 1986, awarded to him as a prize when he appeared on the UK TV quiz show Blockbusters. In 1995, he became Tokyo correspondent of the British newspaper The Independent and began reporting from other countries in Asia. In 1998 he covered the fall of President Suharto in Indonesia, the violence which followed the independence referendum in East Timor. In 2002, he moved to The Times. Altogether he has worked in twenty-seven countries, including Afghanistan, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam and Macedonia. While covering the aftermath of the invasion of Afghanistan in November 2001, he recovered a pair of Osama bin-Laden's underpants from a residential compound near the city of Jalalabad.

The following month he was one of a small group of reporters to travel to the village of Kama Ado, south of Jalalabad, destroyed, along with its inhabitants, by a US Air Force attack – despite claims by the Pentagon that "nothing happened". His report was the inspiration for a song by the American singer-songwriter David Rovics. In April 2003, he was the first to report that the rescue of Private Jessica Lynch, the US soldier rescued during the war against Saddam Hussein in Iraq, was not the heroic story told by the US military, but a staged operation that alarmed patients and the doctors who had struggled to save her life. In November 2009, he was accused by a group of Thai politicians of the crime of lèse-majesté, or insulting the monarchy, over an interview which he conducted with the deposed Prime Minister of Thailand, Thaksin Shinawatra. In September 2010, he and David McNeill of The Independent were arrested in North Korea, after discovering a secret street market in the capital Pyongyang The incident inspired a controversy on the website NK News.

Lloyd Parry defended McNeill and himself from accusations that they misrepresented the situation in North Korea and put their local guides at risk of punishment. Parry has published three non-fiction books: In the Time of Madness was published in 2005; as well as presenting an eye-witness account of the events leading up to and following the end of the Suharto regime, it dramatised the personal crisis of a young reporter, Lloyd Parry, facing the perils and excitements of death and violence. Lloyd Parry began visiting Indonesia in the late 1990s, witnessed much of the violence that preceded and followed the fall of Suharto, including headhunting and cannibalism on the island of Borneo. In September 1999 when he was covering the referendum on independence in East Timor, he was one of a small group of journalists who took sanctuary in the United Nations compound in Dili as it was surrounded by murderous pro-Indonesia militiamen; the book describes how Lloyd Parry's early confidence turned to fear, his guilt and shame after escaping from East Timor on an Australian evacuation flight.

"I imagined that these experiences had imparted something to my character, an invisible shell which would stand me in good stead", he wrote. "But I went to East Timor, where I discovered that such experience is never externalised, only absorbed, that it builds up inside one, like a toxin. In East Timor, I became afraid, couldn't control my fear. I ran away, afterwards I was ashamed."People Who Eat Darkness: The Fate of Lucie Blackman was published in February 2011 and tells the story of a young British woman, killed and dismembered in Japan in 2000. During Lloyd Parry's lengthy reporting of the case, Obara unsuccessfully sued him for libel in a Tokyo court. Although it was impossible to make a direct link to Obara, Lloyd Parry received a mysterious package containing covertly taken surveillance photographs of him, a document encouraging members of Japan's ultra-nationalist right wing to "deal with" him for his reporting of the Japanese imperial family. Before publication, the book received praise from novelists Chris Cleave, Mo Hayder, Julie Myerson, David Peace and Minette Walters.

It was described by Blake Morrison in The Guardian as "a compelling book, 10 years in the making, rich in intelligence and insight." In the Daily Mail, Bel Mooney called it "an extraordinary book which stands as far above the'true crime' label as Paradise Lost does above the category'verse'." Ghosts of the Tsunami: Death and Life in Japan's Disaster Zone was published in 2017. Lloyd Parry contributes a weblog to The Times website, entitled Asia Exile. 2005 What The Papers Say Awards, Foreign Correspondent of the Year 2006 Dolman Best Travel Book Award, shortlist for In the Time of Madness 2011 Samuel Johnson Prize, longlist for People Who Eat Darkness 2012 Orwell Prize, shortlist for People Who Eat Darkness 2018 Folio Prize, winner for Ghosts of the Tsunami

Frogs Gone Fishin'

Frogs Gone Fishin is an American rock band. Andrew Portwood, Trevor Jones, Alex Scott, Jeff Jani make up the four piece rock quartet. Frogs Gone Fishin' was formed in 2005 in Nashville by guitarists/singer-songwriters Trevor Jones and Andrew Portwood. Hurricane Katrina forced Jones to relocate to Nashville from New Orleans; the band's first line-up consisted of Nashville music students including Wes Baily from the band Moon Taxi and various Katrina evacuees including members of New Orleans–based band The Zoo. Frogs Gone Fishin' performed its first show at "3 Crow Bar" in East-Nashville in October 2005 and continued to perform in small clubs and venues in Nashville, until Trevor returned to New Orleans in winter 2006. Original bass guitarist Billy Twibell died in May 2006 in a car accident in Savannah; the group had various members from 2006 to 2007 when Portwood reconnected with Jones, Boston musician Mark Levy, friend Steve Rogers in August 2007 and signed to Oh/Ya Records. Frogs Gone Fishin' began writing and rehearsing tunes with Mark Levy and Steve Rogers in a Nashville upstairs loft in July/August 2007.

The band began writing and experimenting with sounds and instruments while living together in the loft for over a month and focused on getting enough songs written and rehearsed to record their first album on indie label Oh/Ya Records. Levy returned to Boston and Jones returned to New Orleans until May 2008 when the band members moved to their home state of Colorado. In 2007 Frogs Gone Fishin' recorded their debut album Tell Me The True in Nashville; the band all lived in a Nashville house. Tell Me True was released on June 17, 2008 on indie label Oh/Ya Records; the band released the record in Colorado and began to tour the album with some local radio play with the song "Mexico" and "Life in a Magazine". The band relocated to Colorado in May 2008; the Tell Me True tour of 2008 led the band into the Midwest and southern regions of America and exposed the group to life on the road. The Frogs played over 50 shows in 35 cities that autumn with stops in Chicago, Nashville and New Orleans; the members of Frogs Gone Fishin' have their roots in Colorado and all attended grade school together and were in various music groups before they formed the group.

The group has performed with other Colorado-based bands like The Samples, Polytoxic, Springdale Quartet and Elephant Revival. In July 2009 the band performed at Ford Amphitheater in Vail for a sold-out crowd. After a busy 2010 touring for Actual Natural the Frogs didn't stop there. Throughout 2011 they have toured restlessly all over the country and in their beloved home state of Colorado becoming regulars at all rocky mountain music clubs and bars and as well being invited to many music festivals at the newly remodeled State Bridge Amphitheater in Bond, CO, the legendary Yarmony Grass, Hott Routt Music Festival in Steamboat and several Vail summer music festivals; the Frogs intense dedication to their musicianship has earned them a legion of die hard fans in their homestate and beyond. Frogs Gone Fishin' moved to New Orleans in February 2009 for a three-month stay; the group performed with George Porter Jr. during a Mardi Gras celebration concert in the French Quarter that spring. The band began to expand their music and performances playing over 30 shows in New Orleans in the spring of 2009.

The band played two post-Jazz Fest shows at the Balcony Music Club and stamped a place in the New Orleans music scene sitting in with personalities like Johnny Sketch, Dirty Notes, Walter "Wolfman" Washington, Papa Grows Funk, Jonny Vidacovich, Stanton Moore, other musicians from New Orleans. The Frogs wrapped up their stay in New Orleans with two shows on Oak St. in front of Frenchy's art gallery. On every year, they travel to the Crescent City to perform original and traditional music; the band signed to Colorado-based label Mountain Size Records in October 2009. The label is run by Eric McLennan, they went into Evergroove Studio in Evergreen, CO in October 2009 to begin work on their second album, Actual Natural. The Frogs continued to play shows in Colorado during the winter months and wrapped up recording in February 2010. During the mix and production of the album, the band traveled back to New Orleans to perform and write; this album was released on May 8, 2010. The band's single "Actual Natural" was featured on the CD of the Relix Magazine on July as a promotion single.

During the recording process, Hollywood director and screenwriter Travis Milloy produced and directed two music videos for the band. After the supporting tours for Actual Natural, drummer Dax Hunter was brought on to replace Mark Levy. Dax toured with the band until late 2011. Steve Rogers left the group in mid-2011, left a rotating bass chair until now full-time bassist Alex Scott joined in December 2011; the band features "The Horny Toads" horn section. Andrew Portwood - vocals, rhythm guitars Trevor Jones - vocals, lead guitars, keyboards Alex Scott - bass guitars Jeff Jani - drums, electronics Steve Rogers - bass Mark Levy - drums Dax Hunter - drums Wes Baily - keyboards, vocals Billy Twibell - bass guitars Stephen Kraft - drums Zander Masser - guitars Philip Mistretta - saxophones Carl Gatti - bass trombones Jack Mayernik - drums/percussion *Tell Me True- 2007 Actual Natural- 2010 Caught Live, Vol. 1 Live in Telluride - NYE Official website

Sedes (band)

Sedes is one of the oldest Polish punk rock band playing since 1980 Młody - vocals, bass guitar Rudy – drums Wojtek – guitar The beginnings of the band are located somewhere in 1980 in Wrocław. The band started to gain popularity among Wrocław independent scene and on a preview called Musical Start the band gained 1st prize. After the verdict boys pissed at jury table, as an effect finished at police station. In 1982 Sedes appeared at Jarocin festival for the first time. In 1983 they were the only punk rock band. 1984 was the year. Kucharz was exchanged by Celej. Maju started to play bass guitar; the band gave many concerts, including Jarocin Festival, in 1985 it split up. In 1991 Młody, after many attempts, managed to reactivate the band; this time line up was: Młody -- Rudy -- drums, Para -- bass guitar and Wojtek -- guitar. They appeared again in Jarocin in 1992 and set off for a tour with Defekt Muzgó band, giving over 50 concerts. Soon after the first album: Wszyscy pokutujemy was released on MC.

In 1993 the second record K… jego mać is released, the remastering of first one is started for a purpose of CD release. As Para leaves recording sessions and rehearsals he is dismissed and Młody is taking over the bass guitar player position. In 1993 Sedes live material is released, one year after Sraka praptaka rekord. Autumn 1995 Sedes sets off for a tour together with Big Cyc band. Since 1997 and the release of the album, the band has been in the studio, limiting itself to concert performances. In 2004, a "Best of" album was entitled Lekcja Historii. Band's official site ^ Split album with Defekt Muzgó

1980–81 Aberdeen F.C. season

Aberdeen F. C. competed in the Scottish Premier Division, Scottish Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup in season 1980–81. Aberdeen finished second in the Scottish Premier Division; the team played in their first-ever European Champions' Cup campaign, defeating Austrian Champions Austria Memphis losing 0–5 on aggregate to English club Liverpool. In the domestic cups, they lost in the quarter final of the League Cup to Dundee and were knocked out of the Scottish Cup in the fourth round by Morton. Kevin Stirling. Aberdeen A Centenary History 1903-2003. Desert Island Books 2002. ISBN 1-874287-49-X