Public transport in Stockholm
Public transport in Stockholm consists of bus, regional/suburban rail, light rail, tram and an archipelago boat operation in Stockholm County, Sweden. The bus and rail is organized by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, owned by the Stockholm County Council; the operation and maintenance of the public transport systems are delegated by SL to several contractors. The boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget; the airport rapid public transport systems are handled separately though, with Flygbussarna providing airport bus services, Arlanda Express an airport train service. There is a vast number of bus lines in Stockholm County. There are three different kinds of bus lines. Inner-city blue bus lines Suburban blue bus lines Service bus linesThe blue bus are in the inner city variant trunk lines traversing large parts of the Stockholm inner city, in the suburban variant acting as important feeder lines between the suburbs and public transport hubs in central Stockholm, or providing crossway connections between suburbs.
These are called blue bus lines because the buses that operate on them are painted blue, in contrast to the red color of the regular buses. The service bus lines are adapted for elderly people, are found in certain residential areas. Along some parts of these lines instead of regular bus stops there are areas where one can halt the bus just by waving at them; the Stockholm Metro consists of three groups of lines, which are each referred to as a singular line. The Stockholm metro has been called'the world's longest art gallery', with most of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, paintings, installations and reliefs. There are three suburban rail systems, with eight lines. Roslagsbanan uses an 891 mm narrow gauge, the others use standard gauge. There are regional and InterCity trains going on the mainlines between Stockholm and cities outside the county; these cities include Uppsala, Gävle, Linköping, Västerås. These train are run by SJ on their own, SJ tickets or special combination tickets called TiM are valid.
The trains are run for a profit without tax support. There is one heritage tram line Djurgården line; the infrastructure is owned by SL, but the cars are owned and operated by the Swedish Tramway Society. All SL fares are valid. There are three regular light rail lines and one inner city tram line in Stockholm and only two of them and the new Tvärbanan are connected and share depot and rolling stock; the LRV used on these lines are a localized version of Bombardier's Flexity Swift. There are several Stockholm archipelago boat lines in Stockholm County, run by Waxholmsbolaget; some of them operate year around. As of August 2018 there are four water bus lines in Stockholm; the rapid public transport to and from the airports in Stockholm are handled a bit separately than the regular land based public transport as handled by SL, thus they have their own tickets and pricing structure. It is possible to take regular public transport to and from the airports, but that means one has to change between some buses or trains and the trip takes more time.
Arlanda Express provides an airport rail link service to and from the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. Flygbussarna provides an airport bus service to and from all four airports associated with Stockholm: Stockholm-Arlanda Airport, Stockholm-Bromma Airport, Stockholm-Skavsta Airport, Stockholm-Västerås Airport. Arlanda is since 2012 served by the commuter train to Uppsala; the trip takes 38 minutes to 18 minutes to Uppsala. As of 9 January 2019 there is a supplemental fee of 120 SEK for passing through the railway station at the airport; as of March 2009, by one measure—single ticket price for a 10-kilometre journey—Stockholm has the most expensive-to-use public transport in the world. SL has two main forms of tickets. Both are used for all SL public transport within Stockholm County. Travel card — valid during a specified period of time, from 24 hours up to a year, depending on the card. Single journey ticket — valid for 75 minutes from activation, within Stockholm County. Single journey tickets are purchased with credits loaded onto an SL Access card.
In either case, the ticket is loaded onto an SL Access RFID card, scanned at the start of the first journey. Regardless of the ticket used, journeys by the Stockholm Commuter Rail Pendeltåg to Arlanda Airport, or crossing the county border to Uppsala and Knivsta, incur additional costs; as mentioned above, the additional cost for using the railway station at Arlanda airport is 120 SEK. Travelling to Uppsala or Knivsta with SL from Stockholm County requires a valid Uppsala County ticket in addition to the usual SL ticket. Note: Applies to SL Stockholm Commuter Rail train only. Other operators have their own tickets including Arlanda Express; as of 9 January 2019, the prices for the most common tickets are as follows. The discounted fare is for persons under the age of 20, or over the age of 65. In addition, there are tickets available for school students under 20 years old, as well as tickets valid both for SL and UL. With the Waxholmsbolaget archipelago boats the ticket structure is Cash ticket paid on board, price dependent on trip length 30-day period cardsOn
Trams in Stockholm
The Stockholm tramway network forms part of the public transport system in Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden. Beginning with horse trams in 1877, the Stockholm tram network reached its largest extent in 1946. Many of the former suburban tram lines became parts of the Stockholm Metro between the years 1950-1964. In September 1967, in conjunction with the Swedish switch from left-hand to right-hand traffic, the last parts of the once large inner-city street running tram network were closed. What little remained of the former network following 1967 were isolated suburban feeder lines to the Metro. However; the first tramway in Stockholm was drawn by horses. A tramline run on steam-power opened in 1887. Stockholm's tram network was converted to electrical propulsion 1901-1905. An extensive network formed in the early 20th century. Trams were replaced by the Stockholm Metro from 1950 onwards, all tram lines were closed down by 1967 due to the effect of Dagen H and replaced with buses, with the exception of two suburban tram lines, Lidingöbanan and Nockebybanan.
In 1991, one tram line, Djurgårdslinjen, was reopened as a tourist line. Since 2000, two more tram lines have been built, Tvärbanan, a peripheral line linking the southeastern suburb of Sickla with the northwestern suburb of Solna, an extension of Djurgårdslinjen into the inner city Spårväg City; the Tvärbana was extended in 2013, will be further extended in the future. As of 2018, the following lines provide service in the Stockholm metropolitan area: All tramlines run on standard gauge track and use the same overhead voltage, 750 V DC, but there are one for Lidingöbanan, one for Tvärbanan. This makes rolling stock incompatible; the other tramlines have no cab signalling requirement. Stockholm metro Public transport in Stockholm List of town tramway systems in Europe Media related to Trams in Stockholm at Wikimedia Commons AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik 2012 Map of all SL Rail Lines Tram.se - Stockholm tramway lines
Lidingöbanan is a light rail line in Stockholm, between Ropsten and Gåshaga brygga, serving the southern half of Lidingö island. The Lidingöbanan has its origins in the Stockholm-Södra Lidingöns Järnväg, proposed by inventor Gustaf Dalén, opened for traffic 1914, it got ferry-less access to Stockholm when the Lidingö bridge was opened 1925. Public transportation on Lidingöbanan has always been provided using tram cars, but in the past Lidingöbanan carried goods traffic. At its largest, Lidingöbanan extended to Humlegården in Stockholm through Stockholms Spårvägar's tramway network, with access to the Värtabanan freight railway track. There was traffic on a track on the north side of Lidingö island which terminated at Kyrkviken, but that section closed in 1971. Lidingö town centre is now accessible only by bus. Lidingöbanan formally became part of SL's public transportation network in 1972. Lidingöbanan was a railway until 31 March 2009, when it was reclassified by the Swedish railway inspectorate.
Freight train traffic existed 1925–1982. Passenger service has, always been provided by tramcars, which prior to 1967 continued onto the streets of Stockholm, as mentioned above; the electrical infrastructure is of tram type. Until the rolling stock consisted of Type A30/A30B and B30/B30B maneouver trams, all over fifty years old, dating from the period when the Stockholm Metro was only completed and these areas were served by trams, adapted for faster two-way traffic; the line was closed between the summer of 2013 and October 2015 for engineering works and installation of new equipment, with rail replacement buses running during that period. When reopened parts of the single track line had been converted to double track, new Type A36 trams were introduced, along with a new signalling system. Lidingöbanan has a single line with thirteen stations, from Ropsten in northeast Stockholm to Gåshaga brygga in southeastern Lidingö. At Ropsten there is an interchange with the Stockholm Metro Red Line 13, a Waxholmsbolaget archipelago boat terminal at Gåshaga brygga.
There are plans to connect the line with the Spårväg City line in central Stockholm in 2020. Trams in Stockholm Public transport in Stockholm List of tram and light rail transit systems 2012 Map of all SL Rail Lines Storstockholms Lokaltrafik - official site Storstockholms Lokaltrafik - official site Järnväg.net - Lidingöbanan
Solna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in Sweden, located just north of the Stockholm City Centre. Its seat is located in the town of Solna, a part of the Stockholm urban area; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. None of the area is considered rural, unusual for Swedish municipalities, which are of mixed rural/urban character. Solna is the third smallest municipality in Sweden in terms of area. Solna borders Stockholm Municipality to the south and northwest; the boundary with Danderyd Municipality is delineated by the Stocksundet sea strait. There are two parishes in Solna Municipality: Solna. Solna is divided into eight traditional parts with no administrative functions: Bergshamra, Hagalund, Huvudsta, Järva, Råsunda and Ulriksdal; the largest districts are Råsunda and Huvudsta, with the Solna Centrum in between them. With few exceptions, Solna's built-up areas have a suburban character, but there are several large parks and Friends Arena, Sweden's new national football stadium adjacent to the Solna station of Stockholm commuter rail.
The final matches of both the 1958 FIFA World Cup and the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup were played at Råsunda Stadium, the national football stadium from 1937 to 2012. Solna has low tax rates and has attracted a wide range of companies and authorities, making it a major place of work in Stockholm. Among the most important employers are the medical university Karolinska Institutet and the Karolinska University Hospital; the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute are located in Solna. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 30 601, or 38.39% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 14 986, or 26.02% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 79 707 residents in Solna, of which 23 597 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
As with all 290 municipalities of Sweden, Solna has a municipal assembly, holding 61 members elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. An executive committee is appointed by its members. 1943-1956 CA Andersson 1956-1967 KA Larsson 1968-1976 CG Eklund 1977-1982 Sune Berglund 1983-1988 Gösta Fagerberg 1989-1991 Karl Gustav Svensson 1991-1994 Anders Gustâv 1994-1998 Karl Gustav Svensson 1998-2006 Anders Gustâv 2006 Anders Ekegren 2006-2011 Lars-Erik Salminen 2011 Anders Ekegren - 8 juni-24 juli 2011-2012 Lars-Erik Salminen 2012- Pehr Granfalk =Moderate Party =Social Democratic Party =Liberal Party Solna is centrally located in Stockholm and is well served by the Stockholm public transport system with two commuter train stations and six Metro stations as well as a dense bus network run by SL. It was served by trams until 1959. Trams returned after 54 years of absence. A further extension will be opened in 2014. Skanska, NextJet, Vattenfall have their head offices in Solna. Mall of Scandinavia is located in Solna.
The head office of Scandinavian Airlines and SAS Group is located in Solna. The airline head office was located on the property of Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, but now it is back in Solna. Haga Park, part of the Royal National City Park, was initiated by king Gustav III, planned and carried out in the English landscaping style; the city features three of Sweden's royal palaces. Friends Arena, the Swedish national arena of association football, home of local football club AIK. Mall of Scandinavia, Scandinavia's biggest shopping mall The Solna Church was constructed in the 12th century. For defensive purposes, it was built as a round church, is one of few of that kind in Sweden; the following football clubs are located in Solna: AIK Blue Hill KF Råsunda IS Vasalunds IF Solna Gymnasium is the senior high school/sixth form college of Solna. Solna is twinned with: Gladsaxe, Denmark Ski, Norway Pirkkala, Finland Valmiera, Latvia Burbank, California, USAPartnershipsIn addition to this, Solna has two cooperating cities, Greece Bemowo, Poland Category:People from Solna Municipality Football World Cup 1958 1992 European Football Championship FIFA Women's World Cup 1995 Solna Municipality - Official site Solna Municipality - Tourist Guide in English
Stora Essingen is an island and a district in the Kungsholmen borough in Stockholm, Sweden. The Essingeleden motorway, part of European route E4, passes along a section of the eastern shore; the Tvärbanan light rail has one stop on the island. Bridges of Stora Essingen: From Lilla Essingen Essingebron, two parallel bridges, one for the motorway, another for local road traffic From the mainland, southeast: Gröndalsbron, two parallel bridges, one for the motorway, another for the light rail line From the mainland, northwest: Alviksbron, for the light rail and bicycles
The Stockholm Underground is a rapid transit system in Stockholm, Sweden. The first line opened in 1950, today the system has 100 stations in use, of which 47 are underground and 53 above ground. There are three coloured main lines on the tube maps; these do however form seven actual routes. Routes number 17, 18 and 19, 13 and 14 and 10 and 11 all go through Stockholm City Centre in a centralized metro system. All seven actual lines use The T-Centralen hub station. Apart from this central station for the metro, there exists just one other junction, the Fridhemsplan station, although both the green and red lines are mutually accessible at the Slussen and Gamla Stan stations; the underground is like the London Underground and the Paris Métro, but unlike the U-Bahn and S-Bahn in Berlin, in that it is equipped with ticket gates. Single tickets must be bought in advance, or at ticket machines that are available in all underground stations and on several tram- bus- or boat stops. Passengers can buy tickets at the ticket booth, just by the gates to the underground.
In 2017, the underground carried 353 million passengers, which corresponds to 1,2 million in a normal weekday. The 105.7-kilometre-long underground system is owned by the Stockholm County Council through the company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. The operation is contracted to MTR Nordic since 2 November 2009; the Stockholm underground system has been called'the world's longest art gallery', with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, paintings, installations and reliefs by over 150 different artists. The decision to build an underground was made in 1941; the following years, in some cases earlier, some routes were built with near underground standard but operated with trams. These included Slussen -- Blåsut and Telefonplan -- Hägerstensåsen; the first part of the metro was opened on 1 October 1950, from Slussen to Hökarängen, having been converted from tram to metro operation. In 1951 a second line from Slussen to Stureby was opened. In 1952, a second system, from Hötorget to the western suburbs was opened.
In 1957, the two parts were connected via the Central station and the Old Town, forming the Green Line. During the period 1950-1960 the Green Line was extended piece by piece; the Red Line was opened in 1964, from T-Centralen over Liljeholmen ending in Fruängen and Örnsberg, both in the Southwest. It was extended piece by piece until 1978, when it reached Mörby centrum via a bridge over Stocksundet sea strait; the third and final system, the Blue Line, was opened in 1975, with two lines running northwest from the city center. As the construction requirements have become more strict over the years, newer segments have more tunnels than older, the Blue Line is all in tunnel; the latest addition to the whole network, Skarpnäck station, was opened in 1994. There are 100 stations in use in the Stockholm metro. One station, was built but never taken into use. One station has been demolished; the Bagarmossen old surface station was demolished and replaced with a new underground station, this being prior to the metro extension to the Skarpnäck metro station.
The Stockholm metro is well known for its decoration of the stations. Several of the stations are left with the bedrock exposed and unfinished, or as part of the decorations. At Rissne, an informative wall fresco about the history of Earth's civilizations runs along both sides of the platform; the following details relate to the present network. The designations "blue line", etc. have only been used since the late 1970s, only since the 1990s. They originated from the fact that the "blue line" tended to operate newer train stock painted blue, while the "green line" had older stock in the original green livery. There was never any red painted stock, but red was chosen to differentiate this line from the other two networks on route maps; the Green line has 3 routes and 49 stations: 37 above ground stations. The track is 41,256 metres long, it opened 1 October 1950. It is used by 451,000 passengers per workday or 146 million per year; the Red line has 2 routes and 36 stations: 15 above ground stations.
The track is 41,238 metres long. It opened 5 April 1964, it is used by 394,000 passengers per workday or 128 million per year. The Blue line has 20 stations: 19 subterranean and one elevated station; the track is 25,516 metres long. It opened 31 August 1975, it is used by 171,000 passengers per 55 million per year. Trains are operated with extended all night service on Fridays and Saturdays. All lines have trains every 10 minutes during daytime, reduced to every 15 minutes in early mornings and late evenings, every 30 minutes during nights. Additional trains in peak hours gives a train every 5–6 minutes on most stations, with 2–3 minutes between trains on the central parts of the network; the metro contains four interchanges and lacks any kind
Alviksbron is a box girder bridge in central Stockholm, Sweden. Stretching over Oxhålssundet, it connects Stora Essingen island to the western suburb Bromma. Built 1996-1998 by the Nordic Construction Company at a cost of 180 million SEK, it has served the Tvärbanan light rail line and pedestrians and bicyclists since its inauguration in August 2000; the name is derived from Alvik a local manor house built in 1819 and demolished in 1930. The bridge is 400 metres in length with a 140-metre central span and a horizontal clearance of 24 metres; the underside of the bridge tie forms an arch intended to make the bridge as slender as possible. The two pillars standing in the water each consist of two thin concrete plates dressed in two-quarters brick with a common concrete foundation, they are illuminated after dark. The construction is non-tensioned across; the topside was stretched as the separate sections were added, while the underside was stretched after all the sections had been cast into a single compact unit.
Three years after the inauguration crack. The shear fissures in the ribs had an angle of 25-30° and a length of 0.1-0.3 mm, were found in greater number on the south side. This is thought to indicate that compressive stress from the longitudinal stressing in combination with heat from the sun caused the problem; the bridge was reinforced, first temporarily using outside pre-stressing bars, permanently using carbon fibre laminates in sections with minor fissures, tie struts in the worst affected sections. List of bridges in Stockholm Skansbron Gröndalsbron Fredriksdalsbron flickr - Photo of Alviksbron in winter