Saint Anthony Falls
Saint Anthony Falls or the Falls of Saint Anthony, located northeast of downtown Minneapolis, was the only natural major waterfall on the Upper Mississippi River. The natural falls were replaced by a concrete overflow spillway after it collapsed in 1869. In the 1950s and 1960s, a series of locks and dams was constructed to extend navigation to points upstream. Named after the Catholic saint Anthony of Padua, the falls is the birthplace of the former city of St. Anthony and to Minneapolis when the two cities joined in 1872 to use its economic power for milling operations. From 1880 to about 1930, Minneapolis was the "Flour Milling Capital of the World". Today, the falls are defined by the locks and dams of the Upper Saint Anthony Falls, just downstream of the 3rd Avenue Bridge, the Lower Saint Anthony Falls, just upstream of the I-35W Saint Anthony Falls Bridge; these locks were built as part of the Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Navigation Project. The area around the falls is designated the St. Anthony Falls Historic District and features a 1.8-mile self-guided walking trail with signs explaining the area's past.
Before European exploration, the falls held cultural and spiritual significance for native tribes who frequented and lived in the area. The falls was an important and sacred site to the Mdewakanton Dakota and they called the Mississippi River, hahawakpa, "river of the falls"; the falls themselves were given specific names, mnirara "curling waters", owahmenah "falling waters", or owamni, "whirlpool". Dakota associated the falls with legends and spirits, including Oanktehi, god of waters and evil, who lived beneath the falling water; the sacred falls enters into their oral tradition by a story of a warrior's first wife who killed herself and their two children in anguish and forlorn love for the husband who had assumed a second wife. The rocky islet where the woman had pointed her canoe towards doom thus was named Spirit Island, once a nesting ground for eagles that fed on fish below the falls. Dakota camped on Nicollet Island upstream of the falls to fish and to tap the sugar maple trees. Since the cataract had to be portaged, the area became one of the natural resting and trade points along the Mississippi between Dakota and Anishinaabe peoples.
The Anishinaabe term was recorded as "kakabikah". In 1680, the falls became known to the Western world when they were observed and published in a journal by Father Louis Hennepin, a Catholic friar of Belgian birth, who first published about Niagara Falls to the world's attention. Hennepin named them the Chutes de Saint-Antoine or the Falls of Saint Anthony after his patron saint, Anthony of Padua. Explorers to document the falls include Jonathan Carver and Zebulon Montgomery Pike. Following the establishment of Fort Snelling in 1820, the falls became an attraction for tourists and artists who sought inspiration if Hennepin's descriptions were not as majestic as hoped for. By the 1860s, industrial waste had filled the area and marred the falls' majesty. Further competition over the power of the falls on both banks of the river led to its eventual downfall when it collapsed in 1869 and was reinforced and subsequently sealed by a concrete overflow spillway; the area around the river was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Saint Anthony Falls Historic District in 1971 which includes 8th Avenue Northeast extending downstream to 6th Avenue Southeast and two city blocks on both shoreline.
The district's archaeological record is one of the most-endangered historic sites in Minnesota. The National Register of Historic Places is facilitated by the National Park Service; the national significance of the Saint Anthony Falls Historic District is a major reason why the National Park Service's Mississippi National River and Recreation Area was established along the Mississippi River in the Minneapolis – Saint Paul metropolitan area. A Heritage Trail plaque nearby says, For untold generations of Indian people the Mississippi River was an important canoe route. To pass around the falls, the Dakota and Ojibway used a well-established portage trail. Starting at a landing below the site now occupied by the steam plant, the trail climbed the bluff to this spot. From here it followed the east bank along. Geologists say that the falls first appeared 12,000 years ago about 10 miles downstream at the confluence of the glacial River Warren. Estimates are that the falls were about 180 feet high when the River Warren Falls receded past the confluence of the Mississippi River and the glacial River Warren.
Over the succeeding 10,000 years, the falls moved upstream to its present location. The water churning at the bottom of the falls ate away at the soft sandstone breaking off the hard limestone cap in chunks as the falls receded. From its origins near Fort Snelling, St. Anthony Falls relocated upstream at a rate of about 4 feet per year until it reached its present location in the early 19th century. Tributaries such as Minnehaha Creek begot their own waterfalls as the Mississippi River valley was cut into the landscape; when Father Louis Hennepin documented the falls he estimated the falls' height to be 60 feet. Explorers described it as being in the range of 16 to 20 feet high; the discrepancy may have been due to scope, as the current
Third Avenue Bridge (Minneapolis)
The Third Avenue Bridge is a landmark structure of the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota known as the St. Anthony Falls Bridge, it carries road traffic across the Mississippi River and right over the upper fringes of Saint Anthony Falls. The multi-arched bridge meets with Third Avenue in downtown Minneapolis at its south end, but curves as it crosses the river, connects with Central Avenue on its north end; the shallow "S" curve in the bridge was built to avoid fractures in the limestone bedrock that supports the bridge piers. The road is designated Minnesota State Highway 65. Construction began in 1914, it opened four years in 1918; the bridge, which uses Melan arches of an open spandrel design, has been modified since that time. The 2,223-foot crossing was designed by city engineer Frederick W. Cappelen, who created plans for other similar bridges in Minneapolis such as the Franklin Avenue Bridge, it cost US$862,254.00 at the time. The bridge underwent a major overhaul in 1979-1980. Another restoration is planned to extend its life 50 years with a new deck, other improvements to barriers and lighting.
As the bridge is a contributing member of the St. Anthony Falls Historic District, a goal of the project is preserving its historic design elements; the three-year construction project is to begin in fall 2019 under the direction of general contractor Finley Engineering Group. List of crossings of the Upper Mississippi River Bridges 2005: Third Avenue Bridge - Saint Anthony Main. Third Avenue Bridge - Minneapolis Riverfront District Bridges 2005. Costello, Mary Charlotte. Climbing the Mississippi River Bridge by Bridge, Volume Two: Minnesota. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications. ISBN 0-9644518-2-4. Media related to Third Avenue Bridge at Wikimedia Commons
Brendan James Fraser is an American-Canadian actor. He is best known for playing Rick O'Connell in The Mummy trilogy, as well as for leading roles in comedy and fantasy films including Encino Man, George of the Jungle, Looney Tunes: Back in Action and Journey to the Center of the Earth. Fraser branched into dramatic cinema with roles in The Quiet American and Crash. During a hiatus from film acting, Fraser found a new audience in television, with supporting roles in the History miniseries Texas Rising, the Showtime drama series The Affair, the FX anthology series Trust and the DC Universe action series Doom Patrol. Fraser was born in Indianapolis, the son of Canadians Carol Mary and Peter Fraser, his mother was a sales counselor, his father was a former journalist who worked as a Canadian foreign service officer for the Government Office of Tourism. His maternal uncle, George Genereux, was the only Canadian to win a gold medal in the 1952 Summer Olympics, at the Olympic Trap, he has three older brothers: Kevin and Sean.
He has Irish, German and French-Canadian ancestry. He holds dual Canadian citizenship. Fraser's family moved during his childhood, living in Eureka, California, he attended a private boarding school in Toronto. While on vacation in London, he attended his first professional theatre show in the West End, he graduated from Seattle's Cornish College of the Arts in 1990. He began acting at a small acting college in New York City, he planned on studying toward a Master of Fine Arts in Acting from Southern Methodist University, but stopped in Hollywood on the way and decided to stay there to work in film. Fraser made a brief appearance in the reenactment of America's Most Wanted, as a friend of murder victim Rodney Mark Peterson, he was reportedly one of the many actors that auditioned for the role of Bill S. Preston Esq. in 1989's Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure before it was taken by Alex Winter. In 1991, Fraser made his film debut with a bit part in Dogfight, he got his first leading film role in the 1992 comedy film Encino Man where he played a frozen pre-historic caveman, thawed out in the present day.
The film is considered a cult film. That same year he starred with Chris O'Donnell in School Ties. In 1994, he played Steve Nebraska in The Scout and Montgomery "Monty" Kessler in With Honors as well as co-star with Adam Sandler and Steve Buscemi in Airheads, he went on to star in films such as Philip Ridley's The Passion of Darkly Noon and The Twilight of the Golds. He had his first major box office success with the 1997 comedy film George of the Jungle, based on the animated series of the same title created by Jay Ward, his biggest commercial success came with the adventure fantasy film, The Mummy and its sequel The Mummy Returns. He went on to star in several films which underperformed or only did moderately at the box office, such as Dudley Do-Right, based on another Jay Ward animated series, Blast from the Past and Monkeybone, he played a dramatic role in 1998's Gods and Monsters, based on the life of James Whale who directed Frankenstein. The film was written and directed by Bill Condon, follows the loss of creativity, ambiguous sexuality and unlikely bonds between a heterosexual gardener and a homosexual and ailing filmmaker.
He lent his voice for the unreleased animated film Big Bug Man. In 2002 he starred alongside Michael Caine in the political drama The Quiet American, well received by critics. In 2004, he appeared as part of an ensemble cast in the Academy Award-winning film Crash, he has made guest appearances on the television shows, King of the Hill and The Simpsons. In March 2006, he was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame, the first American-born actor to receive the honor. However, as of 2014, he does not have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. After a six-year hiatus in the franchise, Fraser returned for the second sequel to The Mummy released in August 2008 and titled The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor. Filming started in Montreal on July 27, 2007 and starred Jet Li as Emperor Han; that same year, he starred in the 3D film adaptation of Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth and the fantasy film Inkheart. Fraser starred as "Brick" in the West End production of Tennessee Williams's Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in September 2001, directed by Anthony Page.
Castmates included Frances O'Connor and Gemma Jones. The show closed on January 2002, with Fraser garnering many excellent reviews. In 2010, Fraser starred in a Broadway production of Elling, but the play closed after 9 performances due to lackluster reviews. After appearing in the critically panned Furry Vengeance in 2010, Fraser moved from being represented by William Morris Endeavor to the Creative Artists Agency. In 2010, he starred in Whole Lotta Sole directed by Terry George and in 2011, he was set to play William Tell in The Legend of William Tell: 3D, directed by Eric Brevig, with whom Fraser had worked on in Journey to the Center of the Earth. Filming was delayed and late in 2011, Fraser sued the producer Todd Moyer for promised wages. Moyer countersued for assault, which Fraser dismissed as a desperate attempt to avoid paying his debt; the film is in development limbo. In 2013, he played
Gladys Maria Knight, known as the "Empress of Soul", is an American singer, actress and author. A seven-time Grammy Award-winner, Knight is known for the hits she recorded during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s with her group Gladys Knight & the Pips, which included her brother Merald "Bubba" Knight and cousins Edward Patten and William Guest. Knight has recorded two number-one Billboard Hot 100 singles, eleven number-one R&B singles, six number-one R&B albums, she has won seven Grammy Awards and is an inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame along with The Pips. She recorded the theme song for the 1989 James Bond film Licence to Kill. Knight is listed as one of Rolling Stone magazine's 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. Knight was born in Atlanta, the daughter of Merald Woodlow Knight Sr. a postal worker, Sarah Elizabeth. She has a sister, one living brother, Merald Jr. and one deceased brother, David. She first achieved minor fame by winning Ted Mack's The Original Amateur Hour TV show contest at the age of seven in 1952.
That same year, her brother Merald, sister Brenda, cousins William and Elenor Guest formed a musical group called the Pips. By the end of the decade, the act had begun to tour, had replaced Brenda Knight and Eleanor Guest with Gladys Knight's cousin Edward Patten and friend Langston George. In 1961, Knight and her group recorded the single, "Every Beat of My Heart", written for Knight by R&B producer Johnny Otis, it was released on the tiny Atlanta Huntom label, picked up by Vee Jay Records. At the same time, they were signed with Bobby Robinson's label, Fury Records. Both labels issued different versions of the song, with the Vee Jay/Huntom version becoming a hit and outselling the Fury remake. After the success of their follow-up, "Letter Full of Tears", Fury released their first full-length album, they stayed with Fury through 1962 until signing with Larry Maxwell's Maxx label in 1964, releasing several modest hits produced by Van McCoy, including the original version of "Giving Up" and "Lovers Always Forgive".
Gladys Knight & the Pips joined the Motown Records roster in 1966, although regarded as a second-string act, scored several major hit singles, including "I Heard It Through the Grapevine", "Take Me in Your Arms and Love Me", "Friendship Train", "If I Were Your Woman", "I Don't Want To Do Wrong", the Grammy Award-winning "Neither One of Us", "Daddy Could Swear". In their early Motown career, Gladys Knight and the Pips toured as the opening act for Diana Ross and The Supremes. Gladys Knight stated in her memoirs that Ross kicked her off the tour because the audience's reception to Knight's soulful performance overshadowed her. Berry Gordy told Knight that she was giving his act a hard time; the act left Motown for a better deal with Buddah Records in 1973, achieved full-fledged success that year with hits such as the Grammy-winning "Midnight Train to Georgia", "I've Got to Use My Imagination," "The Way We Were/Try To Remember" and "Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me". In the summer of 1974, Knight and the Pips recorded the soundtrack to the successful film Claudine with producer Curtis Mayfield.
The act was successful in Europe, the United Kingdom. However, a number of the Buddah singles became hits in the UK long after their success in the US. For example, "Midnight Train to Georgia" hit the UK pop charts Top 5 in the summer of 1976, a full three years after its success in the U. S. During this period of greater recognition, Knight made her motion picture acting debut in the film, Pipe Dreams, a romantic drama set in Alaska; the film failed at the box-office, but Knight did receive a Golden Globe Best New Actress nomination. Knight and the Pips continued to have hits until the late 1970s, when they were forced to record separately due to legal issues, resulting in Knight's first solo LP recordings—Miss Gladys Knight on Buddah and Gladys Knight on Columbia Records. Having divorced James Newman II in 1973, Knight married Barry Hankerson Detroit mayor Coleman Young's executive aide. Knight and Hankerson remained married for four years, during which time they had Shanga Ali. Upon their divorce and Knight were embroiled in a heated custody battle over Shanga Ali.
In the early 1980s, Johnny Mathis invited Knight to record two duets—"When A Child Is Born" and "The Lord's Prayer". Signing with Columbia Records in 1980 and restored to its familiar quartet form, Gladys Knight & the Pips began releasing new material; the act enlisted former Motown producers Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson for their first two albums: About Love and Touch. During this period, Knight kicked a gambling addiction to the game baccarat. In 1983 Gladys Knight and the Pips scored again with the hit "Save The Overtime For Me"; the song, under the artistic direction of Leon Sylvers III, was done in a soulful boogie style. The single was released from their LP "Visions" and reached number sixty-six on the Hot 100, but was more successful on the R&B where it hit number one for a single week in mid 1983; the single was the first time the group hit number one on the R&B chart since 1974. In 1987 Knight decided to pursue a solo career and
Ned Bellamy is an American actor. Bellamy was born in Ohio. After graduating UCLA, he founded the Los Angeles-based theater company The Actors' Gang with fellow actor Tim Robbins, he was featured on a role on an episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Fatigues". He played the role of Paul, an American-born German soldier, in a Season 8 episode of The Waltons, his brother, Mark Bellamy, was the United States Ambassador to Kenya from 2003 until 2006. Ned Bellamy on IMDb Ned Bellamy at AllMovie
Cub is a supermarket chain with 77 stores in Minnesota and Illinois. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of SuperValu Inc. based in Minnesota. The store was famous for being "no frills. Cub Foods was founded by Minnesota-based Hooleys Supermarkets in 1968 in the riverside city of Stillwater by brothers Charles and Jack Hooley, brother-in-law Robert Thueson, Culver Davis, Jr; the name “CUB” stood for Consumers United for Buying, Cub Foods was one of the first total discount food stores in the United States The chain was bought by Minnesota-based SuperValu in 1980 with five stores in the Twin Cities. After the purchase, the chain expanded to 83 stores in three states; until 1999, WinCo Foods operated several Cub Foods stores. Cub Foods operated eight stores in Colorado until 2003, when they sold most of their stores to Kroger; the chain had locations operated by Delhaize Group in parts of the Southern United States, namely in the metro Atlanta and metro Nashville areas in the 1980s and 1990s.
The distinctively curved aqua-green tin roof on the front of a red brick façade can still be seen on many of these buildings, including the Big Lots in Woodstock and the Northeast Cobb YMCA. Cub Foods operated four stores in Columbus, Ohio: 3600 Soldano Boulevard, Consumer Square East, 2757 Festival Lane, Columbus Square. On May 23, 1997, all four stores were acquired by Kroger; the Kroger at Columbus Square closed in July 2011. CUB Foods had some stores in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin area; this included one store on Greenfield Ave. in West Allis. Cub Foods is credited with many innovations; as part of SuperValu's acquisition of New Albertsons, including its Chicago-based Jewel-Osco stores, SuperValu divested its Chicago-area Cub Foods locations to an investment group headed by Cerberus Capital Management, to avoid market concentration issues. Since Cerberus took control, four locations closed, Cerberus announced that it was selling the remaining Illinois stores to other operators; the last of the Chicago-area Cub Foods stores closed on December 10, 2006.
A majority of them were sold to Central Grocers Cooperative and operated as Strack & Van Til and Ultra Foods by a wholly owned unit of the cooperative, as Garden Fresh Markets by one of its members. However, only four of the eight stores sold to Grand Mart opened under that company's ownership, all were closed after less than five months of operation. Central Grocers Cooperative subsequently went bankrupt in 2017; as of June 2009, the only remaining Cub Foods stores in Illinois which were still owned by SuperValu were one store in Peoria and one store in Freeport. On October 9, 2010, the Cub Foods in Peoria, still owned and operated by SuperValu, changed its name to Shop'n Save and continued to operate under that name until it closed in 2016; this made the Freeport store the only remaining SuperValu-owned store in Illinois to continue to operate as a Cub Foods location. And with the closure of the last stores in Madison, Wisconsin in 2012, the Freeport Cub store is now the only Cub store outside Minnesota.
Three Springfield, stores independently owned by Niemann Foods had a franchise to use the Cub Foods name as part of the stores' branding. These stores carried selected Cub Foods-branded products under the same agreement; as of these three stores no longer use the Cub Foods name. A Niemann-owned store in Bloomington, used the Cub Foods name under license from SuperValu until it closed in 2015. In 2018 the word "Foods" has been dropped from the name; the signs and ads now say “Cub,” and the remodeled stores reflect the broader assortment of goods that it needs to compete not just with Hy-Vee but Target, Walmart and Amazon. Cub is the biggest chain in Supervalu's retail portfolio, its sale of the Save-A-Lot discount chain for $1.3 billion “fundamentally changed our leverage,” Chief Executive Mark Gross said this year. Some of, going toward updating Cub; as of 2017, new stores have opened in Blaine and Oakdale, while 18 Twin Cities locations have been remodeled. Nearly all of Cub's remodels are in areas where Hy-Vee opened stores nearby, including Maple Grove and Brooklyn Park.
Cub brought elements to the remodeled stores that customers liked — more grab-and-go foods, a larger produce section and a drive-up pharmacy — but those were reactions to Hy-Vee. Stillwater is an exception; the new 88,500-square-foot store includes ideas that Cub executives are trying out before adding to other stores. On July 26, 2018, it was announced that parent company Supervalu would be purchased by United Natural Foods for $2.9 billion. As a result of this purchase and other Supervalu retail properties will be divested from the company, it is still unclear as to who will purchase Cub Foods. "Cub Foods. A new way to run a supermarket." "The Low Price Leader" "Great Food, Great Prices" "Save More, Get More" "Where the Great Taste of Food Costs Less" "I ♥ My Cub" "The Store Next Door" "Bring more to your
Edward Blatchford is an American actor best known for his role as Peter Collins from 1998 to 2000 in the sitcom Malibu, CA, produced by Peter Engel. He worked with Engel on three other television series, guest starring in Saved by the Bell, Hang Time and City Guys. Ed was one of the founding members of Chicago's American Blues Theatre He guest starred in the series Crime Story, The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. and JAG. His film credits include The Last of the Nowhere to Run. In 2010, Blatchford starred in the independent short film Saved by the Belding; the film parodied his guest appearance on Saved by the Bell where he played Rod Belding, brother of Richard Belding. Ed was nominated for a 2016 Joseph Jefferson Award for Director of a Play for "The Rainmaker" at the American Blues Theater in Chicago, Illinois. Blatchford works as a real estate agent for Surterre Properties in Newport Beach, California. Edward Blatchford on IMDb Edward Blatchford at Rotten Tomatoes Ed Blatchford at TV Guide Edward Blatchford at AllMovie