Yau Oi Estate
Yau Oi Estate is a public housing estate in Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong. It was the third public housing estate built in Tuen Mun between 1979 and 1982 on reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay. Consisting of 11 residential blocks, it was the largest single subsidized housing development in Hong Kong, with 9,153 units and a population of more than 35,000. Public housing in Hong Kong List of public housing estates in Hong Kong
Public housing in Hong Kong
Public housing in Hong Kong is a set of mass housing programmes through which the Government of Hong Kong provides affordable housing for lower-income residents. It is a major component of housing in Hong Kong, with nearly half of the population now residing in some form of public housing; the public housing policy dates to 1954, after a fire in Shek Kip Mei destroyed thousands of shanty homes and prompted the government to begin constructing homes for the poor. Public housing is built by the Hong Kong Housing Authority and the Hong Kong Housing Society. Rents and prices are lower than those for private housing and are subsidised by the government, with revenues recovered from sources such as rents and charges collected from car parks and shops within or near the residences. Many public housing estates are built in the new towns of the New Territories, but urban expansion has left some older estates deep in central urban areas, they are found in every district of Hong Kong except in Wan Chai District.
The vast majority of public housing are provided in high-rise buildings, recent blocks comprise 40 or more storeys. The government has in recent years begun to prioritise economic benefit rather than meeting the demand of citizens; this has led to a large number of citizens who are unable to afford private housing to seek accommodation in subdivided flats and bedspace apartments. The average waiting time for public housing is around 6 years, with some having to wait for over 10 years. In the 20's and 30's, a large number of Mainland Chinese flooded into Hong Kong and resulting in a serious shortage of housing. Thus, in the Housing Committee Report of 1935, the colonial government proposed to build some low-costing housing for public to solve this housing problem. However, Hong Kong was facing an economic downturn at that time, the proposals did not implemented. On 25 December 1953, a major fire in Shek Kip Mei destroyed the makeshift homes of refugees from Mainland China, leaving more than 50,000 people homeless.
After the fire, facing a surge of immigrant population governor Alexander Grantham launched a public housing program to introduce the idea of "multi-storey building" for the immigrant population living there, thus commencing a programme of mass public housing, providing affordable homes for those on low incomes. Some scholars have argued that the government has been overstating the role of the fire in the history of public housing in Hong Kong. For example, Faure argues that Grantham was concerned with introducing subsidised housing as early as 1949, but encountered opposition from Chinese members of the Legislative Council; the Shek Kip Mei Estate, ready for occupation in 1954, was the first tangible manifestation of this policy. These resettlement blocks were built in the basic design of H-shape. In those early days, housing units were little more than small cubicles, the original plan was to allocate 24 square feet per adult and half that for each child under 12. However, they were in reality occupied by more than one family, due to the extreme shortage of available housing.
Facilities and sanitation were rudimentary and communal, like the bath rooms and laundry areas, were located in the cross bar of the "H", linked the residential wings on two sides. Rents were pitched without caps on income; that year, the Resettlement Department was formed, as was the first Housing Authority, out of the Urban Council, through enactment of the 1954 Housing Ordinance. The demolition of the buildings of Shek Kip Mei Estate was started from 2007, has now been extensively redeveloped. Today, all H-shaped resettlement blocks had to be destructed, but only the Mei Ho House is still standing. In 1961, the "low-cost housing" scheme was introduced through the construction of 62,380 flats in 18 estates, while HA accommodation would be available to those whose household incomes were between $900 and $1500. In 1963, due to the rapid escalation of squatter numbers, squatters' eligibility for public housing was frozen, future squatter areas came under licensing per the 1964 White Paper; the settlements of these squatters on the urban fringe were cleared in order to provide housing and industrial sites.
With the formation of this ad hoc resettlement scheme, it evolved into a policy tool to support the burgeoning manufacturing industry. The Housing Board was set up with the role of coordinating between agencies responsible for domestic housing, it made recommendations to have annual evaluations of supply and demand of housing, as well as increasing the minimum standard floor area per person to 35 sq ft. Lower Ngau Tau Kok Estate, built between 1967 and 1970, was among the first group of resettlement estates built with lifts. All blocks were 16-floor high, lifts from the ground floor could reach the 8th and the 13th floors. In 1973, the Government of Hong Kong announced a ten-year plan for the public provision of housing, to provide everyone in Hong Kong with permanent, self-contained housing with a target of housing; the objective was to provide 1.8 million people with "satisfactory accommodation". The Government saw as its responsibility to provide accessible housing for "the poor" – defined as those whose monthly household income was between HK$2,100 and HK$3,150.
In 1975, the Government opened the Oi Man Estate. The blocks were built in twin-tower layout with two square blocks interlocked together. There were sixteen large and small units on each floor of the block, each flat with its own kitchen and toilet inside; the housing estate was built on a concept of "a little town withi
Public housing estates in Tuen Mun
The following is an overview of public housing estates in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong, including Home Ownership Scheme, Private Sector Participation Scheme, Sandwich Class Housing Scheme, Flat-for-Sale Scheme, Tenants Purchase Scheme estates. Tuen Mun used to be a rural area. At a time when the population had swelled with refugees from China, many of them living in substandard housing, the government launched a plan to provide modern housing to the masses; as part of this policy, Tuen Mun was developed as a new town from the early 1970s. Land was reclaimed from the sea in order to provide space suitable for development. Much of Castle Peak Bay was filled in; the first public housing estate in Tuen Mun was Castle Peak Estate, completed 1971, which has since been demolished. Construction of the Tuen Mun New Town has been complete since the turn of the millennium, with most of the public housing estates built before then. Two newer estates are Lung Yat Estate, completed 2013, the Yan Tin Estate, completed in 2018 at the rural fringe of the new town.
Affluence Garden is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme court in Tuen Mun, beside Tuen Mun River. It has 5 blocks built in 1989. Butterfly Estate is the seventh public housing estate in Tuen Mun, completed in 1983. Built in the reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay, the estate consists of 6 residential blocks. Butterfly Estate Public Library was reprovisioned and expanded in 2010. Chi Lok Fa Yuen is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme estate in Tsing Hoi Circuit, Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong. Built on the reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay, It comprises eight residential blocks and a shopping centre completed in 1982, it was jointly developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties. Fu Tai Estate is located next to Lingnan University, consisting of 11 residential buildings completed in 2000 and 2001, it occupies the former site of Fu Tei Camp. It is the only estate in Tuen Mun, far away from any MTR Light Rail stops. Residents need to take MTR Bus to go to nearby Light Rail West Rail stations.
Glorious Garden is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme court in Tuen Mun, located at the reclaimed land in San Shek Wan and next to Lung Mun Oasis. It was jointly developed by Hong Kong Housing Chevalier Group, it consists of 12 residential blocks completed in 1999. Kin Sang Estate is the eleventh public housing estate in Tuen Mun, located near Ching Chung Koon and Castle Peak Hospital, it consists of four residential buildings completed in 1989. In 1998, some of the flats were sold under Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 1. Kingston Terrace is a Flat-for-Sale Scheme court in King San Path, Tuen Mun, near Light Rail Prime View Stop, it consists of four blocks with 1,152 units built in 2002, developed by the Hong Kong Housing Society. The units were sold in two phases in 2008 respectively. Leung King Estate is the ninth public housing estate in Tuen Mun, located in Northwest Tuen Mun, it consists of eight residential buildings completed in 1988. The estate was the site of Leung Tin Village and it was named for the village, as was the nearby Tin King Estate.
In 2001, some of the flats in the estate were sold under Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 4. Lung Mun Oasis is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme court in Tuen Mun, located at the reclaimed land of San Shek Wan and near Glorious Garden, it consists of 16 residential buildings completed in 1998. Light Rail Lung Mun Stop and a bus terminus are located at Lung Mun Oasis. Lung Yat Estate is a public rental estate completed in 2013, it comprises a community building. The 34-storey blocks collectively provide 990 flats for an estimated 2,800 people. Melody Garden is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme court in Tuen Mun, located at the reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay near Butterfly Estate, it was the first and the only "Middle Income Housing Scheme" developed by the Hong Kong Housing Authority. It has 10 blocks built in 1984 and it was the first HOS court in Tuen Mun Ferry Pier region. On Ting Estate is the fifth public housing estate in Tuen Mun completed between 1980 and 1982.
It consists of 6 residential blocks, is built on reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay Major renovation works were carried out in the estate in 2003. Po Tin Estate is the twelfth public housing estate in Tuen Mun, it was built as interim housing which consists of 9 residential blocks completed in 2000. Six buildings of the estate with about 4,100 flats were changed into a public housing estate in 2004, its facilities and flat sizes are found unsatisfactory since its standard is much lower than that in other public housing estates. Prime View Garden is a Home Ownership Scheme and Private Sector Participation Scheme court in Castle Peak Road, Tuen Mun, it was jointly developed by the Hong Kong Housing Authority and New World Development in 1985. It has five blocks. Sam Shing Estate is the third public housing estate in Tuen Mun. is a public housing estate in Tuen Mun, New Territories, Hong Kong. It Built on the reclaimed land of Castle Peak Bay, the estate consists of 3 residential blocks completed in 1980.
It was named for nearby Sam Shing Hui, a fishing village in the district, most of the residents in the estate were fishermen. San Wai Court is a Home Ownership Scheme court in Tuen Mun, locate
Public housing estates in Tai Po
The following is a list of public housing estates in Tai Po, Hong Kong, including Home Ownership Scheme, Private Sector Participation Scheme, Sandwich Class Housing Scheme, Flat-for-Sale Scheme, Tenants Purchase Scheme estates. Chung Nga Court is a Home Ownership Scheme estate in the north of Tai Po, located near Fu Heng Estate, it comprises three residential buildings built in 1991. Elegance Garden is a Private Sector Participation Scheme estate in Tai Po, near Uptown Plaza, Wan Tau Tong Estate and MTR Tai Po Market Station, it was jointly developed by the Hong Kong Housing Chevalier Group. It has four blocks built in 1990. Fu Heng Estate is a mixed estate consisting of 8 residential buildings completed in 1990; some of the flats were sold to tenants through Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 3 in 2000. Fu Shin Estate is a mixed public TPS estate, built on the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi; the estate consists of six residential blocks completed in 1985. In 2005, some of the flats were sold to tenants through Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 6B.
In October 2008, a lift at Shin Nga House, Fu Shin Estate plunged 14 storeys, but no one was injured. This raised concerns on lift safety; the government confirmed the incident was caused by the failure of the counterweight pulley bearing, which caused the dislodgement of all eight suspension ropes from the counterweight. The three HOS estates, King Nga Court, Tak Nga Court and Yat Nga Court, are built near Wan Tau Tong Estate between 1991 and 1992. Kwong Fuk Estate is the second public housing estate in Tai Po. Built at the reclaimed land at the east of Tai Po Old Market near Yuen Chau Tsai, the estate consists of eight residential buildings completed in 1983. Ming Nga Court is a Home Ownership Scheme estate in Tai Po. located at the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi next to Fu Shin Estate and Yee Nga Court. It was developed by Hong Kong Housing Authority in 1985. Po Heung Estate is a public housing estate in Po Heung Street, Tai Po, which has 2 blocks with 483 flats, its location was the office of Tai Po Rural Committee and Tai Po Temporary Market.
It was completed in 2016. Po Nga Court is a HOS estate near Tai Wo Estate, which has 3 residential buildings completed in 1989. Sun Hing Garden is a Private Sector Participation Scheme estate in Tai Po, near Fu Shin Estate, Chung Nga Court, Ming Nga Court. Built on the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi, the estate consists of 5 blocks built in 1986. Tai Po Plaza is a Private Sector Participation Scheme estate in Tai Po, near Tai Po Centre, Tai Yuen Estate, Fortune Plaza and Tai Po Centre Bus Terminus, it was jointly developed by the Hong Kong Housing Authority and Shui On Group. It has 5 blocks completed in 1985. Tai Wo Estate consists of 9 residential buildings completed in 1989, it is one of the public housing estates in Tai Po, not built on the reclaimed land. Some of the flats were sold to tenants through Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 3 in 2000. Tai Yuen Estate is the first public housing estate in Tai Po, located at the town centre of Tai Po New Town, it is built on the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi, the estate consists of 7 residential blocks completed in 1980.
Ting Nga Court is a Home Ownership Scheme estate in Tai Po, near Tai Yuen Estate. Built on the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi, It consists of 3 blocks completed in 1981. Wan Tau Tong Estate is the second last public housing estate in Tai Po, but it is not built on the reclaimed land; the estate consists of 3 residential buildings completed in 1991. Some of the flats were sold to tenants through Tenants Purchase Scheme Phase 1 in 1998. Wang Fuk Court is a HOS estate in Tai Po, near Kwong Fuk Estate, it has 8 residential buildings, offering 1,987 units and built in 1983. Yee Nga Court is a Home Ownership Scheme estate in Tai Po, located at the reclaimed land of Tai Po Hoi next to Fu Shin Estate and Ming Nga Court, it was developed by Hong Kong Housing Authority in 1993. Public housing in Hong Kong List of public housing estates in Hong Kong
Public housing estates on Tsing Yi Island
The following is an overview of public housing estates on Tsing Yi, including Home Ownership Scheme, Private Sector Participation Scheme, Flat-for-Sale Scheme, Tenant Purchase Scheme estates. At early 1970s, the residents of Tsing Yi Island were villagers and fishermen; the government decided to extend the Tsuen Wan New Town westward onto the island. The plan was to develop the northeastern quadrant of the island into residential use, some estates were to be built on reclaimed land; the Hong Kong Housing Authority was mandated to construct public housing estates as part of this plan. Cheung Ching Estate is the first stage of new town development. All the estates in this development are named "Cheung variable Estate", most flats were destined for rental. Tsing Yi Estate is named after Tsing Yi Hui, demolished to make way for its construction. Easeful Court was destined for the HOS, but ended up being let due to the impact of SARS. Broadview Garden is a public housing estate built by Hong Kong Housing Society in Tsing Yi, located near Tsing Yi Estate and Tsing Yi Park.
The estate consists of 7 residential blocks completed in 1991. Its Block 1 to 5 is for Flat-for-Sale Scheme and Block 6–7 is for rent the residents affected by redevelopment of Bo Shek Mansion in Tsuen Wan; the Chinese characters Cheung Ching, mean "evergreen". The Estate is located on mid-east side near Tsing Yi Bridge, it was bounded by Tsing Yi Road, Ching Hong Road, Chung Mei Road, Tsing Yi Heung Sze Wui Road. 22°20′42″N 114°06′31″E In June 1977, the first intake of 2146 people were allocated housing in Phase I of the estate. They were residents from overcrowded estates, or were relocated from redevelopment of older estates in Kowloon Bay, Hong Kong Island. At the time, transport infrastructure was undeveloped, there were great concerns about logistics from would-be residents. Ching Chung House, Ching Pak House, Ching Mui House and Ching Yeung House came on stream. In the early 1980s, Ching Tao House was built for the relocation of residents owing to reclamation of Tsing Yi Tong and Mun Tsai Tong.
To the west are Mayfair Gardens and Cheung Hong Estate, to the north is Chung Mei Lo Uk Village, to the east are industrial building, to the south are Rambler Crest and the Container Terminal 9. The estate consists of eight ` houses', with 4905 flats. There are 4700 households in the estate. Other than residential blocks, the estate provides a commercial centre with market, a community centre, a bus terminus, three primary schools, a secondary school, several car parks and garages, several playgrounds; the eight houses of the estate are: The Cheung Ching Commercial Centre is a 6-storey complex surrounded by Ching Yung House, Ching Wai House and Ching Kwai House. At the podium level, there are a handful of a Chinese restaurant. At the market level, most shops sell fresh food. A supermarket is at the ground floor. A garage is incorporated in the centre. There are two clinics on the ground floor of Ching Wai House; some NGOs set up facilities at Ching Yung House and Ching Kwai House. The Cheung Ching Estate Community Centre is the first community centre on the Tsing Yi Island.
It was built in the late phase of the Cheung Ching Estate. The building is of 7 storeys, providing various community services for south part of the new town of Tsing Yi Island; the Community Centre is operated by various NGOs. YWCA operates one integrated centre, one elderly centre, a kindergarten. Lutheran provides service for the deaf. Yan Chai provides temporary after-school care for children. There is a hall for various programmes on the ground floor. From 1st floor to 6th floor, it was occupied by Hong Kong Youth Women's Club Association, its branch Tsing Yi Integrated Social Service Centre provides integrated services for youth, senior citizen and workers. Government has an office on the 1st floor. After budget cuts on social welfare by Hong Kong Government, many local offices of voluntary organisations in the area were withdrawn or incorporated into the centre. Cheung Fat Estate comprises 4 tower blocks, built on reclaimed land in Tsing Yi North. All buildings, except for King Fat House, enjoy a seaview over Tsuen Wan seashore.
In May 2005, the Government announced the sale of 23,000 hectares flats under the final phase of the TPS. Cheung Fat Estate was to be part of this "privatisation" by the Authority, under a scheme in which all "flats" are set for sale by the end of 2006. Cheung Fat Plaza, a five-storey shopping centre located in the lower part of the estate, caters to the household needs of residents in Cheung Fat and surrounding estates, was considered one of the most important shopping arcades under the Housing Authority, it is now under the management of The Link REIT, having been spun off from the Authority and listed on the Hong Kong stock market in 2005. There are a variety of facilities and restaurants which cater for the household needs of residents in Cheung Fat and surrounding estates, namely Cheung On Estate and Ching Wang Court. For example, the Sports Centre on the 4th floor which has facilities for badminton and basketball, as well as fitness room. There is a Cantonese restaurant on the top floor, famous for its hot pot buffet.
McDonald's and other restaurants can be found there as well. There are one on the ground floor and another on the third floor. Maritime Market is situated next to the shopping centre. Cheung Hang Estate wa
Wah Fu Estate
Wah Fu Estate is a public housing estate located next to Waterfall Bay, Pok Fu Lam in Hong Kong's Southern District. It was built on a new town concept in 1967 and was renovated in 2003. Divided into Wah Fu Estate and Wah Fu Estate, the whole estate has a total of 18 residential blocks completed between 1967 and 1978. There are several primary and secondary schools in the estate, including Pui Ying Secondary School, SKH Lui Ming Choi Secondary School and Caritas Chong Yut Ming Secondary School, they provide education to children in the surrounding areas. Funtana Theatre is the only cinema on the estate. Former Secretary for Justice Wong Yan Lung lived here in the 1980s. Announced in the chief executive's 2014 Policy Address, Wah Fu Estate will be redeveloped; the new estate will be built nearby. It is planned that after the Wah Fu residents have moved to the new estates, Wah Fu will be redeveloped starting from 2024. Hong Kong map of Wah Fu Estate
Choi Wan Estate
Choi Wan Estate is a public housing estate in Ngau Chi Wan, Wong Tai Sin District, Hong Kong, located between Ngau Chi Wan Village and Jordan Valley and the foot of Fei Ngo Shan. The estate is divided into Choi Wan Estate and Choi Wan Estate, has a total of 21 blocks, it is one of the largest public housing estates in Wong Tai Sin District. Choi Wan Estate was the site of Ngau Chi Wan Village, its name Choi Wan fits its geographical position because "Wan" is above "Hung". The estate started construction in 1976 and finished in 1979. Choi Wan Estate is one of the few public housing estates in Hong Kong which blocks are not named with character in the estate name. Instead, the blocks are named based on the Chinese astronomical matters, for instance, Ngan Ho House and Koon Yat House; the estate is the namesake for the northwestern Pacific Ocean tropical cyclone name Choi-wan. Choi Fai Estate is a public housing estate in Ngau Chi Wan, at the upper hill above Choi Wan Estate and the foot of Fei Ngo Shan.
It has only 2 blocks built in 1995. Choi Fung Court is a Home Ownership Scheme court in Ngau Chi Wan, near Choi Wan Estate, it has one block built in 1997. Ngau Chi Wan Choi Hung Estate