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A twinjet or twin-engine jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines. A twinjet is able to fly well enough to land with a single working engine, making it safer than a single-engine aircraft in the event of failure of an engine. Fuel efficiency of a twinjet is better than that of aircraft with more engines; these considerations have led to the widespread use of aircraft of all types with twin engines, including airliners, fixed-wing military aircraft, others. As of today, there are three most common configurations of twinjet aircraft; the first, common on large aircraft such as airliners, has a podded engine mounted beneath, or above or within, each wing. The second has one engine mounted on each side of the rear fuselage, close to its empennage, used by many business jets. In the third configuration both engines are within the fuselage, side-by-side, used by most fighters since the 1960s. Fighters using this configuration include the Su-27'Flanker', the F-15 Eagle, the F-22 Raptor; the first twinjet to fly was the German fighter prototype Heinkel He 280, flying in April 1941 with a pair of nacelled Heinkel HeS 8 axial-flow turbojets.

The twinjet configuration was used for short-range narrow-bodied aircraft such as the McDonnell Douglas DC-9 and Boeing 737. The Airbus A300 was not successful when first produced as a short-range widebody, as airlines operating the A300 on short-haul routes had to reduce frequencies to try and fill the high-capacity aircraft, lost passengers to airlines operating more frequent narrow-body flights. However, thanks to the introduction of ETOPS rules that allowed twin-engine jets to fly long-distance routes that were off-limits to them, Airbus was able to further develop the A300 as a medium- to long-range airliner to increased sales. In the 1980s the Boeing 727 was discontinued, as its central engine bay would require a prohibitively expensive redesign to accommodate quieter high-bypass turbofans, it was soon supplanted by twinjets for the narrow-body market. During that decade only McDonnell Douglas continued development of the trijet design with an update to the DC-10, the MD-11, which had a range advantage over its closest medium wide-body competitors which were twinjets, the in-production Boeing 767 and upcoming Airbus 330.

In contrast to McDonnell Douglas sticking with their existing trijet configuration and Boeing worked on new widebody twinjet designs that would become the Airbus A330 and Boeing 777, respectively. The MD-11's long range advantage was brief as it was soon nullified by the Airbus A330's four-engine derivative, the Airbus A340, the extended-range Boeing 767-300ER and Boeing 777-200ER; the Boeing 737 twinjet stands out as the most produced jet airliner. The Boeing 777 is the world's largest twinjet, the 777-200LR variant is the world's longest range airliner. Other Boeing twinjets include the 767, 757 and 787. Competitor Airbus produces the A320 family, the A330, the A350; some modern commercial airplanes still use four engines like the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8, which are classified as large aircraft. Four engines are still used on the largest cargo aircraft capable of transporting outsize cargo, including strategic airlifters. There are plans to revive production of six-engine giants like the Antonov An-225 Mriya.

Twin-jets tend to be more fuel-efficient than quad-jet aircraft. As fuel efficiency in airliners is a high priority, many airlines have been retiring trijet and quad-jet designs in favor of twinjets in the twenty-first century; the trijet designs were phased out first, in particular due to the more complicated design and maintenance issues of the middle engine mounted on the stabilizer. Early twinjets were not permitted by ETOPS restrictions to fly long-haul trans-oceanic routes, as it was thought that they were unsafe in the event of failure of one engine, so quad-jets were used. Quad-jets had higher carrying capacity than comparable earlier twinjets; however twinjets such as the Boeing 777 and Airbus A350 have matched or surpassed older quad-jet designs such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A340 in these aspects, twinjets have been more successful in terms of sales than quad-jets. In 2012, Airbus studied a 470-seat twinjet competitor for the B747-8 with lower operating costs expected between 2023 and 2030, revived after Boeing launched the 777X in November 2013, while then-CEO Fabrice Brégier preferred to focus on product improvement rather than all-new concepts for 10 years.

It would have a 10-abreast economy like the 777. When flying far from diversionary airports, the aircraft must be able to reach an alternate on the remaining engine within a specified time in case of one engine failure; when aircraft are certified according to ETOPS standards, thrust is not an issue, as one of the engines is more than powerful enough to keep the aircraft aloft. ETOPS certification involves maintenance and design requirements ensuring that a failure of one engine cannot make the other one fail also; the engines and related systems need to be independent and independently maintained. ETOPS

Neyinzaya River

Neyinzaya River is a river in Chin State and Sagaing Region of Burma. It is a tributary of the Myittha River. At its headwaters in the Letha Mountains of Tonzang Township in Chin State it is known as the Tuimi Lui, it flows off the slopes of Mount Nauko. It is joined by the Tuilam Lui from the right and the Lauthu Lui from the left and becomes the Neyinzaya below Leikan, as it flows into the Kale Valley and into western Sagaing Region. Within Tongzang Township, the Tuimi Lui forms the border between several village tracts: with Hangken to the south and Sipek to the north Hangken to the west and Suangpek to the east, Sebawk to the south and west and Suangpek to the north and east before leaving Tonzang Township and Chin State. Entering Kale Township of Sagaing region, the Neyinzaya is joined by the conjoined Nam Kyitlaw and Nam Sitpauk from the left. Just below Kontha the Nam Sitpet flows in from the left {east). At Kangyi it is joined by the Natmyaung River from the right. At Nanhannwe it is joined by the Nat-taga River from the right.

Just below the village of Mawlaik it is joined by the Segyi River from the right. At Kyigon, just above Kalemyo it enters the Myittha River. From Kontha downstream the Neyinzaya is navigable by boats during the rainy season. "Neyinzaya River, Chin State, Myanmar", World Sands Collection, photograph of Neyinzaya River sands "Neyinzaya River, Chin State, Myanmar", World Sands Collection, photograph of Neyinzaya River sands List of rivers of Burma

Council for Advancement and Support of Education

The Council for Advancement and Support of Education is a nonprofit association of educational institutions. It serves professionals in the field of educational advancement; this field encompasses alumni relations, communications and development for educational institutions such as universities and independent or private schools. CASE, headquartered in Washington, D. C. in the United States, was founded in 1974 as the result of a merger between the American Alumni Council and the American College Public Relations Association. It is one of the largest international associations of education institutions, serving nearly 3,400 universities, colleges and related organizations in 61 countries, its North American member institutions are divided into eight geographic districts that provide support to members through regional programs. To better serve its international membership, CASE opened a European office in London in 1994 and an Asia-Pacific office in Singapore in 2007. CASE offers a variety of products and services such as conferences, webinars and training materials, publishes CURRENTS magazine.

It maintains professional standards and a code of ethics for the profession. CASE engages in government relations, monitoring legislation and advocating the views and needs of its members. CASE administers the annual U. S. Professors of the Year and the Circle of Excellence awards, it holds the Summit for Advancement Leaders, an annual conference for senior-level advancement professionals. Each CASE District holds an annual conference. Chronicle of Higher Education, “College Fund-Raising Group to Open Shop in Asia-Pacific Region,” Money & Management, Volume 53, Issue 26, Page A27. S.”,23476.shtml Reed College News Center, “Reed College Scholar of Chinese Religions Named Professor of the Year,” Rome News-Tribune, “Shorter Professor Honored by Carnegie Foundation,” CASE Web site CASE Summit for Advancement Leaders CASE/Carnegie U.

S. Professors of the Year


WSNG is a radio station licensed in Torrington, broadcasting a talk radio format. WWCO is part of a three station simulcast, along with 1470 WMMW, Meriden and the home base, 1360 WDRC, Hartford; the four stations use the slogan "The Talk of Connecticut" featuring a local morning show and syndicated programs the rest of the day, including Michael Savage. The station is owned by Red Wolf Broadcasting and features programming from Fox News Radio, Talk Radio Network and Westwood One; the Talk of Connecticut stations broadcast sporting events as New York Yankees major league baseball, New Britain Rock Cats minor league baseball, Hartford Hawks college basketball and high school sports. WSNG was signed on in the late 1940s as WTOR which transmitted from 93 Perkins Street with 250 watts on 1490kc, it moved the transmitter to Harwinton in 1964 after being granted 1 kW day 500w night with a three-tower directional array on 610 kc. It was owned by Edmund Willian Waller; the callsign change came after the station was acquired by new owners at a date than 1966.

The format at WSNG was full service radio throughout the'80s. Many popular personalities worked at WSNG including "Captain" Jay Sheldon, Dan Lovallo and news anchor Jeff Zeiner. During the mid-1980s these personalities left and the format shifted to "consumer" radio; that format proved unpopular and an abortive attempt of returning to full service radio failed. New competition from WZBG caused the station to go dark in the 1990s. Buckley Broadcasting purchased the station, it now simulcasts WDRC as part of the Talk of Connecticut network. On March 5, 2014, Buckley Broadcasting announced that it would sell its Connecticut radio stations, including WSNG, to Connoisseur Media; the sale was consummated on July 7, 2014 at a price of $7,922,035. Connoisseur sold WSNG, along with the other Talk of Connecticut stations, WDRC-FM in Hartford, W272DO in New Haven, to Red Wolf Broadcasting for $8 million in January 2018. WSNG official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WSNG Radio-Locator Information on WSNG Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WSNG

Julije Knifer

Julije Knifer was a Croatian abstract painter and a founding member of the 1960s Croatian art collective known as the Gorgona Group. The central motif of Knifer’s art is the exploration of meander, a geometric form which he had been creating since 1960 in various painting techniques such as print, acrylic paint and mural. An example of, the colossal meander created by Knifer on a 20 x 30 m canvas in a quarry in Tübingen, he was one of the founding members of the Gorgona Group, whose members from 1959 to 1966 were: Miljenko Horvat, Ivan Kožarić, Marijan Jevšovar, Dimitrije Bašičević, Matko Meštrović, Radoslav Putar, Đuro Seder and Josip Vaništa. In 1961 he participated at the first New Tendencies’ exhibition in Zagreb, he exhibited at many national and international shows including, The New Tendencies exhibitions, Art Abstrait Constructif International at the Denise René Gallery, Konstruktivisten at the Städtisches Museum Leverkusen, Oltre l’informale, the Venice Biennale, the São Paulo Art Biennale.

He collaborated with the Dany Keller Gallery in Munich, the Hoffmann Gallery in Friedberg and the Frank Elbaz Gallery in Paris. This increased the number of his works in private and museum collections which are now held in many prominent institutions across the world including the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris. In 1994 he moved to Paris, his first posthumous exhibition was organized by Arnauld Pierre at the Frank Elbaz Gallery in Paris. In 2002 he was the recipient of the Vladimir Nazor Life Achievement Award. In 2016, Knifer's painting PLS 69 was sold in an auction in Vienna for €137,000, at the time the highest price paid for a work of Croatian modern art. Biro, Adam & Pierre, Arnauld Knifer: Méandres. Maković, Zvonko Julije Knifer

List of Mauritian writers

This is a list of writers from Mauritius. Nathacha Appanah, Francophone writer Marcel Cabon, Francophone novelist Raymond Chasle, Francophone diplomat and poet Lindsey Collen and anglophone novelist and essayist Ananda Devi, Francophone writer Christine Duverge, Francophone writer Jacques Edouard, Francophone journalist and writer Jean Fanchette, Francophone poet and psychoanalyst Robert-Edward Hart, Franco-Mauritian poet and novelist Marie-Thérèse Humbert Francophone novelist Yusuf Kadel, Francophone poet and playwright Stefan Hart de Keating, Francophone slam poet Raymonde de Kervern, Franco-Mauritian poet Léoville L'Homme, Francophone poet Edouard Maunick, Francophone poet and diplomat Shenaz Patel and Creole story writer and novelist Cassandra Piat, Anglophone writer Jean-Georges Prosper, Francophone poet and author of the Mauritian national anthem Camille de Rauville, Francophone writer Pierre Renaud, Francophone poet Umar Timol, Francophone writer and poet Abhimanyu Unnuth, Indophone writer and essayist Dev Virahsawmy, Creolophone poet and essayist List of African writers by country Mauritian literature List of poets List of African poets