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Tycho Brahe

Tycho Brahe was a Danish nobleman and writer known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical observations. He was born in the Danish peninsula of Scania. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer and alchemist, he has been described as "the first competent mind in modern astronomy to feel ardently the passion for exact empirical facts." Most of his observations were more accurate than the best available observations at the time. An heir to several of Denmark's principal noble families, Tycho received a comprehensive education, he took an interest in the creation of more accurate instruments of measurement. As an astronomer, Tycho worked to combine what he saw as the geometrical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical benefits of the Ptolemaic system into his own model of the universe, the Tychonic system, his system saw the Moon as orbiting Earth, the planets as orbiting the Sun, but erroneously considered the Sun to be orbiting the Earth. Furthermore, he was the last of the major naked-eye astronomers, working without telescopes for his observations.

In his De nova stella of 1573, he refuted the Aristotelian belief in an unchanging celestial realm. His precise measurements indicated that "new stars", in particular that of 1572, lacked the parallax expected in sublunar phenomena and were therefore not tailless comets in the atmosphere as believed but were above the atmosphere and beyond the Moon. Using similar measurements, he showed that comets were not atmospheric phenomena, as thought, must pass through the immutable celestial spheres. King Frederick II granted Tycho an estate on the island of Hven and the funding to build Uraniborg, an early research institute, where he built large astronomical instruments and took many careful measurements, Stjerneborg, when he discovered that his instruments in Uraniborg were not sufficiently steady. On the island he founded manufactories, such as a paper mill, to provide material for printing his results. After disagreements with the new Danish king, Christian IV, in 1597, Tycho went into exile, he was invited by the Bohemian king and Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II to Prague, where he became the official imperial astronomer.

He built an observatory at Benátky nad Jizerou. There, from 1600 until his death in 1601, he was assisted by Johannes Kepler, who used Tycho's astronomical data to develop his three laws of planetary motion. Tycho's body has been exhumed twice, in 1901 and 2010, to examine the circumstances of his death and to identify the material from which his artificial nose was made; the conclusion was that his death was caused by a burst bladder, not by poisoning, as had been suggested, that the artificial nose was more made of brass than silver or gold, as some had believed in his time. Tycho Brahe was born as heir to several of Denmark's most influential noble families and in addition to his immediate ancestry with the Brahe and the Bille families, he counted the Rud, Trolle and Rosenkrantz families among his ancestors. Both of his grandfathers and all of his great grandfathers had served as members of the Danish king's Privy Council, his paternal grandfather and namesake Thyge Brahe was the lord of Tosterup Castle in Scania and died in battle during the 1523 Siege of Malmö during the Lutheran Reformation Wars.

His maternal grandfather Claus Bille, lord to Bohus Castle and a second cousin of Swedish king Gustav Vasa, participated in the Stockholm Bloodbath on the side of the Danish king against the Swedish nobles. Tycho's father Otte Brahe, a royal Privy Councilor, married Beate Bille, herself a powerful figure at the Danish court holding several royal land titles. Both parents are buried under the floor of Kågeröd Church, four kilometres east of Knutstorp. Tycho was born at his family's ancestral seat of Knutstorp Castle, about eight kilometres north of Svalöv in Danish Scania, he was the oldest of 12 siblings. His twin brother died before being baptized. Tycho wrote an ode in Latin to his dead twin, printed in 1572 as his first published work. An epitaph from Knutstorp, but now on a plaque near the church door, shows the whole family, including Tycho as a boy; when he was only two years old Tycho was taken away to be raised by his uncle Jørgen Thygesen Brahe and his wife Inger Oxe who were childless.

It is unclear why Otte Brahe reached this arrangement with his brother, but Tycho was the only one of his siblings not to be raised by his mother at Knutstorp. Instead, Tycho was raised at Jørgen Brahe's estate at Tosterup and at Tranekær on the island of Langeland, at Næsbyhoved Castle near Odense, again at the Castle of Nykøbing on the island of Falster. Tycho wrote that Jørgen Brahe "raised me and generously provided for me during his life until my eighteenth year. From ages 6 to 12, Tycho attended Latin school in Nykøbing. At age 12, on 19 April 1559, Tycho began studies at the University of Copenhagen. There, following his uncle's wishes, he studied law, but studied a variety of other subjects and became interested in astronomy. At the University, Aristotle was a staple of scientific theory, Tycho received a thorough training in Aristotelian physics and cosmology, he experienced the solar eclipse of 21 August 1560, was imp

Horace Panter

Horace Panter known as Sir Horace Gentleman, is the bassist for the British 2 Tone ska band The Specials. Panter was born in Croydon and spent most of his formative years in Kettering, Northamptonshire starting a one-year art course at Northampton College in 1971. In 1972, he began studying fine art at Coventry's Lanchester Polytechnic, now known as Coventry University. In his second year at Lanchester Polytechnic he met Jerry Dammers and together they formed The Specials; the band started playing in Coventry bars and clubs before releasing their first single,'Gangsters' on their own record label. Following the break-up of The Specials in 1981, Panter went on to play with General Public with Dave Wakeling and Ranking Roger from the original Beat, with the reformed Specials in the 1990s. Panter joined forces with Neol Davies of The Selecter to form a Blues band, Box of Blues. Today, he is a full-time member of the reformed Specials and is in a blues combo, called'Blues 2 Go', he has played with Malik & Pettite, is in the process of getting together a ska orchestra called'The Uptown Ska Collective' who will begin touring in 2014.

During the 1990s, Panter qualified as a teacher and taught art to special needs children at Corley Special School in North Warwickshire from 1998 to 2008. He has written an autobiography, Ska'd for Life, in which he described his involvement in the creation of the punk-ska hybrid that became known as'2-Tone, described his experiences since the band's creation. An occupation of Panter's alongside his performing with the Specials is art, he has been a professional artist since 2010 and has exhibited throughout the UK. His work is based on traditional forms of iconography fused with the sensibilities of British pop art; the Specials 2 Tone website

Château de Baronville

The Château de Baronville is located between Paris and Chartres in France near the town of Béville-le-Comte, Eure-et-Loir. It rises in the center of a vast park anchored with several lakes; the château was built for grand receptions during the Second Empire and hosted many prestigious guests. The harmonious architecture of the building is the result of a union between spaciousness and refinement in the classical style; the palace can be rented exclusively. At Baronville, you may celebrate your wedding, hold a seminar or a business meeting, launch a product, or use for a photo shoot or film setting. Nowadays' Baronville is the third château built on the same place; the name Baronville dates back to the Roman Empire. It was at this time that the place was called Baronis Villa, meaning'house of the baron', itself a title held by'hommes forts', who were charged with the protection of the empire's borders. In the Middle Ages, the château was a fortified manor house, of which there still remains a significant part of the drainage system, the foundations and cellars.

Local legend has it that the Pucelle d'Orléans, or Saint Joan of Arc, saved Baronville and the surrounding countryside from English occupation during the Hundred Years' War. Between 1620 and 1623, a Louis XIII château was built on the same site by Claude de Montescot and his son, Jacques. In 1783, the d'Aligre family bought Baronville. From Chartres, this family had given two great chancellors of France and Gardes des Sceaux: Etienne Ist, marquis d'Aligre, Chancellor of France from 1624 to 1635, Etienne II, marquis d'Aligre, Chancellor from 1674 to 1677. Etienne François, marquis d'Aligre and count de Marans spent a considerable part of his fortune in restoring the château and its former gardens; the property of the d'Aligre family, as well as their name and titles, were transferred by marriage to the noble house of the marquess of Pomereu by royal command on 21 December 1825. Armand, marquis de Pomereu d'Aligre, destroyed the second château in 1867 and commissioned the architect Léon de Sanges to design the present château, finished in 1868.

The same talented workers worked on the roofs of Baronville, of Mont Saint-Michel and on the Statue of Liberty in New York. During the World War I, Catherine de Clermont-Tonnerre, Viscountess de Pomereu d'Aligre, set up a military hospital on the estate. During World War II, Field-Marshal Friedrich Paulus made his headquarters in Baronville, several other German units occupied the Château. After decades of restorations of the park and the palace, it could be rented for exclusive events since 1980; the Estate is now home of the Count and Countess de Rougé, since the last Pomereu d'Aligre of this line married Count Claude de Rougé. In 2011, the Count Aymeric de Rougé, great-grand son of the Marquis de Pomereu d'Aligre, restored most of the Carrousel de Baronville, in order to host events and seminars; this part is opening after one year of refurbishments. Aymeric de Rougé now manages the entire estate. Among other famous guests, Baronville hosted Paul Pogba, Geoffrey Kondogbia, American model Hilary Rhoda, Korean actress Han Ye-seul, Chinese actress Angelababy, Brazilian footballer Ronaldo, French actress Audrey Tautou, Italian-American actor Alessandro Nivola, Daniela Cicarelli, Roger Hanin, Belgian filmstar Benoît Poelvoorde, Prince Jean of Luxembourg, Anne Fontaine, Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia, French actress Marie Gillain, Sir Elton John, Mr. Pierre Salinger, Michel Galabru, French actor, Emperor Bảo Đại, 13th and last emperor of Vietnam, Charlotte Casiraghi, Philippe Séguin, as well as a considerable number of French ministers, international diplomats and many others.

Official Website of the Chateau de Baronville Heraldry of famous members of the D'Aligre family

Hapoel HaMizrachi

Hapoel HaMizrachi was a political party and settlement movement in Israel. It is one of the predecessors of the Jewish Home. Hapoel HaMizrachi was formed in Jerusalem in 1922 under the Zionist slogan "Torah va'Avodah", as a religious Zionist organisation that supported the founding of religious kibbutzim and moshavim where work was done according to Halakha, its name came from the Mizrachi Zionist organisation, is a Hebrew acronym for Religious Centre. For the elections for the first Knesset the party ran as party of a joint list called the United Religious Front alongside Mizrachi, Agudat Yisrael and Poalei Agudat Yisrael; the group won 16 seats, of which Hapoel HaMizrachi took seven, making it the third largest party in the Knesset after Mapai and Mapam. It was invited to join the coalition government by David Ben-Gurion and Hapoel HaMizrachi MK Haim-Moshe Shapira was made Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of Health and Minister of Immigration in the first government; the United Religious Front played a major part in bringing down the first government due to it disagreement with Mapai over issues pertaining to education in the new immigrant camps and the religious education system, as well as its demands that the Supply and Rationing Ministry be closed and a businessman appointed as Minister for Trade and Industry.

Ben-Gurion resigned on 15 October 1950. When the problems had been solved two weeks he formed the second government with the same coalition partners and ministers as previously. In the 1951 elections the party ran for the Knesset alone under the title of Torah and Work – Hapoel HaMizrachi, they won eight seats. Again they joined the governing coalition, remained a member through all four governments of the second Knesset. Shapira kept his position as Minister of Internal Affairs and became Minister of Religions; when the third government collapsed, Shapira lost the Ministry of Internal Affairs and became Minister of Welfare. He regained the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the sixth government. Yosef Burg became a minister, heading the Health Ministry in the third government, the Postal Services Ministry in the fourth and sixth. For the 1955 elections the party joined forces with its ideological twin, Mizrachi, to form the National Religious Front; the new party won eleven seats, making it the fourth largest, were again coalition partners in both governments of the third Knesset.

In 1956 the union of the two parties was made permanent, the name changed to the National Religious Party. Party history Knesset website


The Raichō was a limited express train operated by the West Japan Railway Company between Osaka and Kanazawa in Japan until March 2011, using portions of the Tōkaidō Main Line, Kosei Line, Hokuriku Main Line. The characters 雷鳥 mean "thunder/lightning" and "bird" in Japanese, but the compound word 雷鳥 is the name of Lagopus muta, the Rock ptarmigan, not a mythological creature; the raichō bird inhabits the Tateyama Mountain Range and is the prefectural bird of Toyama and Gifu Prefectures. Stations in parentheses were not served by all services. Ōsaka - Shin-Ōsaka - Kyoto - - - Tsuruga - Takefu - Sabae - Fukui - Awaraonsen - Kagaonsen - Komatsu - - Kanazawa 485 series EMUs Green: Green car White: Standard class car O: Observation seats R: Reserved seats NR: Non-reserved seats No smoking accommodation 6 carsWomen-only seats are available in Car 3. The Raichō service was first introduced on 25 December 1964 as a limited express operating between Osaka and Toyama. From 11 March 1989, Super Raichō services were introduced, operating between Kobe/Osaka and Toyama/Wakura Onsen.

From the start of the 20 April 1995 timetable revision, new 681 series EMUs were introduced on Osaka to Toyama services, named Super Raichō. These became Thunderbird from March 1997. JR West introduced a "women-only" section in the reserved-seating cars of Raichō and Thunderbird trains from October 2007 following the rape of a female passenger by a man in a train toilet while travelling on a Thunderbird service in August 2006; the last remaining Raichō service was discontinued from the start of the 12 March 2011 timetable revision, with all trains subsequently using the Thunderbird name

Mount Miller

Mount Miller is an isolated peak of the Saint Elias Mountains in Alaska, United States. It is notable for its position among spectacular icefields, its distance from any inhabited place, its large rise above local terrain, it is over 65 miles from McCarthy, the nearest habitation, over 105 miles away from Yakutat, the nearest significant town. Exemplifying the size of the mountain, the south flank rises 9000 feet above the Duktoth River valley to the south in 9 horizontal miles. Mount Miller is the high point of the east-west trending Barkley Ridge, located on the south side of the Bagley Icefield, one of the largest icefields in North America; the Bering Glacier flows from the Bagley Icefield at the western end of the ridge, while the southeast slopes of the ridge head the Yahtse Glacier. The only side of the ridge, not glaciated is the south side, where the Robinson Mountains lie between Barkley Ridge and the Gulf of Alaska. Since Mount Miller is so isolated, is not of extraordinary absolute elevation by Alaskan standards, it was not climbed until recently.

The first ascent of the peak was made in 1996 by Charlie Sassara, Ruedi Homberger, Reto Ruesh, Paul Claus, Carlos Buhler, via the West Ridge. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of mountain peaks of Alaska List of Ultras of the United States Mount Miller on Topozone Mount Miller on "Mount Miller, Alaska" on Peakbagger Mount Miller photo: Flickr