In Greek mythology, Tyndareus was a Spartan king. Tyndareus was the son of Gorgophone, he married the Aetolian princess, Leda by whom he became the father of Castor, Timandra and Philonoe, the stepfather of Helen of Troy and Pollux. Tyndareus had a brother named Hippocoon, who seized exiled Tyndareus, he was reinstated by Heracles, who killed his sons. Tyndareus' other brother was the father of Penelope. Tyndareus' wife Leda was seduced by Zeus, she laid two eggs. When Thyestes seized control in Mycenae, two exiled princes and Menelaus came to Sparta, where they were received as guests and lived for a number of years; the princes married Tyndareus' daughters and Helen respectively. According to Steischorus, while sacrificing to the gods Tyndareus forgot to honor Aphrodite and thus the goddess was angered and made his daughters twice and thrice wed and deserters of their husbands; as what Hesiod says: Helen was the most beautiful woman in the world, when it was time for her to marry, many Greek kings and princes came to seek her hand or sent emissaries to do so on their behalf.
Among the contenders were Odysseus, Ajax the Great, Diomedes and both Menelaus and Agamemnon. All but Odysseus brought rich gifts with them. Helen's favourite was Menelaus who, according to some sources, did not come in person but was represented by his brother Agamemnon, who chose to support his brother's case, himself married Helen's half-sister Clytemnestra instead. Tyndareus would accept none of the gifts, nor would he send any of the suitors away for fear of offending them and giving grounds for a quarrel. Odysseus promised to solve the problem in a satisfactory manner if Tyndareus would support him in his courting of Penelope, the daughter of Icarius. Tyndareus agreed and Odysseus proposed that, before the decision was made, all the suitors should swear a most solemn oath to defend the chosen husband against whoever should quarrel with the chosen one; this stratagem succeeded and Helen and Menelaus were married. Tyndareus resigned in favour of his son-in-law and Menelaus became king; some years Paris, a Trojan prince came to Sparta to marry Helen, whom he had been promised by Aphrodite.
Helen left with him – either willingly because she had fallen in love with him, or because he kidnapped her, depending on the source – leaving behind Menelaus and Hermione, their nine-year-old daughter. Menelaus attempted to retrieve Helen by calling on all her former suitors to fulfil their oaths, leading to the Trojan War. According to Euripides's Orestes, Tyndareus was still alive at the time of Menelaus’ return, was trying to secure the death penalty for his grandson Orestes due to the latter's murder of his own mother, Tyndareus’ daughter, but according to other accounts he had died prior to the Trojan War. In some versions of the myth, Tyndareus was one of the dead men resurrected by Asclepius to live again
Rupert Alexander Lloyd Grint is an English actor and producer. He rose to prominence for his portrayal of Ron Weasley, one of the three main characters in the Harry Potter film series. Grint was cast as Ron at the age of 11, having acted only in school plays and at his local theatre group. From 2001 to 2011, he starred in all eight Harry Potter films. Beginning in 2002, Grint began to work outside of the Harry Potter franchise, playing a co-leading role in Thunderpants, he has had starring roles in Driving Lessons, a dramedy released in 2006, Cherrybomb, a drama film of limited release in 2010. Grint co-starred with Emily Blunt in Wild Target, a comedy, his first film project following the end of the Harry Potter series was the 2012 anti-war film, Into the White, in which he has a supporting role. In 2013, Grint's new film CBGB was released and he was cast in CBS's new show Super Clyde. Grint made his stage debut in Jez Butterworth's Mojo in October 2013 at the Harold Pinter Theatre in London. In 2014 he voiced the character of Josh in Postman Pat: The Movie, in 2017, he starred in and was executive producer of the television series Snatch, based on the film of the same name.
Grint was born in Harlow, England, to Nigel Grint, a dealer in racing memorabilia, Joanne Grint. Grint is the eldest of five siblings, the others being James, Georgina and Charlotte, he has stated. He attended Richard Hale School, in Hertford. While in school, Grint took an avid interest in theatre, he started performing in school productions and joined the Top Hat Stage and Screen School, a local theatre group that cast him as a fish in Noah's Ark and a donkey in another nativity play. He continued. However, Grint had never acted professionally before the Harry Potter series. At the age of 16, he left school to focus on his acting career. "I didn't like school that much," he commented. Starting in 2000, casting began for the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, the best-selling novel written by author J. K. Rowling. Rowling insisted that the cast be British and assisted Susie Figgis and director Chris Columbus in casting the roles. Grint chose to audition for the role of protagonist Ron Weasley, one of Harry Potter's best friends at Hogwarts, was a fan of the book series.
Having seen a Newsround report about the open casting, he sent in a video of himself rapping about how he wished to receive the role. His attempt was successful. On 8 August 2000, Daniel Radcliffe, Emma Watson, an 11-year-old Grint were selected to play the roles of Harry, Hermione Granger, Ron, respectively. Grint is the oldest member of the trio; the release of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in 2001 was Grint's debut screen performance. Breaking records for opening-day sales and opening-weekend takings, it was the highest-grossing film of that year. With a total of US$974 million in its theatrical run, Philosopher's Stone stands as the second most commercially successful entry in the series, it was critically well-received, scoring positive reviews from critics. However, a number of critics found the adaption staying faithful to the book to be both its best and worst quality. Grint won a Satellite Award in the category of "Outstanding New Talent", a Young Artist Award for "Most Promising Young Newcomer".
A year Grint again starred as Ron in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the second instalment of the series. The film opened to positive reviews and critics enjoyed the lead actors' performances. Both Los Angeles Times and New York Magazine observed that Grint and his peers had matured between films, with the latter pointing out that Grint had become "more proficient" and said they missed "the amateurish ardour" the actor and Watson carried in Philosopher's Stone. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was released on 31 May in the UK; the film sees all three of its lead characters hover on the brink of adolescence, "and while they look braver and more capable than before, the dangers they face seem far more grave and their own vulnerability more intense." Academy Award-nominee Alfonso Cuarón took over direction for Prisoner of Azkaban which remains the lowest-grossing Harry Potter film with US$795 million in revenue. Nonetheless it was the second highest-grossing movie of 2004 behind Shrek 2.
In 2005, Grint reprised his role for the fourth film in the series – Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. The adaptation, unlike previous films, included more humour. In a 2005 interview with IGN, all three lead actors singled out the humour as being a reason for the film's success; this project was directed by Mike Newell. According to the actor, the director was "really loud and not afraid to swear at you, but he was cool." Goblet of Fire stands as one of the best reviewed instalments within the series, is noted for the maturity and sophistication of its characters and more complex plotline and performances of the lead actors. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, the fifth film in the Harry Potter franchise, was released to cinemas in 2007. A huge financial success, Order of the Phoenix set a record worldwide opening-weekend gross of US$394 million, superseding Spider-Man 3 as the title holder; this entry was directed by a new filmmaker, David Yates, who would continue to direct all of the following movies.
Grint helped keep the material fresh. As the fame of the actor and the series continued, Gri
Cockle Creek Smelter was a zinc and lead smelter located at the northern end of Lake Macquarie near Boolaroo in Newcastle, New South Wales. The smelter was built in by the Sulphide Corporation in 1896 and the first attempts to refine zinc using the Ashcroft Process began in 1897 but that process was abandoned shortly after due to technical difficulties; the plant was subsequently adapted to smelt Lead using blast furnace technology. The smelter produced large quantities of Zinc and sulphuric acid during its life; the Cockle Creek Smelter was one of the Hunter regions first major industrial site and its operation contributed to the economic growth of New South Wales and Australia. Other materials were produced at the smelter to fill the need as required such as Cement and compounds for explosive manufacture for the war effort in World War I and World War II. A rail connection was made from the plant to the Newcastle line on 16 July 1896; the smelter closed in September 2003. The operation of the Pasminco smelter for over a century resulted in soil contamination of surrounding areas such as Boolaroo and Speers Point by lead and other heavy metals.
During the last decades of its operation local opposition to the pollution produced by its activities began to develop but was stymied by skillful public relations which emphasized the economic benefits which accrued to the local community. Following cessation of its operations due to insolvency and appointment of the insolvency practitioner Ferrier Hodgson as voluntary administrator in September 2001 under the Corporations Act 2001 there was environmental remediation of the site of smelter and nearby properties with some buyouts and teardowns; this partial cleanup was signed off on by the state government which in 2008 released Pasminco from a 1995 requirement that adjoining properties with lead levels above 600 parts per million be remediated, substituting a much less stringent "lead abatement strategy". Much of the soil in the surrounding area remains hazardous waste and could not be deposited in a local tip. Pasminco was restructured in 2002 by its voluntary administrator, as Zinifex. Zinifex was merged into OZ Minerals purchased by the Chinese state-owned China Minmetals, which with Australian participation, formed Minerals and Metals Group.
The successor in interest to Pasminco has been able to avoid continuing legal liability by virtue of skillful legal structuring of the transaction transferring the interest. As of 2014 a total of $670 million remained in the hands of Ferrier Hodgson, Pasminco's administrator which, on the basis of completion of the cleanup, is slated to be paid to its creditors. Newcastle Industrial Heritage Association - "The Sulphide" Newcastle Industrial Heritage Association - "Pasminco Smelter"