Type 3 heavy machine gun

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Type 3 machine gun
Type 3 Taisho 14 heavy machine gun.jpg
Type 3 (Taishō 14) heavy machine gun. Musée de l'Armée, Paris
TypeHeavy machine gun
Place of originEmpire of Japan
Service history
In service1914–1945
Used bySee Users
WarsSecond Sino-Japanese War
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
Korean War
Production history
DesignerKijiro Nambu
VariantsModelo 1920
Mass55 kg (121 lb 4 oz)
Length119.8 cm (3 ft 11.2 in)
Barrel length737 mm (2 ft 5 in)

Cartridge6.5x50mm Arisaka
7×57mm Mauser
Rate of fire400-450 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity740 m/s (2,400 ft/s)
Maximum firing range4 km (2.5 mi)
Feed system30 round Hotchkiss-style feed strip

The Type 3 heavy machine gun (三年式重機関銃, San-nen-shiki juu-kikanjuu), also known as the Taishō 14 machine gun,[1] was a Japanese air-cooled heavy machine gun.


The Type 3 heavy machine gun was based on the design of the Hotchkiss M1914. Although the Hotchkiss used 8mm cartridges, from 1914 Japan produced the Type 3 under license from Hotchkiss using the 6.5x50mm Arisaka ammunition.[2]

A Type 3 on a makeshift anti-aerial tripod

It used an ammo strip for loading rounds, its tripod could be used as an anti-aircraft mounting, and special anti-aircraft sights were provided.



  1. ^ Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns David Miller p.478
  2. ^ Musée de l'Armée, Paris
  3. ^ Legendre, Jean-François (July 2009). "Feed Strips for Japanese MGs". Small Arms Review. Vol. 12 no. 10.
  4. ^ Chinese Warlord Armies 1911-30 by Philip Jowett, page 22.
  5. ^ Jowett 2004, p. 86.
  6. ^ http://modernfirearms.net/machine/jap/type-03-type-92-e.html
  7. ^ Kinard, Jeff. "Machine guns". In Tucker, Spencer C.; Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 1. A-L (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-85109-849-1.
  8. ^ Jowett, Philip S. (2004). Rays of the rising sun : armed forces of Japan's Asian allies, 1931-45. 1, China & Manchukuo. Helion. p. 15. ISBN 9781906033781.

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