Israel Defense Forces
The Israel Defense Forces known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, navy, it is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi; the IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence, 1951–1956 Retribution operations, 1956 Sinai War, 1964–1967 War over Water, 1967 Six-Day War, 1967–1970 War of Attrition, 1968 Battle of Karameh, 1973 Operation Spring of Youth, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1976 Operation Entebbe, 1978 Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict, 1987–1993 First Intifada, 2000–2005 Second Intifada, 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, 2006 Lebanon War, 2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead, 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, 2014 Operation Protective Edge.
According to GlobalSecurity.org, the number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world. While the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon and Syria in the north and Iraq in the east, Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada; the Israel Defense Forces is somewhat unique in its inclusion of mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been designed to match Israel's unique security situation; the IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education; the IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tank, Achzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, the Galil and Tavor assault rifles.
The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Since 1967, the IDF has had close military relations with the United States, including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, the Arrow missile defense system; the Israel Defense Forces are believed to have had an operational nuclear weapons capability since 1967 possessing between 80 and 400 nuclear weapons, with delivery systems forming a nuclear triad, of plane launched-missiles, Jericho III intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine launched cruise missiles. The Israeli cabinet ratified the name "Israel Defense Forces", Tzva HaHagana LeYisra'el "army for the defense of Israel," on 26 May 1948; the other main contender was Tzva Yisra'el. The name was chosen because it conveyed the idea that the army's role was defense, because it incorporated the name Haganah, the pre-state defensive organization upon which the new army was based.
Among the primary opponents of the name were Minister Haim-Moshe Shapira and the Hatzohar party, both in favor of Tzva Yisra'el. The IDF traces its roots to Jewish paramilitary organizations in the New Yishuv, starting with the Second Aliyah; the first such organization was Bar-Giora, founded in September 1907. Bar-Giora was transformed into Hashomer in April 1909, which operated until the British Mandate of Palestine came into being in 1920. Hashomer was an elitist organization with narrow scope, was created to protect against criminal gangs seeking to steal property; the Zion Mule Corps and the Jewish Legion, both part of the British Army of World War I, would further bolster the Yishuv with military experience and manpower, forming the basis for paramilitary forces. After the 1920 Palestine riots against Jews in April 1920, the Yishuv leadership realised the need for a nationwide underground defense organization, the Haganah was founded in June of the same year; the Haganah became a full-scale defense force after the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine with an organized structure, consisting of three main units—the Field Corps, Guard Corps, the Palmach.
During World War II, the Yishuv participated in the British war effort, culminating in the formation of the Jewish Brigade. These would form the backbone of the Israel Defense Forces, provide it with its initial manpower and doctrine. Following Israel's Declaration of Independence, Prime Minister and Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion issued an order for the formation of the Israel Defense Forces on 26 May 1948. Although Ben-Gurion had no legal authority to issue such an order, the order was made legal by the cabinet on 31 May; the same order called for the disbandment of all other Jewish armed forces. The two other Jewish underground organizations and Lehi, agreed to join the IDF if they would be able to form independent units and agreed not to make independent arms purchase
Slovenia the Republic of Slovenia, is a sovereign state located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, it has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, of NATO; the capital and largest city is Ljubljana. Slovenia has a mountainous terrain with a continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral, which has a sub-Mediterranean climate, of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia; the country, marked by a significant biological diversity, is one of the most water-rich in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, significant karst underground watercourses.
Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The human settlement of Slovenia is uneven. Slovenia has been the crossroads of Slavic and Romance languages and cultures. Although the population is not homogeneous, Slovenes comprise the majority; the South Slavic language Slovene is the official language throughout the country. Slovenia is a secularized country, but Catholicism and Lutheranism have influenced its culture and identity; the economy of Slovenia is small and export-oriented and has been influenced by international conditions. It has been hurt by the Eurozone crisis which started in 2009; the main economic field is services, followed by construction. The current territory of Slovenia has formed part of many different states, including the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Republic of Venice, the French-administered Illyrian Provinces of Napoleon I, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. In October 1918 the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the State of Slovenes and Serbs.
In December 1918 they merged with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. During World War II Germany and Hungary occupied and annexed Slovenia, with a tiny area transferred to the Independent State of Croatia, a Nazi puppet state. In 1945 Slovenia became a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, renamed in 1963 as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In the first years after World War II this state was allied with the Eastern Bloc, but it never subscribed to the Warsaw Pact and in 1961 became one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement. In June 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia became the first republic that split from Yugoslavia and became an independent country. In 2004, it entered the European Union. Slovenia's name means the "Land of the Slavs" in Slovene and other South Slavic languages; the etymology of Slav itself remains uncertain. The reconstructed autonym *Slověninъ is derived from the word slovo denoting "people who speak," i. e. people who understand each other.
This is in contrast to the Slavic word denoting German people, namely *němьcь, meaning "silent, mute people". The word slovo and the related slava and slukh originate from the Proto-Indo-European root *ḱlew-, cognate with Ancient Greek κλέος, as in the name Pericles, Latin clueo, English loud; the modern Slovene state originates from the Slovene National Liberation Committee held on 19 February 1944. They named the state as Federal Slovenia, a unit within the Yugoslav federation. On 20 February 1946, Federal Slovenia was renamed the People's Republic of Slovenia, it retained this name until 9 April 1963, when its name was changed again, this time to Socialist Republic of Slovenia. On 8 March 1990, SR Slovenia removed the prefix "Socialist" from its name, becoming the Republic of Slovenia. Present-day Slovenia has been inhabited since prehistoric times. There is evidence of human habitation from around 250,000 years ago. A pierced cave bear bone, dating from 43100 ± 700 BP, found in 1995 in Divje Babe cave near Cerkno, is considered a kind of flute, the oldest musical instrument discovered in the world.
In the 1920s and 1930s, artifacts belonging to the Cro-Magnon, such as pierced bones, bone points, a needle were found by archaeologist Srečko Brodar in Potok Cave. In 2002, remains of pile dwellings over 4,500 years old were discovered in the Ljubljana Marshes, now protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Ljubljana Marshes Wooden Wheel, the oldest wooden wheel in the world, it shows that wooden wheels appeared simultaneously in Mesopotamia and Europe. In the transition period between the Bronze age to the Iron age, the Urnfield culture flourished. Archaeological remains dating from the Hallstatt period have been found in southeastern Slovenia, among them a number of situl
Elena Alexandrovna Likhovtseva is a Russian former tennis player. She turned professional in January 1992, at the age of 16. Together with Mahesh Bhupathi she won the Wimbledon mixed-doubles championship in 2002, the Australian Open mixed-doubles championship with Daniel Nestor in 2007, she was runner-up in a number of other contests, including the Australian Open women's doubles event in 2004, French Open women's doubles in 2004 and mixed doubles in 2003, the 2000 and 2004 US Open women's doubles. In the 2004 Summer Olympics, she won the first round of the women's doubles competition with partner Svetlana Kuznetsova, but was defeated in the second. Steffi Graf 0–3 Dominique Monami 5–5 Kim Clijsters 1–3 Justine Henin 0–3 Serena Williams 1–4 Lindsay Davenport 0–10 Martina Hingis 0–8 Venus Williams 0–9 Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–5 Nadia Petrova 3–4 Dinara Safina 1–1 1–3 Elena Likhovtseva at the Women's Tennis Association Elena Likhovtseva at the International Tennis Federation Elena Likhovtseva at the Fed Cup
Jamea Jackson is an American former Women's Tennis Association player and current United States Tennis Association coach. She reached a singles ranking of 45 in the world at the end of 2006. Jackson was born in Atlanta and attended the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy in Bradenton, Florida, she was announced as the Assistant Coach of the Oklahoma State University Women's Tennis Team in August 2009. In 2010 and 2011, Jackson coached the USTA collegiate team. In July 2013, Jackson joined the USTA staff in Boca Raton, Florida as a National Coach for Women's Tennis, she won two ITF Women's Circuit singles titles. The first was a $10,000 hard-court event in 2003 in Texas; the second was a $50,000 hard-court event in 2004 in Arizona. She began her tennis career on the ITF Junior Circuit where, in 2003, was ranked in the top 20 in the world in both singles and doubles, she competed the next few years on the ITF Women's Circuit. In 2004, began playing more WTA events and began a full schedule in 2005, when she cracked the top 100 in the world.
In 2006, Jamea had her best year of her career. Jackson is the first tennis player to use the instant replay system in a tour level match, challenging a call in her first round win at the 2006 Nasdaq 100 Open in Miami, against compatriot Ashley Harkleroad; the call ended up being wrong, Harkleroad challenged in the match, becoming the first person to challenge. Jackson ended up winning in a battle 7–5, 6–7, 7–5, she led the United States Fed Cup team to a victory over Germany that same year. She won both her matches to notch the win for the U. S, she defeated Anna-Lena Martina Müller to guide the USA into the next round. Jackson reached her first WTA Tour final on June 17, 2006 when she beat both Jelena Janković and Maria Sharapova in Birmingham on grass. However, she was defeated by Vera Zvonareva in the final match of the DFS Classic in a tight two-setter. At the tailend of 2006 and her short 2007 seasons, Jamea suffered a recurring hip injury requiring surgery. In April 2008, after 8 months away from the tour, she came back at a $75,000 ITF event in Dothan, Alabama.
She won 6 consecutive matches, 3 in qualifying and 3 in the main draw before giving a walkover to Bethanie Mattek-Sands. She did not play her next event until the U. S. Open Series, where she scored an upset win over Marion Bartoli, she played her final match at the 2008 US Open, losing to seed Alyona Bondarenko losing 2–6, 6–3, 6–2. She retired from pro tennis on August 24, 2009 due to her recurring hip injury, as well as her coaching position at Oklahoma State University. A = did not participate in the tournament. Jamea started playing tennis at age 8, her father, played in the NFL as cornerback for the New Orleans Saints, the Atlanta Falcons, the Detroit Lions. Her mother, wrote Flying High: Diary of a Flight Attendant, based on her flight attendant career that lasted over 30 years, she has Jarryd Jackson. Jamea was hired as assistant coach at Oklahoma State University with her real emphasis on mentoring the players, as well as recruiting. In 2014, Jamea graduated from Oklahoma State with a B.
A. in University Studies and a minor in Psychology. Jamea Jackson at the Women's Tennis Association Jamea Jackson at the International Tennis Federation Jamea Jackson at the Fed Cup
Istanbul known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic and historic center. Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea, its commercial and historical center lies on the European side and about a third of its population lives in suburbs on the Asian side of the Bosporus. With a total population of around 15 million residents in its metropolitan area, Istanbul is one of the world's most populous cities, ranking as the world's fourth largest city proper and the largest European city; the city is the administrative center of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Istanbul is viewed as a bridge between the West. Founded under the name of Byzantion on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BCE, the city grew in size and influence, becoming one of the most important cities in history. After its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 CE, it served as an imperial capital for 16 centuries, during the Roman/Byzantine, Palaiologos Byzantine and Ottoman empires.
It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 CE and transformed it into an Islamic stronghold and the seat of the Ottoman Caliphate. The city's strategic position on the historic Silk Road, rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean have produced a cosmopolitan populace. While Ankara was chosen instead as the new Turkish capital after the Turkish War of Independence, the city's name was changed to Istanbul, the city has maintained its prominence in geopolitical and cultural affairs; the population of the city has increased tenfold since the 1950s, as migrants from across Anatolia have moved in and city limits have expanded to accommodate them. Arts, music and cultural festivals were established towards the end of the 20th century and continue to be hosted by the city today. Infrastructure improvements have produced a complex transportation network in the city.
12.56 million foreign visitors arrived in Istanbul in 2015, five years after it was named a European Capital of Culture, making the city the world's fifth most popular tourist destination. The city's biggest attraction is its historic center listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, its cultural and entertainment hub is across the city's natural harbor, the Golden Horn, in the Beyoğlu district. Considered a global city, Istanbul has one of the fastest-growing metropolitan economies in the world, it hosts the headquarters of many Turkish companies and media outlets and accounts for more than a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. Hoping to capitalize on its revitalization and rapid expansion, Istanbul has bid for the Summer Olympics five times in twenty years; the first known name of the city is Byzantium, the name given to it at its foundation by Megarean colonists around 660 BCE. The name is thought to be derived from Byzas. Ancient Greek tradition refers to a legendary king of that name as the leader of the Greek colonists.
Modern scholars have hypothesized that the name of Byzas was of local Thracian or Illyrian origin and hence predated the Megarean settlement. After Constantine the Great made it the new eastern capital of the Roman Empire in 330 CE, the city became known as Constantinople, which, as the Latinized form of "Κωνσταντινούπολις", means the "City of Constantine", he attempted to promote the name "Nova Roma" and its Greek version "Νέα Ῥώμη" Nea Romē, but this did not enter widespread usage. Constantinople remained the most common name for the city in the West until the establishment of the Turkish Republic, which urged other countries to use Istanbul. Kostantiniyye and Be Makam-e Qonstantiniyyah al-Mahmiyyah and İstanbul were the names used alternatively by the Ottomans during their rule; the use of Constantinople to refer to the city during the Ottoman period is now considered politically incorrect if not inaccurate, by Turks. By the 19th century, the city had acquired other names used by Turks. Europeans used Constantinople to refer to the whole of the city, but used the name Stamboul—as the Turks did—to describe the walled peninsula between the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara.
Pera was used to describe the area between the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus, but Turks used the name Beyoğlu. The name İstanbul is held to derive from the Medieval Greek phrase "εἰς τὴν Πόλιν", which means "to the city" and is how Constantinople was referred to by the local Greeks; this reflected its status as the only major city in the vicinity. The importance of Constantinople in the Ottoman world was reflected by its Ottoman name'Der Saadet' meaning the'gate to Prosperity' in Ottoman. An alternative view is that the name evolved directly from the name Constantinople, with the first and third syllables dropped. A Turkish folk etymology traces the name to Islam bol "plenty of Islam" because the city was called Islambol or Islambul as the capital of the Islamic Ottoman Empire, it is first attested shortly after the conquest
Li Na is a retired Chinese professional tennis player, who achieved a career-high WTA-ranking of world No. 2 on 17 February 2014. Over the course of her career, Li won nine WTA singles titles including two Grand Slam singles titles at the 2011 French Open and 2014 Australian Open. Li's rise to prominence came after those victories, which made her the first Grand Slam singles champion from Asia. Prior to this, she was the first player representing an Asian country to appear in a Grand Slam singles final, a milestone she achieved at the 2011 Australian Open. Li was the runner-up at the 2013 Australian Open and 2013 WTA Tour Championships, a three-time quarterfinalist at Wimbledon and a semifinalist at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and 2013 US Open. Among her other most notable accolades, she was the first Chinese player to win a WTA tour title at the Guangzhou International Women's Open in 2004, the first to reach a Grand Slam singles quarterfinal at the 2006 Wimbledon Championships, the first to break into the world's top 10.
Her feats have sparked a major population growth of tennis players in East Asia, earning her the reputation as the region's tennis pioneer and trailblazer. Li retired from professional tennis on 19 September 2014. Li Na was born on 26 February 1982 in Wuhan, China, her mother is Li Yanping. He died from a rare cardiovascular disease, her mother didn't tell Li Na that her father had died for many weeks, thinking it would affect her game. At age six, Li followed her father's footsteps and started playing badminton, which honed her reflexes. Just before she turned eight, Li was persuaded to switch to tennis by coach Xia Xiyao of the Wuhan youth tennis club, her instructors taught tennis through negative reinforcement, which affected Li's confidence in years. Li joined China's National Tennis Team in 1997; the following year, Li, sponsored by Nike, went to John Newcombe Academy in Texas to study tennis. She returned to China. Growing up, her favourite tennis player was Andre Agassi, she turned professional in 1999 at the age of sixteen.
At the end of 2002, Li left the national tennis team to study part-time at Huazhong University of Science and Technology, where she completed her bachelor's degree in journalism in 2009. The Chinese media cited various reasons for this; some reported that the relationship between her and her teammate and future husband, Jiang Shan, was opposed by the national team's management, some reported that her coach, Yu Liqiao, was too strict and demanding, while other reports claimed that her request for a personal coach did not go through. However, some regarded; the New York Times reported that one of the reasons was that a team leader wanted her to play through by taking hormone medicine as Li struggled with her performance due to hormone imbalance. Li returned to the national team in 2004. Jiang Shan married Li on 27 January 2006, became her personal coach. Li quit the national team as well as the state-run sports system in 2008 under an experimental reform policy for tennis players; this change was called "Fly Solo" by Chinese media.
As a result, Li had the freedom to hire her own coaching staff and she would be responsible for the cost of training and coaching and tour expense. She could keep more of her winnings, with only 8 percent of her winnings going to the Chinese Tennis Association development fund as opposed to 65 percent previously. In the summer of 2012, the requirement of contribution to the Chinese tennis development fund was lifted and Li kept all her prize money. On 5 June 2016, Li Na was commissioned by Special Olympics as a Global Ambassador. On 19 January 2015, Li Na announced that her husband were expecting their first child, she gave birth to her daughter Alisa on 3 June 2015, a day out from the 4th anniversary of her French Open win. Li turned professional in 1999, won three of the first four singles tournaments she entered on the ITF Circuit, two at Shenzhen and one at Westende, Belgium, she won all of her first seven ITF doubles tournaments she entered. In 2000, she won 52 singles matches on the ITF circuit, more than any other player, notching another eight tournament titles, including one at the $50,000 level, two at $25,000, a run of four $10,000 tournament wins in March and April.
Notable individual victories in the course of the year included wins over Flavia Pennetta, Emmanuelle Gagliardi, Maria Elena Camerin, Tamarine Tanasugarn and Yayuk Basuki. In June, after Li's world ranking had risen to No. 136 on the strength of her ITF performances alone, she gained direct entry into her first WTA Tour event at Tashkent. Despite winning the first set, Li lost her first WTA singles match to Anna Zaporozhanova in three sets, but she captured the women's doubles title at Tashkent with Li Ting against Zaporozhanova and Iroda Tulyaganova. By the end of 2000, Li had won four WTA singles matches, this brought her cumulative ITF singles title count up to 11; that year, she won seven more ITF doubles events, 6 of them with Li Ting. Li was absent from the tour in 2001, she won two further $25,000 ITF singles tournaments, defeating Roberta Vinci in the final at Ho Chi Minh City and Liu Nannan in the final at Guangzhou in July, but played only one further match for the rest of the year, leading her ranking to fall to no. 303 by the year's close.
She won her 15th career ITF doubles tournament at Hangzhou in March. In 2002, she came through qualifying to win her first $75,000 singles tournament at Midland, USA in February, defeating Laura Granville, Tatiana Perebiynis
Shahar Pe'er is an Israeli retired professional tennis player. Pe'er won five singles and three doubles titles on the WTA tour, as well as four singles and three doubles titles on the ITF tour in her career, she reached her best singles ranking of world number 11, the highest of any Israeli tennis player in history, in January 2011. She peaked at world number 14 in the doubles rankings in May 2008. Pe'er is regarded as the most successful Israeli female tennis player in history, having twice reached a Grand Slam quarterfinal in singles and appeared in the doubles final of the 2008 Australian Open, with Victoria Azarenka of Belarus, she won her first senior national title at the age of 14, won the Junior Girls’ Australian Open title when she was 16. Playing for Israel at the Fed Cup, Pe'er has a win-loss record of 39–28, she represented Israel in two Olympics. Pe'er was born in Jerusalem, is Jewish. Pe'er's father, was born in South Africa in 1955 and emigrated to Israel in 1961, her paternal grandfather Solly had volunteered as a medic in Israel after the 1948 War of Independence.
She began playing tennis at the age of six when she joined her brother Shlomi and her sister Shani in tennis lessons. When Shahar was one and her family moved to Maccabim, Israel. At the age of 19, Pe'er was conscripted into the Israel Defense Forces; when not abroad participating in tennis tournaments, she spent her mornings working as an administrative secretary for the IDF, her afternoons practicing tennis. Pe'er began playing tennis competitively, her first tournament win was in the doubles event with partner Nicole Vaidišová at the Eddie Herr International tournament when she was 12. She reached the singles final at that tournament. In 2001, Pe'er won the Nike Junior Tour International Masters tennis tournament and the Israeli women's tennis championship, she won her age category at the Junior Orange Bowl. In 2002, Pe'er won in singles at the Bat Yam International and in doubles at the Haifa International, she won the Aamata Cup in Thailand in March 2003. Pe'er's first major victory came at the 2004 Australian Open, where she won the Juniors' Championship.
She beat her former partner Vaidišová in the final, became the first Israeli woman to win a junior Grand Slam title since Anna Smashnova won the French Open girls' singles title in 1990. Pe'er turned professional in 2004, a year during which she played both the ITF Circuit and the WTA Tour. In 2005, Pe'er first played the main draw of a Grand Slam event, reaching the third round in both the French Open and the US Open. Pe'er finished. In January 2006 in Canberra, she lost a marathon semifinal match against Spain's Anabel Medina Garrigues that lasted 3 hours and 45 minutes. At the time it was one of the ten longest matches in WTA tour history. In May 2006 she beat world no. 15 Anna-Lena Grönefeld of Germany in the semifinals and upset world no. 2 Anastasia Myskina of Russia, to win in the finals of a level III event in Turkey. At the 2006 French Open, Pe'er defeated world no. 8 Elena Dementieva of Russia in the round of 32, but lost to Martina Hingis, in their fourth-round match. Pe'er reached the fourth round of the 2006 US Open, defeating world no. 15 Francesca Schiavone of Italy, but fell to Justine Henin Hardenne.
Pe'er finished 2006 ranked 20th in the world, after winning her first three WTA singles titles that year in Pattaya and Istanbul. At the 2007 Australian Open, Pe'er made history by becoming the first Israeli woman to reach the quarterfinals of a Grand Slam event. In the 4th round she defeated world no. 4 Svetlana Kuznetsova, but was defeated in her quarterfinal match against eventual champion Serena Williams. In March 2007 at Indian Wells, she defeated world no. 11 Anna Chakvetadze of Russia before losing in the quarterfinals to eventual winner Daniela Hantuchová. The following month at the Miami Masters, Pe'er made it to her first Tier 1 tournament semifinals before losing to eventual champion Serena Williams. At the 2007 Rome Masters, Pe'er was defeated in the third round, again by Serena Williams, it was her fourth career loss to Williams, the third in 2007. After beating Kuznetsova twice earlier in 2007, she met Kuznetsova for the third time in the fourth round of the French Open and lost.
Pe'er's impressive year soured with a disappointing appearance in Wimbledon in early July, where she lost in the third round to eventual runner-up Marion Bartoli. This was followed by three tournaments in California in which Pe'er was seeded, but was ousted by an unseeded player in either the first or second round. In late August, at the Rogers Cup in Toronto, Pe'er managed to pass the first two rounds, only to be ousted again by unseeded Virginie Razzano. Pe'er went into the 2007 US Open seeded suffering from a chest injury, she beat Americans Meilen Tu and Bethanie Mattek, world No. 15 Czech Nicole Vaidišová, Agnieszka Radwańska from Poland to reach her first U. S Open and second Grand Slam quarterfinals. In the quarterfinals she lost in straight sets to world No. 6 Anna Chakvetadze. Following her successful appearance at the U. S. Open, Pe'er lost in the second round at Luxembourg and at Stuttgart and fell in the quarterfinals of a Tier III event in Bangkok, her return to center stage at the Zurich Open was again cut short with a first round loss.
Finishing as a doubles runner-up in Luxembourg helped Pe'er achieve a career-high doubles ranking of 25 on October 1. Pe'er finished. At the 2008 Australian Open, Pe'er was seeded No. 1