Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant was an American soldier and international statesman, who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877. During the American Civil War Grant led the Union Army as its commanding general to victory over the Confederacy with the supervision of President Abraham Lincoln. During the Reconstruction Era, President Grant led the Republicans in their efforts to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery. From early childhood in Ohio, Grant was a skilled equestrian, he served with distinction in the Mexican -- American War. Upon his return, Grant married Julia Dent, together they had four children. In 1854, Grant abruptly resigned from the army, he and his family struggled financially in civilian life for seven years. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Grant joined the Union Army and rose in rank to general. Grant was persistent in his pursuit of the Confederate enemy, winning major battles and gaining Union control of the Mississippi River. In March 1864, President Abraham Lincoln promoted Grant to Lieutenant General, a rank reserved for George Washington.
For over a year Grant's Army of the Potomac fought the Army of Northern Virginia led by Robert E. Lee in the Overland Campaign and at Petersburg. On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, the war ended. On April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated. Grant continued his service under Lincoln's successor President Andrew Johnson and was promoted General of the Army in 1866. Disillusioned by Johnson's conservative approach to Reconstruction, Grant drifted toward the "Radical" Republicans. Elected the youngest 19th Century president in 1868, Grant stabilized the post-war national economy, created the Department of Justice, prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan, he appointed Jewish-Americans to prominent federal offices. In 1871, Grant created the first Civil Service Commission; the Democrats and Liberal Republicans united behind Grant's opponent in the presidential election of 1872, but Grant was handily re-elected. Grant's new Peace Policy for Native Americans had both failures. Grant's administration resolved the Alabama claims and the Virginius Affair, but Congress rejected his Dominican annexation initiative.
Grant's presidency was plagued by numerous public scandals, while the Panic of 1873 plunged the nation into a severe economic depression. After Grant left office in March 1877, he embarked on a two-and-a-half-year world tour that captured favorable global attention for him and the United States. In 1880, Grant was unsuccessful in obtaining the Republican presidential nomination for a third term. In the final year of his life, facing severe investment reversals and dying of throat cancer, he wrote his memoirs, which proved to be a major critical and financial success. At the time of his death, he was memorialized as a symbol of national unity. Historical assessments of Grant's legacy have varied over the years. Historians have hailed Grant's military genius, his strategies are featured in military history textbooks. Stigmatized by multiple scandals, Grant's presidency has traditionally been ranked among the worst. Modern scholars have shown greater appreciation for his achievements that included civil rights enforcement and has raised his historical reputation.
Grant has been regarded as an embattled president who performed a difficult job during Reconstruction. Hiram Ulysses Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio, on April 27, 1822, to Jesse Root Grant, a tanner and merchant, Hannah Grant, his ancestors Matthew and Priscilla Grant arrived aboard the ship Mary and John at Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Grant's great-grandfather fought in the French and Indian War, his grandfather, served in the American Revolution at Bunker Hill. Afterward, Noah married Rachel Kelley, the daughter of an Irish pioneer, their son Jesse was a fervent abolitionist. Jesse Grant found work as a foreman in a tannery, he soon met his future wife and the two were married on June 24, 1821. Ten months Hannah gave birth to their first child, a son. At a family gathering several weeks the boy's name, was drawn from ballots placed in a hat. Wanting to honor his father-in-law, who had suggested Hiram, Jesse declared the boy to be Hiram Ulysses, though he would always refer to him as Ulysses.
In 1823, the family moved to Georgetown, where five more siblings were born: Simpson, Orvil and Mary. At the age of five, Ulysses began his formal education, starting at a subscription school and in two private schools. In the winter of 1836–1837, Grant was a student at Maysville Seminary, in the autumn of 1838, he attended John Rankin's academy. In his youth, Grant developed an unusual ability to manage horses. Since Grant expressed a strong dislike for the tannery his father put his ability with horses to use by giving him work driving wagon loads of supplies and transporting people. Unlike his siblings, Grant was not forced to attend church by his Methodist parents. For the rest of his life, he prayed and never joined any denomination. To others, including late in life, his own son, Grant appeared to be an agnostic, he inherited some of Hannah's Methodist quiet nature. Grant was apolitical before the war but wrote, "If I had had any political sympathies they would have been with the Whigs. I was raised in that school."
Grant's father wrote to Representative Thomas L. Hamer requesting that he nominate Ulysses to the United States
Stephenson County, Illinois
Stephenson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 47,711, its county seat is Freeport. Stephenson County is included in the Freeport, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL Combined Statistical Area; the land that became Stephenson County was first settled by William Waddams in 1832, who founded Waddams Grove. By 1837, population was sufficient to form Stephenson County, taking land from Jo Daviess and Winnebago counties; the county was named for an official of the Illinois Territory. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 565 square miles, of which 565 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. In recent years the average temperatures in the county seat of Freeport, have ranged from a low of 9 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 2009 and a record high of 101 °F was recorded in July 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.33 inches in January to 4.46 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,711 people, 19,845 households, 13,015 families residing in the county; the population density was 84.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 22,081 housing units at an average density of 39.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 86.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.6% were German, 12.5% were Irish, 10.0% were English, 8.0% were American. Of the 19,845 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age was 43.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,304 and the median income for a family was $54,224. Males had a median income of $41,672 versus $29,510 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,608. About 12.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. There are five public high schools and one private high Schools in the county: Public high schools Freeport High 1,254 Lena-Winslow High 299 Dakota High 254 Pearl City High 150 Orangeville High 142Private high school Aquin Catholic High 93 Freeport Dakota Lake Summerset List of counties in Illinois List of Illinois county name etymologies National Register of Historic Places listings in Stephenson County, Illinois Stephenson County Benjamin Stephenson House Restoration Project Stephenson County Historical Society & Museum Freeport/Stephenson County Convention and Visitors Bureau Illinois Ancestors Stephenson Tombstone Project Genealogy Trails for Stephenson County Illinois High School Association – School Enrollments
DuPage County, Illinois
DuPage County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois, one of the collar counties of the Chicago metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 916,924, its county seat is Wheaton. DuPage County has become developed and suburbanized, although some pockets of farmland remain in the county's western and northern parts; the county has a high socioeconomic profile and residents of Hinsdale and Oak Brook include some of the wealthiest people in the Midwest. On the whole, the county enjoys above average median household income levels and low overall poverty levels when compared to the national average. In 2018 Niche ranked two DuPage municipalities amongst the top 20 best places to live in America. DuPage County was formed on February 1839 out of Cook County; the county took its name from the DuPage River, which was, in turn, named after a French fur trapper, DuPage. The first written history to address the name, the 1882 History of DuPage County, Illinois, by Rufus Blanchard, relates: The DuPage River had, from time immemorial, been a stream well known.
It took its name from a French trader who settled on this stream below the fork previous to 1800. Hon. H. W. Blodgett, of Waukegan, informs the writer that J. B. Beaubien had spoken to him of the old Frenchman, Du Page, whose station was on the bank of the river, down toward its mouth, stated that the river took its name from him; the county name must have the same origin. Col Gurden S. Hubbard, who came into the country in 1818, informs the writer that the name DuPage, as applied to the river was universally known, but the trader for whom it was named lived there before his time. Mr. Beaubien says; this was in reply to Mr. Blodgett’s inquiry of him concerning the matter; the first white settler in DuPage County was Bailey Hobson, with Lewis Stewart, built a house in 1831 for the Hobson family at a site about 2 miles south of present-day downtown Naperville. Hobson built a mill to serve surrounding farmers. Today, the Hobson house still stands on Hobson Road in Naperville, the location of the mill is commemorated with a millstone and monument in today’s Pioneer Park.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 336 square miles, of which 327 square miles is land and 8.9 square miles is water. The DuPage River and the Salt Creek flow through DuPage County. According to the Forest Preserve District of DuPage County, the highest point in the county is located at the Mallard Lake Landfill, which at its highest point is 982 feet above mean sea level. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Wheaton have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.56 inches in February to 4.60 inches in August. Counties that are adjacent to DuPage include: Cook County Will County Kendall County Kane County I-55 I-88 I-290 I-294 I-355 US 20 US 34 IL 19 IL 38 IL 53 IL 56 IL 59 IL 64 IL 83 IL 390 DuPage County's population's distribution by race and ethnicity in the 2010 census was as follows: DuPage County has become more diverse.
The population of foreign-born residents increased from about 71,300 in 1990 to 171,000 by 2009 estimates. There were 325,601 households, out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.00% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64 and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females, age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $98,441 and the median income for a family was $113,086. Males had a median income of $60,909 versus $41,346 for females.
The mean or average income for a family in DuPage County is $121,009, according to the 2005 census. The per capita income for the county was $38,458. About 2.40% of families and 3.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.90% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over. DuPage County has several hundred Christian churches. Well-known churches include Community Christian Church of Naperville, College Church of Wheaton, Wheaton Bible Church, First Baptist Church of Wheaton. There is a large Catholic contingency, part of the Diocese of Joliet, a Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Glendale Heights; the Theosophical Society in America in Wheaton, the North American headquarters of the Theosophical Society Adyar, provides lectures and classes on theosophy, yoga and New Age spirituality. Islamic mosques are located in Villa Park, Glendale Heights, Westmont, Bolingbrook, Woodale, West Chicago, unincorporated Glen Ellyn. There are Hindu temples in Bartlett, Bloomingdale, Carol Stream and Medinah, an Arya Samaj center in West Chicago.
There is a Nichiren Shōshū Zen Buddhist temple in West Chicago and a Theravada Buddhist Temple, called the Budd
Addison is a village located in the Chicago Metropolitan Area, in DuPage County, United States. The population was 36,942 at the 2010 census; the community itself was named Dunkley's Grove after the settler Hezekiah Dunklee, was renamed after a town in England or Addison, New York. Adventureland amusement park was located in Addison during the 1970s; the Addison Industrial District was the proposed location for the reconstruction of Comiskey Park in the late 1980s before this was voted down. The Village of Addison lies on a tributary of the Des Plaines River. Addison is located at 41°55′54″N 88°0′8″W. According to the 2010 census, Addison has a total area of 9.98 square miles, of which 9.77 square miles is land and 0.21 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 35,914 people, 11,649 households, 9,097 families residing in the village; the population density was 3,807.6 people per square mile. There were 11,805 housing units at an average density of 1,251.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 75.39% White, 2.51% African American, 0.35% Native American, 7.94% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 11.39% from other races, 2.40% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.40% of the population. There were 11,649 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.9% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.46. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $54,090, the median income for a family was $59,007. Males had a median income of $39,718 versus $27,815 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,201.
9.6% of the population and 7.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.2% of those under the age of 18 and 7.3% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Addison is home to Indian Trail Junior High School; the Elementary schools are: Wesley Elementary, Lake Park Elementary, Fullerton Elementary, Army Trail Elementary, Lincoln Elementary and Stone Elementary. St. Philip the Apostle, a private Catholic school and parish, is located in Addison and serves students from pre-kindergarten through 8th grade. Driscoll Catholic High School was located in Addison before closing in 2009. DeVry University and Chamberlain College of Nursing call Addison home. Another public place in Addison for education is the Addison Public Library, it offers thousands of books to residents, as well as computer privileges and various educational, creative and technical skill classes. According to Addison's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were: Rich Veenstra is the Mayor of Addison.
Other elected officials include Village Trustees Sam Nasti, Harry Theodore, Tom Hundley, Bill Lynch, Cathy Kluczny and Joe McDermott, Village Clerk Lucille Zucchero. The town of Triggiano, Italy is the sister city of Addison. Addison is located in Illinois's 8th congressional district, represented by Raja Krishnamoorthi. In the Illinois Senate it is Representative by Tom Cullerton. In the Illinois House of Representatives it is represented by Christine Winger, Deb Conroy. and Kathleen Willis. Mark Anelli, former tight end for the San Francisco 49ers and St. Louis Rams. Tim Breslin, professional hockey player, he played left wing for the Chicago Wolves. Jim Ellison, founder of the legendary Power Pop band, Material Issue, along with Ted Ansani and Mike Zelenko. Jamie Freveletti, author of the Covert-One series novels The Geneva Strategy. Bobby Hull, Hockey Hall of Fame inductee, he lived in Addison from 1963-1971. George Ireland, men's basketball coach who led the Loyola Ramblers to win the 1963 NCAA championship.
He died in Addison. Kyle Kinane, stand-up comedian and actor, he is a graduate of Addison Trail High School. Hubert J. Loftus and politician Tony Pasquesi, defensive lineman for the Chicago Cardinals from 1955-1957, he was a resident of Addison at the time of his death. Rob Renzetti and creator of My Life as a Teenage Robot, he was raised in Addison. Mike Retondo, bassist for the Plain White T's. Mark Rodenhauser, an American football player who played center for seven NFL teams from 1987 to 1999, he played football at Addison Trail High School. Alexa Scimeca Knierim, pair skater and winner of the 2015 U. S. Figure Skating Championships with her then-fiancé Chris Knierim, she is a graduate of Addison Trail High School. Rocco Sisto, actor best known for playing young Junior Soprano on The Sopranos. Leon Spinks, boxer, he resided in Addison after his retirement from boxing. Lina Trivedi, involved with creation of, she was raised in Addison where she lived for most of her school-age and young-adult life, is a graduate of Addison Trail H
McHenry County, Illinois
McHenry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 308,760, making it the sixth-most populous county in Illinois, its county seat is Woodstock. McHenry County is one of the five collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. Long known as a center of agriculture and recreation, it has more experienced rapid rates of suburbanization and urbanization, but the northern and western portions of the county remain agricultural and rural. McHenry County was formed in 1836 out of LaSalle counties; the county was named for Major William McHenry, a member of the Illinois Militia during Tecumseh's War, a major during the Blackhawk War in 1832, a member of the Illinois House of Representatives and Senate. He died in Vandalia in 1835. McHenry County stretched all the way east to Lake Michigan, with the county seat centrally in McHenry, but in 1839, the eastern townships of the county were carved out to form Lake County.
The Count's House, 3803 Waukegan Rd, McHenry Charles H. Hibbard House, 413 W Grant Hwy, Marengo Col. Gustavus A. Palmer House, 5516 Terra Cotta Rd. Crystal Lake Orson Rogers House, 19621 E Grant Hwy, Marengo Lucein Boneparte Covell House, 5805 Broadway, Richmond Memorial Hall, 10308 Main St, Richmond Old McHenry County Courthouse, Woodstock City Square, Woodstock Woodstock Opera House, 110 Van Buren St, Woodstock Woodstock Square Historic District, Woodstock George Stickney House, 1904 Cherry Valley Rd, Bull Valley Terwilliger House, Mason Hill Rd & Cherry Valley Rd, Bull Valley According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles, of which 603 square miles is land and 7.6 square miles is water. Walworth County, Wisconsin - north Kenosha County, Wisconsin - northeast Lake County - east Cook County - southeast Kane County - south DeKalb County - southwest Boone County - west In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Woodstock have ranged from a low of 11 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 109 °F was recorded in July 1936.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches in February to 4.56 inches in June. McHenry County is like much of the Upper Midwest, as it sees hot, humid summers, cold, snowy winters; the county is notably susceptible to high wind events, severe thunderstorms and flooding. Some of the most notable weather events in the county include the 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1967, the 1967 Belvidere - Oak Lawn tornado outbreak, the Blizzard of 1979, the Flood of 1996, the Blizzard of 1999, the Early Winter 2006 North American Storm Complex, the 2007 Midwest flooding event, the January 2008 tornado outbreak sequence, the Blizzard of 2011; as of the 2010 census, there were 308,760 people, 109,199 households, 82,288 families residing in the county. The population density was 511.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 116,040 housing units at an average density of 192.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.1% white, 2.5% Asian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 4.3% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 11.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.4% were of German heritage, 18.7% were of Irishancestry, 14.2% Polish, 10.8% Italian, 7.8% English, 3.7% of American heritage. Of the 109,199 households, 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.25. The median age was 38.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $76,482 and the median income for a family was $86,698. Males had a median income of $61,971 versus $42,125 for females; the per capita income for the county was $31,838. About 4.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. Crystal Lake Harvard Marengo McHenry Woodstock Chemung Pistakee Highlands McHenry County government is based out of Woodstock, the county seat.
The McHenry County Government Center, located on the north end of Woodstock along Illinois Route 47, features county offices as well as judicial facilities. The current Sheriff of McHenry County, Illinois is Bill Prim, first elected in 2014. McHenry County has voted for the Republican candidate for President in all but two elections since 1880, the first being when “Bull Moose” candidate and former Republican president Theodore Roosevelt won the county in 1912. Recent elections in 2004 and 2000 saw George W. Bush capture 59.72% and 58.5% of the county vote, respectively. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama captured McHenry County with 52% of the vote—the first time a Democrat had carried the county since 1852. In the 2012 Presidential Election, Obama only received 44% of the vote whereas Republican Mitt Romney captured 53% of the vote. In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 50% of the vote whereas Democratic Hillary Clinton received 42% of the vote.
McHenry County College, a growing community college established in 1967, serves the majority of county residents. The college includes 5,800 part-time students; the main campus is located on the northwest side of Crystal Lake, along U. S. Route 14. Secondary facilities exist in Crystal McHenry. M
Interstate 355 known as the Veterans Memorial Tollway, is an Interstate Highway and tollway in the western and southwest suburbs of Chicago in the U. S. state of Illinois. Like most other toll roads in the northeastern portion of the state, I-355 is maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. I-355 runs from I-80 in New Lenox north to I-290 in a distance of 32.5 miles. With the exception of a four-mile expansion in 2009, from U. S. Route 34 to 75th Street, the highway is six lanes wide for its entire length; the tollway authority opened I-355 as the North–South Tollway in 1989 to ease congestion on Illinois Route 53, a parallel two-lane state highway in central DuPage County. I-355 ran from I-55 north to I-290; the new highway helped cut travel times for commuters traveling south in the county. According to commercial real estate developers at the time, the new tollway opened the western suburbs of Chicago to commercial and industrial development. On November 11, 2007, the tollway authority opened a southern extension of I-355, which runs 12.5 miles between I-55 and I-80.
Upon the extension's opening, the tollway authority changed the name of the tollway to "Veterans Memorial Tollway". The tollway authority had route of the new extension through Will County and a small portion of Cook County, which together comprised one of Illinois' fastest-growing regions at the time; the tollway authority expected the extension to cut travel times in the region by 20 percent. From the late 1920s through 1963, the two-lane-wide Rohlwing Road serviced the north–south transportation corridor that includes eastern portions of DuPage County. From 1963 to 1970, the Illinois Department of Transportation planned and built a new expressway north from Army Trail Road through Schaumburg to the Northwest Tollway. After its completion, IDOT rerouted IL 53 onto this new expressway from Rohlwing Road; the original alignment of I-355 was defined in the Chicago Area Transportation Study Transportation Plan of April 1962. The plan called for a supplemental system of limited-access expressways to be built in the Chicago metropolitan area by 1980, defined corridors where the expressways were to be located.
Most of these corridors, including the Des Plaines River expressway, the Crosstown Expressway running north–south along the west side of Chicago, most of a proposed northern extension of IL 53 were scrapped because of intense local opposition. State and county officials anticipated building a freeway for the expressway south of Army Trail Road, similar to the existing freeway north of Army Trail Road. In 1979, Chicago mayor Jane Byrne canceled plans for the proposed Crosstown Expressway. Following the move, Congress gave the rights to half of the $200 million, earmarked for the Crosstown Expressway to DuPage County. However, county officials found this amount insufficient for construction of the new freeway; the officials handed authority for the project over to the tollway authority, spent the money on other projects in the county. In June 1984, Republican minority leader of the Illinois House of Representatives James "Pate" Philip helped push through legislation authorizing the construction of the tollway referred to as the DuPage Tollway.
Officials at the Morton Arboretum, one of the nation's premier woodland research centers, promptly filed a federal lawsuit to block construction of the tollway. They promised to prevent the tollway authority from obtaining environmental approval from federal officials. In April 1985, the two agencies came to an agreement regarding construction of the new tollway. To protect the arboretum from salt spray and other pollutants caused by cars on the tollway, the tollway authority agreed to build I-355 below grade around the perimeter of the arboretum; the tollway authority would build a water collection system to divert runoff from the arboretum. In addition, they would build earthen berms along the new road, preventing salt spray from damaging arboretum plants. In exchange, the DuPage County Forest Preserve District agreed to a 99-year lease providing 189 acres of its land to the arboretum for the development of an "urban vegetation laboratory". Under the agreement, Morton Arboretum agreed to charge DuPage County residents lower admissions one day of the week, build a bicycle path connecting the arboretum to nearby forest preserves, begin a joint clean-streams program to improve the water quality of DuPage County's lakes and streams.
In January 1986, the tollway paid out $2.5 million to a trust fund as a part of the settlement to help finance the arboretum's new programs. The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers released a preliminary environmental impact statement on March 13, 1986. At a public hearing a month arboretum executives and Woodridge officials criticized the report as "fatally flawed" and a repeat of tollway-provided research, including typographical errors; the opposition cited outdated and inaccurate data regarding wetlands replacement, salt dispersion, the lack of compensation to residents for lowered property values. The tollway authority agreed to run the road below-grade at 75th Street instead of as a 28-foot-high elevated highway. In addition, they agreed to spend an extra $1 million on the redesigned elevation and interchange; the Corps of Engineers issued a permit for the tollway on October 8, 1986, rejecting last-minute concerns from the Sierra Club to reroute the toll road around sections of Churchill Woods Prairie, between Glen
Jo Daviess County, Illinois
Jo Daviess County is a county located in the northwest corner of U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,678, its county seat is Galena. Jo Daviess County is part of the Tri-State Area and is located near Dubuque and Platteville, Wisconsin; as part of the Driftless Area, Jo Daviess County is known for its scenic stretches of road and valley views. Within Jo Daviess County lies Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois. Jo Daviess County was formed in 1827 out of Putnam Counties, it is named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, United States District Attorney for Kentucky, killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Maj. Daveiss' name is universally misspelled, as in the name of other counties; the local pronunciation is "Davis". Jo Daviess County was founded by immigrants from New England; these were old stock "Yankee" immigrants, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal caused a surge in New England immigration to what was the Northwest Territory.
The end of the Black Hawk War led to an additional surge of immigration, once again coming exclusively from the six New England states as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these settlers were from upstate New York and had parents who had moved to that region from New England shortly after the Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Jo Daviess County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history; these settlers were members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Jo Daviess County. The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions and some factions, including those in Jo Daviess County are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ; as a result of this heritage the vast majority of inhabitants in Jo Daviess County, much like antebellum New England were overwhelmingly in favor of the abolitionist movement during the decades leading up to the Civil War.
In the late 1880s and early 1890s Irish and German migrants began moving into Jo Daviess County, most of these immigrants did not move directly from Ireland and Germany, but rather from other areas in the Midwest where they had been living the state of Ohio. 1830- The northern border of Illinois and Wisconsin was formally established. Until that time, several Wisconsin towns were under the jurisdiction of Jo Daviess County. 1831- Rock Island County was formed from a part of the county, along with a new northern extension of Henry County and Putnam County. 1836- Whiteside and Winnebago counties were formed from the southern and eastern sections of the county. 1837- Stephenson County was formed from the eastern section of the county. 1839- Carroll County was formed from the southern section of the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles, of which 601 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galena have ranged from a low of 9 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −35 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in August 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.14 inches in January to 4.58 inches in June. U. S. Route 20 Illinois Route 35 Illinois Route 78 Illinois Route 84 Lafayette County, Wisconsin - north Stephenson County - east Carroll County - southeast Jackson County, Iowa - southwest Dubuque County, Iowa - west Grant County, Wisconsin - northwest Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Apple River Canyon State Park Several areas are protected by the charitable organization Jo Daviess Conservation Foundation: Buehler Preserve Casper Bluff Land & Water Reserve Horseshoe Mound Schurmeier Teaching Forest Valley of Eden Bird Sanctuary Wapello Land & Water Reserve As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,678 people, 9,753 households, 6,514 families residing in the county; the population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,574 housing units at an average density of 22.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 49.4% were German, 19.7% were Irish, 11.1% were English, 8.5% were American. Of the 9,753 households, 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 47.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,279 and the median income for a family was $60,381. Males had a median income of $38,372 versus $29,412 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,819. About 5.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. East Dubuque Galena Apple Canyon Lake The Galena Territory Jo Daviess County is divided into twenty-three townships: Jo Daviess County is typical of Yankee Northern Illinois in its political history, although it has voted more Democ