New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Interstate 91 is an Interstate Highway in the New England region of the United States. It provides the primary north–south thoroughfare in the western part of the region; the Interstate's southern end is in New Haven, Connecticut, at Interstate 95 and its northern end is at Derby Line, Vermont, a village in the town of Derby at the Canadian border, where it continues past the Derby Line-Rock Island Border Crossing as Autoroute 55. I-91 is the longest of three Interstate highways whose entire route is located within the New England states and is the only primary Interstate Highway in New England to intersect all five of the others that run through the region; the largest cities along its route are New Haven, Hartford, Springfield, Brattleboro, White River Junction, St. Johnsbury, Vermont in order from south to north. I-91 is 290 miles long and travels nearly straight north and south: 58 miles in Connecticut, 55 miles in Massachusetts, 177 miles in Vermont. I-91 parallels U. S. Route 5 for all of its length, many of the exits along I-91 provide direct or indirect access to the older highway.
Much of the route of I-91 follows the Connecticut River, traveling from Hartford, northward to St. Johnsbury, Vermont. I-91 is the major north–south transportation corridor for the center of the state, it is the main route between the larger cities of New Haven and Springfield, Massachusetts. As such, it is always trafficked, maintains at least three lanes in each direction through Connecticut except for a short portion in Hartford at the interchange with I-84 and in Meriden at the interchange with Route 15; the three cities serve as Connecticut's control points along its length of the Interstate. I-91 begins just east of downtown New Haven at an interchange with I-95, Route 34. At the bottom of the ramp for exit 5, US 5 begins at the first of its many interchanges with the freeway. Leaving New Haven, I-91 follows a northeastward trek into North Haven, where it meets the southern end of the Route 40 expressway, it travels through the eastern part of Wallingford before entering the eastern part of the city of Meriden.
In Meriden, about halfway between Hartford and New Haven, I-91 sees a complex set of interchanges with the Wilbur Cross Parkway, the Route 66 expressway, its first spur route, I-691. I-691 provides the city of Waterbury. Leaving Meriden, I-91 enters Middlesex County as it travels through the western part of Middletown before entering Cromwell, where it has an interchange with the Route 9 expressway, it enters Hartford County in the town of Rocky Hill, enters Wethersfield, where it meets the southern end of the Route 3 expressway, which leads to Glastonbury and the Route 2 expressway via the Putnam Bridge over the Connecticut River. From here to St. Johnsbury, Vermont, I-91 parallels the river, never more than five miles from its shore. I-91 enters the Hartford city limits. In Hartford, I-91 it has a set of interchanges with US 5/Route 15, which provides access from I-91 north to I-84 east, from I-84 west to I-91 south via the Charter Oak Bridge. I-91 has an interchange with I-84, where all other movements to and from I-84 take place.
Before leaving the city limits, an HOV lane begins that has its own set of interchanges up to exit 38. I-91 enters Windsor, where it meets the western end of its other Connecticut spur route, I-291. At the Windsor–Windsor Locks town line, it meets the eastern terminus of the Route 20 expressway, which provides direct access to Bradley International Airport. A couple miles north, I-91 crosses the Connecticut River on the Dexter Coffin Bridge into East Windsor. After traveling through East Windsor and Enfield, it crosses the Massachusetts state line into Longmeadow at milepost 58. I-91 travels 55 miles through the Pioneer Valley of western Massachusetts paralleling the Connecticut River. I-91 serves as the major transportation corridor through three Massachusetts counties, linking the cities of Springfield and Greenfield; the three cities serve as the control cities listed on guide and mileage signs, along with Brattleboro, Vermont beginning with the first northbound conventional mileage sign in Longmeadow.
In Springfield, I-91 has an interchange with I-291 at exit 8, a 5.44-mile-long spur going eastbound connecting with the Massachusetts Turnpike, for travelers going either east to Boston or west to Albany, New York. North of Springfield, I-91 enters Chicopee itself where there is an interchange with the spur of I-391 at exit 12 before turning westward to cross the Connecticut River into West Springfield. I-391 provides direct access to Holyoke center, while I-91 continues on the western side of the river. Just after the river crossing, exit 14 is a major interchange with the Massachusetts Turnpike before entering the city of Holyoke where exit 15 is located. Just after exit 16 U. S. Route 202, I-91 goes from three lanes to two lanes in each direction to the Vermont state line. After a short exit-less stretch, I-91 enters Northampton, passing the Northampton Airport and an oxbow lake; the towns of Hadley and Amherst, home to the main campus of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, are accessible from I-91 exits in Northampton via Route 9.
Continuing north, I-91 enters Hatfield, where it begins a straight section—nearly six miles without a bend in the road. Several exits provide Route 10 in Hatfield and Whately before entering Deerfield. I-91 has two exits in Greenfield. At
Auburn is a town in Worcester County, United States. The population was 16,188 at the 2010 census; the Auburn area was first settled in 1714 as of today outer parts of Worcester, Sutton and Oxford, the town was incorporated on April 10, 1778 as the town of Ward, in honor of American Revolution General Artemas Ward. The town changed its name to Auburn in 1837, after the Post Office complained that the name was too similar to the nearby town of Ware. Before incorporation, most of Auburn was known as the South Parish of Worcester. Today, Auburn is bordered by Worcester to the north, Leicester to the west, Millbury to the east, Oxford to the south. Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket from Pakachoag Hill, on his aunt Effe Ward's farm, in Auburn on March 16, 1926. Goddard is commemorated in Goddard Memorial Park, located downtown next to the Auburn Fire Department Headquarters; the park features a model of a Polaris missile. A second replica of Goddard's prototype stands at Auburn High School.
Goddard's launch is commemorated with a small monument, the Goddard Rocket Launching Site, between the first and ninth holes of Pakachoag Golf Course. The form of government is representative town meeting. There are 24 town-meeting members from each of the five precincts of the town, for a total of 120 who represent the people at the annual town meeting each May; the town has a Board of Selectmen which consists of 5 elected members each serving for a term of 3 years. As of 2009 the town adopted a new charter; the 2010 Auburn, MA, population is 16,188. There are 1,053 people per square mile; the estimated population as of 2016 is 16,499. The median age is 40.8. The US median is 37.6. 61.86% of people in Auburn, MA, are married. 8.00% are divorced. The average household size is 2.41 people. 22.71% of people are married, with children. 5.08 % are single. According to the 2000 census, 97.21% of people are white, 0.81% are black or African American, 1.19% are Asian, 0.10% are Native American, 1.00% are "other".
1.24% of the people in Auburn, MA, are of Hispanic ethnicity. I-90: The 138 mile Massachusetts Turnpike was commissioned in 1957 and is a part of the 3,099 mile long I-90, the longest Interstate in the country. 5 miles of I-90 runs from the west-southwest to east-northeast through Auburn and is six lanes wide through the town. The right of way is nominally about 300 feet wide. Auburn contains Exit 10; the total land utilized in Auburn for the interstate is about 200 acres. I-290: The first three miles of the 20 mile long eastbound Interstate 290 is in Auburn along with exits 7, 8, 9. I-395: Two miles of Interstate 395 are in Auburn which becomes I-290 after Exit 6. Route 12: Five miles of Rt. 12 traverses north/south through Auburn and its intersection with Auburn St. is named Drury Square. US 20: Five miles of US 20 runs through Auburn. At 3,365 miles, US 20 is the longest road in the United States. In Auburn it is known as Southbridge St. Washington St. and the SW Cutoff. Auburn has Bryn Mawr School and Pakachoag School.
All Auburn public school students attend Auburn Middle School. Some students attend Auburn High School, while others are given the option to attend Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School in nearby Charlton. A new Auburn High School opened on Drury Square in the center of town directly next to the old high school in the fall of 2006, equipped with turfed fields, to include the football field all-purpose field, baseball field, a grass softball field, as well three new tennis courts and a basketball court. Auburn High School participates in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System. In 2006 a group called "Save the'35" protested demolition of the oldest wing of the former high school; the old high school has now been demolished, except the dome on top of the high school, now located as a monument outside of right center field of the baseball field. A few of the bricks of the old building were sold within the town, there are some located at the Auburn Historical Museum. In 1997, the Eastern Nazarene College started a learning annex in Auburn.
Goddard Rocket Launching Site Auburn Public Schools Lemansky Park Pakachoag Golf Course Auburn Historical Museum Horgan Skating Rink Auburn Public Library Auburn Mall Paul Allaire, former CEO of Xerox Corp. Jacob Whitman Bailey, educator Tyler Beede, 1st round draft pick, 2012 SEC All-Freshman Team, 2013 Golden Spikes and Dick Howser MVP Finalist, 2013 All American, 2014 CWS National Champion and 2014 MLB 1st round draft Pick San Francisco Giants, 14th overall. John Curdo, chess player Jeffrey Lynn, American stage-screen actor and film producer He worked through the Golden Age of Hollywood establishing himself as one of the premier talents of his time. Sean McGrail, Co-founder and former President of Paint Nite Town of Auburn Auburn Fire/Rescue Auburn Public Schools Auburn Police Dept
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999; the city is the economic and cultural anchor of a larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States. Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England, it was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Siege of Boston.
Upon gaining U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture. The city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation, its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year. Boston's many firsts include the United States' first public park, first public or state school and first subway system; the Boston area's many colleges and universities make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine and business, the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 2,000 startups. Boston's economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, government activities. Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States; the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings.
Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the origin of several prominent colonists. The renaming on September 7, 1630, was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest for fresh water, their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River and connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC. In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history. Over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America. Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century.
Boston's oceanfront location made it a lively port, the city engaged in shipping and fishing during its colonial days. However, Boston stagnated in the decades prior to the Revolution. By the mid-18th century, New York City and Philadelphia surpassed Boston in wealth. Boston encountered financial difficulties as other cities in New England grew rapidly. Many of the crucial events of the American Revolution occurred near Boston. Boston's penchant for mob action along with the colonists' growing distrust in Britain fostered a revolutionary spirit in the city; when the British government passed the Stamp Act in 1765, a Boston mob ravaged the homes of Andrew Oliver, the official tasked with enforcing the Act, Thomas Hutchinson the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. The British sent two regiments to Boston in 1768 in an attempt to quell the angry colonists; this did not sit well with the colonists. In 1770, during the Boston Massacre, the army killed several people in response to a mob in Boston.
The colonists compelled the British to withdraw their troops. The event was publicized and fueled a revolutionary movement in America. In 1773, Britain passed the Tea Act. Many of the colonists saw the act as an attempt to force them to accept the taxes established by the Townshend Acts; the act prompted the Boston Tea Party, where a group of rebels threw an entire shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party was a key event leading up to the revolution, as the British government responded furiously with the Intolerable Acts, demanding compensation for the lost tea from the rebels; this led to the American Revolutionary War. The war began in the area surrounding Boston with the Battles of Concord. Boston itself was besieged for a year during the Siege of Boston, which began on April 19, 1775; the New England militia impeded the movement of the British Army. William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe the commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America, led the British army in the siege.
On June 17, the British captured the Charlestown peninsula in Boston, during the Battle of Bunker Hill. The British army outnumbered the militia stationed there, but it was a Py
Massachusetts Route 128
Route 128 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Massachusetts, maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Spanning 57 miles, it is one of two beltways around Boston, is known as the "inner" beltway around areas where it is 15 miles or less outside of Boston; the route's current southern terminus is at the junction of I-95 and I-93 in Canton, it follows I-95 clockwise around Boston for 37.5 miles before I-95 leaves the highway, Route 128 continues on its own in a northeasterly direction towards Cape Ann. The northern terminus lies in Rockport a few hundred feet from the Atlantic Ocean. All but the northernmost 3 miles are divided freeway, with the remainder being a surface road. Designated in 1927 along a series of surface streets, it was intended to serve as Boston's circumferential highway. Over the next decade, a new roadway was built, in part on new alignments and in part by the improvement of older roads, it was a full freeway from Quincy in the south to Gloucester in the north.
Over time, the southern terminus was truncated twice. There were plans to remove Route 128 from the section concurrent with I-95, but those plans were aborted due to local opposition. In local culture, 128 is recognized as an approximate dividing line between the more urban municipalities of Greater Boston and the more suburban communities, it delimits the areas accessible by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority public transit system, is used to reference the high-technology industry that developed from the 1960s to the 1980s in the suburban areas along the highway. 128 begins in Norfolk County in the south, at the interchange with I-93, I-95, US 1 in Canton. Until the 1990s, its southern terminus was located at the junction of I-93, US 1, Route 3 in Braintree. At this present-day terminus, 128 becomes concurrent with I-95, follows the sequential exit numbering scheme used by I-95 as it enters Massachusetts from Pawtucket, Rhode Island, it begins a wrong-way concurrency with US 1. US 1 splits onto its own roadbed at exit 15 in Dedham.
About two-thirds of Route 128 runs in tandem with I-95 from Canton north to Peabody, after I-95 continues north from Peabody toward New Hampshire, north-east as its own signed highway from Peabody to Gloucester. The I-95 and I-93 signage were added in the mid-1970s when plans to construct I-95 through Boston, directly connecting the two I-95/Route 128 interchanges, were cancelled leaving an unsigned gap. An unused cloverleaf in Canton, now removed, was one of the leftover structures from this plan as well as the existing Northeast Expressway The area along the western part of Route 128 is home to a number of high-technology firms and corporations; this part of Route 128 was dubbed "America's Technology Highway", signs marking it that way were put in place beginning in October 1982. Two years those blue signs were changed to read "America's Technology Region" after complaints from veterans groups that noted the highway had a name: the Yankee Division Highway, a name bestowed in 1941 in honor of the U.
S. Army unit first formed in Boston in 1917. Like the I-95 signage mapping onto 128, the mapping of US 3 onto this stretch of 128 is due to US 3 as a separate limited access highway terminating in Burlington on 128 instead of further south at Route 2 in Lexington as envisioned; this abrupt termination requires the US 3 signage to continue along 128 for somewhat over a mile until it can interchange the old US 3 surface arterial. Moreover, when I-93 and Route 128 ran concurrently south of Boston, before the route was truncated to the I-95 interchange in Canton, they were signed in opposite directions, so it was possible to travel north on I-93 and south on Route 128 at the same time; the northernmost several exits along Route 128, past exit 12, are not grade-separated interchanges. Exit 10 is signed as the signalized intersection with Route 127, there are two rotaries between that and exit 12; this segment had several additional grade intersections controlled by traffic signals that were replaced with grade separation and interchange ramps in the 1960's.
Following the completion of the Peabody I-95/Route 128 interchange in 1988. The exits, which had gone from Gloucester to Braintree, were renumbered along I-95, from the Rhode Island state line to the border with New Hampshire. Exit 37 had been the interchange with I-93, which had its exit numbered 37 at that interchange. Coincidentally, with the renumbering, exit 37 remained exit 37; the Boston area MPO studied the Route 128/I-95 Corridor from 2005–2010. The study focused on the congested section from I-90 to US 3, was completed in November 2010; as of 2010, the highway carried over 200,000 vehicles per day. Some possible improvements to Route 128 include HOV Lanes, reconstruction of shoulders, ramp metering, bus on shoulder, fiber optic traffic system improvements. More studies will need to be completed; as designated in 1927, the original Route 128, called the "Circumferential Highway," followed existing roadways from Gloucester to Hull through Boston's suburbs. The first segment of the present controlled-access highway, still just four lanes wide, opened in 1951
Lenox is a town in Berkshire County, United States. Set in Western Massachusetts, it is part of the Pittsfield Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 5,025 at the 2010 census. Lenox is the site of summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Lenox includes the villages of New Lenox and Lenoxdale, is a tourist destination during the summer; the area was inhabited by Mahicans, Algonquian speakers who lived along the Hudson and Housatonic Rivers. Hostilities during the French and Indian Wars discouraged settlement by European colonial settlers until 1750, when Jonathan and Sarah Hinsdale from Hartford, established a small inn and general store; the Province of Massachusetts Bay thereupon auctioned large tracts of land for 10 townships in Berkshire County, set off in 1761 from Hampshire County. For 2,250 pounds Josiah Dean purchased Lot Number 8, which included Richmond. After conflicting land claims were resolved, however, it went to Samuel Brown, Jr. who had bought the land from the Mahican chief, on condition that he pay 650 pounds extra.
It was founded as Richmond in 1765. But because the Berkshires divided the town in two, the village of Yokuntown was set off as Lenox in 1767; the town was intended to be called Lennox after Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond and Lennox, but the name was misspelled by a clerk at incorporation. Early industries included farming, textile mills, potash production and quarrying. A vein of iron ore led to the digging of mines under the town, the establishment by Job Gilbert in the 1780s of an iron works at Lenox Dale known as Lenox Furnace. In 1784, Lenox became the county seat, which it remained until 1868 when the title passed to Pittsfield; the county courthouse built in 1816 is today the Lenox Library. The region's rustic beauty helped. In 1821, author Catharine Sedgwick moved here, followed by actress Fanny Kemble. Nathaniel Hawthorne and his family came from Salem in 1850, staying a half. Other visitors to the area, including Timothy Dwight, Benjamin Silliman and Henry Ward Beecher, extolled its advantages.
After an extension of the Housatonic Railroad arrived in 1838, tourists discovered the town in increasing numbers. In 1844, Samuel Gray Ward of Boston, the American representative for Barings Bank of London, assembled tracts of land to create the first estate in Lenox. Called Highwood, the Italianate dwelling was designed in 1845 by Richard Upjohn. In 1876, Ward hired Charles F. McKim to design in the Shingle Style Oakwood; the period from 1880 until 1920 would be dubbed the Berkshire Cottage era, when the small New England town was transformed into a Gilded Age resort similar to Newport, Rhode Island, Bar Harbor, Maine. The wealthy and their entourage opened immense houses for recreation and entertaining during the Berkshire Season, which lasted from late summer until early fall. One event was the annual Tub Parade. Property values jumped. In 1903, an acre in Lenox cost $20,000; the imposition of the federal income tax in 1913 ended construction of the country mansions in the Berkshires. The estates started to break up during the 1920s.
Carnegie's widow sold Shadowbrook to the Jesuits for a seminary in 1922. The Depression made it harder to maintain the estates, labor was scarce during World War II. After the war, some of the estates were burned down. Others became seminaries; some estates became preparatory schools, although they would close by the 1980s. The Shadowbrook property is now the Kripalu yoga center; some have been converted into vacation condominiums. Tanglewood, the former estate of the Tappan family which lies in Stockbridge, would in 1937 become summer home to the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Lenox remains a popular tourist destination, it was a filming location for Before and After and The Cider House Rules, shot at Ventfort Hall. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.7 square miles, of which 21.2 square miles is land and 0.46 square miles is water. Lenox is bordered by Pittsfield to the north, Washington to the east, Lee to the southeast, Stockbridge to the southwest, Richmond to the west.
The town center is 8 miles south of downtown Pittsfield, 45 miles west-northwest of Springfield, 125 miles west of Boston. Lenox is set apart from Richmond to the west by a branch of the Berkshire Mountains, with the highest peak in the ridge being Yokun Seat at 2,146 feet. To the east, October Mountain rises above the Housatonic River, which flows along that side of town and is impeded by a dam that forms Woods Pond. Contamination with PCBs is highest in the section of the River from Pittsfield to Woods Pond. Parts of the Housatonic Valley Wildlife Management Area and October Mountain State Forest line the river's east banks there. Several marshy brooks feed into the river throughout town; the town is home to the Pleasant Valley Wildlife Sanctuary south of Yokun Seat, the Cranwell Resort and Golf Club. U. S. Routes 7 and 20 meet in the southern end of town, heading north along a bypass road towards Pittsfield. Massachusetts Route 7A, the original path of Route 7, passes through the center of town, with a short distance combined with Massachusetts Route 183, which begins near the start of the bypass road.
The town center is 5 miles from Exit 2 of the Massachusett
Worcester County, Massachusetts
Worcester County is a county located in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 798,552, making it the second-most populous county in Massachusetts while being the largest in area; the estimated population as of July 1, 2017 is 826,116. The largest city and traditional county seat is the city of Worcester. Worcester County is included in the Worcester, MA-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Worcester County was formed from the eastern portion of colonial Hampshire County, the western portion of the original Middlesex County and the extreme western portion of the original Suffolk County; when the government of Worcester County was established on April 2, 1731, Worcester was chosen as its shire town. From that date until the dissolution of the county government, it was the only county seat; because of the size of the county, there were fifteen attempts over 140 years to split the county into two counties, but without success.
Lancaster was proposed as the seat of the northern county. As a concession, in August 1884 the Worcester County Registry of Deeds was split in two, with the Worcester Northern registry placed in Fitchburg. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,579 square miles, of which 1,511 square miles is land and 68 square miles is water, it is the largest county in Massachusetts by area. The county is larger geographically than the entire state of Rhode Island including Rhode Island's water ocean limit boundaries; the county constitutes Central Massachusetts, separating the Greater Springfield area from the Greater Boston area. It stretches from the northern to the southern border of the state; the geographic center of Massachusetts is in Rutland. Worcester County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states, they are the only two counties to touch both the northern and southern state lines. Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge In 1990 Worcester County had a population of 709,705.
As of the census of 2000, there were 750,963 people, 283,927 households, 192,502 families residing in the county. The population density was 496 people per square mile. There were 298,159 housing units at an average density of 197 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.61% White, 2.73% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.62% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.93% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races. 6.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.9% were of Irish, 12.3% Italian, 11.7% French, 8.0% French Canadian, 8.0% English, 5.6% Polish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 85.1 % spoke 6.1 % Spanish and 1.9 % French as their first language. There were 283,927 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.20% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,874, the median income for a family was $58,394. Males had a median income of $42,261 versus $30,516 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,983. About 6.80% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 798,552 people, 303,080 households, 202,602 families residing in the county; the population density was 528.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 326,788 housing units at an average density of 216.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% white, 4.2% black or African American, 4.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.6% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 22.2% were Irish, 15.1% were French as well as 6.7% French Canadians, 14.4% were Italian, 11.7% were English, 7.0% were Polish, 6.9% were German, 3.2% were American. Of the 303,080 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 39.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $64,152 and the median income for a family was $79,121. Males had a median income of $56,880 versus $42,223 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,557.
About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective of the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Worcester County is one of 8 of the 14 Ma