The kilometre, or kilometer is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres. It is now the measurement unit used for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world. K is used in some English-speaking countries as an alternative for the word kilometre in colloquial writing and speech. A slang term for the kilometre in the US and UK military is klick. There are two common pronunciations for the word; the former follows a pattern in English whereby metric units are pronounced with the stress on the first syllable and the pronunciation of the actual base unit does not change irrespective of the prefix. It is preferred by the British Broadcasting Corporation and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Many scientists and other users in countries where the metric system is not used, use the pronunciation with stress on the second syllable; the latter pronunciation follows the stress pattern used for the names of measuring instruments. The problem with this reasoning, however, is that the word meter in those usages refers to a measuring device, not a unit of length.
The contrast is more obvious in countries using the British rather than American spelling of the word metre. When Australia introduced the metric system in 1975, the first pronunciation was declared official by the government's Metric Conversion Board. However, the Australian prime minister at the time, Gough Whitlam, insisted that the second pronunciation was the correct one because of the Greek origins of the two parts of the word. By the 8 May 1790 decree, the Constituent assembly ordered the French Academy of Sciences to develop a new measurement system. In August 1793, the French National Convention decreed the metre as the sole length measurement system in the French Republic; the first name of the kilometre was "Millaire". Although the metre was formally defined in 1799, the myriametre was preferred to the "kilometre" for everyday use; the term "myriamètre" appeared a number of times in the text of Develey's book Physique d'Emile: ou, Principes de la science de la nature, while the term kilometre only appeared in an appendix.
French maps published in 1835 had scales showing myriametres and "lieues de Poste". The Dutch gave it the local name of the mijl, it was only in 1867 that the term "kilometer" became the only official unit of measure in the Netherlands to represent 1000 metres. Two German textbooks dated 1842 and 1848 give a snapshot of the use of the kilometre across Europe - the kilometre was in use in the Netherlands and in Italy and the myriametre was in use in France. In 1935, the International Committee for Weights and Measures abolished the prefix "myria-" and with it the "myriametre", leaving the kilometre as the recognised unit of length for measurements of that magnitude. In the United Kingdom, road signs show distances in miles and location marker posts that are used for reference purposes by road engineers and emergency services show distance references in unspecified units which are kilometre-based; the advent of the mobile phone has been instrumental in the British Department for Transport authorising the use of driver location signs to convey the distance reference information of location marker posts to road users should they need to contact the emergency services.
In the US, the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 prohibits the use of federal-aid highway funds to convert existing signs or purchase new signs with metric units. The Executive Director of the US Federal Highway Administration, Jeffrey Paniati, wrote in a 2008 memo: "Section 205 of the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 prohibited us from requiring any State DOT to use the metric system during project development activities. Although the State DOT's had the option of using metric measurements or dual units, all of them abandoned metric measurements and reverted to sole use of inch-pound values." The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices since 2000 is published in both metric and American Customary Units. Some sporting disciplines feature 1000 m races in major events, but in other disciplines though world records are catalogued, the one kilometre event remains a minority event; the world records for various sporting disciplines are: Conversion of units, for comparison with other units of length Cubic metre Metric prefix Mileage Odometer Orders of magnitude Square kilometre Media related to Distance indicators at Wikimedia Commons
Dimmitt is a city and county seat in Castro County, United States. The population was 4,393 at the 2010 census. Dimmitt is located on the old Ozark Trail, a road system from St. Louis, Missouri, to El Paso, Texas; the Ozark Trail is marked at the courthouse. In 1942, a meteorite was named after the town of Dimmitt, it is one of 311 approved meteorites from United States. Dimmitt is located west of the center of Castro County at 34°32′57″N 102°18′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles, of which 3.2 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 3.26%, is water. U. S. Route 385 passes through the city, leading north 20 miles to Hereford, the seat of Deaf Smith County, south 22 miles to Springlake. Texas State Highway 86 crosses US 385 near the center of town and leads east 32 miles to Tulia and west 33 miles to Bovina; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,393 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 68.8% Hispanic or Latino, 27.6% White, 2.3% Black, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% from some other race and 0.3% from two or more races.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,375 people, 1,464 households, 1,124 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,116.4 people per square mile. There were 1,692 housing units at an average density of 818.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 75.02% White, 2.99% African American, 1.69% Native American, 18.10% from other races, 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.94% of the population. There were 1,464 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.2% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.46. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,454, the median income for a family was $33,885. Males had a median income of $24,575 versus $20,162 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,228. About 19.0% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.1% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over. Dimmitt is served by the Dimmitt Independent School District. Dimmitt I. S. D has a rich history of excellence in sports basketball; the Bobcats and Bobbies have won several state championships. Bobbies1953–1954 1A-2A Dimmitt 1954–1955 1A Dimmitt 1992–1993 3A DimmittBobcats1951–1952 1A-2A Division 2 Dimmitt 1974–1975 2A Dimmitt 1981–1982 3A Dimmitt 1982–1983 3A Dimmitt Dimmitt is served by the Castro County Healthcare System, it serves the surrounding county and the cities of Nazareth and Hart. Junior Coffey, former NFL football player Kent Hance, former U.
S. Representative from the Texas South Plains, former member of the Texas Railroad Commission, the chancellor of Texas Tech University in Lubbock since 2006. Herb Mayfield lived there through adulthood and was a former president of the Dimmitt Rodeo Association. Lometa Odom basketball player and coach, member of the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame Dimmitt Chamber of Commerce
Deadwood, South Dakota
Deadwood is a city in South Dakota, United States, the county seat of Lawrence County. It was named by early settlers after the dead trees found in its gulch; the city had its heyday from 1876 to 1879, after gold deposits had been discovered there, leading to the Black Hills Gold Rush. At its height, the city had a population of 5,000, attracted larger-than-life Old West figures including Wyatt Earp, Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickok. In 2010, the population was 1,270 according to the 2010 census; the entire city has been designated as a National Historic Landmark District, for its well-preserved Gold Rush-era architecture. The settlement of Deadwood began illegally in the 1870s on land, granted to the Lakota people in the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie; the treaty had guaranteed ownership of the Black Hills to the Lakota people, who considered this area to be sacred. The squatters led to numerous land disputes, several of which reached the United States Supreme Court. Everything changed after Colonel George Armstrong Custer led an expedition into the Black Hills and announced the discovery of gold in 1874 on French Creek near present-day Custer, South Dakota.
This announcement was a catalyst for the Black Hills Gold Rush, miners and entrepreneurs swept into the area. They created the new and lawless town of Deadwood, which reached a population of around 5,000. In early 1876, frontiersman Charlie Utter and his brother Steve led a wagon train to Deadwood containing what they believed were needed commodities to bolster business; the numerous gamblers and prostitutes staffed several profitable ventures. Madame Mustache and Dirty Em were on the wagon train and set up shop in what was referred to as Deadwood Gulch. Demand for women was high by the miners and the business of prostitution proved to have a good market. Madam Dora DuFran became the most profitable brothel owner in Deadwood followed by Madam Mollie Johnson. Deadwood became known for its lawlessness; the town attained further notoriety when gunman Wild Bill Hickok was killed on August 2, 1876. Both he and Calamity Jane were buried at Mount Moriah Cemetery, as were less notable figures such as Seth Bullock.
Hickok's murderer, Jack McCall, was prosecuted twice, despite the U. S. Constitution's prohibition against double jeopardy; because Deadwood was an illegal town in Indian Territory, non-native civil authorities lacked the jurisdiction to prosecute McCall. McCall's trial was moved to a Dakota Territory court, where he was found guilty of murder and hanged; as the economy changed from gold panning to deep mining, the individual miners went elsewhere or began to work in other fields. Deadwood lost some of its rough and rowdy character, began to develop into a prosperous town, but beginning August 12, 1876, a smallpox epidemic swept through. So many persons fell ill. In 1876, General George Crook pursued the Sioux Indians from the Battle of Little Big Horn on an expedition that ended in Deadwood in early September and is known as the Horsemeat March; the same month, businessman Tom Miller opened the Bella Union Saloon. Al Swearengen, who controlled the opium trade, opened a saloon called the Gem Variety Theater on April 7, 1877.
The saloon burned down and was rebuilt in 1879. When it burned down again in 1899, Swearengen left town; the Homestake Mine in nearby Lead was established in October 1877. It operated for more than a century, becoming the longest continuously operating gold mine in the United States. Gold mining operations did not cease until 2002; the mine has been open for visiting by tourists. On September 26, 1879, a fire devastated Deadwood, destroying more than three hundred buildings and consuming the belongings of many inhabitants. Many of the newly impoverished left town to start again elsewere. Thomas Edison demonstrated the incandescent lamp in New Jersey in 1879. Judge Squire P. Romans took a gamble and founded the "Pilcher Electric Light Company of Deadwood" on September 17, 1883, he ordered an Edison wiring and 15 incandescent lights with globes. After delays the equipment arrived without the globes. Romans had been advertising an event to show off the new lights, decided to continue with the lighting, a success.
His company grew. Deadwood had electricity service fewer than four years after Edison invented it, less than a year after commercial service was started in Roselle, New Jersey, around the same time that many larger cities around the country established the service. A narrow-gauge railroad, the Deadwood Central Railroad, was founded by resident J. K. P. Miller and his associates in 1888, in order to serve their mining interests; the railroad was purchased by the Chicago and Quincy Railroad in 1893. A portion of the railroad between Deadwood and Lead was electrified in 1902 for operation as an interurban passenger system, which operated until 1924; the railroad was abandoned in 1930, apart from a portion from Kirk to Fantail Junction, converted to standard gauge. The remaining section was abandoned by the successor Burlington Northern Railroad in 1984; some of the other early town residents and frequent visitors included E. B. Farnum, Charlie Utter, Sol Star, Martha Bullock, A. W. Merrick, Samuel Fields, Dr. Valentine McGillycuddy, the Reverend Henry Weston Smith, Aaron Dunn.
The gold rush attracted Chinese immigrants to the area. Their population peaked at 250. A few engaged in mining. A Chinese quarter arose on Main Street, as there were no restrictions on foreign property ownership in Dakota Territory, a high level of tolerance of differen
Vega is a city and county seat of Oldham County, United States. The population was 884 at the 2010 census, down from 936 at the 2000 census. In 1879, the area was opened by the state for homesteading; the first settler, N. J. Whitfield, arrived in 1899. On October 17, 1899, he purchased an area of Oldham County known as'Section 90' for $1.00 per acre. In 1903, Whitfield sold a 100-foot strip of land that extended across the southern part of Oldham County to the Choctaw and Texas Railroad as a right-of-way, he sold portions of land on the south side of the right-of-way to other settlers. A. M. Miller and Howard Trigg surveyed the town site that became Vega in May 1903; the name Vega, Spanish for "meadow," was chosen because it reflected the vast prairie and surrounding countryside of the area. Soon after, Miller opened a store, a post office, a school that doubled as a Masonic Lodge were built in the community. In 1907, ranchers Patrick and John Landergin purchased a part of the LS Ranch from Company.
Working in association with the Amarillo-based Pool Land Company, the Landergin brothers brought more prospective settlers to the community. The following year, they established a bank in Vega; when the railroad was completed, Vega began to thrive. There were several stores, a blacksmith, two churches, a newspaper – the Vega Sentinel – operating in the community by early 1909; the nearby town of Tascosa, designated Oldham County seat in 1880, declined in both importance and population as Vega grew. A five-year battle over which community should serve as Oldham County's seat of government was put to a vote in 1915. In the special election, citizens chose to move the county seat from Tascosa to Vega; until a permanent courthouse was built, county business was conducted in Vega's Oldham Hotel. Modern amenities, such as telephone service, were introduced during the 1920s. In 1926, Route 66 was commissioned as a link from Chicago to Los Angeles and ran through Vega along the Old Ozark Trail; the arrival of Route 66 provided an economic boost for the community.
The Route 66 heritage is honored by a restored Magnolia gasoline station located adjacent to the courthouse, which appears as it would have in the 1920s or 1930s. Vega was incorporated in 1927, the population was 519 in the 1930 census. On May 3, 1931, a fire destroyed six buildings west of the courthouse square. Two months a second fire burned two buildings on the north side of the square; these fires prompted the town to establish a municipal water system. Vega was home to 515 people in 1940, 619 in 1950, 658 in 1960. By 1980, over one-third of the population of Oldham County resided in Vega. After a slight decline in the 1990s, the population had risen to 936 as of 2000. Vega is located at 35°14′44″N 102°25′30″W, it is situated at the junction of Interstate 40 and U. S. Highway 385 in southern Oldham County 30 miles west of Amarillo. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Vega has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 936 people, 378 households, 275 families residing in the city. The population density was 866.7 people per square mile. There were 407 housing units at an average density of 376.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 94.76% White, 0.96% African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 2.88% from other races, 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.40% of the population. There were 378 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,481, the median income for a family was $35,227. Males had a median income of $27,120 versus $22,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,315. About 12.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. Public education in the city of Vega is provided by the Vega Independent School District. In recent years, the district has had a total enrollment of between 300 students. All Vega ISD students are housed on a single campus located at 200 Longhorn Drive; the campus is split into two schools -- Vega High School. In addition, students in grades 7-12 from the neighboring Wildorado Independent School District in Wildorado attend Vega High School unless their parents choose another of Wildorado's neighboring districts.
Built in 1911 and housed a silent movie theater. Today it touts 11000 volumes. In 2005, Vega was the setting for Popularity Contest. Vega travel guide from Wikivoyage Media related to Vega, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Oldham County Chamber of Commerce Vega Independent School District
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, Colorado on the northwest. It is the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States; the state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907, its residents are known as Oklahomans, its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City. A major producer of natural gas and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, telecommunications, biotechnology.
Both Oklahoma City and Tulsa serve as Oklahoma's primary economic anchors, with nearly two thirds of Oklahomans living within their metropolitan statistical areas. With ancient mountain ranges, prairie and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, the U. S. Interior Highlands, a region prone to severe weather. More than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, ranking third behind Alaska and California. Oklahoma is on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for Southern settlers, a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans; the name Oklahoma comes from the Choctaw phrase okla humma meaning red people. Choctaw Nation Chief Allen Wright suggested the name in 1866 during treaty negotiations with the federal government on the use of Indian Territory, in which he envisioned an all-Indian state controlled by the United States Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Equivalent to the English word Indian, okla humma was a phrase in the Choctaw language that described Native American people as a whole.
Oklahoma became the de facto name for Oklahoma Territory, it was approved in 1890, two years after the area was opened to white settlers. The name of the state is Pawnee: Uukuhuúwa, Cayuga: Gahnawiyoˀgeh. In the Chickasaw language, the state is known as Oklahomma', in Arapaho as bo'oobe'. Oklahoma is the 20th-largest state in the United States, covering an area of 69,899 square miles, with 68,595 square miles of land and 1,304 square miles of water, it lies in the Great Plains near the geographical center of the 48 contiguous states. It is bounded on the east by Arkansas and Missouri, on the north by Kansas, on the northwest by Colorado, on the far west by New Mexico, on the south and near-west by Texas. Much of its border with Texas lies along a failed continental rift; the geologic figure defines the placement of the Red River. The Oklahoma panhandle's Western edge is out of alignment with its Texas border; the Oklahoma/New Mexico border is 2.1 miles to 2.2 miles east of the Texas line. The border between Texas and New Mexico was set first as a result of a survey by Spain in 1819.
It was set along the 103rd meridian. In the 1890s, when Oklahoma was formally surveyed using more accurate surveying equipment and techniques, it was discovered the Texas line was not set along the 103rd meridian. Surveying techniques were not as accurate in 1819, the actual 103rd meridian was 2.2 miles to the east. It was much easier to leave the mistake than for Texas to cede land to New Mexico to correct the surveying error; the placement of the Oklahoma/New Mexico border represents the true 103rd meridian. Cimarron County in Oklahoma's panhandle is the only county in the United States that touches four other states: New Mexico, Texas and Kansas. Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary, its highest and lowest points follow this trend, with its highest peak, Black Mesa, at 4,973 feet above sea level, situated near its far northwest corner in the Oklahoma Panhandle.
The state's lowest point is on the Little River near its far southeastern boundary near the town of Idabel, which dips to 289 feet above sea level. Among the most geographically diverse states, Oklahoma is one of four to harbor more than 10 distinct ecological regions, with 11 in its borders—more per square mile than in any other state, its western and eastern halves, are marked by extreme differences in geographical diversity: Eastern Oklahoma touches eight ecological regions and its western half contains three. Although having fewer ecological regions Western Oklahoma contains many relic species. Oklahoma has four primary mountain ranges: the Ouachita Mountains, the Arbuckle Mountains, the Wichita Mountains, the Ozark Mountains. Contained within the U. S. Interior Highlands region, the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains are the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachians. A portion of the Flint Hills stretches into north-central Oklahoma, near the state's eastern border, The Oklahoma Tourism & Recreation Department regards Cavanal Hill as the world's tallest hill.
The semi-arid high
U.S. Route 87
U. S. Highway 87 is a north–south United States highway that runs for 1,998 miles from northern Montana to southern Texas. Most of the portion from Billings, Montana, to Raton, New Mexico, is co-signed along Interstates 90 and 25, it is co-signed along the majority of Interstate 27 in Texas. As of 2004, the highway's northern terminus is Havre, Montana, at U. S. Highway 2, its southern terminus is Texas. In Texas, US 87 is a north–south highway that begins near the Gulf Coast in Port Lavaca and heads north through San Antonio, Lubbock and Dalhart to the New Mexico border near Texline. US 87 continues in a northwesterly direction in New Mexico, is signed by NMDOT as an east–west route, it merges with US 64 in Clayton, shortly after entering New Mexico. It continues to the northwest until Des Moines. In Raton, it separates from US 64 and merges with Interstate 25 and US-85, with which it remains concurrent through Raton Pass and into Colorado, though it is unsigned on much of the concurrency. US 87 remains concurrent with Interstate 25 throughout the states of Colorado and Wyoming, of, a rare occurrence for a US highway to have a concurrency with an Interstate in its entirety within state boundaries.
For more on this section of US 87, see Interstate 25 in Colorado. US 87 remains concurrent with Interstate 25 northward until its terminus with Interstate 90, it follows I-90 west to exit 44 where it runs up to Sheridan. A portion of US-87 has been washed out for several years along this stretch and "temporary" detour signs are posted directing US-87 traffic along Wyoming Highway 193 through Story. In Sheridan US-87 rejoins Interstate 90 into Montana. US 87 remains concurrent with Interstate 90 westward until Billings, where it breaks off and heads north. Between Crow Agency and Billings, US 87 and I-90 are merged with US 212, it intersects with US 12 in Roundup and continues north with a slight bend to the northwest until, at Grass Range it takes a sharp turn to the west at an intersection with Montana State Highway 200. US 87 remains concurrent with Montana State Highway 200 until Great Falls. In Lewistown, it merges with US 191 and remains heading west; some ten miles out of Lewistown, it breaks with US 191 and merges with Montana State Highway 3, heading northwest and merging with US 89 before breaking with all three in Great Falls.
US 87 heads northeast east to Fort Benton and generally northeast to its terminus with US 2 about two miles west of Havre. A bypass of US 87 exists on the northern edge of Great Falls; the route begins at US 87/89 west of Malmstrom Air Force Base along 57th Street South and runs south to north. Just south of the intersection with Second Avenue North the name of the road changes to 57th Street North. At 10th Avenue North, the street name changes to River Drive North curves towards the west as it crosses a bridge over a former Milwaukee Road railroad line; the route heads straight west until after the intersection of North Park Trail where it curves to the northwest. After a railroad crossing and the entrance to Giant Springs State Park and the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, the road curves to the southwest following the south bank of the Missouri River. US 87 Bypass ends at US 87 south of the 15th Street Bridge, but River Drive North continues along the Missouri River through Riverside Park.
US Route 87 ran northwest out of Great Falls, Montana towards the eastern border of Glacier National Park. US 87 ran to the Canadian Border at the Piegan Border Crossing; this was changed in 1934, when US Route 89 was changed to run over US 87's former routing towards Glacier Park. US 87 ended in Great Falls until around 1945 when it was extended to run to its current northern terminus in Havre, MontanaU. S. Route 185 was formed in 1926, extended from US 85 in Cheyenne north to Orin, it became part of a southern extension and realignment of US 87 in 1936. Texas SH 238 in Port Lavaca Future I‑69 / US 59 in Victoria US 77 in Victoria US 183 in Cuero; the highways travel concurrently to southwest of Cuero. I‑410 in San Antonio I‑10 / US 90 in San Antonio. I-10/US 87 travels concurrently to Comfort. US 87/US 90 travels concurrently through San Antonio. I‑37 / US 281 in San Antonio I‑35 / US 90 in San Antonio. I-35/US 87 travels concurrently through San Antonio. I‑410 on the Balcones Heights–San Antonio city line US 290 in Fredericksburg.
The highways travel concurrently through Fredericksburg. US 377 northwest of Mason; the highways travel concurrently to Brady. US 190 in Brady; the highways travel concurrently to Brady. US 283 northwest of Brady US 83 in Eden US 277 in San Angelo; the highways travel concurrently through San Angelo. US 67 / US 277 in San Angelo I‑20 in Big Spring US 180 south of Los Ybanez; the highways travel concurrently to Lamesa. US 380 in Tahoka I‑27 in Lubbock; the highways travel concurrently to south of Kress. US 84 in Lubbock US 62 in Lubbock US 82 in Lubbock US 70 in Plainview I‑27 north-northwest of Tulia; the highways travel concurrently to south-southeast of Happy. US 60 in Canyon; the highways travel concurrently to Amarillo. I‑27 north of Canyon; the highways travel concurrently to Amarillo. I‑27 / I‑40 / US 287 in Amarillo. US 87/US 287 travels concurrently through Amarillo. US 60 in Amarillo US 287 in Amarillo; the highways travel concurrently to Dumas. US 385 in Hartley; the highways travel concurrently to Dalhart.
US 54 in Dalhart New Mexico US 56 / US 64 / US 412 in Clayton. US 64/US 87 travels concurrently to Raton. I‑25 / US 64 / US 85 in Raton. I-25/US
Crane County, Texas
Crane County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,375; the county seat is Crane. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1927, it was named for William Carey Crane, a president of Southern Baptist-affiliated Baylor University in Waco, Texas. Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of the area. Indian tribes included Comanches, Lipan Apache, Kiowa. Crane County was formed in 1887 from Tom Green County, named after William Carey Crane, former president of Baylor University. Settlement came years and the county was not organized until 1927. In 1900, the United States census enumerated 12 ranches in the county; as late as 1918, the county had no roads. Church & Fields Exploration Company obtained a permit late in 1925 to drill for oil; the first well came in March 1926. By 1927, an estimated 6,000 people were with 4,500 of them within the city of Crane. Water was trucked in and brought from $1.00 to $2.25 a barrel, though at times the rates could be as high as $5.00 a barrel.
A barrel of drinking water would last a month if used judiciously, barrels of non-potable water were available for cleaning and washing purposes. Crane City was incorporated in the early 1930s, with that came State funds for the building of a city water system. At the same time the Texas Rangers were working to clean up oil towns, the population in Crane began to include more families; as such numerous raids by law enforcement closed the red light district centered on Alford Street. By the beginning of 1991 1,552,324,000 barrels of oil had been produced in the county since discovery in 1926. County history is preserved in the Museum of the Desert Southwest, which opened in Crane in 1980. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 786 square miles, of which 785 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is covered by water. Between Crane and McCamey in neighboring Upton County is a division of the surrounding cliffs known as Castle Gap, a break in a mesa some 12 miles east of the Pecos River, used by Comanches, emigrants headed to the California Gold Rush, cattlemen driving Longhorns on the Goodnight-Loving Trail, as explained in Patrick Dearen's Castle Gap and the Pecos Frontier.
U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 329 Ector County Upton County Crockett County Pecos County Ward County As of the census of 2000, 3,996 people, 1,360 households, 1,082 families resided in the county; the population density was five people per square mile. The 1,596 housing units averaged two per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.70% White, 2.90% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.35%, 19.49% from other races, 2.58% from two or more races. About 43.87% of the population were Hispanic/Latino of any race. Of the 1,360 households, 43.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.80% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.40% were not families. About 18.80% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91, the average family size was 3.35. In the county, the population was distributed as 31.90% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,194, for a family was $36,820. Males had a median income of $33,438 versus $16,806 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,374. About 12.40% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over. The largest segment of the local economy is gas production; the Waddell Ranch contains the single biggest portion of the Permian Basin Royalty Trust, with over 800 producing oil wells as of 2007. Crane County is one of the largest oil-producing counties in Texas, with a total of 1.5 billion barrels of oil pumped since oil was first discovered there. Cattle ranching and local government are other large employers. Crane Tubbs Corner Crane County has been dominated by the Republican Party since 1972. President Donald Trump continued that streak in 2016.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Crane County Crane County Government Website Crane County from the Handbook of Texas Online Entry for William Carey Crane from the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas published 1880, hosted by the Portal to Texas History. Inventory of county records, Crane County courthouse, Texas, hosted by the Portal to Texas History