FIFA 19 is a football simulation video game developed by EA Vancouver as part of Electronic Arts' FIFA series. Announced on 6 June 2018 for its E3 2018 press conference, it was released on 28 September 2018 for PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, Microsoft Windows, it is the 26th installment in the FIFA series. As with FIFA 18, Cristiano Ronaldo appears as the cover athlete of the regular edition; the game features the UEFA club competitions for the first time, including the UEFA Champions League. Martin Tyler and Alan Smith return as regular commentators, while the new commentary team of Derek Rae and Lee Dixon feature in the UEFA competitions mode. Composer Hans Zimmer and rapper Vince Staples recorded a new remix of the UEFA Champions League anthem for the game; the character Alex Hunter, who first appeared in FIFA 17 returns for the third and final installment of "The Journey", entitled, "The Journey: Champions". Gameplay changes on FIFA 19 include the new "Active Touch System"— an overhaul of player control, "timed finishing"— where the kick button may be pressed a second time to determine the exact moment the ball is kicked, "50/50 battles"— a system for determining how a player will win loose balls, "Dynamic Tactics"— which allows players to configure strategies, switch between them in real-time during a match.
FIFA 19 introduces the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League and UEFA Super Cup competitions to the game, after their licences with Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer expired. The game will have support for promotion and relegation between the Champions League and Europa League. Martin Tyler and Alan Smith return as regular commentators with Derek Rae and Lee Dixon as Champions League commentators. Geoff Shreeves returns as the touchline reporter as well as Alan McInally providing updates from around the league. New graphics and stadiums have been implemented. Composer Hans Zimmer and rapper Vince Staples recorded a new remix of the UEFA Champions League anthem for FIFA 19, it can be heard in the game’s reveal trailer. The Nintendo Switch port will receive upgrades over FIFA 18. On 9 June 2018, EA Sports uploaded. Cristiano Ronaldo returned as the global cover star for a second consecutive time, he and Neymar appear on the Champions and Ultimate Edition packs for the game. It reported, it was confirmed that the game would have a licensed Serie A after being called "Calcio A" in FIFA 17 and FIFA 18.
The game will include the Chinese Super League. However, it was confirmed that the game will not include the Russian Premier League, as it did in FIFA 18 and previous FIFAs. Russian Premier League teams CSKA Moscow, Spartak Moscow, Lokomotiv Moscow were kept, while Dinamo Zagreb, Dynamo Kyiv, Slavia Praha, Viktoria Plzen were added to the game. Boca Juniors appears as Buenos Aires FC in the game. Once again, due to Konami securing deals with certain Brazilian clubs, the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A is featured in an incomplete form, this time with only 15 clubs, with the notable omissions of São Paulo, Corinthians and Vasco da Gama, all of which are Konami partners; the remaining Brazilian clubs, while appearing with licensed branding, do not have any of their players licensed due to an ongoing judicial dispute over image rights, which are negotiated individually with each player, unlike other countries. As with every FIFA game there are new skills included, with Andrés Iniesta’s signature move, La Croqueta, featuring in FIFA 19.
25 new icons have been added to the Ultimate Team in FIFA 19, including Rivaldo, Roberto Baggio, Johan Cruyff, George Best, Luís Figo, Steven Gerrard, Roy Keane, Ryan Giggs, Bobby Moore, Franco Baresi, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Eusébio, Hidetoshi Nakata, Fabio Cannavaro, Michael Ballack, Miroslav Klose, Jens Lehmann, Claude Makelele, Frank Lampard. New goal celebrations featured include Kylian Mbappé’s ‘Little Brother’, Roberto Firmino’s ‘Matador’, Mohamed Salah performing a sujud, Neymar’s ‘Hang Loose’, while Cristiano Ronaldo and his nearest teammate both perform Ronaldo’s trademark ‘Siii’ jump together. New stadiums confirmed for FIFA 19 include the new Tottenham Hotspur Stadium – due to open in 2019, Molineux Stadium, home of Wolverhampton Wanderers, Craven Cottage, home of Fulham, the Cardiff City Stadium, home of Cardiff City and Wales national football team, ensuring all 20 English Premier League grounds are featured. There will be 16 new stadiums from the Spanish La Liga, with 3 more from the Spanish Segunda Division.
The only absent stadium from La Liga will be Camp Nou, due to Barcelona's exclusive deal with rival game Pro Evolution Soccer 2019. New Major League Soccer stadiums featured include StubHub Center of LA Galaxy and Mercedes-Benz Stadium of Atlanta United FC; the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 versions, known as FIFA 19: Legacy Edition, do not contain any new gameplay features aside from updated kits and squads. The story-based mode, introduced in FIFA 17 returns in this installment and continues for the last installment under the title "The Journey: Champions". In this installment, Alex Hunter signs for Real Madrid and tries to become their star player after Cristiano Ronaldo leaves for Italian giants Juventus; as FIFA 19 has the full Champions League licence, Hunter competes for Champions League glory. Danny Williams returns trying to carve out a name for himself and compete for the Champions League hardware. Alex Hunter's half-sister, Kim Hunter, tries to compete for the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.
The game features guest stars such
2010 UEFA Champions League Final
The 2010 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match played at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, home of Real Madrid, on Saturday, 22 May 2010, to determine the winners of the 2009–10 UEFA Champions League. It was the first Champions League final to be played on a Saturday, rather than the traditional Wednesday; the match was won by Internazionale, who beat Bayern Munich 2–0 to complete the Treble, a feat never before achieved by any team from either Italy or Germany. The refereeing team was led by Howard Webb; the win gave Inter their third European Cup title, their first since 1965. Meanwhile, Bayern had won the competition as as 2001 – their most recent final appearance – although they were the first German side to reach the final since Bayer Leverkusen in 2002; the 2010 final was the first not to feature an English side since Porto beat AS Monaco in 2004, due to Manchester United being knocked out by Bayern Munich in the quarter-finals on away goals. The Santiago Bernabéu Stadium had hosted three European Cup finals: in 1957, 1969 and 1980.
As the winners, Inter played against 2009–10 UEFA Europa League winners Atlético Madrid in the 2010 UEFA Super Cup, entered the semi-finals of the 2010 FIFA Club World Cup. Prior to the 2010 final, Bayern Munich and Internazionale had met four times in European competition. In those four matches, Bayern held the edge with two wins to Internazionale's one; the first meeting between the two sides took place in the third round of the 1988–89 UEFA Cup. They were next drawn together in Group B of the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League, along with Spartak Moscow and Sporting CP; the first match between Bayern and Inter was played at the San Siro, where Bayern won 2–0. Both teams went into the final chasing the Treble, an achievement never before reached by teams from their respective countries. Bayern Munich claimed their 22nd Bundesliga title on the last day of the season with a 3–1 win away to Hertha BSC on 8 May 2010, before claiming their eighth domestic Double with a 4–0 win over Werder Bremen in the 2010 DFB-Pokal Final on 15 May.
Meanwhile, Internazionale beat Roma 1–0 for their sixth Coppa Italia on 5 May, won their fifth Serie A title in a row and their second Double on 16 May with a 1–0 win away to relegated Siena. With both teams having secured domestic Doubles going into the final, it was guaranteed that the Treble would be won for the second year in a row, following Barcelona's success in 2008–09; the managers of both teams had won the Champions League before: Bayern manager Louis van Gaal won the competition with Ajax in 1995, while Inter's José Mourinho was manager of Porto's 2004 side. The winning manager would therefore become only the third in European Cup history to win as manager of two clubs, following in the footsteps of Ernst Happel and Ottmar Hitzfeld, it was the fifth final in European Cup history. It was the first Champions League final where neither of the finalists exited the group stage as group winners; the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium had hosted three European Cup finals: in 1957, 1969 and 1980. Real Madrid themselves won the 1957 final – their second of five consecutive wins – beating Fiorentina 2–0 in front of 120,000 spectators, the second highest attendance in a European Cup final.
Milan won the next final at the stadium, beating Ajax 4–1 in 1969, Nottingham Forest won 1–0 against Hamburg in the most recent final in Madrid in 1980. The stadium was opened in 1947 following the election of Santiago Bernabéu as the president of Real Madrid. Upon construction, the stadium had a maximum capacity in excess of 75,000, but this was increased to 125,000 with the addition of a fourth stand in 1954; the stadium was chosen as one of two venues for matches at the 1964 European Nations' Cup, hosting both of the Spain team's matches, including their 2–1 win over the Soviet Union. In preparation for the 1982 FIFA World Cup, FIFA requirements forced renovations to the stadium, adding a canopy to three of the four stands and reducing the capacity to 90,800; the stadium hosted the final of the 1982 World Cup. Conversion to an all-seater stadium in 1998 further reduced capacity to just over 75,000, but the most recent expansion in 2006 increased capacity to just over 80,000. Only around 75,000 seats, were available for the 2010 final.
The Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid was selected as the venue for the 2010 UEFA Champions League Final at a meeting of the UEFA Executive Committee in Vaduz, Liechtenstein, on 28 March 2008. The committee – who selected the venue for the 2010 UEFA Europa League Final at the same meeting – based their decision on a number of key criteria, including stadium capacity and security, it had been decided that the final would be played on a Saturday for the first time in Champions League history at the UEFA Executive Committee's meeting in Lucerne, Switzerland, on 30 November 2007. The unique visual identity of the 2010 final was revealed at a special ceremony at Madrid's Ciudad del Fútbol Español on 20 November 2009. In attendance at the
2009 UEFA Champions League Final
The 2009 UEFA Champions League Final was played on 27 May 2009 at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy. The match determined the winners of the 2008–09 season of the UEFA Champions League, a tournament for the top football clubs in Europe; the match was won by Barcelona of Spain, who beat England's Manchester United 2–0. Samuel Eto'o opened the scoring in the 10th minute, Lionel Messi added another goal 20 minutes from the end to earn Barcelona an historic treble of La Liga, the Copa del Rey and the Champions League, a feat never before achieved by a Spanish club; the match was refereed by Swiss referee Massimo Busacca. This was Barcelona's third victory in the competition, 17 years after they first won the European Cup in 1992. Manchester United went into the match as the competition's defending champions, the first defending champions to reach the final since Juventus in 1997. Manchester United sought to be the first team to retain the European Cup since Milan in 1990, it was the fifth year in a row.
The Stadio Olimpico had hosted three previous Champions League finals, following the 1977, 1984 and 1996 matches. As winners of the 2008–09 Champions League, Barcelona played against 2008–09 UEFA Cup winners Shakhtar Donetsk in the 2009 UEFA Super Cup, they represented UEFA at the 2009 FIFA Club World Cup. Despite winning the Champions League final, Barcelona won €8 million less prize money from the tournament than Manchester United. Barcelona and Manchester United had faced each other nine times in European competitions: three times in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and six times in the UEFA Champions League. Of those nine matches, Manchester United had recorded three wins to Barcelona's two, with the remaining four matches finishing in draws; the only time that the two teams met in a final came in 1991, when they contested the 1991 Cup Winners' Cup final. The first meeting between the two sides came in the third round of the 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup; that result marked Manchester United's biggest win over Barcelona.
The most recent meeting between the teams came in the semi-finals of the 2007–08 Champions League, when United held Barcelona to a 0–0 draw at the Camp Nou before beating them 1–0 at Old Trafford. Despite their record against Manchester United, Barcelona had an overall winning record against English clubs, having won 20 and lost 15 of their 52 matches against English opposition. Manchester United, on the other hand, had a losing record against Spanish teams. Both teams had won the UEFA Champions League before; the most recent of these had come only the season before, when Manchester United beat Chelsea on penalties in the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow. They won the first of their European Cups in 1968, beating Benfica 4–1 at Wembley Stadium, while their second was achieved in 1999 via a last-gasp 2–1 win over Bayern Munich at Barcelona's home ground, the Camp Nou. Barcelona's first European Cup was won as as 1992, when they beat Sampdoria 1–0 after extra time at Wembley. Prior to 2009, unlike Barcelona, Manchester United had never lost a European Cup final.
Both teams went into the match as the champions of their respective countries – the first time that the final had been contested by domestic champions since 1999, when Manchester United beat Bayern Munich 2–1 at Barcelona's home, the Camp Nou – both winning with games to spare. Manchester United won their 11th Premier League title with a 0–0 draw at home to Arsenal on 16 May, while Barcelona were confirmed as La Liga champions for the first time in three years when Real Madrid lost to Villarreal on the same day. Both Manchester United and Barcelona were looking for another Champions League title to cap a season in which they had won multiple trophies: Manchester United had won four out of a possible seven trophies in 2008–09 and were playing for the possibility of becoming the third team to retain the European Double, while Barcelona were aiming to become the first Spanish club to win a Treble of La Liga, the Copa del Rey and the UEFA Champions League. By virtue of their third-place finish in the 2007–08 Primera División, Barcelona entered the 2008–09 Champions League at the third qualifying round.
Based on their UEFA coefficient, Barcelona were seeded for the third qualifying round draw, drawn against Polish champions Wisła Kraków. A 4–0 win in the first leg at the Camp Nou made defeat in the second leg immaterial and Barcelona were entered into the group stage draw. Barcelona's UEFA coefficient placed them in the top eight seeds for the draw, meaning that they would avoid having to play against Internazionale, Chelsea or holders and their semi-final opponents from 2007–08, Manchester United. However, they could still draw Bayern Roma or Juventus. In the end, Barcelona were drawn into Group C against Sporting Basel and Shakhtar Donetsk. Four wins and a draw at home to Basel placed Barcelona on top of their group with a game to spare, despite defeat to Shakhtar Donetsk on Matchday 6, they still had the third-best record amongst the qualifiers for the first knockout round; as group winners, Barcelona would avoid being drawn with other group winners, including Manchester United, Liverpool and Bayern Munich, but they could still
2016 UEFA Champions League Final
The 2016 UEFA Champions League Final was the final match of the 2015–16 UEFA Champions League, the 61st season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, the 24th season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League. It was played at the San Siro stadium in Milan, Italy, on 28 May 2016, between Spanish teams Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid, in a repeat of the 2014 final, it was the second time in the tournament's history. Real Madrid won 5–3 on a penalty shoot-out after a 1–1 draw at the end of extra time, securing a record-extending 11th title in the competition. Real Madrid earned the right to play against the winners of the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League, Sevilla, in the 2016 UEFA Super Cup, they qualified to enter the semi-finals of the 2016 FIFA Club World Cup as the UEFA representative. The San Siro known as Stadio Giuseppe Meazza, was announced as the venue of the final at the UEFA Executive Committee meeting in Nyon, Switzerland, on 18 September 2014, the fourth European Cup/Champions League final hosted at the stadium following those in 1965, 1970 and 2001.
The San Siro was built in 1925, opened in 1926 as the home of Milan, was sold to the city in 1935. Internazionale became tenants in 1947, the stadium has been shared by the two clubs since, with Inter winning the first European Cup final played at the stadium in 1965; the stadium was used as a venue in the 1934 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 1980, the 1990 FIFA World Cup. Its current capacity is reduced to just under 80,000 seats for UEFA competitions; the 2016 final marked the first time a final has been held at the San Siro when neither of its tenants were able to win the competition, as Milan and Internazionale both failed to qualify for any European competitions after their performance in the 2014–15 Serie A. This final was the sixth tournament final to feature two teams from the same association, the third all-Spanish final, the second between teams from the same city, fielding the two teams that faced each other in the 2014 final, making it the seventh repeated final pairing; the all-Madrid final guaranteed the city of Madrid becoming the most successful city in the European Cup with 11 wins and 17 final appearances, in all UEFA club competitions with 16 wins, overtaking the city of Milan with 10 wins and 16 final appearances in the European Cup and 15 wins in all UEFA club competitions.
Real Madrid reached a record 14th final after a 1–0 aggregate win against Manchester City, with a chance to win a record 11th title. They won finals in 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2014, lost in 1962, 1964 and 1981; this was their 18th final in all UEFA club competitions, having played in two Cup Winners' Cup finals and two UEFA Cup finals. Their manager, Zinedine Zidane, who scored the winning goal for Real Madrid in the 2002 final, was aiming to become the seventh man to win the Champions League as both player and manager, joining Miguel Muñoz, Giovanni Trapattoni, Johan Cruyff, Carlo Ancelotti, Frank Rijkaard and Pep Guardiola; the team had had a disastrous first half of the season, being left out of contention to win La Liga, sacking Rafael Benitez in January and leaving the Champions League to save their season from being trophy-less. Atlético Madrid reached their third European Cup final after defeating Bayern Munich on away goals, their previous two European Cup finals in 1974 and 2014 both ended in defeats, to Bayern Munich and Real Madrid respectively.
Atlético Madrid had played in three Cup Winners' Cup finals and two Europa League finals, with their most recent Europa League triumph in 2012 led by current coach Diego Simeone attributed as having brought Atlético Madrid back to glory, but had yet to win a Champions League. He had the chance to join fellow Argentinians Luis Carniglia and Helenio Herrera as the only non-European coaches to win the European Cup/Champions League. More Atlético Madrid were seeking revenge for the 2014 final, which they lost 4-1 against Real Madrid after extra-time. If they would win the Champions League, they would join Juventus, Bayern Munich and Chelsea as clubs to have won the three main European club competitions. On the other hand, if they were to lose, they would become the first team to lose their first three European Cup finals. Apart from the 2014 final, won by Real Madrid 4–1 after extra time, the only previous Madrid Derby matches in European competitions were in the 1958–59 European Cup semi-finals, where Real Madrid won 2–1 in a replay, after a 2–2 aggregate draw, in the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, where Real Madrid won 1–0 on aggregate.
Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first. The ambassadors for the final were former Argentine international Javier Zanetti, who won the Champions League with Internazionale against Bayern Munich in 2010, former Italian international Paolo Maldini, who won five European Cups with Milan. UEFA unveiled the brand identity of the final on 27 August 2015 in Monaco ahead of the group stage draw; the logo features the Milan landmark Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II. With a stadium capacity of 71,500, a total amount of 46,000 tickets were available to fans and the general public, with the two finalist teams receiving 20,000 tickets each and with 6,000 tickets being available for sale to fans worldwide via UEFA.com from 1 to 14 March 2016 in four price categories: €440, €320, €160 and €70. The remaining tickets were allocated to the local organising committee, UEFA and national associations, co
George Frideric Handel
George Frideric Handel was a German British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios and organ concertos. Handel received important training in Halle-upon-Saale and worked as a composer in Hamburg and Italy before settling in London in 1712, he was influenced both by the great composers of the Italian Baroque and by the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition. Within fifteen years, Handel had started three commercial opera companies to supply the English nobility with Italian opera. Musicologist Winton Dean writes; as Alexander's Feast was well received, Handel made a transition to English choral works. After his success with Messiah he never composed an Italian opera again. Blind, having lived in England for nearly fifty years, he died in 1759, a respected and rich man, his funeral was given full state honours, he was buried in Westminster Abbey in London. Born the same year as Johann Sebastian Bach and Domenico Scarlatti, Handel is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Baroque era, with works such as Messiah, Water Music, Music for the Royal Fireworks remaining steadfastly popular.
One of his four coronation anthems, Zadok the Priest, composed for the coronation of George II, has been performed at every subsequent British coronation, traditionally during the sovereign's anointing. Another of his English oratorios, has remained popular, with the Sinfonia that opens act 3 featuring at the 2012 London Olympics opening ceremony. Handel composed more than forty operas in over thirty years, since the late 1960s, with the revival of baroque music and informed musical performance, interest in Handel's operas has grown. Handel was born in 1685 to Georg Händel and Dorothea Taust, his father, aged sixty-three when George Frideric was born, was an eminent barber-surgeon who served the court of Saxe-Weissenfels and the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Georg Händel was the son of a coppersmith, Valentin Händel, who had emigrated from Eisleben in 1608 with his first wife Anna Belching, the daughter of a master coppersmith, they were Protestants and chose reliably Protestant Saxony over Silesia, a Hapsburg possession, as religious tensions mounted in the years before the Thirty Years War.
Halle was a prosperous city, home of a salt-mining industry and center of trade. The Margrave of Brandenburg became the administrator of the archiepiscopal territories of Mainz, including Magdeburg when they converted, by the early 17th century held his court in Halle, which attracted renowned musicians; the smaller churches all had "able organists and fair choirs", humanities and the letters thrived. The Thirty Years War brought extensive destruction to Halle, by the 1680s it was impoverished. However, since the middle of the war the city had been under the administration of the Duke of Saxony, soon after the end of the war he would bring musicians trained in Dresden to his court in Weissenfels; the arts and music, flourished only among the higher strata, of which Handel's family was not a member. Georg Händel was born at the beginning of the war, was apprenticed to a barber in Halle at the age of 14, after his father died; when he was 20, he married the widow of the official barber-surgeon of a suburb of Halle, inheriting his practice.
With this, Georg determinedly began the process of becoming self-made. Anna died in 1682. Within a year Georg married again, this time to the daughter of a Lutheran minister, Pastor Georg Taust of the Church of St. Bartholomew in Giebichtenstein, who himself came from a long line of Lutheran pastors. Handel was the second child of this marriage. Two younger sisters were born after the birth of George Frideric: Dorthea Sophia, born 6 October 1687, Johanna Christiana, born 10 January 1690. Early in his life Handel is reported to have attended the gymnasium in Halle, where the headmaster, Johann Praetorius, was reputed to be an ardent musician. Whether Handel remained there or for how long is unknown, but many biographers suggest that he was withdrawn from school by his father, based on the characterization of him by Handel's first biographer, John Mainwaring. Mainwaring is the source for all information of Handel's childhood, much of that information came from J. C. Smith, Jr. Handel's confidant and copyist.
Whether it came from Smith or elsewhere, Mainwaring relates misinformation. It is from Mainwaring that the portrait comes of Handel's father as implacably opposed to any musical education. Mainwaring writes that Georg Händel was "alarmed" at Handel's early propensity for music, "took every measure to oppose it", including forbidding any musical instrument in the house and preventing Handel from going to any house where they might be found; this did nothing to dampen young Handel's inclination. Mainwaring tells the story of Handel's
2013 UEFA Champions League Final
The 2013 UEFA Champions League Final was the final match of the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League, the 58th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, the 21st season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League. The match took place on Saturday, 25 May 2013, at Wembley Stadium in London, between German Bundesliga clubs Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich. In the first all-German Champions League final, Bayern won the match 2–1 with goals from Mario Mandžukić and man of the match Arjen Robben coming either side of an İlkay Gündoğan penalty for Dortmund. One week Bayern won the 2013 DFB-Pokal and, having won the 2013 Bundesliga, completed the Continental Treble; as a result of their Champions League win, Bayern qualified to play against Chelsea, the winners of the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League, in the 2013 UEFA Super Cup, earned the right to enter the semi-finals of the 2013 FIFA Club World Cup as the UEFA representative. They would go on to win both competitions.
Wembley Stadium, England's national stadium and home of the England national football team, was announced as the venue of the 2013 final on 16 June 2011. Having hosted the 2011 final, Wembley made history for being the first stadium in the tournament's history to host the final twice in three years. Discussing the short time between the two finals, UEFA President Michel Platini explained that the final would be in celebration of 150 years of the Football Association's existence, it was the seventh occasion that Wembley hosted the final after hosting the 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1992 and the 2011 finals of Europe's premier club competition. The original Wembley Stadium hosted five European Cup finals; the 1968 and 1978 finals were both won by English sides: Manchester United beat Benfica 4–1 in 1968 and Liverpool defeated Club Brugge 1–0 in 1978. Benfica lost in the 1963 final, beaten 2–1 by Milan, while Ajax won the first of three consecutive European Cups at Wembley in 1971, beating Panathinaikos 2–0.
In the 1992 final, Spanish club Barcelona defeated Italian side Sampdoria 1–0 in the final match played as the European Cup prior to the following season's introduction of the current Champions League format. First opened for the British Empire Exhibition in 1923, the stadium was known as the Empire Stadium; that year, it hosted its first FA Cup Final, when 200,000 spectators attempted to watch the match between Bolton Wanderers and West Ham United. Wembley played host to all of England's matches at the 1966 FIFA World Cup, including the 4–2 victory over West Germany in the final, at UEFA Euro 1996; the original stadium was closed in 2000 and demolished three years to be replaced by a 90,000-capacity arena, which opened in 2007. The new stadium hosted the 2011 UEFA Champions League Final, which pitted Barcelona against Manchester United in a re-match of the final played two years previously. Barcelona claimed their fourth European title; this was the first time in the history of the Champions League that the final was contested between two German sides.
There were three previous Champions League finals between two clubs from the same country: 2000, 2003, 2008. It was Bayern Munich's 10th European Cup/Champions League final, third all-time behind Real Madrid and Milan, they won four of those finals: in 1974, 1975, 1976, most in 2001. The 2013 final was Bayern's third final in four years. For Dortmund, this was their second Champions League final, with them winning their first title in 1997; the next season as defending champions, they defeated Bayern in their only previous meetings in European competitions, winning 1–0 on aggregate in the 1997–98 UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, before being eliminated 2–0 on aggregate in the semi-finals by Real Madrid, managed by Jupp Heynckes, who took over as Bayern coach in 2011. In 2003, Bayern provided a €2 million loan without collateral to the nearly bankrupt Dortmund which has since been repaid. There has been a heated rivalry between Bayern and Dortmund, known in Germany as Der Klassiker, which became prevalent during the 1990s.
In 2011–12, Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB Pokal with Bayern finishing runners-up in both competitions. In 2012–13, Bayern bested Dortmund for both trophies, as well as the DFL-Supercup. Just before Dortmund's Champions League semi-final, it was announced that one of their homegrown stars, Mario Götze, would make a €37 million transfer to Bayern for the upcoming 2013–14 season, a move that some felt would have put more distance between wealthy Bayern and the rest of the Bundesliga; the final 2012–13 Bundesliga game between the two clubs was a 1–1 draw marked by acrimony as Bayern's Rafinha was sent off for elbowing Dortmund's Jakub Blaszczykowski, sparking an argument on the touchline between Dortmund coach Jürgen Klopp and Bayern sporting director Matthias Sammer. The press has used terms like'power shift' and'changing of the guard' after Dortmund and Bayern eliminated Spanish giants Real Madrid and Barcelona in the Champions League semi-finals. Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first.
The two-time Champions League winner and ex-England international Steve McManaman was appointed as the official ambassador for the final. The opening ceremony was directed by Kevin Spacey's executive assistant and The Prince's Trust ambassador Hamish Jenkinson and his business partner Jonny Grant, who had directed the 2011 opening ceremony at Wembley; the ceremony titled "Battle of Kings", was produc
1955–56 European Cup
The 1955–56 European Cup was the first season of the European Cup, UEFA's premier club football tournament. The tournament was won by Real Madrid, who defeated Reims 4–3 in the final at Parc des Princes, Paris, on 13 June 1956; the participating clubs in the first five seasons of the European Cup were selected by French football magazine L'Equipe on the basis that they were representative and prestigious clubs in Europe. Of the selected teams, Chelsea of England were barred from participation by The Football Association, who saw the tournament as a distraction to domestic football. Chelsea were replaced by Gwardia Warszawa of Poland. In addition, Holland Sport, Honvéd and BK Copenhagen rejected the opportunity to represent the Netherlands and Denmark being replaced by PSV Eindhoven, Vörös Lobogó and AGF Aarhus; this was the only UEFA tournament to include a representative of Saarland, unified into West Germany in 1957. The first round pairings were fixed by the organisers and not drawn as would be the case for all future European Cup matches.
Real Madrid won 7–0 on aggregate. Partizan won 8–5 on aggregate. Hibernian won 5–1 on aggregate. Djurgården won 4–1 on aggregate. Vörös Lobogó won 10–4 on aggregate. Reims won 4–2 on aggregate. Rapid Wien won 6–2 on aggregate. Milan won 7–5 on aggregate. Note - differences in information: website RSSSF writes that goal on 26 minute scored Robert Körner, website UEFA writes that goal on 26 minute scored Alfred Körner Hibernian won 4–1 on aggregate. Reims won 8–6 on aggregate. Real Madrid won 4–3 on aggregate. Milan won 8–3 on aggregate. Reims won 3–0 on aggregate. Real Madrid won 5–4 on aggregate. 8 goals Miloš Milutinović 6 goals Péter Palotás Léon Glovacki 5 goals René Bliard Héctor Rial Alfredo Di Stéfano 4 goals Mihály Lantos Gunnar Nordahl Michel Leblond 3 goals Alfred Körner Hippolyte Van Den Bosch John Eriksson Eddie Turnbull Juan Alberto Schiaffino Giorgio Dal Monte Joseíto 1955–56 season at UEFA website 1955–56 All matches – season at UEFA website All scorers 1955–56 European Cup according to protocols UEFA European Cup results at Rec.
Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation European Cup 1955-56 – results, players statistics "50 years of the European Cup". UEFA. October 2004. Retrieved 17 July 2008. 1955-56 European Cup - results and line-ups