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UEFA Club Footballer of the Year

The UEFA Club Footballer of the Year was a football award presented by UEFA to the most outstanding performers of every European club football season. The award, along with "Best Goalkeeper," "Best Defender," "Best Midfielder," and "Best Forward," was given at the end of each season at a special gala in Monaco prior to the UEFA Super Cup; the honour had been bestowed upon first-class European football stars since the 1997–98 season, when it was awarded to Ronaldo of Internazionale. For the 2010–11 season, it was replaced by the newly formed UEFA Men's Player of the Year Award. Below is a list of all the recipients of the award: UEFA Men's Player of the Year Award UEFA Club Football Awards UEFA Team of the Year UEFA Club Footballer of the Year

Renewable Fuels Agency

The Renewable Fuels Agency was a UK Government non-departmental public body, created by the Department for Transport to implement the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation or RTFO. The Agency ceased to exist at midnight on 31 March 2011 The Renewable Fuels Agency was the UK’s independent sustainable fuels regulator; the agency awards Renewable Transport Fuel Certificates to suppliers of biofuels in the UK, ensures companies meet their annual obligations and runs the RTFO’s carbon and sustainability reporting system. The key stated aim of the UK Government in introducing the RTFO was to reduce carbon emissions. Under the RTFO, the RFA asks fuel suppliers to report on the specific type and origin of biofuels, the compliance of biofuel crops with existing environmental and social sustainability criteria and the greenhouse gas emissions reductions achieved by using biofuels; the RFA was responsible for publishing updates on the progress of the RTFO, including progress on achieving compliance with sustainability criteria, on a monthly basis, as well as quarterly reports to the Department for Transport and annual reports to parliament.

The organisation allocates Renewable Transport Fuel Certificates to suppliers of biofuels in the UK, ensures obligated companies meet their annual obligation and runs the RTFO's world leading carbon and sustainability reporting system. The RFA promotes the supply of sustainable biofuels, more than just an administrator, its work helps to drive forward the biofuel sustainability agenda. Suppliers of biofuels in the UK wishing to claim RTFCs must report to the RFA through the online ‘RFA Operating System' the volume of biofuel they supply, its carbon and sustainability characteristics; the RFA ensures that the data is verifiable and robust, has a continual program of testing and reviewing its systems to ensure that they are resilient to the possibility of fraud. To make a positive contribution to a low carbon future, biofuels must be sustainable; the reports published by the RFA on the carbon and sustainability of biofuel supplied in the UK are the first of their kind in the world. The Agency reports every month on the biofuels supplied in the UK, every quarter on the performance of individual suppliers and every year on the wider impacts of the RTFO.

On 28 January 2010, the RFA published Year One of the RTFO, the first Annual Report to Parliament on the impacts of the RTFO. The report includes verified data comparing the carbon and sustainability performance of individual fuel suppliers; this is the first time. To assist suppliers in their reporting, the RFA provides a ‘Carbon calculator' to determine the lifecycle emissions from their fuels; the Agency benchmarks feedstock sustainability schemes against the RTFO'Meta-Standard' for biofuel sustainability. In order to understand the impacts of the RTFO, the RFA commissions research; these research projects consider one or more of the impact areas outlined in the RTFO order, which are: carbon emissions, sustainable development, other economic impacts and the environment generally. Results of the research are communicated through the Agency's regular stakeholder events, through their web site and at appropriate conferences; the agency engages with standards bodies and other stakeholders to promote biofuel sustainability and the systems and mechanisms which support this.

In July 2008 the RFA published the'Gallagher Review' into the indirect effects of biofuels production. The report was commissioned by the Secretary of State for Transport in response to growing concern about the impact of rising global demands for biofuels on food prices and greenhouse gas emissions. A growing body of academic research suggested that biofuels would displace agricultural production and cause damaging land-use change in other parts of the world; this led to calls for a moratorium on biofuels policies from NGOs, whilst the agricultural and biofuels sectors questioned the conclusions of the research and modelling. Governments and policy makers in the EU and elsewhere were trying to make sense of this new evidence at a time when many had introduced policies to support renewable fuels to tackle global warming and growing concerns about fuel security. In the EU the Renewable Energy Directive, with ambitious proposals for renewable energy targets, was in the final stages of negotiation.

The review concluded that projected increased global demand for biofuels did carry significant risks that required urgent mitigation. It found that, whilst there was sufficient land for food and biofuels, current policies did not ensure that additional production occurred in appropriate areas; as a result, the displacement of existing agricultural production was to lead to reductions in biodiversity and increases in overall greenhouse gas emissions. It found that biofuels would contribute to rising prices for some commodities that would adversely affect the poorest, but that the scale of these effects was complex and uncertain to model. On the basis of evidence gathered, the Gallagher Review concluded that a slowdown in targets was needed whilst appropriate mitigation measures were put in place; the two pieces of legislation that relate directly to this public body and the Government policy it implements are the Energy Act 2004 and the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation Order 2007. The RFA was a small organisation, led by an independent board with six members including the chief executive.

The agency had an annual budget of about £1.5 million and was based on the south coast of England in St Leonards-on-Sea. The Agency confirmed its clos

Dennis Mahony

Dennis Aloysius Mahony was one of the founders of the Dubuque Herald, a newspaper in Dubuque, during the American Civil War. Mahony was born in County Cork, Ireland. At the age of 9, he emigrated with his family to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1831, he studied theology and law before moving to Iowa in 1843, but held several other jobs before being admitted to the bar in 1847. He was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives from Jackson County in 1848 and in 1858. In 1849 he became editor of The Miner's Express. Mahony was active in regional politics, he was a partisan Northern Democrat of Copperhead sympathies and wrote articles that negatively criticized Abraham Lincoln and the conduct of the Civil War. He was arrested on August 14, 1862 by U. S. Marshal H. M. Hoxie for publishing an editorial article, disloyal to the government, he was transported from Dubuque to Washington D. C, held at the Old Capitol Prison, he was released from prison on November 10, but only after signing a document stating that he would "form an allegiance to the United States, would not bring any charges against those who had arrested and confined him."

During his captivity, he was the Democratic nominee for Congress. Allison, he would serve two terms as sheriff of Dubuque County. Mahony wrote a book about his experience entitled Prisoner of State, published in 1863. He, Stilson Hutchins, John Hodnett established the St. Louis Star newspaper in 1866, but Mahony sold his share and returned to Dubuque, where he edited the Dubuque Telegraph until his death, he is buried at St. Patrick's Cemetery in Garryowen, Iowa in the northwest corner of Jackson County, a few miles south of Bernard, Iowa. Clement Vallandigham Constance R. Cherba and Edward E. Deckert, "Mahoney: Political Dissident, Prisoner of State", Civil War Times, June 2007, pp. 59–63 Dennis Mahony information at Web article on Prisoner of State Downloadable copy of Prisoner of State Political graveyard

Disorders of calcium metabolism

Disorders of calcium metabolism occur when the body has too little or too much calcium. The serum level of calcium is regulated within a limited range in the human body. In a healthy physiology, extracellular calcium levels are maintained within a tight range through the actions of parathyroid hormone, vitamin D and the calcium sensing receptor. Disorders in calcium metabolism can lead to hypocalcemia, decreased plasma levels of calcium or hypercalcemia, elevated plasma calcium levels. Hypocalcemia is common and can occur unnoticed with no symptoms or, in severe cases, can have dramatic symptoms and be life-threatening. Hypocalcemia can be parathyroid related or vitamin D related. Parathyroid related hypocalcemia includes post-surgical hypoparathyroidism, inherited hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism, pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism. Post-surgical hypoparathyroidism is the most common form, can be temporary or permanent, if all parathyroid tissue has been removed. Inherited hypoparathyroidism is due to a mutation in the calcium sensing receptor.

Pseudohypoparathyroidism is maternally inherited and is categorized by hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. Pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism is paternally inherited. Patients display normal parathyroid hormone action in the kidney, but exhibit altered parathyroid hormone action in the bone. Vitamin D related hypocalcemia may be associated with a lack of vitamin D in the diet, a lack of sufficient UV exposure, or disturbances in renal function. Low vitamin D in the body can lead to a lack of calcium absorption and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Symptoms of hypocalcemia include numbness in fingers and toes, muscle cramps, impaired mental capacity and muscle twitching. Hypercalcemia is suspected to occur in 1 in 500 adults in the general adult population. Like hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia can be non-severe and present with no symptoms, or it may be severe, with life-threatening symptoms. Hypercalcemia is most caused by hyperparathyroidism and by malignancy, less by vitamin D intoxication, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia and by sarcoidosis.

Hyperparathyroidism occurs most in postmenopausal women. Hyperparathyroidism can be caused by a tumor, or adenoma, in the parathyroid gland or by increased levels of parathyroid hormone due to hypocalcemia. 10% of cancer sufferers experience hypercalcemia due to malignancy. Hypercalcemia occurs most in breast cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, lung cancer and colon cancer, it may be caused by secretion of parathyroid hormone-related peptide by the tumor, or may be a result of direct invasion of the bone, causing calcium release. Symptoms of hypercalcemia include anorexia, vomiting, abdominal pain, depression, polyuria and generalized aches and pains; the amount of biologically active calcium varies with the level of serum albumin, a protein to which calcium is bound, therefore levels of ionized calcium are better measures than a total calcium. A normal ionized calcium is 1.12-1.45 mmol/L. A normal total calcium is 2.2-2.6 mmol/L. Total calcium of less than 8.0 mg/dL is hypocalcaemia, with levels below 1.59 mmol/L fatal.

Total calcium of more than 10.6 mg/dL is hypercalcaemia, with levels over 3.753 mmol/L fatal. Calcium metabolism Pseudohypoparathyroidism Milk-alkali syndrome

Liberal Party of Cuba

The Autonomist Liberal Party, founded in 1878 and renamed to the simplified Liberal Party in 1898, was one of the major political parties in Cuba from 1910 until the Cuban Revolution in the late 1950s, when it was exiled. The party first contested elections in 1910, they lost the 1912 elections to the Conjunción Patriótica alliance, went on to finish second in elections in 1914, 1916 and 1918. In the 1920 elections, the Liberal Party's Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso won the presidential election, although the party lost the parliamentary elections to the National League, they went on to win the mid-term elections in 1922. For the 1924 elections the party formed an alliance with the Cuban Popular Party; the alliance's Gerardo Machado won the presidential election, whilst it won both the Senate and House elections. In 1928 elections for a Constitutional Assembly were held, in which the party won 29 of the 55 seats; the party won the mid-term elections in 1930 and 1932. For the 1936 general election the party was part of the Tripartite Coalition, alongside the Nationalist Union and Republican Action, which won both the presidential election and the parliamentary elections.

The Liberal Party went on to win the 1938 mid-term elections. In the 1940 general elections the party was again part of an alliance, the People's Socialist Coalition, alongside the Communist Revolutionary Union, Progressive Action, the Democratic National Association and the Republican Democratic Party; the alliance's Fulgencio Batista won the presidential election, whilst the Liberal Party finished second in the House of Representatives elections. The party won 21 seats in the 1942 mid-term elections, matched by the Democratic Party; the 1944 general election saw the party finish second in the House of Representative elections, with a similar performance in the 1946 mid-term elections. For the 1948 general election the party put forward a joint candidate with the Democratic Party, but lost to the Auténtico-Republican's Carlos Prío Socarrás; the party finished second in the parliamentary elections. An alliance with the Democratic Party and the Partido Auténtico won the 1950 mid-term elections.

However, for the 1954 elections the party allied against the Partido Auténtico alongside Progressive Action, the Radical Union and the Republican Democratic Party, putting forward the victorious Batista as their presidential candidate. The Liberal Party finished second in the House elections behind Progressive Action; the modern party, named National Liberal Party of Cuba, was founded in 2004. It is a member of Liberal International. Liberalism in Cuba

Lou Veloso

Luciano Mariaño "Lou" Veloso is a Filipino actor, theater actor, musical theater director, movie director and politician. He is known for his supporting roles in over 30 popular comedy films, which include Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang, Pulis Patola, Ang Cute ng ina mo!, Desperadas 2. As an actor, Veloso has performed in movies such as "Kabayo Kids", released in 1990, in which he portrayed Loreiga, "Buddy en Sol", "M & M: The Incredible Twins". Veloso's first film was Working Girl by VIVA Entertainment in 1984 in which he played a security guard in a bank office. Veloso was a TV host of AgriSiyete, which he replaced original host the comedian Bert Marcelo in 1996, he appeared in a various educational programs are Batibot and K-High which he plays as a grandfather. He is the founder and musical stage play director of Senakulo, a Holy Week Musical Stage Play was launched in 1979, traditionally held every Holy Week of every year. Senakulo Stage Play celebrated their 40th anniversary with past and present cast members last April 2019 with founder himself Comedian actor & host Lou Veloso.

Veloso became a councilor of the 6th district of Manila in 1995 until 2013. He ran for vice mayor on the 2013 midterm elections under the Liberal Party, with Alfredo Lim but lost. In 2019, he won the sixth spot. Lou Veloso on IMDb