The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs. Clubs qualify for the competition based on their performance in their national leagues and cup competitions, it is the second-tier competition of European club football, ranking below the UEFA Champions League. Called the UEFA Cup, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League since the 2009–10 season, following a change in format. For UEFA footballing records purposes, the UEFA Cup and UEFA Europa League are considered the same competition, with the change of name being a rebranding. In 1999, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was merged with the UEFA Cup. For the 2004–05 competition a group stage was added prior to the knockout phase; the 2009 re-branding included a merge with the UEFA Intertoto Cup, producing an enlarged competition format, with an expanded group stage and a change in qualifying criteria. The winner of the UEFA Europa League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup and, since the 2014–15 season, the following season's UEFA Champions League, entering at the group stage.
The title has been won by 28 clubs. The most successful club in the competition is Sevilla, with five titles; the current champions are Chelsea, after defeating Arsenal 4–1 in the 2019 final to win their second title. The UEFA Cup was preceded by the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, a European football competition played between 1955 and 1971; the competition grew from 11 teams during the first cup to 64 teams by the last cup, played in 1970–71. It had become so important on the European football scene that in the end it was taken over by UEFA and relaunched the following season as the UEFA Cup; the UEFA Cup was first played in the 1971/72 season, with an all-English final of Wolverhampton Wanderers against Tottenham Hotspur, with Spurs taking the first honours. The title was retained by another English club, Liverpool, in 1973, who defeated Borussia Mönchengladbach in the final. Borussia would win the competition in 1975 and 1979, reach the final again in 1980. Feyenoord won the cup in 1974 after defeating Tottenham Hotspur 4–2 on aggregate.
Liverpool won the competition for the second time in 1976 after defeating Club Brugge in the final. During the 1980s, IFK Göteborg and Real Madrid won the competition twice each, with Anderlecht reaching two consecutive finals, winning in 1983 and losing to Tottenham Hotspur in 1984; the year 1989 saw the commencement of the Italian clubs' domination, when Diego Maradona's Napoli defeated Stuttgart. The 1990s started with two all-Italian finals, in 1992, Torino lost the final to Ajax on the away goals rule. Juventus won the competition for a third time in 1993 and Internazionale kept the cup in Italy the following year; the year 1995 saw a third all-Italian final, with Parma proving their consistency, after two consecutive Cup Winners' Cup finals. The only final with no Italians during that decade was in 1996. Internazionale reached the final the following two years, losing in 1997 to Schalke 04 on penalties, winning yet another all-Italian final in 1998, taking home the cup for the third time in only eight years.
Parma won the cup in 1999. By chance, it was, as of 2019, the last UEFA Cup/Europa League final appearance for any Italian club. Liverpool won the competition for the third time in 2001. In 2002 Feyenoord Rotterdam won it for the 2nd time in the club history by defeating Borussia Dortmund during the final in their own stadium, De Kuip in Rotterdam with 3–2. Porto triumphed with the latter against Portuguese team Braga. In 2004, the cup returned to Spain with Valencia being victorious, Sevilla succeeded on two consecutive occasions in 2006 and 2007, the latter in a final against fellow Spaniards Espanyol. Either side of Sevilla's success, two Russian teams, CSKA Moscow in 2005 and Zenit Saint Petersburg in 2008, had their glory and yet another former Soviet club, Ukraine's Shakhtar Donetsk, won in 2009. Atlético Madrid would themselves win twice in three seasons, in 2010 and 2012, the latter in another all-Spanish final. In 2013, Chelsea would become the first Champions League holders to win the UEFA Cup/Europa League the following year.
In 2014, Sevilla won their third cup in eight years after defeating Benfica on penalties. Just one year in 2015, Sevilla won their fourth UEFA Cup/Europa League and, in an unprecedented feat, they defended their title a third year in a row beating Liverpool FC in the 2016 final, making Sevilla FC the most successful team in the history of the competition with 5 titles. Since the 2009–10 season, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League. At the same time, the UEFA Intertoto Cup, UEFA's third-tier competition, was discontinued and merged into the new Europa League. UEFA had considered adding a third-tier competition since at least 2015, believing that a bottom-level tournament could act as a means of giving clubs from lower-ranked UEFA member countries a chance of progressing to stages beyond those in which they would be eliminated in the Champions League and Europa League. In mid 2018 talk of an announcement intensified, with news sources claiming an agreement had been reached for the competition to be launched and that the 48-team Europa League group stage would be split into two, with the lower half forming the nucleus of what would be the new event.
On 2 December 2018, UEFA announced that the competition – provisionally known as "Europa League 2" or just "UEL2", but officially named as the "UEFA Europa Conference League" or "UECL" – was to be launched as part of the 2021–
A Kangaroo was a Canadian armoured personnel carrier during the Second World War, created by converting a tank chassis. Created as an expedient measure by the Canadian Army, Kangaroos were so successful that they were soon being used by British and Commonwealth forces, their ability to manoeuvre in the field with the tanks was a major advantage over earlier designs, led to the dedicated APC designs that were introduced by all armies after the war. The earliest iterations of the Kangaroo were created from M3 and M5 Stuart light tanks to serve as artillery tractors in North Africa in circumstances where Universal Carriers were unavailable, they were effective in their role, but attempts by soldiers to use them as improvised APCs proved ill-advised due to the Stuart's light armor. In July 1944, Lieutenant-General Harry Crerar's First Canadian Army was concerned by manpower shortages due to combat losses. While the British and Canadian forces had received some American M3 Half-track APCs, the supply was reduced by this point due to the Americans' own need for them, Universal Carriers were individually insufficient despite the enormous numbers.
However, self-propelled artillery guns and Tanks were oversupplied, with a significant number sitting idle not being used. Lieutenant-General Guy Simonds, commander of II Canadian Corps, devised Kangaroos as a field-expedient alternative to purpose-built APCs; the original Kangaroos were converted from 72 M7 Priest self-propelled guns of three field artillery regiments of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. The Priests were "defrocked", removing their 105mm guns and ammunition stowage, separating the driver's compartment from the rest of the vehicle. Priests with machine gun turrets retained them, some that did not have organic mounts for machine guns had improvised ones fitted; when the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division was re-equipped with towed 25 pounder guns in late July, the rest of their self-propelled tracked vehicles were stripped of their 105mm guns and converted to Kangaroos. Kangaroos were based on Sherman and obsolete Canadian Ram tanks; the process was broadly similar, with the entire turret being removed, ammunition storage removed, bench seats being fitted in the turret ring area, the driver's compartment separated.
Hull machine guns were retained, new machine guns were sometimes fitted to the turret ring. Kangaroos in general were supposed to carry 8 to 12 soldiers, though similar to the practice of troops riding on tanks, it was more common to cram as many as could fit without being at risk of falling off; the Priest Kangaroos were first used on 8 August 1944 south of Caen during Operation Totalize to supplement the half-tracks available. When re-converted Kangaroos were returned to U. S. custody, other vehicles were pressed into service, the vast majority being Rams, which were standing idle after being used as training vehicles when Canadian armoured formations re-equipped with Shermans. The Ram gun tanks were duly converted, deploying piecemeal as they arrived. While'debussing' - climbing out of the hull and jumping down under fire - was challenging, the obvious difficulty of getting into a vehicle, designed to prevent enemy soldiers climbing onto it was appreciated. Accordingly, climbing rungs were soon added as a field modification that simplified loading the carrying compartment with ammunition and other supplies to troops under fire.
The Ram Kangaroo entered service piecemeal with the Canadians in September 1944, but in December these minor units were combined to form the 1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment, joining the British 79th Armoured Division The first operation for the Ram Kangaroo was the assault on Le Havre, the last the 7th Armoured Division's march into Hamburg on 3 May 1945. In Italy, Sherman III tanks and some Priests were converted for use by the British Eighth Army. Removing the turret of the Sherman and some internal fittings gave room for carrying up to 10 troops. From 1943, Stuart tanks had their turrets removed and seating fitted to carry infantry troops attached to British armoured brigades. Lorraine 37L Churchill tank Sherman tank Operation Totalize BTR-T and IDF Achzarit, less haphazard conversions of T-55s into APCs. Namer Nagmachon The Battle for the Rhine 1944, 2005, Robin Neillands Priest Kangaroo at web.inter.nl.net Ram Kangaroo at militaryfactory.com Canadian Kangaroos. CA, dedicated to 1CACR
KFMC-FM is a radio station licensed to Fairmont, serving south central Minnesota and northern Iowa with a 100,000 watt signal. The station airs a classic hits format as “106.5 Lakes FM”. KFMC was a classic rock station as "KFMC 106.5" until July 6, 2018, when the station started stunting with a loop of “Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport” by Rolf Harris in preparation of a new format which would debut on July 9th, at Noon. At the promised time, it flipped to classic hits as “106.5 Lakes FM”. The first song on the new “106.5 Lakes FM” was “1999” by Prince. It used to be owned by Woodward Broadcasting, until City of Lakes Media acquired the station, along with its sister station KSUM. KFMC Website Query the FCC's FM station database for KFMC Radio-Locator information on KFMC Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KFMC