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UFC 131

UFC 131: dos Santos vs. Carwin was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on 11 June 2011 at the Rogers Arena in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Brock Lesnar was scheduled to face Junior dos Santos after their coaching stint on The Ultimate Fighter 13, but due to a recurring illness, Lesnar was replaced by Shane Carwin. A matchup between Carwin, Jon Olav Einemo was scheduled for this event. Einemo remained on the card and faced Dave Herman, pulled from a matchup with Joey Beltran as a result. Beltran was matched up with Aaron Rosa. Court McGee was scheduled to fight Jesse Bongfeldt, but was forced to pull out due to a torn MCL while training and was replaced by Chris WeidmanRani Yahya was scheduled face Dustin Poirier at this event, but withdrew due to injury on 3 May 2011 and was replaced by UFC newcomer Jason Young. Anthony Perosh was expected to face Krzysztof Soszynski at this event, but Perosh was forced from the bout with an injury and replaced by Igor Pokrajac.

However, Pokrajac was forced to pull out of the bout due to injuries just days before the event and was replaced by Mike Massenzio. The Soszynski/Pokrajac bout was rescheduled for UFC 140, where Pokrajac won by knockout. On 17 May a torn muscle forced Mac Danzig out of his bout with Donald Cerrone. Promotional newcomer Vagner Rocha replaced Danzig. UFC newcomer Dave Herman was slated to face Rob Broughton at this event, but Broughton was replaced by Joey Beltran, replaced with John Olav Einemo since Carwin replaced an injured Lesnar. UFC 131 featured two preliminary fights live on Spike TV, the remainder of the preliminary bouts streamed on Facebook and YouTube. Fighters were awarded $70,000 bonuses. Fight of the Night: Dave Herman vs. Jon Olav Einemo Knockout of the Night: Sam Stout Submission of the Night: Chris Weidman The following is the reported payout to the fighters as reported to the Vancouver Athletic Commission, it does not include sponsor money or "locker room" bonuses given by the UFC and do not include the UFC's traditional "fight night" bonuses.

Junior dos Santos: $200,000 def. Shane Carwin: $40,000 Kenny Florian: $130,000 def. Diego Nunes: $12,000 Mark Muñoz: $60,000 def. Demian Maia: $43,000 Dave Herman: $36,000 def. Jon Olav Einemo: $15,000 Donald Cerrone: $40,000 def. Wagner Rocha: $6,000 Sam Stout: $38,000 def. Yves Edwards: $12,000 Chris Weidman: $20,000 def. Jesse Bongfeldt: $6,000 Krzysztof Soszynski: $24,000 def. Mike Massenzio: $8,000 Nick Ring: $16,000 def. James Head: $6,000 Dustin Poirier: $10,000 def. Jason Young: $6,000 Joey Beltran: $24,000 def. Aaron Rosa: $6,000 Darren Elkins: $16,000 def. Michihiro Omigawa: $8,000 ^^Although not reflected in the Vancouver Athletic Commission paperwork, both Elkins and Omigawa received win bonuses UFC 131 information

Automated external defibrillator

An automated external defibrillator is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electricity which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to re-establish an effective rhythm. With simple audio and visual commands, AEDs are designed to be simple to use for the layperson, the use of AEDs is taught in many first aid, certified first responder, basic life support level cardiopulmonary resuscitation classes; the portable version of the defibrillator was invented in the mid-1960s by Frank Pantridge in Belfast, Northern Ireland. An automated external defibrillator is used in cases of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias which lead to sudden cardiac arrest,'which is not the same as a heart attack; the rhythms that the device will treat are limited to:" Pulseless Ventricular tachycardia Ventricular fibrillation In each of these two types of shockable cardiac arrhythmia, the heart is electrically active, but in a dysfunctional pattern that does not allow it to pump and circulate blood.

In ventricular tachycardia, the heart beats too fast to pump blood. Ventricular tachycardia leads to ventricular fibrillation. In ventricular fibrillation, the electrical activity of the heart becomes chaotic, preventing the ventricle from pumping blood; the fibrillation in the heart decreases over time, will reach asystole. AEDs, like all defibrillators, are not designed to shock asystole as this will not have a positive clinical outcome; the asystolic patient only has a chance of survival if, through a combination of CPR and cardiac stimulant drugs, one of the shockable rhythms can be established, which makes it imperative for CPR to be carried out prior to the arrival of a defibrillator. Uncorrected, these cardiac conditions lead to irreversible brain damage and death, once cardiac arrest takes place. After three to five minutes in cardiac arrest, irreversible brain/tissue damage may begin to occur. For every minute that a person in cardiac arrest goes without being treated, the chance of survival decreases by 7 percent per minute in the first 3 minutes, decreases by 10 percent per minute as time advances beyond ~3 minutes.

AEDs are designed to be used by laypersons. However, sixth-grade students have been reported to begin defibrillation within 90 seconds, as opposed to a trained operator beginning within 67 seconds; this is in contrast to more sophisticated manual and semi-automatic defibrillators used by health professionals, which can act as a pacemaker if the heart rate is too slow and perform other functions which require a skilled operator able to read electrocardiograms. Bras with a metal underwire and piercings on the torso must be removed before using the AED on someone to avoid interference. American television show Mythbusters found evidence that use of a defibrillator on a woman wearing an underwire bra can lead to arcing or fire but only in unusual and unlikely circumstances. In a study analyzing the effects of having AEDs present during Chicago's Heart Start program over a two-year period, of 22 individuals, 18 were in a cardiac arrhythmia which AEDs can treat. Of these 18, 11 survived. Of these 11 patients, 6 were treated by bystanders with no previous training in AED use.

Automated external defibrillators are either kept where health professionals and first responders can use them as well as public access units which can be found in public places including corporate and government offices, shopping centres, public transport, any other location where people may congregate. In order to make them visible, public access AEDs are brightly coloured and are mounted in protective cases near the entrance of a building; when these protective cases are opened or the defibrillator is removed, some will sound a buzzer to alert nearby staff to their removal, though this does not summon emergency services. In September 2008, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation issued a'universal AED sign' to be adopted throughout the world to indicate the presence of an AED, this is shown on the right. A trend, developing is the purchase of AEDs to be used in the home by those with known existing heart conditions; the number of devices in the community has grown. There has been some concern among medical professionals that these home users do not have appropriate training, many advocate the more widespread use of community responders, who can be appropriately trained and managed.

An AED kit will contain a face shield for providing a barrier between patient and first aider during rescue breathing. Most manufacturers recommend checking the AED before every period of duty or on a regular basis for fixed units; some units need to be switched on in order to perform a self check. All manufacturers mark their electrode pads with an expiration date, it is important to ensure that the pa

Pontiac Bonneville

The Pontiac Bonneville is an automobile built by Pontiac from 1957 to 2005. Bonnevilles were full-sized, with the exception of a brief period of mid-size between 1982–1986; the brand was introduced as a limited production performance convertible during the 1957 model year. The Bonneville, its platform partner, the Grand Ville, are some of the largest Pontiacs built, they came with a Jetaway 315 and were available as hearses. The Bonneville name first appeared in 1954 on a pair of bubble-topped GM Motorama concept cars called the Bonneville Special, sharing an appearance with the Chevrolet Corvette, it entered the production lineup as a high-performance, fuel-injected luxury convertible version of the Star Chief in 1957, was loaded with every available option as standard equipment with the exception of air conditioning and a continental kit. This put the Bonneville in a Cadillac-like price range of $5,782.00 - more than double the base price of the Chieftain on which it was built, with the result being a equipped Bonneville could cost more than a larger, entry-level Cadillac.

Only 630 units were produced that first year, making it one of the most collectible Pontiacs of all time. The following year it became a separate model, it would endure until 2005 as the division's top-of-the-line model; the name was taken from the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, the site of much early auto racing and most of the world's land speed record runs, named in turn after U. S. Army officer Benjamin Bonneville. Bonneville became a separate model in 1958, available as a convertible, it paced the Indianapolis 500 in its first year. As a separate model Bonneville had a lower price tag of around $3,000 thanks to the demotion of most of the luxury items found on the 1957 Star Chief bodystyle from standard equipment to the option list. A 300 horsepower 370 cubic inches V8 with four-barrel carburetor and dual exhausts was now standard equipment; the fuel-injection system offered with the standard engine on the 1957 Star Chief bodystyle was now listed as an extra cost option but few 1958 Bonnevilles were so equipped due to a towering price tag of over US$5000, not considered a good value considering that for less than US$100, a Tri-Power option was available with three two-barrel carburetors and more power.

The electric clock was standard. For 1958, GM was promoting their fiftieth year of production, introduced Anniversary models for each brand; the 1958 models shared a common appearance on the top models for each brand. In its third year, the 1959 Bonneville became a full top-line series with the addition of the four-door hardtop sedan and Safari station wagon body styles; the Bonneville played an important part that year in the introduction of two of Pontiac's greatest marketing inspirations — the split grille and the Wide Track slogan. The latter was not just ad copy, either, as Pontiac pushed its wheels further out toward the fenders than anyone else and created what were considered to be the best-cornering full-size cars in the industry. Both the grille design and the Wide Track phrase remained part of Pontiac's image up to its termination. A "Safe-T-Track" differential, used to minimize wheel spin, was an option beginning in 1959; the Bonneville remained Pontiac's costliest and most luxurious model throughout the 1960s and was instrumental in pushing Pontiac to third place in sales from 1962 to 1970.

The distinctive protruding grille made its appearance on all Pontiac products during the early 1960s, was a modern revival of a similar appearance on Pontiac products during the 1930s and early 1940s, as demonstrated on the Pontiac Torpedo. The Bonneville differed from its lesser Catalina and Star Chief counterparts by featuring more luxurious interior trim with upgraded cloth and Morrokide vinyl or expanded Morrokide upholstery in sedans and coupes, expanded Morrokide in Safari wagons and genuine leather seating in convertibles. Bonnevilles were built on a longer wheelbase version of GM's B-Body. Found in the Bonneville were instrument panels and door panels with walnut veneer trim, carpeted lower door panels, grab bar on the passenger side of the dash and courtesy lights and a rear arm rest. Beginning in 1964, a Bonneville Brougham option package was available that included an more luxurious interior trim level with front and rear seats featuring center armrests, upgraded door panels and a standard Cordova roof with "Brougham" nameplates.

The two-door hardtop was marketed as the "Sports Coupe", the four door pillarless models were called "Vistas". Bonneville models were standard equipped with Hydra-Matic or Turbo Hydra-Matic automatic transmissions. Other options included power power brakes as well as air conditioning. Other popular options included power windows, power seats, cruise control, 8-lug aluminum wheels that included integral brake drums for improved stopping power; the Bonneville had more powerful standard V8 engines than other full-sized Pontiacs including the 389 cu in or 400 cu in V8s with four-barrel carburetors with many optional V8 offerings available including Tri-Power options on

Tennessee State Route 36

State Route 36 is a 28.6-mile-long state highway, broken in two segments. In Unicoi County, it serves as the hidden concurrency of U. S. Route 19W. SR 36 begins in Unicoi County as the unsigned companion route of US 19W at the Tennessee-North Carolina state line. US 19W/SR 36 goes west as a narrow 2-lane highway through rural mountainous areas before curving to the north and having a y-intersection with SR 352; the highway winds its way north to Temple Hill, where they interchange with I-26/US 23. Here, US 19W becomes concurrent with I-26 / US 23. SR 36 begins in Washington County in Johnson City at a y-intersection with US 11E/US 19W/SR 34. SR 36 heads northwest as an undivided 4-lane highway and has an interchange with SR 381 before leaving Johnson City and continuing northwest, it passes through Boones Creek, where it has an intersection with SR 354, before passing through Oak Grove and Spurgeon, where it has an intersection with SR 75 which provides access to Gray to southwest and the Tri-Cities Regional Airport and Blountville in the northeast.

SR 36 narrows to 2-lanes before crossing into Sullivan County. SR 36 continues northeast, paralleling the South Fork Holston River to Colonial Heights, where it has an interchange with Interstate 81. SR 36 widens to 4-lanes again and enters Kingsport and has an interchange with SR 93. SR 36 passes through a major business district, where it becomes concurrent with SR 126, before passing through several neighborhoods and curving to the west. SR 126 splits off just west of downtown before SR 36 passes straight through downtown Kingsport. SR 36 has an intersection with SR 355, where the highway turns north again and has an interchange with US 11W/SR 1. SR 36 continues north through several neighborhoods before coming to an end at an intersection with SR 346 at the interchange with US 23/SR 137, less than a mile from the Tennessee-Virginia state line. US 23 was established in 1930 with a complete concurrency with SR 36, from the North Carolina state line to the Virginia state line. In 1952, US 23 was rerouted southwest of Ernestville, along SR 81 through Flag Pond and Sam's Gap into North Carolina.

In 1970, The first segment of a four-lane freeway, designated SR 137, was opened between Johnson City and Kingsport. Over the following decade, SR 137 continued being extended at both ends until in 1982, when AASHTO approved US 23 relocation onto the freeway, leaving behind its old alignment to SR 36 from north of Johnson City to near the Virginia state line. In December 1985, I-181 was established, truncated SR 137 north of US 11W, while SR 36 replaced as new concurrency south of US 11E. In 1988, AASHTO approved an extension of I-26 from North Carolina to I-81, on contingent upon the completion and certification of interstate standards in North Carolina, which happened in August 2003. Following the new designation, both SR 36 and SR 81 was removed of their concurrencies with US 23. In March 2007, the remaining spur of I-181, from I-81 to US 11W, was switched to I-26. Media related to Tennessee State Route 36 at Wikimedia Commons

Remapping the Human Soul

Remapping the Human Soul is the fourth studio album by South Korean hip hop trio Epik High. It contains 27 tracks on two CDs; the album, which sold 120,301 copies in South Korea, was the country's third best-selling album of 2007. The album went on to win Album of the Year at the 2007 Mnet Asian Music Awards, Best Album at the 2007 Seoul Music Awards, Best Hip Hop Album at the 2008 Korean Music Awards. Due to the album's controversial subject matter covering topics including sex and war, the album had its sales age-restricted, some of its songs were banned from being played on South Korean radio stations. Following the popularity of the single "Fly" from their 2005 album, Swan Songs, Epik High spent a year and a half writing over 200 new songs; the group recorded 47 of those songs and selected 27 to include on Remapping the Human Soul. Part 2, produced by Tablo, is influenced by Philip Glass, Billy Corgan, Timbaland, he has emphasised his interest in rock, trance, garage, as well as hip hop. "The End Times" contains samples of "真実の爆弾" by King Giddra.

"White Night" contains samples of "Nothing Can Stop Me" by Billy Davis, Jr.. "Mr. Doctor" contains samples of "Hasta Siempre" by Soledad Bravo. "Nocturne" contains samples of "Once Upon a Time" by Donna Summer. "중독" contains samples of "Flashback" by Dee Dee Sharp Gamble. "Broken Toys" contains samples of "Half Forgotten Daydreams" by John Cameron. Track listing and credits adapted from Naver Music, Google Play, the Korea Music Copyright Association. Epik High official website

Clionella kraussii

Clionella kraussii is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Clavatulidae. This species was named after Ferdinand Krauss, author of Krauss, Die südafrikanischen Mollusken, ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Mollusken des Kap- und Natallandes und zur geographischen Verbreitung derselben, mit Beschreibung und Abbildung der neuen Arten; the size of an adult shell varies between 40 mm. This species is recognized by the short subnodulous ribs, which occupy scarcely the lower half of the whorls, the depression round the middle and the raised band above, the manner of coloration, the purplish-brown maculations being somewhat flexuous in the depression, its nearest relation is Clionella semicostata. This marine species occurs along West Transkei, South Africa. Kilburn, R. N.. "Turridae of southern Africa and Mozambique. Part 2. Subfamily Clavatulinae". Annals of the Natal Museum 26, 417-470 "Clionella kraussii". Retrieved 22 August 2011. MNHN: specimen