The Official Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and audio streaming in the United Kingdom. It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company on Fridays, it is broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and published in Music Week magazine, on the OCC website. To qualify for the Official Albums Chart, the album must be price, it must be 20 minutes long and not be classed as a budget album. A budget album costs between £0.50 and £3.75. Additionally, various-artist compilation albums – which until January 1989 were included in the main album listing – are now listed separately in the "Official Compilation Chart". Full details of the rules can be found on the OCC website. According to the canon of the OCC, the official British albums chart was the Melody Maker chart from 8 November 1958 to March 1960. In the 1970s the new album chart was revealed at 12:45 pm on Thursdays on BBC Radio 1, moved to 6:05 pm on Wednesday evenings during the Peter Powell and Bruno Brookes shows.
In October 1987 it moved to Monday lunchtimes, during the Gary Davies show, from April to October 1993 it had its show from 7:00–8:00 pm on Sunday evenings, introduced by Lynn Parsons. Since October 1993 it has been included in The Official Chart show from 4:00 – 5:45 pm on Fridays. A weekly'Album Chart' show was licensed out to BBC Radio 2 and presented by Simon Mayo, until it ended on 2 April 2007. Though album sales tend to produce more revenue and, over time, act as a greater measure of an artist's success, this chart receives less media attention than the UK Singles Chart, because overall sales of an album are more important than its peak position. 2005 saw a record number of artist album sales with 126.2 million sold in the UK. In February 2015, it was announced that due to the falling sales of albums and rise in popularity of audio streaming, the Official Albums Chart would begin including streaming data from March 2015. Under the revised methodology, the Official Charts Company takes the 12 most streamed tracks from one album, with the top-two songs being down-weighted in line with the average of the rest.
The total of these streams is added to the pure sales of the album. This calculation was designed to ensure that the chart rundown continues to reflect the popularity of the albums themselves, rather than just the performance of one or two smash hit singles; the final number one album on the UK Albums Chart to be based purely on sales alone was Smoke + Mirrors by Imagine Dragons. On 1 March 2015, In the Lonely Hour by Sam Smith became the first album to top the new streaming-incorporated Official Albums Chart; the first number one album of the UK Albums Chart was Songs for Swingin' Lovers! by Frank Sinatra on 22 July 1956. As of the week ending date 19 March 2020, the UK Albums Chart has had 1188 different number-one albums; the current number-one album is Manchester Calling by Jacqui Abbott. The most successful artists in the charts depend on the criteria used; as of February 2016, Queen albums have spent more time on the British album charts than any other musical act, followed by The Beatles, Elvis Presley, U2 and ABBA.
By most weeks at number one, The Beatles lead with a total of 174 weeks, the most number one albums of all with 15. The male solo artist with the most weeks at number one is Presley with a total of 66 weeks. Presley holds the record for the most number one albums by a solo artist and most top ten albums by any artist. Madonna has the most number one albums by a female artist in the UK, though this includes the Evita film soundtrack, a cast recording and not a Madonna album. Adele is the female solo artist with the most weeks at number one, with a total of 37 weeks. Spice Girls are the female group with the most weeks at number one, with a total of 18 weeks for Spice and Spiceworld. Queen's Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in UK chart history, with six million copies sold as of February 2014. Previous first-place holder The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is now in third-place after being supplanted by Queen and by ABBA's Gold: Greatest Hits. Both albums have sold in excess of 5.1 million copies.
The longest running number one album, both consecutively and non-consecutively, is the soundtrack of the film South Pacific. It had a consecutive run of 70 weeks from November 1958 to March 1960, had further runs at the top in 1960 and 1961, making a non-consecutive total of 115 weeks. Eminem holds the record for the most consecutive number one albums in Official Albums Chart history, with ten consecutive UK number one albums; the youngest artist to top the chart is Neil Reid, whose debut album topped the chart in 1972 when he was only 12 years old. The oldest living artist to top the charts is Vera Lynn at the age of 92 with We'll Meet Again: The Very Best of Vera Lynn, released in 2009. Lynn holds the record for the oldest living artist to have a chart album, with the 2017 release of Vera Lynn 100, released to mark her 100th birthday; the album peaked at number 3. The album which has spent the most weeks on the charts is Queen's Greatest Hits, which has spent over 1000 weeks on the chart by January 2018.
See List of albums which have spent the most weeks on the UK Albums Chart for full details
This is a list of United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan species. Some suffer because of loss of habitat, but many are in decline following the introduction of foreign species, which out-compete the native species or carry disease. See the list of extinct animals of the British Isles; this list includes the 116 species identified as requiring action plans in the Biodiversity Steering Group's report of December 1995. Scottish wildcat Bottlenose dolphin and temperate seas worldwide European hare, northern and western Europe and western Asia Hazel dormouse, northern Europe and Asia Minor European otter, Asia and Europe Greater horseshoe bat, Africa, South Asia and Australia Harbour porpoise, coastal waters in the Northern Hemisphere Red squirrel, Eurasia Water vole, Great Britain and central Europe and in parts of Russia European hedgehog List of UK BAP priority bird species. Aquatic warbler, passage migrant through UK Capercaillie Corn crake, globally threatened Eurasian wryneck Great bittern Grey partridge Red-backed shrike Eurasian skylark Slavonian grebe Song thrush Hen harrier Willow tit Marsh tit Corn bunting Common cuckoo Eurasian golden oriole Hawfinch House sparrow Eurasian tree sparrow European turtle dove Common starling Marsh warbler Red-necked phalarope Wood warbler Roseate tern Common nightingale Lesser spotted woodpecker Northern lapwing Cirl bunting Yellowhammer Western yellow wagtail Black-tailed godwit Ruff European herring gull Lesser black-backed gull Little tern Slow-worm, Eurasia Sand lizard, most of Europe and eastwards to Mongolia Northern or European adder, Western Europe and Asia Barred grass snake, England and mainland Europe Smooth snake and central Europe, Middle East Great crested newt and parts of Asia Natterjack toad, Northern Europe Allis shad Pollan Twaite shad Vendace Gwyniad European eel Brown Trout Black-backed meadow ant extinct Black bog ant Narrow-headed ant Shrill carder bee Beaulieu dung beetle, a dung beetle Blue ground beetle Bembidion argenteolum, a ground beetle Crucifix ground beetle, a ground beetle Hazel pot beetle, a leaf beetle Lizard weevil endemic Orbera oculata, a longhorn beetle Pashford pot beetle, a leaf beetle endemic and extinct Stag beetle Lough Neagh camphor beetle, a rove beetle Tachys edmonsi, a ground beetle, endemic Violet click beetle Tansy beetle Black hairstreak Bright wave Brown hairstreak Chequered skipper Dingy skipper Duke of Burgundy Flounced chestnut Glanville fritillary Grayling Greenweed flat-body moth, a micro-moth Grey dagger Grizzled skipper Heath fritillary High brown fritillary Knot grass Large blue, endemic subspecies extinct, re-established from Swedish stock Large heath Lulworth skipper Marsh fritillary Netted carpet moth Northern brown argus Pearl-bordered fritillary Reddish buff Silver-spotted skipper Silver-studded blue Small blue Small heath Small mountain ringlet Small pearl-bordered fritillary Small tortoiseshell Speckled footman Wall White admiral White-letter hairstreak Wood white V-Moth European mole cricket Southern damselfly Callicera spinolae, a hoverfly Golden hoverfly Hornet robberfly, Southern England and South & West Wales Manx robber fly, Large marsh grasshopper White clawed crayfish GastropodsFreshwater snails: Glutinous snail Little whirlpool ram's-horn snail Shining ram's-horn snail Land snails: Narrow-mouthed whorl snail Round-mouthed who
Domingos Olímpio Braga Cavalcanti was a Brazilian novelist and playwright, famous for his Naturalist novel Luzia-Homem. Olímpio was born in the city of Sobral, in the State of Ceará, in 1857. Graduated in Law at the Faculdade de Direito do Recife, he exercised journalistic career in Recife, Belém and Rio de Janeiro, working for newspapers such as O Comércio, Jornal do Commercio, Correio do Povo, José do Patrocínio's A Cidade do Rio, Gazeta de Notícias and O País. Writing under the pen name Pojucã, he was the director of the periodic Os Anais, where he published many books under feuilleton form, such as O Almirante and the unfinished O Uirapuru, he lived with his family in the United States, working at the Brazilian embassy in Washington during the Grover Cleveland government, when the Brazilian borders with Argentina were fixed. Two of his seven children were born during this mission. Olímpio would try to join the Brazilian Academy of Letters, but Mário de Alencar was accepted in his place instead.
Only Olavo Bilac would support Olímpio in his attempt. Luzia-Homem O Almirante O Uirapuru A Perdição Rochedos que Choram Túnica Nessus Tântalo Um Par de Galhetas Os Maçons e o Bispo Domitila História da Missão Especial de Washington A Questão do Acre A Loucura na Política COUTINHO, Afrânio. Enciclopédia da Literatura Brasileira. São Paulo: Global