The UNIVAC I was the first general purpose electronic digital computer design for business application produced in the United States. It was designed principally by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the inventors of the ENIAC. Design work was started by their company, Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation, was completed after the company had been acquired by Remington Rand. In the years before successor models of the UNIVAC I appeared, the machine was known as "the UNIVAC"; the first Univac was accepted by the United States Census Bureau on March 31, 1951, was dedicated on June 14 that year. The fifth machine was used by CBS to predict the result of the 1952 presidential election. With a sample of just 1% of the voting population it famously predicted an Eisenhower landslide; the UNIVAC I was the first American computer designed at the outset for business and administrative use with fast execution of simple arithmetic and data transport operations, as opposed to the complex numerical calculations required of scientific computers.
As such, the UNIVAC competed directly against punch-card machines, though the UNIVAC could neither read nor punch cards. That shortcoming hindered sales to companies concerned about the high cost of manually converting large quantities of existing data stored on cards; this was corrected by adding offline card processing equipment, the UNIVAC Card to Tape converter and the UNIVAC Tape to Card converter, to transfer data between cards and UNIVAC magnetic tapes. However, the early market share of the UNIVAC I was lower than the Remington Rand Company wished. To promote sales, the company joined with CBS to have UNIVAC I predict the result of the 1952 Presidential election. UNIVAC I predicted Eisenhower would have a landslide victory over Adlai Stevenson whom the pollsters favored; the CBS crew was so certain. As the election continued and it became clear it was correct all along, the announcer admitted their sleight of hand and the machine became famous; the result was a greater public awareness of computing technology, from on computerized predictions were a must-have part of election night broadcasts.
The first contracts were with government agencies such as the Census Bureau, the U. S. Air Force, the U. S. Army Map Service. Contracts were signed by the ACNielsen Company, the Prudential Insurance Company. Following the sale of Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation to Remington Rand, due to the cost overruns on the project, Remington Rand convinced Nielsen and Prudential to cancel their contracts; the first sale, to the Census Bureau, was marked with a formal ceremony on March 31, 1951, at the Eckert–Mauchly Division's factory at 3747 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia. The machine was not shipped until the following December, because, as the sole set-up model, it was needed for demonstration purposes, the company was apprehensive about the difficulties of dismantling and reassembling the delicate machine; as a result, the first installation was with the second computer, delivered to the Pentagon in June 1952. UNIVAC installations, 1951–1954 Originally priced at US$159,000, the UNIVAC I rose in price until they were between $1,250,000 and $1,500,000.
A total of 46 systems were built and delivered. The UNIVAC I was too expensive for most universities, Sperry Rand, unlike companies such as IBM, was not strong enough financially to afford to give many away. However, Sperry Rand donated UNIVAC I systems to Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, Case Institute of Technology in Cleveland, Ohio. A few UNIVAC I systems stayed in service; the Census Bureau used its two systems until 1963, amounting to 12 and nine years of service, respectively. Sperry Rand itself used two systems in Buffalo, New York until 1968; the insurance company Life and Casualty of Tennessee used its system until 1970, totaling over 13 years of service. UNIVAC I used about 5,000 vacuum tubes, weighed 16,686 pounds, consumed 125 kW, could perform about 1,905 operations per second running on a 2.25 MHz clock. The Central Complex alone was 4.3 m by 2.4 m by 2.6 m high. The complete system occupied more than 35.5 m² of floor space. The main memory consisted of 1000 words of 12 characters.
When representing numbers, they were written as 11 decimal digits plus sign. The 1000 words of memory consisted of 100 channels of 10-word mercury delay line registers; the input/output buffers were 60 words each, consisting of 12 channels of 10-word mercury delay line registers. There are six channels of 10-word mercury delay line registers as spares. With modified circuitry, seven more channels control the temperature of the seven mercury tanks, one more channel is used for the 10 word "Y" register; the total of 126 mercury channels is contained in the seven mercury tanks mounted on the backs of sections MT, MV, MX, NT, NV, NX, GV. Each mercury tank is divided into 18 mercury channels; each 10-word mercury delay line channel is made up of three sections: A channel in a column of mercury, with receiving and transmitting quartz piezo-electric crystals mounted at opposite ends. An intermediate frequency chassis, connected to the receiving crystal, containing amplifiers and compensating delay, mounted on the shell of the mercury tank.
A recirculation chassis, containing cathode follower, pulse former and retimer, which drives the transmitting c
Muppets Most Wanted is a 2014 American musical crime comedy film and the eighth theatrical film featuring the Muppets. Directed by James Bobin and written by Bobin and Nicholas Stoller, the film is a sequel to The Muppets and stars Ricky Gervais, Ty Burrell and Tina Fey, as well as Muppet performers Steve Whitmire, Eric Jacobson, Dave Goelz, Bill Barretta, David Rudman, Matt Vogel and Peter Linz. In the film, the Muppets become involved in an international crime caper while on a world tour in Europe. Aside from co-writer Jason Segel, the majority of the production team behind The Muppets returned for Muppets Most Wanted, including Bobin and producers David Hoberman and Todd Lieberman. Bret McKenzie and Christophe Beck returned to compose the film's songs and musical score, respectively. Principal photography commenced in January 2013 at Pinewood Studios in England. Muppets Most Wanted had its world premiere at the El Capitan Theatre in Los Angeles on March 11, 2014, was released theatrically in North America on March 21, 2014.
The film grossed $80.4 million worldwide on a budget of $51 million. The film was dedicated to Muppet performer Jerry Nelson, who died during the film's development, Jane Henson, who died two months into production. Following the events of the previous film, the Muppets find themselves at a loss as to what to do until Dominic Badguy suggests the Muppets go on a European tour with him as their tour manager; as the Muppets begin their tour, a criminal mastermind, who resembles Kermit, escapes from a Siberian Gulag and joins his subordinate Dominic to begin a plot to steal the British Crown Jewels. In Berlin, Dominic secures the Muppets a show at a prestigious venue. Frustrated with the group's incessant requests and Miss Piggy's insistence they marry, Kermit goes for a walk at Dominic's suggestion. Constantine ambushes him, glues a stuck on mole to Kermit's face, slips away. Mistaken for Constantine, Kermit is banished to the Siberian Gulag. Taking Kermit's place, Constantine's blunders in imitating him are covered by Dominic.
After the Berlin performance opens with Constantine freezing at the audience, Scooter has to introduce the show. Constantine and Dominic steal paintings from a museum; the next morning, Interpol agent Jean Pierre Napoleon and CIA agent Sam the Eagle grudgingly team up to apprehend the culprit whom Napoleon believes to be his nemesis "The Lemur" - the number-two criminal in the world. Meanwhile, in Siberia, Kermit has attempted several times to escape the Gulag but is thwarted each time by prison guard Nadya, as infatuated with him as Miss Piggy is. Knowing Kermit's true identity but uncaring that Constantine is free, Nadya orders Kermit organize the prisoners' annual talent show. Following hidden instructions on the stolen painting and Dominic divert the tour to Madrid, Spain. Constantine allows the Muppets to perform. During this show and Dominic break into a museum and destroy a roomful of busts to find a key needed for their plan. Though the performance is a disaster, the Muppets receive critical acclaim.
Sam and Napoleon deduce that the connection between the crimes is the Muppet tour, the pair interrogates the Muppets, only to find that they are too ill-equipped to be guilty. The instructions on the stolen key lead Constantine and Dominic to schedule the next show in Dublin, Ireland. In Dublin, Walter discovers that Dominic has been giving away show tickets and bribing critics to ensure a packed house and rave reviews, while Fozzie notices Kermit's resemblance to Constantine, they both realize that Constantine has taken Kermit's place and brought in Dominic as his accomplice. Constantine attacks Walter and Fozzie, but Animal fends him off and the three escape from the train to rescue Kermit. During the Dublin performance, Dominic steals a locket from a museum and Constantine proposes to Miss Piggy onstage. Fozzie and Animal reach the Siberian Gulag on the night of the performance, Kermit uses it as a front to allow them and all the prisoners to escape the Gulag. Kermit, Fozzie and Animal infiltrate the Tower as the wedding begins, Dominic manages to steal the jewels.
Kermit interrupts the ceremony, revealing Constantine's ruse, but the crook takes Miss Piggy hostage and flees to a helicopter, where he is intercepted by Dominic, the Lemur and intends to double-cross him. Constantine, after berating Dominic for bragging about the double-cross before escaping, ejects him from the helicopter and tries to take off with Piggy, but Kermit jumps aboard and the rest of the Muppets climb atop each other to stop the escape. Constantine uses the handgun to try kill Kermit but he and Piggy knock out Constantine and both criminals are arrested by Sam and Napoleon. Nadya arrives in London to arrest Kermit for escaping; the other Muppets tell her that if she arrests him she will have to take all of them as well. The Muppets perform at the Gulag with the prisoners. Ricky Gervais as Dominic Badguy/The Lemur, the world's second most wanted criminal and Constantine's accomplice who poses as the manager of a fictional international talent agency, his last name is pronounced "badjee".
The New Democratic Party of Manitoba fielded a full slate of candidates in the 2003 provincial election, won a majority government with 35 of 57 seats in the Manitoba legislature. Many of their party's candidates have their own biography pages; this page provides information on New Democratic Party candidates in by-elections between 2003 and 2005. Kalynuk was born and raised in Angusville, has a degree from Brandon University, he has taught high school in Waskada. He first campaigned for the New Democratic Party in the 1999 provincial election, after defeating social worker Janet Brady for the party nomination, he supports single-desk marketing through the Canadian Wheat Board, criticized Progressive Conservative candidate Larry Maguire for opposing the CWB's status. Kalynuk has said that the board should accommodate new generation cooperatives, he supported Bill Blaikie for the federal New Democratic Party leadership in 2002. Kalynuk worked as a teacher in Kuwait for ten months in 2004-05. Ballingal Scotten has worked as a counsellor at the Youville Centre and St. Raphael Centre in Winnipeg, has specialized in treatment for sexual addiction.
She has noted that many "sexual addicts" were abused as children, has observed the shame attached to the term has forced many to keep in hiding. She has been active with Habitat for Humanity, she received 2,647 votes in 2003, finishing second against Progressive Conservative incumbent John Loewen. Kshyk received 2,855 votes. See his biography page for more information. Bingeman was 29 years old at the time of the election, she holds a Master's Degree in Natural Resource Management from the University of Manitoba, has written for the Sierra Club. She received 1,824 votes. McDonald has a Bachelor of Arts degree in early years' education, a Master of Arts degree in curriculum development and an interdisciplinary Ph. D. in education from the University of Manitoba. She was an administrator at the University of Manitoba's Natural Resources Institute from 1982 to 1998, when she became Sustainable Development Coordinator for Manitoba Advanced Education and Training; as of 2007, she holds the same position with Manitoba Education and Youth.