Vrijthof is a large urban square in the centre of Maastricht, Netherlands. The square developed from an ancient Roman and Frankish cemetery into a semi-private space that belonged to the Collegiate Church of Saint Servatius. In the 19th century it became the town's main square, it is surrounded by important heritage buildings, museums, a theatre and a range of hotels and bars. The square is used for public events. Archaeological excavations have shown that the area of the current square was used as a burial site since the late Roman period. Several large cemeteries from the early Middle Ages were excavated in 1969-70, prior to the construction of an underground car park; the publication of the thousands of artifacts has only started. Further excavations on the north side of the square in 2003 revealed the remains of thirteen layers of the ancient Roman road, the so-called Via Belgica, an important route between Boulogne Sur Mer at the English Channel and the city of Cologne on the river Rhine.
The oldest written reference to the name Vrijthof dates from 1223, when Emperor Frederik II transferred the area to the chapter of Saint Servatius. After that, the square was walled, with iron entrance gates near the corners. During the two weeks of the Maastricht Septennial Pilgrimage, the walls were removed due to the large crowds that gathered there; the pilgrims gathered around the apse of Saint Servatius' where the relics of Saint Servatius and other saints were shown from the dwarf gallery. In the center of the square was the Fountain of Saint Servatius, provided with water from the Source of Saint Servatius in the valley of the Jeker, popular with pilgrims. In the 15th century a Gothic chapel was built as an extension of the north-east portal, the King's Chapel. Near this chapel was the Cemetery of the Poor. In the 14th and 15th century there were a number of famous inns in Vrijthof situated near the north-east corner; this is where in 1292 the original perron was erected, the symbol of the jurisdiction of the prince-bishop of Liège.
Maastricht however had double jurisdiction. The symbol of the duke of Brabant stood near the north-west corner. At times, the square was used for public executions. In 1408, after the suppression of a rebellion by prince-bishop John of Bavaria, one of the rebellious mayors of Liège was beheaded in the square. In 1485, William I de La Marck, known as the "Swine of the Ardennes", was executed in Vrijthof. In 1535, 15 heretic Anabaptists were burnt at the stake. In the 17th and 18th century the square was used as a parade ground for the garrison. At the end of the 17th century the wall around Vrijthof was replaced by a fence; the Main Guard House was built in 1736. During the French Occupation, Vrijthof was renamed Place des Armes. Around the same time, the two almshouses in the south-east corner of the square, the Hospitium of St. Servatius and that of St. Jacob were demolished, as well as the Saint Maternus Chapel and the King's Chapel, the Convent of the White Nuns. A large parking garage was constructed from 1969-72.
Due to constructional errors it had to be rebuilt in 2003. There are 38 heritage buildings in Vrijthof, including the Romanesque Basilica of Saint Servatius, the Gothic Church of Saint John, the 16th-century'House of the Spanish Government', the 18th-century Military Guard House and the early 19th-century'General's House'. Many houses date from the 19th century; some of the larger houses in the square belonged to canons of St Servatius. The modern bandstand dates from around 1970; the Treasury of the Basilica of Saint Servatius is housed in an 11th-century chapel that overlooks Vrijthof square. The museum of religious art can only be accessed from the church's main entrance at Keizer Karelplein; the Museum aan het Vrijthof is a small museum housed in the Spanish Government Building. It has a few period rooms and shows work from local artists of the 20th century; the perron was the symbol of towns in the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The original column was demolished by the French in 1795; the current perron at the north-east corner of the square is a modern design of the 1950s by Jean Sondeyker and Jean Huysmans.
Elsewhere in the square is a memorial plaque of the Old Hickory Division of the US Army, commemorating the Liberation of Maastricht in September 1944. Other public art works include a fountain named "Hawt uuch vas", designed by Frans Gast, a group of statues called "'t Zaat Herremenieke" by Han van Wetering. The'Theater aan het, it was built around 1990. It is used both for concerts and theatre performances. Most of the cafés and restaurant are located on the east side of the square. A typical example of a traditional "brown cafe" is'In den Ouden Vogelstruys' on the corner of Platielstraat the oldest café in the city. All cafés and restaurants have sidewalk cafés overlooking the square. On the north side of the square are three hotels. Hotel Du Casque has its origins in an old inn,'In den Helm', it was rebuilt in the 1930s in Art Deco. A short-stay accommodation opened in the former main post office designed by Marinus Jan Granpré Molière in 1915, refurbished by Wiel Arets. On the west side of the square is the building of the Groote Sociëteit, a former gentlemen's club founded in 1760.
On the east side is the Momus Building a non-military
Maastricht University is a public university in Maastricht, Netherlands. Founded in 1976, it is the second youngest of the thirteen Dutch universities. In 2013, nearly 16,000 students studied at Maastricht University, 47% of whom were foreign students, with over 3,200 employees. About half of the bachelor's programmes are offered in English, while the other half is taught wholly or in Dutch. Most of the master's and doctoral programmes are in English. In 2013, Maastricht University was the second Dutch university to be rewarded the ‘Distinctive Quality Feature for Internationalisation’ by the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders. Besides traditional programmes, Maastricht University has an honours liberal arts college: University College Maastricht and a Maastricht Science Programme in the same liberal arts tradition; the satellite University College Venlo opened in 2015. Maastricht University ranks as one of Europe's leading universities. Amongst others, Maastricht University's master's programme in International Business is ranked 25, being in the top 25 of the best business programmes in the world according to the Financial Times.
The Times Higher Education World Ranking quotes Maastricht University as one of the best young universities in the world. Maastricht University was established in 1976. Faced with a shortage of medical professionals, the Dutch government decided in the late 1960s that a new public institution of higher education was needed in order to expand the country's medical training facilities. Political leaders in the province of Limburg, most notably Sjeng Tans, the chairman of the Labour Party and former member of the Limburg provincial council and Maastricht city council lobbied for the new medical school to be established in Maastricht; this academic institution would be vital to sustain the intellectual life of the city, indeed the whole province. Moreover, it was argued that the establishment of a university in Maastricht could contribute to the government's restructuring efforts in this part of the Netherlands, experiencing economic challenges following the collapse of the Limburg coal mining industry.
The newly established school chose not to await official recognition but to start its educational programme in September 1974, adopting an innovative approach to academic education in the form of problem-based learning. About 50 students enrolled in the first academic year. By the end of 1975, the Dutch Parliament passed the statute needed for the institution to acquire national educational funds and to be able to award academic degrees; the new university, named Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, was established on the 9th of January 1976, when Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed the university's founding charter at a ceremony in the Basilica of Saint Servatius. Sjeng Tans became the university's first president. Soon after its establishment, the university gained political support to increase its funding and to expand into other academic fields; the Faculty of Law was created in 1981, followed by the Faculty of Economics in 1984. In 1994, the Faculty of Arts and Culture and one year the Faculty of Psychology were established.
The Faculty of Humanities and Sciences started in 2005, containing a variety of organisational units, such as the Department of Knowledge Engineering and the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance. Together with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences Maastricht University has six faculties; the university was renamed Universiteit Maastricht in 1996 and added its English-language name in 2008. As of 2010, Maastricht University consists of six faculties offering 17 bachelor programmes, 56 master programmes and several Ph. D. programmes. Maastricht University is located in buildings in two separate locations in Maastricht; the arts and social science departments are housed in a number of historic buildings in the city center, while psychology, the medical and life sciences are based in the modern Randwyck campus on the outskirts of the city. The university's arts and social sciences faculties are located in Maastricht's city centre, west of the river Meuse. Most of the university's inner city properties have official monumental status.
As many of these buildings were facing abandonment at the time of their acquirement, the development of an urban university campus has contributed to the preservation and liveliness of Maastricht's historic city centre. The first building, obtained by the university was the former Jesuit monastery and seminary at Tongersestraat dating from the 1930s. Here, in 1974 the newly established medical school started. After the Faculty of Medicine moved to premises closer to the newly constructed university hospital, the Jesuit monastery became home to the Faculty of Economy, now the university's largest academic unit in terms of student numbers; the building was expanded in the 1990s to include the university restaurant and a large lecture hall designed by Dutch architect Jo Coenen. The Faculty of Law is housed in the building known as Oud Gouvernement in Bouillonstraat, completed in 1935 as the provincial government building, it was acquired by the UM in 1986 after the provincial government had moved to its new premises on the river Meuse in the southeastern part of the city.
Opposite lies Slijpe Court, a 17th-century mansion that in 2002 was refurbished to house the Department of Knowledge Engineering of the Faculty of Humanities and Science. The university's administrative headquarters is located at M
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization, tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and The Hague; the organization is financed by voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law; the UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; the UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, adopted on 25 June 1945 in the San Francisco Opera House, signed on 26 June 1945 in the Herbst Theatre auditorium in the Veterans War Memorial Building. This charter took effect on 24 October 1945; the UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades during the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted of unarmed military observers and armed troops with monitoring and confidence-building roles; the organization's membership grew following widespread decolonization which started in the 1960s. Since 80 former colonies had gained independence, including 11 trust territories, which were monitored by the Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s its budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly. The UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, UNICEF; the UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres since 1 January 2017. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work; the organization, its officers and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes. Other evaluations of the UN's effectiveness have been mixed; some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called the organization ineffective, biased, or corrupt. In the century prior to the UN's creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife.
In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world. President Woodrow Wilson became a vocal advocate of this concept, in 1918 he included a sketch of the international body in his 14-point proposal to end the war. In November 1918, the Central Powers agreed to an armistice to halt the killing in World War I. Two months the Allies met with Germany and Austria-Hungary at Versailles to hammer out formal peace terms. President Wilson wanted peace, but the United Kingdom and France disagreed, forcing harsh war reparations on their former enemies; the League of Nations was approved, in the summer of 1919 Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations to the US Senate for ratification.
On January 10, 1920, the League of Nations formally comes into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, takes effect. However, at some point the League became ineffective when it failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933, 40 nations voted for Japan to withdraw from Manchuria but Japan voted against it and walked out of the League instead of withdrawing from Manchuria, it failed against the Second Italo-Ethiopian War despite trying to talk to Benito Mussolini as he used the time to send an army to Africa, so the League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia, the League tried putting sanctions on Italy, but Italy had conquered Ethiopia and the League had failed. After Italy conquered Ethiopia and other nations left the league, but all of them realised that they began to re-arm as fast as possible. During 1938, Britain and France tried negotiating directly with Hitler but this failed in 1939 when Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia.
When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva remained empty throughout the war. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization began under the aegis of the U. S. State Department in 1939; the text of the "Declaration by United Nations" was drafted at the White House on December 29, 1941, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Roosevelt aide Harry Hopkins
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California. It is known for participating in the Wikimedia movement, it hosts sites like Wikipedia. The foundation was founded in 2003 by Jimmy Wales as a way to fund Wikipedia and its sibling projects through non-profit means; as of 2017, the foundation employs over 300 people, with annual revenues in excess of US$109.9 million. María Sefidari is chair of the board. Katherine Maher has been the executive director since March 2016; the Wikimedia Foundation has the stated goal of developing and maintaining open content, wiki-based projects and providing the full contents of those projects to the public free of charge. Another main objective of the Wikimedia Foundation is political advocacy; the Wikimedia Foundation was granted section 501 status by the U. S. Internal Revenue Code as a public charity in 2005, its National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities code is B60. The foundation's by-laws declare a statement of purpose of collecting and developing educational content and to disseminate it and globally.
In 2001, Jimmy Wales, an Internet entrepreneur, Larry Sanger, an online community organizer and philosophy professor, founded Wikipedia as an Internet encyclopedia to supplement Nupedia. The project was funded by Bomis, Jimmy Wales's for-profit business; as Wikipedia's popularity increased, revenues to fund the project stalled. Since Wikipedia was depleting Bomis's resources and Sanger thought of a charity model to fund the project; the Wikimedia Foundation was incorporated in Florida on June 20, 2003. It applied to the United States Patent and Trademark Office to trademark Wikipedia on September 14, 2004; the mark was granted registration status on January 10, 2006. Trademark protection was accorded by Japan on December 16, 2004, and, in the European Union, on January 20, 2005. There were plans to license the use of the Wikipedia trademark for some products, such as books or DVDs; the name "Wikimedia", a compound of wiki and media, was coined by American author Sheldon Rampton in a post to the English mailing list in March 2003, three months after Wiktionary became the second wiki-based project hosted on Wales' platform.
In April 2005, the U. S. Internal Revenue Service approved the foundation as an educational foundation in the category "Adult, Continuing education", meaning all contributions to the foundation are tax-deductible for U. S. federal income tax purposes. On December 11, 2006, the foundation's board noted that the corporation could not become the membership organization planned but never implemented due to an inability to meet the registration requirements of Florida statutory law. Accordingly, the by-laws were amended to remove all reference to membership activities; the decision to change the bylaws was passed by the board unanimously. On September 25, 2007, the foundation's board gave notice that the operations would be moving to the San Francisco Bay Area. Major considerations cited for choosing San Francisco were proximity to like-minded organizations and potential partners, a better talent pool, as well as cheaper and more convenient international travel than is available from St. Petersburg, Florida.
The move from Florida was completed by 31 January 2008 with the headquarters on Stillman Street in San Francisco. In 2009, the Wikimedia Foundation's headquarters moved to New Montgomery Street. Lila Tretikov was appointed executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation in May 2014, she resigned in March 2016. Former chief communications officer Katherine Maher was appointed the interim executive director, a position made permanent in June 2016. In October 2017, the headquarters moved to One Montgomery Tower. Content on most Wikimedia Foundation websites is licensed for redistribution under v3.0 of the Attribution and Share-alike Creative Commons licenses. This content is sourced from contributing volunteers and from resources with few or no copyright restrictions, such as copyleft material and works in the public domain. In addition to Wikipedia, the foundation operates eleven other wikis that follow the free content model with their main goal being the dissemination of knowledge; these include, by launch date: Several additional projects exist to provide infrastructure or coordination of the free knowledge projects.
For instance, Outreach gives guidelines for best practices on encouraging the use of Wikimedia sites. These include: Wikimedia movement affiliates are independent, but formally recognized, groups of people intended to work together to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement; the Wikimedia Foundation's Board of Trustees has approved three active models for movement affiliates: chapters, thematic organizations, user groups. Movement affiliates are intended to organize and engage in activities to support and contribute to the Wikimedia movement, such as regional conferences, edit-a-thons, public relations, public policy advocacy, GLAM engagement, Wikimania. Recognition of a chapter and thematic organization is approved by the foundation's board. Recommendations on recognition of chapters and thematic organizations are made to the foundation's board by an Affiliations Committee, composed of Wikimedia community volunteers; the Affiliations Committee approves the recognition of individual user groups.
While movement affiliates are formally recognized by the Wikimedia Foundation, they are independent of the Wikimedia Foundation, with no legal control of nor responsibility for the Wikimedia projects. The foundation began recognizing chapters in 2004. In 2010, development on additional models began. In 2012, the foundation approved, fina
Maastricht Science Programme
Maastricht Science Programme is an English language, internationally oriented, Liberal Arts & Sciences programme. Founded in 2010, it welcomed its first students in September 2011; the Maastricht Science Programme is unique in its kind. Students are free to design the programme of their choice by choosing courses from an extensive offer of natural science courses, combined with interdisciplinary courses; the Programme is part of Maastricht University and offers an honours programme with a high workload for motivated students. Admission is twice a year, with the Introduction courses running biannually; the Maastricht Science Programme was founded in 2010, received its first students in the academic year of 2011/12. The MSP is the second Liberal Arts and Sciences programme in Maastricht, working alongside its sister program University College Maastricht. Like UCM, the Maastricht Science Programme is part of the Faculty of Science and Engineering of Maastricht University; the MSP is one of the few science programmes in Maastricht that are not health-related.
Courses at the Maastricht Science Programme, are taught in English. After graduation from the MSP, students obtain an internationally recognized Bachelor of Science degree; the Programme is a Liberal Arts & Sciences programme, defined by Encyclopædia Britannica Concise as a "college or university curriculum aimed at imparting general knowledge and developing general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum."Classes are small, with an emphasis on independent learning through a group process, structured using Problem-Based Learning and Research-Based Learning. Research-Based Learning is a new educational method. Students participate in undergraduate research, guided by researchers. At the Maastricht Science Programme students are free to construct their own curriculum by choosing courses from a broad offer of natural science courses in the fields of: Biology Chemistry Physics Mathematics Biomedical Engineering Biomaterials Neuroscience EntrepreneurshipCourses are structured in a 1000 to 3000-level structure, indicating an increasing level of complexity and required previous knowledge.
Per semester, students choose 4 courses In addition to courses, students are required to choose two skills trainings. Thirdly, students are required to take one project per semester. A BSc at the MSP will comprise a total of 180 ECTS. Students subsequently enrol in a maximum of 60 ECTS for one academic year. Students create their own curriculum, guided by their personal Academic Advisor, by choosing courses from the course catalogue; the aim of creating a personal, unique curriculum is to provide students with the opportunity to develop their own academic preferences and talents and acquire all the expertise and skills that enable them to enter a high-quality Master programme. The MSP has a study association, dealing with better communication between the student body and the head of studies, it is organizing monthly lectures, so called "Broaden your Aperture's" that provide insight into extracurricular topics held by lecturers coming from outside the MSP. In addition, the student clubs are organized through Aperture.
A good scientist does not have a lot of theoretical knowledge, but has the skills necessary to acquire new knowledge and apply this knowledge. Using Research-Based Learning, skills trainings and projects, students gain hands-on experience in science. In addition, students are provided the opportunity to conduct an internship in industry or university in their third year. Maastricht Science Programme homepage Aperture homepage
United Nations University
The United Nations University, established in 1973, is the academic and research arm of the United Nations. It is headquartered in Shibuya, Japan, with diplomatic status as a UN institution. Since 2010, UNU has been authorized by the United Nations General Assembly to grant degrees, it provides a bridge between the UN and the international academic, policy-making and private sector communities. The university is headed by a rector, who holds the rank of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations. To date, there have been six Rectors at UNU; the current Rector, since March 2013, is Dr. David M. Malone of Canada. List of Rectors of United Nations University: The Council of UNU is the governing board of the University and is composed of 24 members who are appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations with the concurrence of the Director-General of UNESCO; the University was established in 1973 and formally began its activities in 1976 following the signature of the permanent headquarters agreement between the United Nations and Japan.
The creation of the United Nations University was set in motion by Secretary-General U Thant in 1969. Over the years, several Institutes of UNU were created to help with the research initiatives of the United Nations. Most notably, in 2007, a vice-rectorate was established in Bonn, Germany, as a way of strengthening UNU's presence in Europe. UNU-ViE is dedicated to developing knowledge-based sustainable solutions for global problems and is, therefore, an active organizer of international science policy dialogues for sustainability. In December 2009, the UN General Assembly amended the UNU Charter to make it possible for UNU to "grant and confer master's degrees and doctorates, diplomas and other academic distinctions under conditions laid down for that purpose in the statutes by the Council."In 2013, UNU-ISP announced its intention to seek accreditation from the National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation, the Japanese accreditation agency for higher education institutions.
UNU-IAS was formally accredited in April 2015, making it the first international organization to be recognized by the NIAD-UE. The university has several campuses spread over five continents, its headquarters are located at the UNU Centre in Japan. The role of the UN University is to generate new knowledge, enhance individual and institutional capacities, disseminate its useful information to relevant audiences. Within the scope of these five thematic clusters, the UN University undertakes: Cross-cultural, interdisciplinary research and targeted foresight and policy studies; as prescribed in the United Nations University Strategic Plan 2011–2014, the 26 major topics of focus of the UN University's academic work fall within five interdependent thematic clusters: Peace and Human Rights. Global Health and Sustainable Livelihoods. Global Change and Sustainable Development. Science, Technology and Society. Collectively, these thematic clusters define the programme space within which the UN University undertakes its academic activities.
Some key perspectives pervade all aspects of the UN University's work. The academic work of the United Nations University is carried out by a global system of Institutes, Operating Units, Programmes located in more than 12 countries around the world. Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies in Bruges, Belgium Institute for Environment and Human Security in Bonn, Germany Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources in Dresden, Germany Institute of Advanced Studies in Yokohama, Japan International Institute for Global Health in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Institute on Computing and Society in Macau, China Institute for Natural Resources in Africa in Accra, Ghana Institute for Sustainability and Peace in Tokyo, Japan Maastricht Economic
University College Maastricht
University College Maastricht is an English language, internationally oriented, liberal arts and sciences college housed in the 15th century Nieuwenhof monastery in Maastricht, Netherlands. Founded in 2002, it is the second of its kind in the Netherlands; the college is part of Maastricht University and offers a selective honours programme with a high workload. The Dutch Higher Education Guide ranked UCM the best bachelors programme in the Netherlands in 2015 and 2016. In 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016 and 2018 Elsevier Magazine ranked UCM the best university college in the Netherlands in terms of student satisfaction. Maastricht University, of which UCM is part, was founded in 1976, making it one of the youngest universities in the Netherlands, as of 2014 has over 16,000 students and 3,600 employees. University College Maastricht itself opened in September 2002, before moving to a new location in 2006, has over 600 students. Education at University College Maastricht, providing Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees, is taught in English.
The College is a liberal arts college, defined by Encyclopædia Britannica Concise as a "college or university curriculum aimed at imparting general knowledge and developing general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum." Classes are small, with an emphasis on independent learning via a group process structured through the Problem-based learning method. The courses of the UCM programme are contained within three concentrations namely the humanities and social sciences. Of these students are required to choose one, although a combination of two is possible, in addition to a mandatory core curriculum and self-assembled general education, the latter picked from courses in a different concentration than the individual student's chosen concentration; the Humanities concentration includes the academic disciplines of arts and media studies, cultural studies, European studies, literature and science and technology studies. The Sciences concentration known as Life Sciences, includes biology, computer science, mathematics and sustainable development.
The Social Sciences concentration includes business administration, international law, international relations, political science, public administration and sociology. Courses are additionally structured in a 1000 to 3000-level grid, indicating an increasing level of complexity and necessary previous knowledge. In addition to courses, students are required to choose skills trainings including, but not limited to, ethnography and research methods. Thirdly, students are required to take e.g. academic debating, per semester. An individual student's curriculum consists of the mentioned courses, skills trainings and projects. With UCM using the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System a BA or BSc at UCM will comprise a total of 180 ECTS. Students subsequently enrol in a maximum of 30 ECTS per semester, or 60 ECTS for a full year, with students receiving 5 ECTS for courses and projects and 2.5 ECTS for skills trainings. Students create their own curriculum, with help of academic advisors, by choosing courses located within their respective concentration in addition to a requirement to complete a core curriculum, consisting of four courses, a general education requirement, consisting of two courses per concentration the student did not choose.
The aim of this curriculum is to provide students with the opportunity to develop their own academic preferences and talents and acquire all the expertise and skills to enter a high-quality Master programmes. Since its inception the college has established a number of international partnerships, allowing its students to participate in exchange programmes with subsequent study points counting towards their UCM degrees. Institutions partaking in this include amongst others the University of Helsinki, University College London, Aarhus University, Singapore Management University, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Princeton University, University of California, George Washington University, University of Richmond, Queen's University, Korea University, Australian National University and University of Western Australia. After major renovations, UCM moved into the former Nieuwenhof convent in 2006. Located in the Jekerkwartier neighbourhood in central Maastricht, the building dates back to 1485 adjacent to Maastricht's city fortifications.
The 2000s renovation of the former convent included the creation of a common room, IT facilities and a reading room providing specific literature related to courses taught at the college. UCM's Jekerkwartier location makes it part of the larger city centre campus of Maastricht University including its inner city library, School of Business, Law faculty and Graduate School of Governance. New students at UCM enrol twice in September and February, they are selected based on a letter of an interview. As of 2012 65% of eligible applicants to the college were granted an interview; the UCM student population includes about 50 different nationalities with 62% originating outside the Netherlands. Students of UCM have gone on to study at other universities in Europe and the US including: Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard Medical School, Yale University, Columbia University, Imperial College Business School, King's College London, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Georgetown Universi