Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the north-east. Ukraine is in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2, making it both the largest country within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world, its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic; the dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodoxy. The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested and divided by a variety of powers, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was split between Poland and the Russian Empire. After World War II the Western part of Ukraine merged into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the whole country became a part of the Soviet Union as a single state entity. In 1991, Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses. Following its independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state. In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine-European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which escalated into the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government.
These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014, the War in Donbass in April 2014. On 1 January 2016, Ukraine applied the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union. Ukraine is ranks 88th on the Human Development Index; as of 2018, Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe alongside Moldova in terms of GDP per capita. At US$40, it has the lowest median wealth per adult in the world, suffers from a high poverty rate as well as severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the world's largest grain exporters, it maintains the second-largest military in Europe after that of Russia. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with separate powers: legislative and judicial branches; the country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the GUAM organization, one of the founding states of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
There are different hypotheses as to the etymology of the name Ukraine. According to the older widespread hypothesis, it means "borderland", while some more recent linguistic studies claim a different meaning: "homeland" or "region, country"."The Ukraine" used to be the usual form in English, but since the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine, "the Ukraine" has become less common in the English-speaking world, style-guides warn against its use in professional writing. According to U. S. ambassador William Taylor, "The Ukraine" now implies disregard for the country's sovereignty. The Ukrainian position is that the usage of "'The Ukraine' is incorrect both grammatically and politically." Neanderthal settlement in Ukraine is seen in the Molodova archaeological sites which include a mammoth bone dwelling. The territory is considered to be the location for the human domestication of the horse. Modern human settlement in Ukraine and its vicinity dates back to 32,000 BC, with evidence of the Gravettian culture in the Crimean Mountains.
By 4,500 BC, the Neolithic Cucuteni–Trypillia culture flourished in wide areas of modern Ukraine including Trypillia and the entire Dnieper-Dniester region. During the Iron Age, the land was inhabited by Cimmerians and Sarmatians. Between 700 BC and 200 BC it was Scythia. Beginning in the sixth century BC, colonies of Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, the Byzantine Empire, such as Tyras and Chersonesus, were founded on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea; these colonies thrived well into the sixth century AD. The Goths stayed in the area, but came under the sway of the Huns from the 370s AD. In the seventh century AD, the territory of eastern Ukraine was the centre of Old Great Bulgaria. At the end of the century, the majority of Bulgar tribes migrated in different directions, the Khazars took over much of the land. In the fifth and sixth centuries, the Antes were located in the territory of; the Antes were the ancestors of Ukrainians: White Croats, Polans, Dulebes and Tiverians. Migrations from Ukraine throughout the Balkans established many Southern Slavic nations.
Northern migrations, reaching to the Ilmen lakes, led to the em
The Men's Greco-Roman 90 kg at the 1976 Summer Olympics as part of the wrestling program were held at the Maurice Richard Arena. The competition used a form of negative points tournament, with negative points given for any result short of a fall. Accumulation of 6 negative points eliminated the loser wrestler; when only three wrestlers remain, a special final round is used to determine the order of the medals. LegendTF — Won by Fall IN — Won by Opponent Injury DQ — Won by Passivity D1 — Won by Passivity, the winner is passive too D2 — Both wrestlers lost by Passivity FF — Won by Forfeit DNA — Did not appear TPP — Total penalty points MPP — Match penalty pointsPenalties0 — Won by Fall, Technical Superiority, Passivity and Forfeit 0.5 — Won by Points, 8-11 points difference 1 — Won by Points, 1-7 points difference 2 — Won by Passivity, the winner is passive too 3 — Lost by Points, 1-7 points difference 3.5 — Lost by Points, 8-11 points difference 4 — Lost by Fall, Technical Superiority, Passivity and Forfeit Results from the preliminary round are carried forward into the final.
Rancho Veloz is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Corralillo, in Villa Clara Province. It is a small town whose population numbers between 4,549 and 6,320. During the 19th century, Spaniard settlers arrived in Cuba to work on the islands' agriculture; those looking for wood went to the area now known as Rancho Veloz, which at the time was named "realengo Las Cañas". According to the Cuban government's official Cuban history, this "realengo" was divided into three areas, one of which became known as "Santa Fe de las Pozas", there, a person by the last name of Veloz built a ranch. Santa Fe de Las Pozas was the area's political and economical center by 1843. Sugar became the town's main economic source and as many as 12 sugar refineries were active during the 1840s and 1850s. Slavery was an economic source and by 1862, according to official figures, there were 3,721 slaves, compared to 1,297 white slave owners and 221 free Black or Mestizo persons, which meant that about 66% percent of the town's population was made up by slaves.
It is not known when slavery was eradicated from the town, but official records show that the last people to be claimed as slaves were in the area around 1879. In 1869, a fort was built to protect Rancho Veloz from attackers. On January 1, 1879, Rancho Veloz had, for a mayor, his name was José Suárez Solís. The first schools on record to open at Rancho Veloz were opened in 1888; these two educational centers consisted of an all girls school and an all boys one, which were situated in front of each other. During 1889, the town's cathedral was inaugurated. In 1936, the local fort was re-built due to corrosion affecting the original structure. During 1937, Father Pertika Unanue, a Spaniard who would become popular among church goers in Rancho Veloz, arrived to the cathedral, he was pivotal in the creation of several programs and buildings in the town, including a local stadium. Father Unanue became a Cuban citizen dying in 1991.1949 saw the opening of a Masonic temple. The town has remained unchanged since then.
Rancho Veloz is located near the Atlantic coast, between Corralillo and Quemado de Güines, the Biajaca River flows near it. It is crossed by the state highway Circuito Norte and by the railway line Corralillo-Sagua La Grande. Mirta de Perales, businesswoman Sierra Morena Media related to Rancho Veloz at Wikimedia Commons