Sviatoslav Shevchuk has been the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church since 25 March 2011. Shevchuk was ordained as a priest on 26 June 1994, he is an alumnus of the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas Angelicum where he earned a Doctorate in theology in 1999. After completing his theological training Shevchuk served as rector of the seminary of Lviv. From 2002 to 2005 he worked as head of the secretariat of Cardinal Lubomyr Husar. Shevchuk was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Eparchy of Santa María del Patrocinio en Buenos Aires on 14 January 2009 and consecrated by Archbishop Ihor Vozniak on 7 April 2009. On 10 April 2010, he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the same diocese upon the retirement of Bishop Miguel Mykycej. On 23 March 2011, Shevchuk was elected Patriarch of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church to replace Lubomyr Husar, who had retired for health reasons. Pope Benedict XVI confirmed his selection on 25 March 2011. Shevchuk was enthroned as Patriarch on 27 March 2011 in the UGCC's new mother church, the Patriarchal Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ in Kiev, still under construction at the time.
He was the first primate to be enthroned in Kiev in 400 years. Representatives of all three main branches of Ukrainian Eastern Orthodoxy were present for his enthronement, including Metropolitan Mefodiy, Metropolitan Volodymyr, Bishop Yevstratiy. On 31 May 2012, Sviatoslav held his first pastoral visit to Canada, he visited Edmonton after being met by Eparch David Motiuk and other clergy upon his arrival in Calgary. He attended events at St. George Parish. On 2 June, the head of the UGCC celebrated the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Parish of the Assumption of the Holy Mother of God in Calgary, he again returned to Canada in 2012, on Sunday, 9 September, after the participants took an oath the previous day, Shevchuk celebrated the Divine Liturgy to open a worldwide Ukrainian Catholic Synod of Bishops at Saints Volodymyr and Olha Cathedral in Winnipeg, Canada. He visited Miller Comprehensive High School and stopped at St. Basil's Ukrainian Catholic Church and St. Athanasius Ukrainian Catholic Church, on 21 September 2012 in Regina, Saskatchewan.
He stopped in Vancouver to mark the 100th anniversary of the first Canadian visit of a Ukrainian Catholic bishop. In May 2014, he again visited Canada to mark the arrival of the Sheptytsky Institute within the University of St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto. In October 2016, he traveled to Ontario on the occasion of the consecration of the church of St. Elias the Prophet in Brampton. On 29 March 2011, Shevchuk said "I'm departing with my bishops and all of the metropolitans of our church to Rome, because it's our duty to make a courtesy visit to the Holy Father," he said a press conference in Kyiv; the UGCC leader said. "We're going to tell of how our church is developing and that each developing church a patriarchate, because a patriarchate is a period in the completion of the development of a church," he said. Cardinal Slipyj in the 1960s petitioned for the patriarchal title. Instead, Pope Paul VI responded by devising the rank of "Major Archbishop", which grants all the prerogatives of an Eastern patriarch to the head of a self-governing church in full communion, just without the title itself.
On 12 June 2012 Shevchuk was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. In April 2011, Shevchuk said while visiting Rome to meet Pope Benedict XVI, that he believes he was elected "despite my age". Ukrainian bishops from around the world, who met in a synod in late March to elect a new Patriarch for their church, were looking for a leader who could "unite the church in Ukraine and outside Ukraine", who could "promote the unity of Christians in Ukraine and establish some sort of dialogue with the new Ukrainian government... The No. 1 priority for each head of a church is evangelization, preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ in today's world... Of course, our church is growing, is developing its structures... but we are conscious that the decision about the patriarchate belongs to the Holy Father and we would never press him. We respect his freedom." Shevchuk said his age is not so shocking when one considers that the average age of his priests is about 35. "In our tradition, we do have a married clergy, but a married clergy is not the main reason we have so many young priests", he added.
On 22 June 2011 Shevchuk was appointed a member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches to a five-year term. When asked in April 2011 whether he would wish to meet the Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill, Shevchuk said that "I would like much to visit him and hold a personal meeting with him. I am convinced that in peacefully and communicating with each other, we can relieve any tension... I think that today, we should heal the wounds rather than deepen them. One can heal the wounds of our memory only with mutual forgiveness. Therefore, as for any of our brethren or neighbors who wounded us or were wounded by us, the best way to communicate is to be open in a brotherly dialogue, be open to the purification of our memory, to ask for forgiveness and to forgive". Official profile of Sviatoslav Shevchuk at Facebook Official profile of Sviatoslav Shevchuk at VK
Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Lviv
The Archeparchy of Lviv is a metropolitan archeparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The eparchy was established as the Orthodox Eparchy of Halych suffragan to Metropolitan of Kiev at some time during the mid 12th century, with its see located in Halych. In 1303 it was elevated to metropolitan status and held such status during several periods of the 14th century, until after 1401 the title of the vacated province was moved to the Metropolitan of Kyiv. Following the 14th century Galicia–Volhynia Wars, the diocese was secured after the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lviv. After long mediation in the mid 1539 the eparchy was re-established; the eparchy at first did not recognize the Union of Brest of 1596, which restored full communion with the Holy See, joined it only in 1700. Following the Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at the end of 18th century when most of the Ukrainian lands fell under Russian rule, the Metropolia of Halych was re-established in 1807, covering the Austrian ruled region of Halychyna and Lviv was elevated to the rank of archeparchy.
After the Second World War, in 1946 the Archeparchy, together with the entire Ukrainian Church was forcefully subjected under the Russian Orthodox Church, but it secretly continued to function in its canonical territory, in 1959, was elevated by Pope John XXIII to the rank of Major Archeparchy. After the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the Church could begin restoring canonical regularity. On 19 August 1990 Archbishop Volodymyr served the first Hierarchical Divine Liturgy in the returned to the church St. George's Cathedral, Lviv. On 30 March 1991 there took place returning of Major Archbishop of Lviv, Cardinal Myroslav Lyubachivskyi, the head of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from Rome to his major archiepiscopal see in Lviv. In 1992 the church synod adopted decision to create more eparchies out the archeparchy of Lviv and on 12 July 1993 it was approved by the Pope. There were established eparchy of Zboriv, eparchy of Sambir and Drohobych, eparchy of Ternopil. In 2000 there were created eparchy of Sokal.
In 2004 new Major Archbishop of Lviv Lubomyr Husar moved his see to Kiev, becoming Major Archbishop of Kyiv-Halych, leaving the archeparchy of Lviv to Archbishop Ihor Vozniak. In 2011 the church structure was changed and Archeparchy of Lviv became a regional center of the church as metropolitan archeparchy with four suffragan eparchies, archeparchy of Lviv, eparchy of Stryi, eparchy of Sambir and Drohobych, eparchy of Sokal and Zhovkva; as of 2013 the Archbishop of Lviv was Archbishop Ihor Vozniak. He was auxiliary bishop of the Major Archeparchy of Lviv during 2001–2004, with the renaming of the Major Archeparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, he became auxiliary bishop of the new Ukrainian Catholic Major Archeparchy of Kyiv-Halych in December 2004. In 2005 the Synod elected him the first archbishop of the new Archeparchy of Lviv. Established on XII century as Orthodox Eparchy of Halych, on territory split off from the Metropolitan of Kiev and all Rus'. 1303: Elevated as Metropolis of Halych.
1406: Lost a metropolis status, again become as an eparchy with Metropolis of Kiev and all Rus'. 1540: a see transferred to Lviv and renamed as Eparchy of Lviv and Halych. March 7, 1677: Clandestinely joined Union of Brest with Bishop Yosyf Shumlyansky. June 9, 1700: Joined Union of Brest with title Eparchy of Lviv and Kamianets-Podilskyi. February 22, 1807: Elevated as Metropolis with suffragan sees Eparchy of Przemyśl–Sambir and Eparchy of Chełm–Belz. January 29, 1830: Lost the Eparchy of Chełm–Belz, that belongs to the Holy See. March 26, 1885: Lost territory to establish the Eparchy of Stanislaviv. December 23, 1963: Elevated as Major Archeparchy. April 20, 1993: Lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Sambir–Drohobych. April 20, 1993: Lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Ternopil. April 20, 1993: Lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Zboriv. July 21, 2000: Lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Sokal.
July 21, 2000: Lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stryi. December 6, 2004: Elevated as Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Lviv. November 21, 2011: Become a Metropolitan See with 3 another suffragan sees. Catholic Church in Ukraine Armenian Catholic Archeparchy of Lviv, vacant Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lviv, Mieczysław Mokrzycki Official website Wasyl Lencyk. Lviv eparchy. Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Philadelphia)
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is a Ukrainian Catholic cathedral located in the Poplar neighborhood of Philadelphia, United States. It is the seat for the Archeparchy of Philadelphia. Ruthenians, are Catholics who belong to and follow the prayer life of the Byzantine Church and were known as such in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, started immigrating in sizable numbers to the United States in the late 1870s. A Ruthenian priest immigrated in 1884 and blessed their first church building in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania; the earliest immigrants to Philadelphia settled in Northern Liberties between Sixth and Seventh Streets, south of Girard Avenue. They founded Immaculate Conception parish in 1886. In 1964, as plans were being made to replace the 1907 cathedral, several members of the congregation wanted the new church to be built in the suburbs where they lived. Archbishop Ambrose Senyshyn chose to build on the property where the old church stood hoping that the East Poplar Redevelopment Area would rejuvenate the neighborhood.
The cornerstone was laid on October 16, 1966 and it contains a stone from St. Peter's tomb that Pope Paul VI gave to Archbishop Senyshyn. Pope John Paul II visited the cathedral on October 4, 1979; the cathedral was designed by Julian K. Jastremsky in the Byzantine Revival style, it was modeled after Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. The cathedral's central dome is covered with 1/4 inch square Venetian glass tiles made of 22 karat gold fused in the glass; the dome's interior features a mosaic of the Pantocrator. At the base of the dome there are 32 windows, they depict the coat of arms of the regions of Ukraine, the popes, the bishops and the religious orders that contributed to the growth of the Ukrainian Catholic church in the United States. The mosaic on the sanctuary wall features the Theotokos. Below the Mother of God is a mosaic of the Last Supper. To the right of that mosaic is one depicting the Emmaus from the Gospel of Luke, to the left is a mosaic of the Visitation of the Holy Trinity from the Book of Genesis.
The stained glass windows in the sanctuary portray 12 six-winged angels as described in the Book of Isaiah. The Iconostas was designed by Chrystyna Dochwat. In the middle are the Royal Doors on which there is a depiction of the Annunciation and icons of the Four Evangelists. To the right of the Royal Doors features the icons of Christ the Teacher, St. Stephen the First-Martyr, St. John the Baptist. To the left of the Royal Doors portrays icons depicting the Mother of God with the infant Jesus, St. Michael the Archangel and St. Nicholas the Wonderworker. Above the Royal Doors is the icon of the Last Supper. At the top of the Iconostas is a depiction of the crucifixion and an icon of Christ the King. Below the cathedral sanctuary is the crypt that contains the remains of Philadelphia's Ukrainian Catholic bishops: Bishop Soter Ortynsky, OSBM Archbishop Constantine Bohachevsky Archbishop Ambrose Senyshyn, OSBM Official Cathedral Site St. Mary's Ukrainian Cemetery / 438 Cedar Road, Fox Chase, Pennsylvania
Borys Gudziak became the Eparch of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Eparchy of Paris on the elevation of his exarchate to a full eparchy, or Eastern-rite Diocese, by the pope on January 19, 2013. He served as the head of the territory since his installation as exarch on December 2, 2012. On Monday, February 18th, 2019, the Vatican Information Service announced that the Holy Father has appointed Most Rev. Borys Gudziak as Archeparch of Philadelphia for Ukrainians and Metropolitan for the Ukrainian Catholic Church in USA and thus concurring with the recommendation of the appointment offered by the Synod of Ukrainian Catholic Bishops, which met in September of 2018 in Lviv, Ukraine, he is scheduled to be installed on June 4, 2019. Gudziak was born in Syracuse, New York US, his parents, both Ukrainian Greek Catholics, had come to New York from western Ukraine in the early 1950s. After completing his pre-university studies at Christian Brothers Academy, he graduated from Syracuse University, obtaining a dual degree in philosophy and biology in 1980.
He entered the College of Saint Sophia in Rome where, as a student of the Lviv Archeparchy under Cardinal Josyf Slipyj, he attended the Pontifical Urban University. In 1983 he graduated in theology and began doctoral studies in an interdepartmental program of Slavic and Byzantine Cultural History at Harvard University, where he received his Ph. D. in 1992. His thesis and Reform: The Kievan Metropolitanate, the Patriarchate of Constantinople, the Genesis of the Union of Brest, was published by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute in 1998. From October 1994 until July 1995 he attended the Pontifical Oriental Institute, examining in particular the synthesis of neopatristic Orthodox theologian Georges Florovsky. In 1992, he moved permanently to Lviv, where he founded the Institute of Church History, becoming its director until October 2002. In 1993 he was appointed chairman of the Commission for the Renewal of the Lviv Theological Academy by Archbishop Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky. From 1995 until 2000 he served as vice rector of the Lviv Theological Academy as rector from 2000 to 2002.
In that year, Gudziak became rector of the Ukrainian Catholic University, its president. He was ordained on 26 November 1998 in the Cathedral of St. George in Lviv by Bishop Sofron, O. S. B. M. and incardinated in the Major Archeparchy of Lviv of the Ukrainians. He is the author of over 50 studies on the history of the Church, theological training and on different topics of cultural relevance. On 21 July 2012 it was announced that Pope Benedict XVI accepted the resignation of Michel Hrynchyshyn from the pastoral Apostolic Exarchate for Ukrainians of the Byzantine rite in France, appointed Borys Gudziak apostolic exarch for the Ukrainian faithful of the Byzantine rite in France, at the same time appointing him Titular Bishop of Carcabia, he was ordained a bishop on 26 August 2012 and installed in a Divine Liturgy on 2 December 2012. On Saturday, January 19, 2013, Benedict XVI elevated the Apostolic Exarchate of France and Switzerland for the Ukrainians to the status of a full apostolic eparchy, named it after Saint Vladimir.
Gudziak, though an ordained bishop, is now an eparch, instead of exarch. He ceased to be a titular bishop. Gudziak is the 49th member of the Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. Besides France, the eparchy includes Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland. In May 2018, Gudziak received an honorary doctorate of humane letters degree during the 164th commencement of Syracuse University. Antonovych prize
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Parma is a city in Cuyahoga County, United States, located on the southern edge of Cleveland. As of the 2010 census it is the seventh largest city in the state of Ohio and the second largest city in Cuyahoga County after Cleveland. In 1806, the area that would become Parma and Parma Heights was surveyed by Abraham Tappan, a surveyor for the Connecticut Land Company, was known as Township 6 - Range 13; this designation gave the town its first identity in the Western Reserve. Soon after, Township 6 - Range 13 was referred to as "Greenbriar," for the rambling bush that grew there. Benajah Fay, his wife Ruth Wilcox Fay, their ten children, arrivals from Lewis County, New York, were the first settlers in 1816, it was that Greenbriar, under a newly organized government seat under Brooklyn Township, began attending to its own governmental needs. Self-government started to gain in popularity by the time the new Greenbriar settlement contained twenty householders. However, prior to the establishment of the new township, the name Greenbriar was replaced by the name Parma.
This was due to Dr. David Long who had returned from Italy and "impressed with the grandeur and beauty...was reminded of Parma, Italy and...persuaded the early townspeople that the territory deserved a better name than Greenbriar."Thus, on March 7, 1826, a resolution was passed ordering the construction of the new township. It stated, "On the petition of sundry inhabitants for a new township to be organized and erected comprising No. 6 in the 13th Range. Ordered that said Township No. 6 in the 13th Range be set off and erected into a new Township by the name of Parma, to be bounded by the original lines of said Township." On the same day, a public notice was issued to qualified electors by the County Commissioners. They met at the house of Samuel Freeman on April 3, 1826 to elect township officers according to the law, it was that the first eleven officers were elected to lead the new government. During this time, Parma Township remained agricultural; the first schoolhouse was a log structure built on the hill at the northern corner of what is now Parma Heights Cemetery.
A memorial plate on a stone marks the spot. In 1827, the township was divided into road districts; the Broadview Road of today was known as Town Line Road as well as Independence Road. Ridge Road was known as Center Road as it cut through the center of town. York Road was known as York Street as arrivals from the state of New York settled there. Pearl Road had many names which included Medina Wooster Pike, Wooster Pike, the Cleveland Columbus Road, the Brighton and Parma Plank Road. A stone house, built in 1849 and known as the Henninger House, was occupied by several generations of Henningers and is still standing today; the house rests on one of the higher points in Cuyahoga County, which provided visibility for the entire northeastern part of Parma Township. This was the same site where the Erie Indians, centuries before, stood to read and send fire signals as well as pray to their spirits. By 1850, the US census listed Parma Township's population at 1,329. However, the rising population of the township had slowed over the decades.
The Civil War affected Parma much as it did other villages in the nation. Three out of four homes sent sons, or sometimes both, to fight in the war. By 1910, the population of the township had increased to 1,631. In 1911, Parma Heights, due to the temperance mood of the day, separated itself from the Parma Township after by a vote of 42 to 32 and was incorporated as a village comprising 4.13 square miles. "A main reason for establishing the village of Parma Heights was to get a town marshal... There is one saloon in the territory...some pretty rough crowds Sundays have disturbed the quiet of the neighborhood...wanted it closed on Sundays. To do this they wished a town marshal, they couldn't have a town marshal without becoming a village, so they became one." By 1920, the US census showed Parma Township had a population of just 2,345, but the following decade proved to be a time of significant growth and development for Parma. It was in the 1920s. On December 15, 1924, Parma was incorporated as a village.
The largest and fastest growing development of that time was H. A. Stahl's Ridgewood Gardens development, which started in 1919, continued through the 1920s, into the 1930s. A resident of Shaker Heights, Ohio's first Garden City, H. A. Stahl developed Ridgewood as an ambitious "model village" project patterned along the lines of and rivaling the earlier Shaker Heights project with "churches, motion picture theater, community house, other features forming a part of all well-developed residence communities.". Ridgewood was designed and marketed as a Garden City on 1,000 acres of land to accommodate about 40,000 residents "325 feet above Lake Erie, in the healthiest section of the South Side, free from the smoke of industries, or the congestion and noises of sections nearer the Public Square." On January 1, 1931, Parma became a city with a population of 13,899. Whereas the incorporation of the village of Parma was met with much optimism, the newly established city of Parma faced the uncertainty of the Great Depression which had entirely stopped its growth.
Money was scarce, tax income was limited, some began to talk of annexation of both the city and school district to Cleveland. Both annexation issues, were soundly defeated as Parma voters overwhelmingly voted against them and silenced proponents of annexation. Not long after this, Parma was once again solvent due in large part to the newly created Gallagher Act and the determination of Parma's Auditor, Sam Nowlin. By 1941, a building boom ap