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Ulm

Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at 120,000, forms an urban district of its own and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Founded around 850, Ulm is rich in history and traditions as a former free imperial city. Today, it is an economic centre due to its varied industries, it is the seat of the University of Ulm. Internationally, Ulm is known for having the church with the tallest steeple in the world, the Gothic minster, as the birthplace of Albert Einstein. Ulm lies at the point where the rivers Blau and Iller join the Danube, at an altitude of 479 m above sea level. Most parts of the city, including the old town, are situated on the left bank of the Danube. Across from the old town, on the other side of the river, lies the twin city of Neu-Ulm in the state of Bavaria, smaller than Ulm and, until 1810, a part of it. Except for the Danube in the south, the city is surrounded by forests and hills which rise to altitudes of over 620 metres, some of them part of the Swabian Alb.

South of the Danube and hills end in the northern edge of the Alps, which are 100 kilometres from Ulm and are visible from the city on clear days. The city of Ulm is situated in the northern part of the North Alpine Foreland basin, where the basin reaches the Swabian Alb; the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen is a famous palaeontological site of Burdigalian age. On the right side of Danube and Iller there is the Bavarian district town Neu-Ulm. On the left side Ulm is completely surrounded by the Alb-Danube district; the neighboring communes of Baden-Württemberg are the following: Illerkirchberg, Staig, Hüttisheim, Blaubeuren, Dornstadt and Langenau as well as the eastern neighboring community Elchingen. The city is divided into 18 districts: Ulm-Mitte, Böfingen, Donautal, Einsingen, Eselsberg, Gögglingen, Jungingen, Lehr, Mähringen, Oststadt, Söflingen, Unterweiler and Wiblingen. Nine districts that were integrated during the latest municipality reform in the 1970s, they have own local councils which acquire an important consulting position to the whole city council concerning issues that are related to the prevailing districts.

But at the end, final decisions can only be made by the city council of the entire city of Ulm. The oldest traceable settlement of the Ulm area began in the early Neolithic period, around 5000 BC. Settlements of this time have been identified at the villages of Eggingen and Lehr, today districts of the city. In the city area of Ulm proper, the oldest find dates from the late Neolithic period; the earliest written mention of Ulm is dated 22 July 854 AD, when King Louis the German signed a document in the King's palace of "Hulma" in the Duchy of Swabia. The city was declared an Imperial City by Friedrich Barbarossa in 1181. At first, Ulm's significance was due to the privilege of a Königspfalz, a place of accommodation for the medieval German kings and emperors on their frequent travels. Ulm became a city of traders and craftsmen. One of the most important legal documents of the city, an agreement between the Ulm patricians and the trade guilds, dates from 1397; this document, considered an early city constitution, the beginning of the construction of an enormous church, financed by the inhabitants of Ulm themselves rather than by the church, demonstrate the assertiveness of Ulm's medieval citizens.

Ulm blossomed during the 15th and 16th centuries due to the export of high-quality textiles. The city was situated at the crossroads of important trade routes extending to Italy; these centuries, during which many important buildings were erected represented the zenith of art in Ulm for painters and sculptors like Hans Multscher and Jörg Syrlin the Elder. During the Reformation, Ulm became Protestant. With the establishment of new trade routes following the discovery of the New World and the outbreak and consequences of the Thirty Years' War, the city began to decline gradually. During the War of the Spanish Succession, it was alternately invaded several times by French and Bavarian soldiers. In the wars following the French Revolution, the city was alternately occupied by French and Austrian forces, with the former ones destroying the city fortifications. In 1803, it was absorbed into Bavaria. During the campaign of 1805, Napoleon managed to trap the invading Austrian army of General Mack and forced it to surrender in the Battle of Ulm.

In 1810, Ulm was incorporated into the Kingdom of Württemberg and lost its districts on the other bank of the Danube, which came to be known as Neu-Ulm. In the mid-19th century, the city was designated a fortress of the German Confederation with huge military construction works directed against the threat of a French invasion; the city became an important centre of industrialisation in southern Germany in the second half of the 19th century, its built-up area now being extended beyond the medieval walls. The construction of the huge minster, interrupted in the

Sergant A

The Sergant A was a French 4-cylinder, air-cooled, upright inline piston engine with a maximum output of 7.5 kW, designed to meet the needs of the small and light single seat sports aircraft of the early 1920s. It was used by at least ten different types. In both the UK and France in the early 1920s there was a wish to make civilian flying more affordable, both in capital outlay and in running costs; this led to a need for low power engines. In Britain there were suitable engines like the Bristol Cherub but French designers were forced to import engines, either from the UK or Italy; the Sergant A was intended to provide a native product. It was on display at the November 1923 Paris Salon and struck Flight's reporter as "extremely interesting" and car-engine like in its four cylinder inline arrangement, a little heavy but reliable, it was unusual in its high maximum crankshaft speed of 3,200 rpm and the availability of a choice of reduction gear ratios. The date of first running is not known but it appeared, was used by a variety of aircraft and in several contests during 1923, with more in 1924.

Breguet Colibri Carley C.12 Carmier-Simplex 10 hp Farman Moustique Gambier-SABCA Peyret Avionette Peyret-le Prieur Hydroplan Poncelet Castar Poncelet Vivette SABCA-Jullien SJ-1A Data from Les Ailes, August 1923.

Wayne Estes

Wayne Vernon Estes was an American basketball player. He was a 6'6" All-American forward for the Utah State Aggies from 1962 to 1965. Wayne is the fourth-leading scorer in Utah State history, with 2,001 points and the fourth-leading rebounder, he holds school records for career points per game, free throws made in a career, consecutive 10-point games, points in a season, points per game in a season, points in a game, rebounds in a game. He was the second leading scorer in the nation in 1965, just behind Rick Barry. Wayne earned all state honors in three sports for the Anaconda Copperheads: football and track. Estes earned three letters four letters in track. Wayne was the Montana state class A champion shot put thrower in his senior season, he still holds the Anaconda high school shot put record with a mark of 59' 4.5". During his high school basketball career, Wayne scored 1,430 points. Only Minneapolis Lakers Center Ed Kalafat, who racked up 1,561 points, outscored Estes while at Anaconda High School.

On the night of February 8, 1965, Wayne Estes played the last game of his college career. During his last game against the University of Denver in the Nelson Field House, Wayne eclipsed the 2,000 point mark of his career, scoring 48 points in the game. Bounce pass to Estes. Puts the ball behind his back. Turns and looks out front to Hal Hale… looks at his defense, it's…in! Oh, great! Wayne Estes has now scored two-thousand points in a three-year career. —Play-by-play announcer Reid Andreasen, KVNU Radio, Feb. 8, 1965 After the game Wayne and some friends stopped at the scene of a car accident near campus. While crossing the street, Wayne brushed against a downed high power line and was fatally electrocuted. Wayne Estes would have been a high draft pick in the National Basketball Association in 1965; the Los Angeles Lakers had intended to draft him in the first round. Estes was posthumously given All-American honors by the Associated Press and earned a posthumous consensus Second Team All-American distinction.

His number of #33 was posthumously retired by the Aggies. Wayne is buried in the Sunset Memorial cemetery near Montana just southeast of Anaconda. In May 2013, Utah State University announced the construction of the $9.7 million Wayne Estes Center, which will serve as a practice facility for the Utah State University Aggies men's and women's basketball teams, will house a competition venue for the women's volleyball team. In the foyer will be a visual tribute to Wayne Estes; the center was made possible by $5.25 million gift from Jim and Carol Laub and a $1.3 million gift from Blake Kirby. Groundbreaking was held in June 2013 and completion was scheduled for April 2014. Big Blue CheeseHeads Wayne Estes memorial page Utah State University Basketball All-Century Team 1964-65 AP All-Americans

Karoo scrub robin

The Karoo scrub robin or Karoo Robin is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is found in Lesotho and South Africa, its natural habitats are dry Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. It weighs 19 g; the upperparts are drab greyish brown. Partial whitish eye-ring below eye. Closed tail darker than mantle. Upper wing coverts and flight feathers brown. Bill black, eyes legs as well as feet black. Song calls vary between individuals, e.g. chip, swee-chipswirraree, seeep-seeep-treeeeyer, repeated 5 – 10 times. Favours bare ground beneath ca. 1 m high vegetation and can be found in the low shrublands of the Karoo and Namaqualand in South Africa, in drainage line woodland. Seen among tall vegetation at the base of farm dam walls. Nearly all food taken on ground, while its diet consists of insects, dominated by worker ants that it gleans from the ground surface, including termites, caterpillars and small grasshoppers. Monogamous solitary nester with pairs remaining on defended territory from year to year.

The nests are open deep cups sunk into variably sized platforms or large twigs and lined with fine, dry grass, leaf fragments and moss. Between 2 and 4 oval eggs of aquamarine or turquoise blotches, its populations are genetically structured. Three races are accepted. C. c. coryphaeusHabitat and range: Nama and Succulent Karoo and thicket in arid savanna of western Lesotho, the southern Free State, Northern and Eastern Cape, South Africa Description: dark brown plumageC. C. abboti Friedman, 1932Habitat and range: Desert and Karoo of southern Namibia and Northern Cape, South Africa Description: more buffy on vent and undertail plumage than nominateC. C. cinerea Habitat and range: Strandveld and Succulent Karoo on sandy substrates along South Africa's western seafront Description: greyish brown plumage below and paler above than nominate BirdLife International 2004. Erythropygia coryphaeus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 25 July 2007. Karoo robin - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds

The Thousand Guineas

The Thousand Guineas is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race for three year old fillies at set weights run over a distance of 1600 metres at Caulfield Racecourse, Australia in early October. Total prize money for the race is A$500,000. Between 1988 and 2013 the race was scheduled on the second day of the MRC Spring Carnival, held on a Wednesday but it was moved to the first day in 2014. Prior to 1988 the race was run on the third day of the carnival on the Caulfield Cup racecard. 1946–1971 - 1 mile 1972 onwards - 1600 metres 1946–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 List of Australian Group races Group races

Loos, British Columbia

Loos is a locality on the Canadian National Railway west of McBride, British Columbia next to Crescent Spur and the confluence of the Morkill River with the Fraser River. Loos Post Office opened 30 March 1916, named in recognition of the Battle of Loos of World War I; the first postmaster was Mrs. A Martin; the post office closed 11 July 1951. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway station here was renamed from "Crescent Island" to Loos in 1916; the community experienced flooding in 1936. Via Rail's Jasper – Prince Rupert train calls at the Loos railway station; the original settlers were Ole Olson Leboe of Vagland and his wife Anna Maria. Around 1917 their sons built, it was destroyed by fire, rebuilt several times. BCGNIS Geographical Name Query