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Ulster Defence Regiment

The Ulster Defence Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army established in 1970, with a comparatively short existence ending in 1992. Raised through public appeal and television advertisements, their official role was the "defence of life or property in Northern Ireland against armed attack or sabotage" but unlike troops from Great Britain they were never used for "crowd control or riot duties in cities", it was the largest infantry regiment in the British Army, formed with seven battalions plus another four added within two years. It consisted of part-time volunteers until 1976, when a full-time cadre was added. Recruiting in Northern Ireland at a time of intercommunal strife, some of its members were involved in sectarian killings; the regiment was intended to more reflect the demographics of Northern Ireland, began with Catholic recruits accounting for 18% of its soldiers. It is doubtful if any other unit of the British Army has come under the same sustained criticism as the UDR.

Uniquely in the British Army, the regiment was on continuous active service throughout its 22 years of service. It was the first infantry regiment of the British Army to incorporate women into its structure. In 1992, the UDR was amalgamated with the Royal Irish Rangers to form the Royal Irish Regiment. In 2006, the regiment was retroactively awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, which entitled it to be known as The Ulster Defence Regiment CGC; the UDR was raised in 1970, soon after the beginning of the Northern Ireland "Troubles". Before the main security forces were the Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Ulster Special Constabulary, the most notorious unit of, the "B Specials". Despite one-third of its positions being reserved for Catholics, Catholics were reluctant to join what they saw as unionist militias that lacked impartiality leading to the forces becoming entirely Protestant. Large scale intercommunal rioting in 1969 stretched police resources in Northern Ireland, so the British Army was deployed to assist the police.

On 28 August 1969 security in Northern Ireland, including the USC, was put under the direct control of the General Officer Commanding in Northern Ireland, General Ian Freeland. The USC, which had no training in riot control, was mobilised to assist the RUC. A catalogue of incidents ensued, such as Specials from Tynan shooting dead an unarmed civil rights demonstrator in Armagh on 14 August 1969. While the Northern Ireland cabinet remained supportive of the USC, it was put to them at a London meeting on 19 August that disbanding the USC was top of the British Government's agenda; the Hunt Report commissioned by the Government of Northern Ireland published on 3 October 1969, recommended that the RUC "should be relieved of all duties of a military nature as soon as possible". Further. O. C. Northern Ireland, should be raised"... and that it "together with the police volunteer reserve, should replace the Ulster Special Constabulary". The new force was to be "impartial in every sense" and "remove the responsibility of military-style operations from the police".

The British Government accepted the findings of the Hunt Report and published a Bill and white paper on 12 November 1969 to begin the process of establishing the UDR. Parliamentary debate in Westminster highlighted concerns that members of the USC were to be allowed to join the new force. A working party was set up at Headquarters Northern Ireland chaired by Major General A. J. Dyball of the Royal Ulster Rifles the deputy director of operations in Northern Ireland; the team included a staff officer from the Ministry of Defence, a member of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Lieutenant Colonel S Miskimmon, the USC staff officer to the RUC. After discussions they advocated a strength of 6,000 men, combat dress for duties, a dark green parade uniform, county shoulder titles and a "red hand of Ulster" cap badge; the rank of "volunteer" was suggested for private soldiers. They recommended that each battalion should have a mobile force of two platoons, each equipped with a Land Rovers fitted for radio plus three "manpack" radio sets.

After presentation to the Ministry of Defence, a Government White Paper confirmed the agreed aspects of the new force and its task as: to support the regular forces in Northern Ireland in protecting the border and the state against armed attack and sabotage. It will fulfill this task by undertaking guard duties at key points and installations, by carrying out patrols and by establishing check points and road blocks when required to do so. In practice such tasks are most to prove necessary in rural areas, it is not the intention to employ the new forces on crowd riot duties in cities. When the Ulster Defence Regiment Bill, the legislation establishing the regiment, was being debated in Parliament there was considerable discussion about its proposed name. An Amendment to the legislation was proposed that would have given the Regiment the name "Northern Ireland Territorial Force". Proponents of this Amendment were concerned to ensure that the word "Ulster" be removed from the name of the regiment.

They argued that the name "Ulster" evoked emotive resistance from many Catholics in Northern Ireland and that the term "Ulster" had been associated with the Orange organisations and other organisations perceived as excluding Catholics e.g. the Ulster Protestant Volunteers, the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee, the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Special Constabulary. They argued "Ulster" had strong party political and partisan connot

Effects of the 2013 Pacific typhoon season in the Philippines

The effects of the 2013 Pacific typhoon season in the Philippines were considered some of the worst in decades. Throughout the year, series of typhoons impacted the country, with the worst damage death toll from Typhoon Haiyan during November; the first half of the season was weak compared to the other intense seasons of 2004 and 2009. The season started off with Auring affecting southern Philippines on January 2; the next week after that, Bising formed south of the country, which moving off north becoming a bomb cyclone. After a month, Crising developed. During the second half of the season, tropical activity within the Western Pacific rose on the month of August. A series of storms formed or entered the Philippine area of Responsibility during the first week of June until the middle of July, which brought heavy rainfall throughout the country. Tropical activity and the southwest monsoon intensified after the dissipation of Tropical Depression Kiko, which Typhoon Labuyo made landfall over Luzon a few days after that.

Though Maring didn't made landfall whereabouts in the country, the system intensified the monsoon which brought extreme flooding throughout the country. Though September was weak, with Typhoon Odette impacting southern Taiwan and extreme northern Luzon, October was active as well as dual typhoons appearing three times within the month. Just like Maring, Quedan enhanced the monsoon; the storm intensified into a strong typhoon just in the upper part of the PAR, making landfall over eastern China with extreme damages. When Quedan was exiting the PAR, Ramil entered their area while intensifying into a Category 4 typhoon. During the mid-week of the month, Typhoon Santi made landfall over central Luzon, with extreme damages. Category 5 Typhoon Francisco weakened to a minimal typhoon before entering their area with a codename of Urduja; the last four named storms by PAGASA was from the last week of October until the mid-week of November. During late-October, Vinta made landfall over northern Luzon with little damages.

As November came in, the PAGASA had monitored a weak Tropical Depression Wilma which had brought minor damages and a waterspout in southern Visayas. That week, Typhoon Haiyan entered the area as intensifying storm system with a fast-pace speed and was named Yolanda by PAGASA; the monstrous typhoon first made landfall over eastern Visayas at its peak strength of a pressure of 895 millibars, the strongest storm globally to make landfall at that intensity. Winds were recorded gusting up to 315 km/h, with the storm producing a large storm surge which brought the death toll to nearly 7,000 people in that same country. Just like the formation of Bising during January, the last named storm, Zoraida and impacted southern Philippines with hardly any deaths and damages. No storms formed after that from November through to the end of the year. Moreover, this is the first time that PAGASA had used all 25 names in their list since 2004 which marks one of a few active seasons; the 2013 rainy season began on June 10.

On January 3, the PAGASA had started to issue advisories on a tropical depression and west named Auring, as it was located over the Sulu Sea. Public Storm Signal #1 were raised over western Visayas including Palawan. Heavy flooding was observed throughout Mindanao. PAGASA had stated in one of their bulletins that heavy rainfall would be an estimate of 5–15mm per hour. A passenger vessel ran aground on Thursday, after being hammered by strong winds and waves spawned by tropical depression Auring, but all 228 passengers were rescued unharmed over in Dumaguete. Within the Philippines, one person died, while a passenger ship was stranded near the coast of Dumaguete City on January 3 before being rescued. PAGASA had issued their final warning, upgraded to Tropical Storm Auring, as it heads out of the Philippine area of Responsility and was upgraded by the Japan Meteorological Agency to Tropical Storm Sonamu on January 4. By January 8, the NDRRMC confirmed that the total death toll rose to 2 and 12 were injured by Tropical Storm Auring.

At least 63 houses were damages. Damages from the storm are unknown. On January 11, Tropical Depression Bising developed east of the Philippines. Bising caused moderate to heavy rains across Bicol Region, Eastern Visayas, Central Visayas and Mindanao. More than 17,000 people were affected by heavy rains caused by Bising. About 229 passengers were stranded in Bicol; the NDRRMC had reported that no casualties were confirmed and damages were estimated at PhP 1.5 million due to Bising. With Tropical Depression Crising, 100 families were evacuated. Crising left several areas flooded, including areas that were hit by Typhoon Bopha last December 2012. NDRRRMC had reported that 16,700 people were affected in southern Mindanao of Regions X and XI. A total of 262,880 people were affected throughout nearly half in the Davao Region; the storm destroyed damaged 119 others, while crop damage amounted to 11.2 million. On February 20, classes in three cities in Cebu were suspended due to heavy rains. Heavy rains from the storm triggered flooding in the southern Philippines that killed four people and left two others missing by the NDRRMC on February 21.

On February 22, it was confirmed that a total of at least 36,407 families were affected by Crising across Mindanao and Eastern Visayas, which 5,683 families are staying in evacuation centres. Though Yagi, known as Dante, didn't make landfall in any parts of the country, the storm enhanced the early southwest monsoon which brought heavy rainfall to parts of the Philippin


MidwayUSA is a held American retailer of various hunting and outdoor-related products. The company is headquartered in Columbia and sells in the continental United States; the company markets online. Ely Arms, Inc. the original name of MidwayUSA, was a well-planned, small start-up gun shop in Columbia, Missouri – opening on June 18, 1977. Larry Potterfield, with his next younger brother Jerry, opened the business in a 151 square metres metal, pole-frame building. Jerry returned home to farm; the mail-order division was started quite modestly in 1977, with a small offering of ‘hand-made’ 8mm Japanese pistol ammunition and 25 Remington rifle ammunition. In 1980 Midway received the first shipment of what was to be a total production run of 500,000 rounds of 8mm Nambu brass, produced by B. E. L. L. Labs of Chicago. Much of this brass was loaded into ammunition and can still be found at gun shows in a bright orange box; the first press releases were under the name Ely Arms, Inc. which turned out to be in conflict with the Eley Division of Kynoch Industry.

So the name Ely Arms, Inc. was changed to Inc. to avoid the conflict. The name Midway comes from the small community of Midway, in which the business was located; the name MidwayUSA was adopted as a dba in April 1998. Starline Brass was just starting up in the mid-1970s and MidwayUSA became their first distributor of bulk pistol brass, in turn, the grandfather of the bulk components business in the United States. Winchester began selling bulk components to MidwayUSA in 1984 and Remington came on board in 1987; the Volker-McClure act was passed in 1986, modifying the 1968 Gun Control Act to allow the sale of cartridge cases directly to the end consumer and MidwayUSA changed their model from business to FFL, to include business to consumer. In 1987 the business began adding other reloading products, the first of, Lee Precision. Computerization played a major role in the development of MidwayUSA. In 1986 he bought the first IBM. All of this is the basis for the significant Information System and Website Management Departments at MidwayUSA today.

In 2014 MidwayUSA became an online only retailer moving away from mail orders and the master catalog upon which the company was built. MidwayUSA is a proponent of the use of Modern Management Practices in business management. Modern Management Practices include Lean, ISO and Six Sigma. MidwayUSA received the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award in 2009, 2015, is one of only seven organizations to earn the award twice since the first award cycle in 1988; the 2015 Baldrige National Quality Award was a follow-up to MidwayUSA's receipt of the Missouri Quality Award from the Excellence in Missouri Foundation in 2015, an award the organization received in 2008. Larry and Brenda Potterfield created two programs and several educational endowments in the National Rifle Association Foundation. Brenda served as the Vice President of the NRA Foundation's Board of Trustees. Since 1992, MidwayUSA has asked customers to round up the total of each order and donate the change to the NRA/ILA. MidwayUSA MidwayUSA Foundation

Hyde Log Cabin

The Hyde Log Cabin is a historic log cabin on U. S. Route 2 in Grand Isle, United States, it was built in 1783, occupied by the Hyde family for 150 years. Believed to be one of the oldest log cabins in the US, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971; the Hyde Log Cabin stands on the east side of US Route 2 north of Grand Isle center and just north of the Grand Isle Elementary School, sharing a lot with a small wood-frame blockhouse. The cabin is a modest single-story structure, fashioned out of peeled cedar logs measuring between 14 and 18 inches in diameter; the building footprint is 20 by 25 feet, it is covered with a gabled roof. The interior consists of a single chamber with a loft space above, its massive stone chimney is a 20th-century reconstruction of the original, the building having been moved about 2 miles from its original location. The cabin was built in 1783 by Jedediah Hyde, Jr. who surveyed the Grand Isle Area for Ira and Ethan Allen, who had acquired large tracts of land in the region.

Hyde raised ten children in this cabin, it was subsequently owned and occupied by members of the Hyde family for 150 years. In 1946 it was moved to its present location, has undergone several rounds of restoration, it is owned by the state and operated as a historic house museum by the Grand Isle Historical Society, open on weekends between May and October. National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand Isle County, Vermont

Pterostylis crassichila

Pterostylis crassichila known as the plump northern greenhood, is a species of orchid endemic to Queensland. It has a rosette of leaves at the base of the plant and a single white flower with green lines, reddish towards its tip, it grows in higher areas of north Queensland. Pterostylis crassichila is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and a rosette of leaves which are 20–60 mm long and 15–23 mm wide. A single white flower with green lines and 25–32 mm long, 20–25 mm wide with a reddish-brown tip, is borne on a spike 150–300 mm high; the dorsal sepal and petals are fused. The dorsal sepal is about the same length as the petals. There is a wide gap between the lateral sepals; the lateral sepals are erect or turned backwards, have narrow tips 20–25 mm long and a bulging sinus between them. The labellum is 20–23 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, dark brown and protrudes above the sinus. Flowering occurs from April to July. Pterostylis crassichila was first formally described in 2006 by David Jones and the description was published in Australian Orchid Research from a specimen collected near Herberton.

The specific epithet is derived from the Latin word crassus meaning "thick" and the Ancient Greek word cheilos meaning "lip". The plump northern greenhood grows in the Tablelands Region of north Queensland among grasses and small shrubs in moist, sheltered places in open forest above 800 m

Gretta Kehoe-Quigley

Gretta Kehoe-Quigley is a former camogie player, captain of the All Ireland Camogie Championship winning team in 1975, the day after she was married to Ray Quigley, the trainer of her club camogie team. She played in the 1972 All Ireland final, she made her senior debut in the 1972 Leinster championship, in which Wexford were narrowly beaten 6-4 to 5–6 in the final by Kilkenny. She won a Leinster senior championship medal in 1974, she is one of three sisters from Palace, Poulpeasty, Co Wexford, who won All Ireland medals together in 1975, the others were Kit Codd and Bridget Doyle, winner of the 1975 B+I Star of the Year award. Two other sisters and Josie both played on Wexford's 1968 All Ireland winning team. Two other sisters and Josie both played on Wexford's 1968 All Ireland winning team, two more, seven in all played inter-county for Wexford. Official Camogie Association Website Wikipedia List of Camogie players