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Ultron is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is most recognized as a nemesis of the Avengers superhero group and his quasi-familial relationship with his creator Hank Pym, he was the first Marvel Comics character. Ultron has been voiced by Jim Meskimen in several media adaptations; the character was played by James Spader in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Avengers: Age of Ultron. The character Ultron appeared as an unnamed character in a cameo in The Avengers #54, with a first full appearance in Avengers #55. Ultron was created by artist John Buscema. Thomas, who has acknowledged he finds naming characters difficult, said he liked the -tron suffix and went from there. Thomas said the idea of the character and his appearance were based on Makino, an obscure robotic villain who appeared in an issue of the Captain Video comic book, he liked the robot's malicious looking smile. Although Ultron first appears in Avengers #54, the character is disguised for the majority of the issue as the "Crimson Cowl", with his face only revealed on the last page of the issue and no name given to the character.

The character leads the Masters of Evil against the Avengers, having hypnotized Edwin Jarvis into working for him. In the following issue Avengers # 55, the character is identified as The Living Automaton. In Avengers #57–58, a flashback sequence revealed that Ultron created the "synthezoid" Vision as a weapon to destroy the Avengers; the Vision—having Wonder Man's brain patterns—destroys Ultron with the Avengers' aid. Further flashbacks reveal that Ultron is Hank Pym's creation, is based on Pym's brain patterns; the robot developed its own intelligence and rebelled, immediately develops an Oedipus complex, whereby it feels irrational hatred for Hank, demonstrates an interest in the Wasp. Rebuilding itself, learning how to turn itself on, upgrading five times, Ultron hypnotizes and brainwashes his "father" into forgetting that the robot had existed; the character's next appearance is in Avengers #66–68, where the character, now referring to itself as Ultron-6, uses the fictional alloy adamantium to upgrade his body to an indestructible state and takes the new name Ultimate Ultron.

His plans to destroy humanity are again thwarted by the Avengers. A crossover story between Avengers #127 and Fantastic Four #150 features Ultron, recreated by Maximus with the body of the android Omega, attacking the wedding of the Inhuman Crystal and the Avenger Quicksilver, battling the Avengers and Fantastic Four before being destroyed once again; the character next appears in Avengers #161–162 as Ultron-8 where he is responsible for Jocasta's creation as a robotic bride. Shortly afterwards, in Avengers #170–171, the Avengers, with Ms. Marvel's aid and defeat Ultron-8, his next appearances are in Avengers #201–202 as Ultron-9 and in Marvel Two-In-One #92–93 as Ultron-10. After being recreated as Ultron-11 by the Beyonder and appearing on Battleworld during the Secret Wars, for a brief encounter with the Thing, Ultron is destroyed again; the Thing, does bring Ultron's head back to Earth as a souvenir. Ultron-11's head is dropped and forgotten by the Thing when there is an attack by the alien Dire Wraiths.

A new version, known as Ultron-12, enters into an alliance with the Grim Reaper and the villain's allies in a bid to destroy Wonder Man. Although the villains are defeated by the West Coast Avengers, Ultron-12 begins to form a relationship with his "father" Henry Pym. Ultron-12 begins calling itself Ultron Mark 12, in an effort to sound more human. Rebuilding itself, Ultron-11 comes into conflict with Hank and Ultron-12. With Wonder Man's assistance, they destroy Ultron-11. Ultron-12 deactivates, but tells Pym it was glad it could help save him. Doctor Doom rebuilds Ultron using a combination of all of Ultron's previous personalities with a strong dose of Ultron-12, believing this mix will make Ultron subservient. Instead, all 12 iterations coexist as separate personalities, resulting in a form of madness which culminates with Ultron-12 mutilating himself in an attempt to remove some of his other personalities. Karnak and Gorgon destroy Ultron by severing his neck cables. Another version, known as Ultron-13, is stopped by the West Coast Avengers.

After escaping captivity, this version attempts to obtain a new form of vibranium called Nuform, but is repelled by the combined efforts of Iron Man, the Black Panther and Spider-Man. Ultron-13 next appears as a captive of a advanced Doombot, but is freed when the Doombot is defeated by Deathlok. Ultron-13 escapes from prison and upgrades into the Ultimate Ultron, captures the West Coast Avenger Mockingbird to use Mockingbird's brain patterns to create the new robotic mate Alkhema. Alkhema aids Ultron but both are jettisoned into space through a ruse by the Vision; the character reappears with Alkhema, together they plan to create a "volcanic winter" by placing bombs underneath several volcanoes. The West Coast Avengers stop the pair once again, Alkhema rebels and leaves Ultron. Another version, known as Ultron-15, is found by the Vision, but is discovered to

Gladys Hansen

Gladys Cox Hansen was an American librarian and author. She was an expert on the history of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Hansen was born in 1925 in California, she moved to San Francisco as a child, lived there for the rest of her life. She graduated from Lowell High School and attended San Francisco State College but did not earn a degree. At age 17, Hansen began working part-time at the Presidio branch of the San Francisco Public Library, she moved to the main branch, by 1963 she was in charge of the California collection of the library. In 1972, she was named city archivist by Mayor Joseph Alioto. In 1963, Hansen began to research the identities of those killed in 1906 earthquake. In 1989, Hansen co-authored the book Denial of Disaster, claiming that the number of casualties from the earthquake was and deliberately understated; the official death toll stated in 1907 was 478. Hansen retired from the San Francisco Main Library in 1992, but continued her work on identifying earthquake victims.

In 2005, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors unanimously passed a resolution, co-authored by Hansen, that set aside the official 1907 death count. In 1991, Hansen founded the Museum of the City of San Francisco, she created a virtual museum website. Aside from her library work, Hansen established San Francisco City Guides, a volunteer organization that gives walking tours of the city. In 1997, Hansen received the Ron Ross Founder's Award from the San Francisco History Association. Hansen married William Hansen, an Air Corps pilot in World War II, they had Richard. Hansen died of natural causes in San Francisco on March 5, 2017, at the age of 91. Gladys C. Hansen; the Chinese in California: a Brief Bibliographic History. Richard Abel & Company Inc. ISBN 9781111671631. Gladys C. Hansen. San Francisco Almanac: Everything You Want to Know about the City. Presidio Press. ISBN 9780891410928. Gladys C. Hansen. Denial of Disaster. Cameron and Company. ISBN 9780918684332. Richard Hansen. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake.

Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738596587. Gladys Hansen. Earthquake and Epidemic: Personal Accounts of the 1906 Disaster. Untreed Reads. ISBN 9781611875423

Lawren P. Harris

Lawren Phillips Harris was a Canadian painter, draughtsman, printmaker and art educator. He was known for the precise style and disciplined execution of his war art and abstractions; as an art educator and administrator at Mount Allison University, Harris made a considerable contribution to the arts in the Atlantic provinces. Harris' earliest influence was Lawren S. Harris of the Group of Seven, he studied from 1931 to 1933 at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, under Rodney J. Burn and Robin Guthrie, at Central Technical School, under Robert Ross. For three years, he taught evening classes at Northern Vocational School, before spending a year as art master at Trinity College School, Port Hope. With the outbreak of World War II, Harris joined the war effort, first serving as a trooper with The Governor General's Horse Guards, as an official war artist with the same unit. In this capacity, he worked for some time alongside Charles Comfort in Italy. In 1946, he was appointed Director of the School of Fine and Applied Arts at Mount Allison University, New Brunswick, where he was soon joined on the teaching faculty by Alex Colville.

Harris remained at Mount Allison until 1975 as a professor and administrator, taught summer programs at the University of British Columbia and Banff School of Fine Arts. In 1954 he was one of eighteen Canadian artists commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway to paint a mural for the interior of one of the new Park cars entering service on the new Canadian transcontinental train; each of the murals depicted a different provincial park. Lawren P. Harris held many solo exhibitions at Canadian universities and participated in numerous group shows, including a two-man show with Jack Humphrey at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 1955. Among his many affiliations, he was a member of the Canadian Group of Painters, Ontario Society of Artists, Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, Maritime Art Association. Harris held honorary doctorates from Mount Allison University, his work is held in numerous public institutions, including the National Gallery of Canada, Confederation Centre Art Gallery, Canadian War Museum, Art Gallery of Ontario and Beaverbrook Art Gallery

Werner – Beinhart!

Werner – Beinhart! is the first German comedy-comic-film adaption based upon the most successful German comic Werner by "Brösel". With 4.9 million sold tickets it was in 1990 the third most successful movie in theaters in Germany, behind Look Who's Talking and Pretty Woman and still is up to today the fourth successful domestic movie behind Otto – Der Film, Der Schuh des Manitu and Traumschiff Surprise – Periode 1. That made it behind Otto – Der Film the second most commercially successful domestic film since the beginning of recording in Germany. With shooting in Kiel and Berlin between June and September in 1990 and the releasing in November 1990 the post-production time was limited; the film contains animated sequences that are embedded in those of the live-action sequences, which form the background story. The football-game-scene is from the comic Werner – Alles klar?, the pipe burst scene derives from the book Werner – Normal ja!, the road work scene is from Werner – Wer sonst?, the TÜV-scene is seen in, Werner – Eiskalt!, the hospital scene is from Werner – Wer sonst? and the eatery-scene derives from Werner – Oder was? and Werner – Normal ja!.

The soundtrack-themesong by Torfrock peaked number 1 in the beginning of 1991 in the German singles charts. Werner - Beinhart! on IMDb Official Werner-Website Werner – Beinhart! at

America Needs Fatima

America Needs Fatima is a campaign of the American Society for the Defense of Tradition and Property, a Catholic 501 non-profit organization. Its stated goal is to "win the heart and soul of America for Mary by spreading Our Lady of Fátima message and promoting devotion to her Immaculate Heart." America Needs Fatima was founded in February 1985. C. Preston Noell III. was its first Executive Director until 1996, when leadership of the organization passed to Robert E. Ritchie, who remains Executive Director today. America Needs Fatima claims an active membership of 193,000; the headquarters are in Pennsylvania, in the United States. "America Needs Fatima is The American TFP's special campaign to spread the Fatima message in the United States. The goal of America Needs Fatima is to win the heart and soul of America for Mary by spreading Our Lady's Fatima message and promoting devotion to Her Immaculate Heart.""America Needs Fatima sees the essence of Our Lady's message is to open our eyes to the gravity of today's moral corruption, to explain it in light of God's plans, to outline how to prevent the chastisement.

Our Lady is thus teaching us about our epoch and our future." America Needs Fatima is involved in advocacy and education on a range of issues, including abortion, same-sex marriage and socialism. It applies the message of Our Lady of Fatima. Since 1994, the primary activity of America Needs Fatima has been the "Mary in Every Home" program, it consists of a Fatima custodian taking a four-foot tall statue of Our Lady of Fátima to a person's home, with a crowning and enthronement ceremony, a short audio-visual about the story of Fátima and the praying of the rosary. ANF claims to have visited 10,000 homes in all 50 states with this program. America Needs Fatima has protested films and art exhibits it considers blasphemous or otherwise offensive to Catholicism. Protests consist of sending protest cards, phone calls, or e-mail protests as well as street demonstrations outside the theater or museum. Films and art exhibits that America Needs Fatima has protested include: The Da Vinci Code The Crime of Father Amaro The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys Dogma "The Last Temptation of Christ" Hail Mary "Corpus Christi" "Jesus Has Two Mommies" "Jerry Springer: The Opera" "Piss Christ", by Andres Serrano "A Fire in My Belly," by David Wojnarowicz, at the Booklyn Museum of Art "Our Lady" by Alma Lopez America Needs Fatima protesters showed up at the Uptown Players production of "The Most Fabulous Story Ever Told" in December 2013.

Actor Stan Graner commented, “I appreciate the protesters exercising their right to protest, they seemed to be doing it in a sincere and peaceful manner. But I can’t help but think that by helping to draw attention to the controversial production they are in fact supplying free advertising for the show; as a long-time supporter of Uptown Players, I welcome the publicity, I hope it helps sell more tickets.”ANF organized protests in 2017 against Out Front Theater's production of "The Most Fabulous Story Ever Told" in Atlanta, GA. America Needs Fatima claims to have distributed several million fliers about Our Lady of Fatima through mailings and street distribution campaigns. Since 2007, America Needs Fatima has organized an annual "Public Square Rosary Crusade," consisting of ANF "Rally Captains" organizing prayer vigils in public places, such as a sidewalk or street corner, in their local town or city; the first campaign was held on October 13, 2007, the 90th anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun."

According to its website 2,000 rallies were held in 2007, 3,500 in 2008, 4,337 in 2009, 5,963 in 2010, 7,515 in 2011. In 2012, 9,077 were held in 36 countries. America Needs Fatima publishes devotional books and pamphlets; some of its more important works include: Fatima: Prophecies of Tragedy or Hope?, by Antonio Borelli Fatima: A Message More Urgent than Ever, by Luiz Sergio Solimeo Jacinta's Story, by Andrea F. Phillips Meet the Witnesses, by John Haffert The Book of Confidence, by Fr. Thomas de Saint-Laurent The Secret of the Rosary, by Saint Louis of Montfort The Way of the Cross, by Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira Sermons of Hope, by Saint Alphonsus of Liguori Along with its parent organization, America Needs Fatima is sponsoring a new book called Return to Order: From A Frenzied Economy to An Organic Christian Society – Where We’ve Been, How We Got Here, Where We Need to Go. Our Lady of Fátima Sanctuary of Fátima American Society for the Defense of Tradition and Property America Needs Fatima Home Page America Needs Fatima Official Blog Trott, Josephine.

"Does America Really Need Fatima? Fordham Event Dialogue Faces Discrimination", The Observer, Fordham University, September 21, 2011

Woolstenhulmes & Rye

Woolstenhulmes & Rye was a company that manufactured stationary steam engines. It was based in Oldham, England; the company produced large steam-driven engines for textile mills in elsewhere. Abraham Seville & Co started business in 1821 in Mumps, Oldham as roller makers for textile machinery. By 1828, William Woolstenhulme had enterered the business, they had moved to the Lower Moor Ironworks and were spindle makers and brass founders; the name was changed to Woolstenhulme. The business expanded and by 1846 they were employing 250 workers and were manufacturing self-acting mules and power looms. In 1854 they exhibited a 12 hp steam engine. William Rye, an engineer from Manchester, entered the business in 1840 and married the senior partner's daughter in 1842; when Seville retired in 1855, Rye took the partnership. The firm became Rye. About this time they closed the machine-making side of the business and concentrated on producing steam engines for the mills. Rye was mayor of Oldham in 1868, he was responsible for construction of Albert's Mount housing in Derker.

The company was incorporated in 1873. Woolstenhulme & Rye engines are said to be conservative in design, although Gurr & Hunt claim that there was no evidence that the company had used Corliss valves, in his Black Book engine list, Arthur Roberts documents their use in Parkfield Mill; this engine was a 1,200-hp cross-compound engine. It had 40-inch-diameter LP cylinder, with a 6-foot stroke, it was steamed at 140 psi. The 18-foot flywheel ran at 52 rpm. Transmission was by a geared drive. There were Corliss valves on the HP cylinder and slide valves on the LP, in fact a classic Lancashire configuration; the air pump was driven by a bell crank from the LP tail rod. Woolstenhulme & Rye produced mill engines in the 1860s, but their principal period of production was in the 1870s, when they produced 17 engines giving a total of 10,970 ihp, in the 1880s, when they made 22 engines giving 11,000 ihp, before they fell into financial difficulties and were liquidated in 1888. Parkfield Mill, Oldham – 1874 Prince of Wales Mill, Oldham – 1875 West End,Mill, Oldham – 1878 Duke Mill, Shaw – 1883 Thornham No.2 Mill, Royton – 1885