The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company known as Walt Disney or Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. It is the world's largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue, ahead of NBCUniversal and WarnerMedia. Disney was founded on October 16, 1923 by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; the company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production and theme parks. Since the 1980s, Disney has created and acquired corporate divisions in order to market more mature content than is associated with its flagship family-oriented brands; the company is known for its film studio division, Walt Disney Studios, which includes Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures, Blue Sky Studios. Disney's other main divisions are Disney Parks and Products, Disney Media Networks, Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International.
Disney owns and operates the ABC broadcast network. The company has been a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since 1991. Cartoon character Mickey Mouse, created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, is one of the world's most recognizable characters, serves as the company's official mascot. In early 1923, Kansas City, animator Walt Disney created a short film entitled Alice's Wonderland, which featured child actress Virginia Davis interacting with animated characters. After the bankruptcy in 1923 of his previous firm, Laugh-O-Gram Studio, Disney moved to Hollywood to join his brother, Roy O. Disney. Film distributor Margaret J. Winkler of M. J. Winkler Productions contacted Disney with plans to distribute a whole series of Alice Comedies purchased for $1,500 per reel with Disney as a production partner. Walt and Roy Disney formed Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio that same year. More animated films followed after Alice. In January 1926, with the completion of the Disney studio on Hyperion Street, the Disney Brothers Studio's name was changed to the Walt Disney Studio.
After the demise of the Alice comedies, Disney developed an all-cartoon series starring his first original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, distributed by Winkler Pictures through Universal Pictures. The distributor owned Oswald, so Disney only made a few hundred dollars. Disney completed 26 Oswald shorts before losing the contract in February 1928, due to a legal loophole, when Winkler's husband Charles Mintz took over their distribution company. After failing to take over the Disney Studio, Mintz hired away four of Disney's primary animators to start his own animation studio, Snappy Comedies. In 1928, to recover from the loss of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney came up with the idea of a mouse character named Mortimer while on a train headed to California, drawing up a few simple drawings; the mouse was renamed Mickey Mouse and starred in several Disney produced films. Ub Iwerks refined Disney's initial design of Mickey Mouse. Disney's first sound film Steamboat Willie, a cartoon starring Mickey, was released on November 18, 1928 through Pat Powers' distribution company.
It was the first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon released, but the third to be created, behind Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho. Steamboat Willie was an immediate smash hit, its initial success was attributed not just to Mickey's appeal as a character, but to the fact that it was the first cartoon to feature synchronized sound. Disney used Pat Powers' Cinephone system, created by Powers using Lee de Forest's Phonofilm system. Steamboat Willie premiered at B. S. Moss's Colony Theater in New York City, now The Broadway Theatre. Disney's Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho were retrofitted with synchronized sound tracks and re-released in 1929. Disney continued to produce cartoons with Mickey Mouse and other characters, began the Silly Symphony series with Columbia Pictures signing on as Symphonies distributor in August 1929. In September 1929, theater manager Harry Woodin requested permission to start a Mickey Mouse Club which Walt approved. In November, test comics strips were sent to King Features, who requested additional samples to show to the publisher, William Randolph Hearst.
On December 16, the Walt Disney Studios partnership was reorganized as a corporation with the name of Walt Disney Productions, Limited with a merchandising division, Walt Disney Enterprises, two subsidiaries, Disney Film Recording Company and Liled Realty and Investment Company for real estate holdings. Walt and his wife held Roy owned 40 % of WD Productions. On December 30, King Features signed its first newspaper, New York Mirror, to publish the Mickey Mouse comic strip with Walt's permission. In 1932, Disney signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor to produce cartoons in color, beginning with Flowers and Trees. Disney released cartoons through Powers' Celebrity Pictures, Columbia Pictures, United Artists; the popularity of the Mickey Mouse series allowed Disney to plan for his first feature-length animation. The feature film Walt
Aku Ankka is a Finnish weekly Disney comic book magazine published by the Sanoma Magazines. The first issue of Aku Ankka was sold 34,017 copies; the first issue, with a special Christmas theme, the Snow White story published in the 1950s are prized collectors' items and can fetch a price of several thousand euros on the collector market. The magazine was published monthly until 1956, twice a month between 1956 and 1960, every Wednesday since 1961. Aku Ankka is published by Sanoma Media, part of Sanoma. Despite being part of a multinational franchise and despite most stories being translations into Finnish of stories first published abroad, Aku Ankka has become a cultural icon in Finland; this is due to the magazine's colourful and innovative use of the Finnish language. Many characters' names are Finnish language spoofs of the names of celebrities. In 2001, in recognition of its work for the Finnish language, the editorial team was given the Kielihelmi award by the Finnish language department of the University of Helsinki.
The Aku Ankka comic is now more popular in Finland than in the country of its origin, the United States. The US Donald Duck cartoonist Don Rosa is exceptionally popular in Finland, he has acknowledged this by creating The Quest for Kalevala, a Donald Duck story set in Finland. There is a popular urban legend; this myth was sparked by an incident in 1977, when Helsinki councilman Markku Holopainen proposed discontinuing the use of city funds to subscribe to Aku Ankka comics for youth centers, due to the city's financial difficulties. The following year, when Holopainen was running for a parliament seat, his opponent called him "the man who banned Donald Duck from Helsinki", Holopainen lost the election. A similar incident had taken place a few years earlier in Kemi, international reports exaggerated the situation in claims that the character's attire and his extramarital relationship with Daisy Duck were the causes of the local ban. Aku Ankka is one of the most popular weekly publications in Finland as well as the world's largest edition per capita of a Donald Duck magazine.
It had a circulation of 320,500 in 2006, 324,000 in 2007, 306,555 in 2010. Its circulation of 282,794 in 2012 made it the third most popular magazine in Finland; when 260,455 copies were sold in 2013, it became the best-selling Finnish magazine. List of magazines in Finland Kalle Anka & C:o Official website Aku Ankka at the INDUCKS
The Complete Carl Barks Disney Library
The Complete Carl Barks Disney Library is a series of books collecting all of the comic book Donald Duck and Uncle Scrooge stories written and drawn by Carl Barks published between late 1942 and Barks' retirement in June 1966. The series was launched in late 2011, will comprise 6000 pages over 30 240-page volumes when it is finished; the Complete Carl Barks Disney Library has been translated and published in Italy and Russia. The rights to Barks' works were licensed from Disney by Gemstone Publishing from 2003 until the end of 2008, when they ceased publishing Disney titles; when he heard about it, Fantagraphics Books publisher Gary Groth got in contact with Disney, securing the rights to Floyd Gottfredson's work on the Mickey Mouse comic strip, which resulted in the Floyd Gottfredson Library series that started publication in mid-2011. Groth tried to get the rights to Barks' duck stories. Disney at first announced they would publish the stories themselves, but changed their minds and passed the work on to Fantagraphics.
In 2014, Fantagraphics began publishing a companion series, The Don Rosa Library, collecting the Uncle Scrooge and Donald Duck stories written and drawn by Don Rosa. Barks' duck stories have been reprinted extensively in Europe. Before Fantagraphics there were two complete collections in English published by Another Rainbow; the first was the expensive, scholarly Carl Barks Library in 30 hardcover volumes collected in ten slipcase volumes with three books in each, in black-and-white. The second was Carl Barks Library in Color in softcover album format with modern colouring. Fantagraphics' 7.5 inches × 10.25 inches hardcover volumes are published in full color, as the stories were. When the series is complete, it will represent a chronological collection of Barks' stories. However, the volumes of the stories are being published out of order, starting with the volumes that the publishers believe will attract the most attention, starting with Lost in the Andes!, a volume containing stories from what is considered to be Barks' "peak" period, including the title story "Lost in the Andes", which many fans consider to be representative of Barks' best work, was Barks' own favorite.
The design work was done by Jacob Covey. The pages are recolored by Rich Tommaso, using the original comics as a coloring guide, unlike some of Fantagraphics' more scholarly reprints, as the books are aimed at a more general audience than many of Fantagraphics' other offerings, which are aimed at the comics cognoscenti; the books are about 240 pages each—about 200 pages of comics, with the remaining pages made up of supplementary material. The books are uncensored, including the racial caricatures that appeared in the originals, retouched in reprintings; some stories were printed from rediscovered original artwork, for the first time since their original printings. Fantagraphics chose to have the artwork computer-recolored, using the original comics as color guides, rather than reprinting with the original off-register colors as they have in many of their other archival projects. Colorist Rich Tommaso has stuck to the original colors, although muting the garish ones somewhat in a concession to modern readers.
Sometimes the colors were changed when it was known that Barks hadn't liked them, or when it was felt they could be corrected or improved. The Italian version is titled Carl Barks Rizzoli Lizard and was published by Rizzoli Lizard in 2012-2013 before being canceled after the second volume; the Brazilian version is titled Coleção Carl Barks Definitiva and was published by Editora Abril in 2016-2018, when the publication was canceled. The Russian version is titled Библиотека Карла Баркса and is published by АСТ since 2017; the Carl Barks Library The Carl Barks Collection List of Disney comics by Carl Barks The Don Rosa Library Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse Fantagraphics Books - Walt Disney's Donald Duck - The Complete Carl Barks LibraryPreview - Donald Duck: Christmas on Bear Mountain Preview - Donald Duck: The Old Castle's Secret Preview - Donald Duck: Trail of the Unicorn Preview - Donald Duck: The Pixilated Parrot Preview - Donald Duck: Terror of the Beagle Boys Preview - Donald Duck: Trick or Treat Preview - Uncle Scrooge: The Seven Cities of GoldThe Complete Carl Barks Disney Library at the INDUCKS Carl Barks Rizzoli Lizard at the INDUCKS Coleção Carl Barks Definitiva at the INDUCKS Библиотека Карла Баркса at the INDUCKS
Boom! Studios is an American comic book and graphic novel publisher, headquartered in Los Angeles, United States. In the early 2000s, Ross Richie and Andrew Cosby had been working in Hollywood, helping to option comic book projects as producers and working to develop them into movies with the studios, but were getting frustrated with the process. Richie planned to start Boom! to get away from Hollywood. Before BOOM!, Richie and Cosby worked with Dave Elliott and Garry Leach in 2004 to revive 1980s comic book publishing house Atomeka Press. While working with Atomeka, Richie cut a deal with Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis to publish their series Hero Squared, with the Hero Squared X-Tra Sized Special one-shot; when Giffen was featured as a guest at the Los Angeles Comic Book and Science Fiction Convention, he grabbed a drink with Richie after the show and persuaded him to part ways with Atomeka Press, start his own outfit, BOOM!. BOOM!’s first publication was Zombie Tales #1, a horror zombie anthology, released on June 29, 2005 under the BOOM! and Atomeka Press logo.
The issue was solicited by Atomeka but released after Richie had left the company to start BOOM!. Giffen and DeMatteis imported their Hero Squared series from Atomeka to BOOM! and Hero Squared became the first BOOM! Comic book solicited under the BOOM! logo, shipping July 27, 2005. During this time in its history, BOOM! Focused on publishing an array of original series created by a slew of industry veterans: Giffen worked on Hero Squared, Planetary Brigade, 10, Jeremiah Harm, the Tales titles like Zombie Tales and Cthulhu Tales. DeMatteis collaborated with Giffen on Hero Squared and Planetary Brigade and brought his own series, The Stardust Kid, with Mike Ploog over from Image Comics. Mike Mignola and Troy Nixey's Oni Press series Jenny Finn migrated to BOOM! and completed its story. Eisner Award winner Dave Johnson created covers for Zombie Cthulhu Tales. Joe Casey created The Black Plague while Rafael Albuquerque's first American work debuted in The Savage Brothers. 2006 saw BOOM! Move into licensing for the first time with the debut of Games Workshop series Warhammer 40,000: Damnation Crusade, based on the popular miniatures game of the same name.
In 2007, BOOM! Published Steven Grant's crime/action comic 2 Guns which Cosby and Ritchie produced for Universal Studios in 2013. At the 2007 San Diego Comic Con, BOOM! announced plans to launch its first imprint, a new line of comics for children announced with the name ZOOM!, but when the imprint launched in 2009, the imprint debuted as "BOOM Kids!". BOOM! signed a deal with Pixar to produce comic books based on their properties and secured newsstand distribution. The first included The Muppet Show by Roger Langridge and The Incredibles: Family Matters by Mark Waid and artist Marcio Takara. In February 2011, BOOM! Re-branded BOOM! Kids as KaBOOM!, re-focusing the imprint to be appealing to all ages rather than only children. BOOM! announced during the 2007 San Diego Comic Con the appointment of Mark Waid as Editor-in-Chief. In 2009, Waid created Irredeemable which became BOOM!'s longest-running series at that time, lasting 37 issues and the sister book Incorruptible. Former Managing Editor Matt Gagnon was promoted to Editor-in-Chief in July 2010.
Mark Waid announced in December 2010 that he would be leaving BOOM! to return to freelance work. At the beginning of 2013, the company launched its #WeAreBOOM! campaign, spotlighting a philosophy that BOOM! isn't just composed of its writers and staff but of the fans that read its comics and the retailers that sell them. In June 2013, Boom! acquired Archaia Studios Press, merging it into BOOM! and retaining it as a stand-alone imprint. In January 2015, Boom! launched "Push Comics Forward", a public relations campaign aimed at generating a discussion about how comic book publishing can become more inclusive and diverse. In June 2017, 20th Century Fox purchased a minority stake in Boom!, valued at $10 million. BOOM! is composed of four main imprints: the core BOOM! brand, the All-Ages focused KaBOOM!, BOOM! Box; the BOOM! Studios imprint publishes action-oriented fare which most appropriate for older readers. Originals under the BOOM! Banner explore a wide variety of genres from YA science fiction, like in The Woods by James Tynion IV and Michael Dialynas, to horror/action like in the thriller Day Men which racked up "Best Inker" and "Best Cover Artist" Harvey Awards nominations for series artist Brian Stelfreeze and sold to Universal Pictures as a movie.
Crime noir period piece Hit garnered Harvey Awards nominations for "Best Continuing or Limited Series" and a "Best Inker" for artist Vanesa R. Del Rey and George Pérez's series for BOOM!, Sirens, is a multi-genre action piece that goes from fantasy to western to science fiction. Pulp science fiction mini-series Six Gun Gorilla, written by Si Spurrier and drawn by Jeff Stokely, was nominated for several Harvey Awards including "Best Artist" and "Most Promising New Talent" and "Best New Series." BOOM! published an original series from Clive Barker entitled Next Testament. BOOM! Has published Grace Randolph's Supurbia. Two of its original series and Suicide Risk, have gathered accolades. Mark Waid's series Irredeemable generated 10 graphic novel collections. A sister series called. Mike Carey's series Suicide Risk received nominations for "Best New Series" and "Best Single Issue or Story."In 2013, Boom! teamed up with Say Anything singer Max Bemis to publish his first limited mini series about a bipolar hero called Polarity.
Fox optioned the right to create this story into a TV s
Donald Duck Adventures
Donald Duck Adventures was a comic book series featuring the adventures of Donald Duck and his nephews Huey and Louie. Gladstone Publishing published 48 issues; the first 20 were published from 1987 to 1990, the last 28 were published from 1993 to early 1998, whereas Gladstone II continued the numbering of Gladstone I, ignoring the intermediate numbering of Disney Comics. The series contained original material alongside reprints from older Donald Duck strips from the 1930s and 1940s, as well as more modern material from the King syndicated strip from the 1980s. Disney Comics published the title from 1990 to 1993, this one being the only one of the "new" Disney comic books to survive the company's comic implosion in 1991, they started a new numbering, issues #1-38. Gemstone Publishing published its own series of Donald Duck Adventures, this one as a digest size graphic novel alongside Mickey Mouse Adventures; these 128-page comics were sized 5" × 7½", started a new numbering yet again, #1-#21.
This Donald Duck Adventures was canceled in December 2006. Disney comics in the USA Other notable Disney comic titles in the USA: Mickey Mouse Walt Disney's Comics and Stories Donald Duck Uncle Scrooge Uncle Scrooge Adventures Disney Comics Worldwide: Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures INDUCKS: Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures Covers of all issues on outducks.org: Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck Adventures
Guardians of the Lost Library
Guardians of the Lost Library is a comic book story made by Don Rosa for The Walt Disney Company, mentioned by Comics Buyer's Guide as "possibly the greatest comic book story of all time". Although afraid at the time of its creation of cramming too many historical details into the story, Rosa himself mentions in Uncle Scrooge #383 that in fan mail he receives to this day, Guardians of the Lost Library to his own surprise is referred to as "'the best Rosa story' or'the best Duck story' or even'the best comic book story' that fans say they've read."Guardians of the Lost Library was featured in Uncle Scrooge Adventures #27, published in July, 1994. In this story Scrooge McDuck, Huey and Louie, General Snozzie search for the Lost Library of Alexandria; this story was Don Rosa's first use of the Junior Woodchucks bloodhound. Rosa created Guardians of the Lost Library at the request of Scandinavia-based, European Disney publisher Egmont in reference to the fact that Norway had declared 1993 to be "The Year of The Book" in order to promote reading.
Rosa figured that he would honor the written word best by sending the Ducks on an epic quest for the Library of Alexandria, where he "could show the evolution of books from papyrus scrolls through parchment tomes and the first Gutenberg volumes on up to the present day. In the process, it was easy to show how books have recorded and inspired the advancements of science and art through the ages, and what could be better than for the key to tracing the Library around the world be that most famous mythical book of all - the Junior Woodchuck Guidebook?!" Donald Duck and his nephews go to the new Woodchuck Museum to see the exhibit on artifacts from the first Junior Woodchucks. The nephews are enthusiastic about an old, massive volume, the oldest known copy of the Junior Woodchucks Guidebook. Scrooge McDuck is there to get a copy of the Guidebook, which he knows contains an enormous wealth of information. However, the scoutmaster refuses, on the regulation that McDuck is too old to join the organization, only members are allowed to read its guidebook.
The scoutmaster suspects that Scrooge would use the information to enrich himself, as he has done by acquiring the entire log books of the 16th century Spanish fleet to find lost treasures. Scrooge tells the nephews; the head of The Junior Woodchucks organization agrees to sponsor Scrooge's trip in the name of science as well as lend out General Snozzie, the Woodchucks bloodhound. Scrooge and the nephews set out to find the lost library, leaving behind Donald oblivious to the events as he sits glued to the TV holding the occupation of Scrooge's Money Bin guard, they set out to Egypt, where they find an underground chamber with a million bronze tubes containing the original scrolls of the Library of Alexandria. It turns out that the scrolls have long crumbled to dust. Cleopatra had however founded a special organization, "The Guardians of the Great Library", to protect the unique book collection. Still in operation centuries the Guardians had complete parchment copies made shortly before the burning of the library which were shipped to Byzantium, Greece around 400AD, to become known as the Library of Constantinople.
In Istanbul, modern-day Turkey, these "100,000 parchment scrolls" once were "the light of the Dark Ages for 800 years" and had "the books from the great libraries of Islam" added to them over time. However, the entire collection perished in a fire, yet the contents survived, since for centuries the Orthodox monks had copied them into the modern technology of 10,000 manuscripts. This Byzantine Library of manuscripts was however stolen in 1204 in the Sack of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade, crusader knights bringing the books to Venice. In Venice, these books were kept in an abbey whose library henceforth "sparked the Renaissance", inspired "Leonardo and Michelangelo", motivated Marco Polo and his father to journey to the Orient, paying back the library by adding the Great Books from Kublai Khan's Empire of Cathay to it upon Marco's return; the Venice Library was lost in 1485 during the collapse of the abbey's bell tower, but following the invention of movable type printing by Johannes Gutenberg in 1439, the rotting books had been saved in their entirety by making their first typeset copy "of about 1,000 volumes", with each typeset book containing 10 manuscripts.
Inspired by Phoenician accounts dating 600BCE of rich new lands beyond the Western ocean in the books, Lorenzo de Medici sent a bookdealer named Cristobal Colon in 1484 to buy these 1,000 volumes, but Colon never turned the books over to the Medici family. When Scrooge and the nephews find out that the English name of this bookdealer-turned sailor happens to be Christopher Columbus and that Columbus's private library is in Seville, Scrooge is pacing out the door, "already halfway across France". In the Biblioteca Colombina, they are forced to decipher Columbus's private notes hand-written in a secret, unknown code by means of the Woodchuck Guidebook, to find out Columbus had the library moved to Santo Domingo in 1498, far from the reach of the Medici and the Spanish King, but Ferdinand II of Aragon soon found out and had Columbus put into chains. Scrooge and the nephews hurry back to Duckburg (where they encounter Donald still in front of the TV, making condescending remarks about their passion for "some dusty