Uncle Vanya is a play by the Russian playwright Anton Chekhov. It was first published in 1898 and received its Moscow première in 1899 in a production by the Moscow Art Theatre, under the direction of Konstantin Stanislavski; the play portrays the visit of an elderly professor and his glamorous, much younger second wife, Yelena, to the rural estate that supports their urban lifestyle. Two friends—Vanya, brother of the professor's late first wife, who has long managed the estate, Astrov, the local doctor—both fall under Yelena's spell, while bemoaning the ennui of their provincial existence. Sonya, the professor's daughter by his first wife, who has worked with Vanya to keep the estate going, suffers from her unrequited feelings for Dr. Astrov. Matters are brought to a crisis when the professor announces his intention to sell the estate and Sonya's home, with a view to investing the proceeds to achieve a higher income for himself and his wife. Uncle Vanya is unique among Chekhov's major plays because it is an extensive reworking of his own play published a decade earlier, The Wood Demon.
By elucidating the specific changes Chekhov made during the revision process—these include reducing the cast-list from two dozen down to nine, changing the climactic suicide of The Wood Demon into the famous failed homicide of Uncle Vanya, altering the original happy ending into a more problematic, less final resolution—critics such as Donald Rayfield, Richard Gilman, Eric Bentley have sought to chart the development of Chekhov's dramaturgical method through the 1890s. Rayfield cites recent scholarship suggesting Chekhov revised The Wood Demon during his trip to the island of Sakhalin, a prison colony in Eastern Russia, in 1891. Aleksandr Vladimirovich Serebryakov: a retired university professor, who has lived for years in the city on the earnings of his late first wife's rural estate, managed for him by Vanya and Sonya. Helena Andreyevna Serebryakova: Professor Serebryakov's young and beautiful second wife, she is 27 years old. Sofia Alexandrovna Serebryakova: Professor Serebryakov's daughter from his first marriage.
She is considered plain. Maria Vasilyevna Voynitskya: the widow of a privy councilor and mother of Vanya. Ivan Petrovich Voynitsky: Maria's son and Sonya's uncle, the title character of the play, he is 47 years old. Mikhail Lvovich Astrov: a middle aged country doctor. Ilya Ilych Telegin: an impoverished landowner, who now lives on the estate as a dependent of the family. Marina Timofeevna: an old nurse. A Workman A garden in Serebryakov's country estate. Astrov and Marina discuss how old Astrov has grown, how he feels bored with his life as a country doctor. Vanya enters, complains about how all order has been disrupted since the professor and his wife, arrived; as they're talking, Yelena and Telegin return from a walk. Out of the professor's earshot, Vanya calls him "a learned old dried mackerel," criticizing him for his pomposity and the smallness of his achievements. Vanya's mother, Maria Vasilyevna, who idolizes Serebryakov, objects to her son's derogatory comments. Vanya praises the professor's wife, for her beauty, arguing that faithfulness to an old man like Serebryakov is an immoral waste of vitality.
Astrov is forced to depart to attend a patient, but not before delivering a speech on the preservation of the forests, a subject he is passionate about. Act I closes with Vanya declaring his love for an exasperated Yelena; the dining room, several days later. It is late at night. Before going to bed, Serebryakov complains of being of old age. Astrov arrives, having been sent for by Sonya. After Serebryakov is asleep and Vanya talk, she speaks of the discord in the house, Vanya speaks of dashed hopes. He feels he's misspent his youth, he associates his unrequited love for Yelena with the devastation of his life. Yelena refuses to listen. Alone, Vanya questions why he did not fall in love with Yelena when he first met her ten years before, when it would have been possible for the two to have married and had a happy life together. At that time, Vanya believed in Serebryakov's greatness and was happy to think that his own efforts supported Serebryakov's work; as Vanya agonizes over his past, Astrov returns, somewhat drunk, the two talk together.
Sonya chides Vanya for his drinking, responds pragmatically to his reflections on the futility of a wasted life, pointing out that only work is fulfilling. Outside, a storm is gathering and Astrov talks with Sonya about the suffocating atmosphere in the house, he laments. Sonya begs Astrov to stop drinking, telling him it is unworthy of him to destroy himself; the two discuss love, during which it becomes clear that Sonya is in love with the Doctor and that he is unaware of her feelings. When Astrov leaves, Yelena enters and makes peace with Sonya, after an long period of mutual anger and antagonism. Trying to resolve their past difficulties, Yelena reassures Sonya that she had strong feelings for her father when she married him, though the love proved false; the two women converse at cross purposes, with Yelena confessing her
Guofang Li is a professor of education at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. She holds the Canada Research Chair in Transnational/Global Perspectives of Language and Literacy Education of Children. Li is the author of over 100 journal articles and over a dozen books on topics related to literacy and diversity and equity issues. Li was raised in rural China, she completed an undergraduate degree at Hubei University and a M. A. degree in applied linguistics at Wuhan University. She earned a PhD in curriculum studies from the University of Saskatchewan in 2000. Li was an assistant professor at Buffalo State College, a State University of New York campus, from 2001 through 2006, she joined the faculty in the Department of Teacher Education at Michigan State University in 2006. In 2016, she was announced as a new Canada Research Chair in Transnational/Global Perspectives of Language and Literacy Education of Children at the UBC's Faculty of Education. Zhao, Y. Lei, J. Li, G. He, M. F. Okano, K. Megahed, N. Gamage, D. & Ramanathan N..
Handbook of Asian education: A cultural approach. New York: Routledge. Li, G.. Multicultural families, home literacies, mainstream schooling. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing. Li, G. & Wang, L.. Model minority myths revisited: An interdisciplinary approach to demystifying Asian American education experiences. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing. Li, G.. Culturally contested literacies: America’s “rainbow underclass” and urban schools. New York: Routledge. Li, G.. Culturally contested pedagogy: Battles of literacy and schooling between mainstream teachers and Asian immigrant parents. Albany, NY: SUNY Press. Li, G. & Beckett, G.. “Strangers” of the academy: Asian women scholars in higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing. Li, G.. Resource diversity in Asian immigrants and refugees: Implications for language arts instruction. Language Arts, 96, 370-383. Li, G. & Wen, K.. East Asian heritage language education in the United States: Practices and possibilities. International Multilingual Research Journal, 9, 274–290.
Li, G.. Promoting teachers of culturally and linguistically diverse students as change agents: A cultural approach to professional learning. Theory Into Practice, 52, 136-143. Li, G.. Race and schooling: Multicultural families doing the hard work of home literacy in America’s inner city. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 26, 140-165. Li, G.. Second language and literacy learning in school and at home: An ethnographic study of Chinese-Canadian first graders’ experiences. Journal of Literacy Teaching and Learning, 11, 1-40. Guofang Li profile at UBC
Richard Tracey is an English former professional footballer. He is manager of Emley. Tracey started his professional career at Sheffield United in 1997. On 5 March 1998 he moved to Rotherham United, where he made one start and four substitute appearances before joining Carlisle United on loan, on 12 March 1999. Tracey appeared in the famous Jimmy Glass game against Plymouth Argyle, in which the goalkeeper scored in the 94th minute to keep Carlisle United in The Football League. Tracey went on to make 15 sub appearances for the Cumbrians, scoring 15 goals. Tracey joined Macclesfield Town in January 2001 and played for the club 37 times, scoring five goals. On 8 March 2002 after falling out of favour with manager David Moss, Tracey signed for Scarborough but made only one appearance in which he suffered a bad injury for the "Seadogs" before leaving the professional game and moving into semi-professional football. Tracey played for several other non-league clubs, including Bradford Park Avenue and Ossett Town, Ossett Albion.
Tracey managed Ossett Albion between 2013 and 2018. He was appointed manager of Emley in May 2019