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Underglaze is a method of decorating pottery in which painted decoration is applied to the surface before it is covered with a transparent ceramic glaze and fired in a kiln. Because the glaze subsequently covers it, such decoration is durable, it allows the production of pottery with a surface that has a uniform sheen. Underglaze decoration uses pigments derived from oxides which fuse with the glaze when the piece is fired in a kiln, it is a cheaper method, as only a single firing is needed, whereas overglaze decoration requires a second firing at a lower temperature. However, because the main or glost firing is at a higher temperature than used in overglaze decoration, the range of available colours is more limited, was so for porcelain in historical times, as the firing temperature required for the porcelain body is high. Early porcelain was restricted to underglaze blue, a range of browns and reds. Other colours turned black in a high-temperature firing. Examples of oxides that do not lose their colour during a glost firing are the cobalt blue made famous by Chinese Ming dynasty blue and white porcelain and the cobalt and turquoise blues, pale purple, sage green, bole red characteristic of İznik pottery.

The painting styles used are covered at: china painting and white pottery, tin-glazed pottery, Egyptian faience, Delftware. In modern times a wider range of underglaze colours are available. An archaeological excavation at the Tongguan kiln Site proved that the technology of underglazed color figure arose in the Tang and Five Dynasties periods and originated from Tonguan, Changsha. Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery ISBN 0-442-29950-8 Hamer and Hamer, The Potter's Dictionary of Materials and Techniques ISBN 0-8122-3810-9 More about underglaze blue printing in the North Staffordshire pottery industry

Jonathan Borlée

Jonathan Borlée is a Belgian sprinter, who specializes in the 400 metres. He qualified for the finals of the 400 metres at the 2012 Summer Olympics, he was winner at the 2009 NCAA Championships. Jonathan takes part in the Belgian 4 × 400 m relay team; the team won gold at the 2012, 2016 and 2018 European Championships, the 2015 European Indoor Championships. The team finished 4th at the 2008 Summer Olympics and at the 2016 Summer Olympics and won silver at the 2010 World Indoor Championships and bronze at the 2010 European Championships. Borlée was born in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, he has an identical twin brother, younger brother, an older sister, who are sprinters. All four are trained by their father Jacques Borlée. Just like his twin brother, Jonathan Borlée obtained his first senior title at the age of 18: the Belgian Indoor championships in 2006 in Ghent, where he won the 200 m, while his brother won the 400 m; that year, Jonathan would become the outdoor champion on the 400 m. On May 31, 2008, Kévin and Jonathan took part in the 4 × 400 m on a meeting in Neerpelt.

Together with Cédric Van Branteghem and Kristof Beyens, they improved a 27-year-old national record by more than a second to 3:02.51s. However, this was 1 hundredth of a second above the qualification time for the Olympic Games. Two weeks with Nils Duerinck instead of Kristof Beyens, they broke the national record again in a meeting in Namur to 3:02.13s. On August 19, 2008, at the semi-finals of the 2008 Summer Olympics, Jonathan Borlée ran a new personal best of 45.11s - yet this was not good enough to reach the final. In the 4 × 400 m relay, with teammates Kévin Borlée, Cédric Van Branteghem and Arnaud Ghislain, they qualified for the final with a new national record of 3:00.67s. They finished 5th in the final with yet again a national record of 2:59.37s. The race was won by the American team in a new Olympic record; the Russian team, who had finished 3rd, were disqualified promoting Belgium to 4th place. At the end of 2008, Jonathan Borlée moved together with his brother Kévin to Tallahassee to enroll in Florida State University.

During this period, Jonathan qualified for the NCAA Championships in Arkansas. Jonathan won the 400 m in 44.78s, a new national record, while his brother Kévin finished 4th in 45.43s. On they had a big part in 4 × 400 m relay victory of Florida State with time of 2:59.59s, the second best season time. Shortly thereafter, Jonathan injured himself: a stress fracture on the tarsus, which ruled him out for the rest of the season, including the 2009 World Championships. Shortly after, brother Kévin suffered the same injury at the opposite foot. At the end of 2009, Jonathan received the Golden Spike award. At the beginning of 2010, the Borlée-twins were back in shape. At the 2010 World Indoor Championships, the 4 × 400 m relay team with teammates Nils Duerinck and Antoine Gillet, they won their heat in 3:09.84s, a national indoor record. In the final, with Cédric Van Branteghem instead of Nils Duerinck, they won silver with a time 3:06.94s, another national record. It was the first time a Belgian relay team had delivered such a performance.

Coming into the European Championships in Barcelona, Jonathan Borlée had recorded a new national record of 44.77s at a Diamond League meeting in Paris, just weeks before the championships. This was the fastest European time. Jonathan reached the final with two wins in the heats and the semi-finals in 45.91s and 44.71s the latter being a new national record again. In the final however, Jonathan finished 7th in 45.35 s. His brother Kévin became the new European Champion in 45.08s after an impressive sprint in the last 50 metres. The Belgian 4 × 400 m relay team reached the final. Jonathan was spared in the heats, but won bronze together with Kévin Borlée, Arnaud Destatte and Cédric Van Branteghem with a time of 3:02.60s. The Belgian team won the 4 × 400 m at the European Championships. At the Olympics, Jonathan set his current personal best and improved upon his brother's national record for 400m in the first round of the Olympics, his 44.43 was the best of the round for the entire field. He was not able to match that time in the semi-final but qualified for the final where he finished 6th.02 behind his brother in 5th.

Had he been able to run 44.43 in the final, it would have been good enough for the silver medal. The Belgian 4 x 400 team that Borlée was in set a new area record in winning the gold medal of the European Indoor Championship; the team finished 5th at the World Championship. Borlée qualified for both the 400 m and the 4 × 400 m at the 2016 Olympics, reaching the semifinals in the individual events; the 4 × 400 m team finished in 4th place. The 4 × 400 m team had won the European Championships. At the 400 m of the European Championships in Berlin, Jonathan Borlée reached the final with a win in heat 2 in 45.19s and a 2nd place finish in the 1st semi-final in a personal season's best of 44.87s. In the final, Jonathan came in third after Britain's Matthew Hudson-Smith and his twin brother Kevin in 45.19s. The Belgian 4 × 400 m relay team, which included Julien Watrin, Robin Vanderbemden, 2018 junior world champion Jonathan Sacoor and younger brother Dylan, reached the final with a win in heat 2 in 3:02.44s, the 4th fastest qualifying time.

In the final Julien Watrin and Robin Vanderbemden were replaced by the twin brothers Jonathan and Kevin. The Belgian team won gold in 2:59.47s. Official website Jonathan Borlée at World Athletics Jonathan Borlée at the International Olympic Committee

Ketovsky District

Ketovsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-four in Kurgan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast; the area of the district is 3,550 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the rural locality of Ketovo. Population: 55,427 ; the population of Ketovo accounts for 13.1% of the district's total population. Курганская областная Дума. Закон №316 от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Курганской области», в ред. Закона №60 от 2 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Курганской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Курганской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", Документы, выпуск №1, 11 января 2008 г.. Курганская областная Дума. Закон №419 от 6 июля 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом городского округа, муниципального района, сельского поселения, городского поселения, о месте нахождения представительных органов муниципальных районов, сельских поселений, об установлении наименований представительных органов муниципальных образований, глав муниципальных образований, местных администраций », в ред.

Закона №70 от 2 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Курганской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новый мир", №142, 31 июля 2004 г

Real Chance of Love (season 2)

Real Chance of Love 2: Back in the Saddle is the second season of the VH1 reality television dating series Real Chance of Love. Ahmad Givens and Kamal Givens, former contestants on I Love; the show premiered August 3, 2009. The show features twenty female contestants taking part in various challenges. Real and Chance appeared on Chelsea Lately on May 25, 2009 to talk about the second season of Real Chance of Love, in production at the time. Ahmad selected Doll, while Kamal selected Hot Wings; the contestant won the competition as Real's selection. The contestant won the competition as Chance's selection; the contestant got a "R" chain from Real. The contestant got a "C" chain from Chance; the contestant got a Stallionaire "R/C" chain from Chance. The contestant was allowed to stay; the contestant was eliminated. The contestant quit the competition; the contestant was eliminated due to physical violence. The contestant was eliminated before the elimination ceremony. 1 The contestant won a date with Real.

2 The contestant won a date with Chance. In Episode Four, Chance was going to decide to eliminate Blonde Baller or Junk, but he decided to let them stay for another night. In Episode Six, PS said she wanted to quit so the boys did not give out anymore chains, therefore the names are in alphabetical order after Blonde Baller and Mamacita, both of whom were given Chance chains at the ceremony. In Episode 6, there was a challenge between Real's Girls and Chance's Girls, having Tony Little select the winners. In Episode Ten, Real was going to decide to eliminate Pocahontas or Sassy, but he decided to let them stay for the season finale. First aired on August 3, 2009 Chance and Real have returned for a second season, after both failed to making a lasting connection in season one. In season two, the Stallionaires have twenty new women looking for love, it will be up to Real and Chance to find their "Stallionettes"; the season features new twists such as no "Real girls" or "Chance girls" yet, leading to "double the competition for their men."

This twist leads to "calculated game-play" for some of the women. After eliminations, only sixteen women will remain in the competition. Bottom 3: Freckles, Wiggly Disqualified: Show Me and Vegas Eliminated: Freckles and RibbonReasons for EliminationShow Me: For physically assaulting Vegas after Vegas insulted the other girls. Vegas: For provoking Show Me to hit her and instigating other girls. Freckles: Neither Real or Chance felt much of a connection. Ribbon: She came off too hard to both Real and Chance and behaved childish when she wasn't chosen. Episode Notes Ribbon wanted to get Chance's attention, but she moved on to get Real's attention after Chance thought that she looked like a man. Real and Chance wanted to name Freckles Sasquatch or Yeti because she looked like one. Chance became irritated by her advances towards him that he moved somewhere in the backyard. First aired August 10, 2009 Real and Chance ask the sixteen remaining women to give a "door-to-door sales pitch" outlining their qualities.

The contestant with the best pitch will win a date. Blonde Baller, Pocahontas and Spanish Fly were chosen as winners. All the girls get to go to prom, but the winners were given nice dresses while the rest were given sloppy ones; the winners went with Real and Chance to a place where a real prom was held, while the others were stuck in the house. Before Real and Chance were ready to go to bed, Wiggly came into the room to impress Real, but she "came off a little too strong"; the next day, Lady talk to Real and confessed that she used to date women. Both Real and Chance had a conservation with Mamacita, questioning if she is there for the boys or for TV, she jokingly said "all the above". During elimination and Wiggly were in the bottom 2. Mamacita confirmed. Challenge: Ding Dong Challenge Challenge Winners: Blonde Baller, Pocahontas, Spanish Fly Bottom 3: Lady, Wiggly Eliminated: WigglyReasons for EliminationWiggly: Real had no connection with her and felt like she was coming off too strong, yet was too shy.

First aired August 17, 2009 The fifteen remaining girls have their booty shaking skills put to the test when they audition for the Stallionaire's viral music video. Gloria Velez made a guest appearance, getting them into "booty camp". Pocahontas and Lady were chosen as team captains and they chose teams. Apple was not confident doing the challenge, while Lady's team had many ideas that they cannot come to the conclusion of. Real and Chance came to judge all the teams' performances, Real and Chance made the decision that Baker's team wins the challenge. Both of the boys took Aloha, Flirty, PS to the Hollywood Park Race Track. PS, undecided about who she like, decides she likes Real better than Chance. Meanwhile at the house, Junk eavesdropped on Blonde Baller talking to her "best friend", which Junk believes it is her boyfriend; the next day, PS called out Blonde Baller for having a boyfriend and Chance doesn't know what to believe. Aloha had become emotional. At elimination and Chance gave out Real chains and Chance chains.

It came down to Apple. Aloha was cracking up and Chance confirmed that Aloha is indeed crazy, leading Real to eliminate her. Special Guest: Gloria Velez Challenge: Stallion

James R. A. Bailey

James Richard Abe Bailey known as Jim Bailey, was an Anglo-South African World War II fighter pilot, writer and publisher. He was the founder of Drum, the most read magazine in Africa. Born in London on 23 October 1919, Bailey was the son of Sir Abe Bailey and pioneer aviator Dame Mary Bailey, was educated at Winchester College and Christ Church Oxford. At the outbreak of the Second World War, he was called up from the Oxford University Air Squadron and joined the Royal Air Force as a pilot in September 1939, he served with 264, 600 and 85 Squadrons, flying Defiants and Beaufighters. In 1951 he provided financial backing to Bob Crisp to start a magazine called African Drum based in Cape Town, aimed at a Black readership, but as readership dropped, Bailey took full control; the monthly magazine was renamed to Drum and the head office moved to Johannesburg. Anthony Sampson was appointed editor. Bailey founded in 1955 the Golden City Post, the country's first black Sunday tabloid. Bailey's book The God-Kings and the Titans: The New World Ascendancy in Ancient Times was a controversial work on pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact, which claimed that thousands of years before Columbus Mediterranean sea voyagers among other peoples from the Old World landed on both the Atlantic and Pacific shores of America.

The book has been referenced by many pseudohistoric writers. Bailey died in 2000, aged 80, from colon cancer, he was survived by his second wife, by four children. As In Flight National Ambitions Eskimo Nel The God-Kings and Titans The Sky Suspended The Poetry of a Fighter Pilot Sailing to Paradise

Robb House (New York City)

The Robb House at 23 Park Avenue on the corner of East 35th Street in the Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City is a townhouse built in 1888-92 as the residence of James Hampden Robb, a retired businessman and former state assemblyman and senator, his wife Cornelia Van Rensselaer Robb. It was designed in the Italian Renaissance revival style by McKim, Mead & White, with Stanford White as the partner-in-charge. On its completion, architectural critic Russell Sturgis wrote that it was "the most dignified structure in all the quarter of town, not a palace, but a fit dwelling house for a first-rate citizen."In 1923, the townhouse was bought by the Advertising Club of New York to be its clubhouse. The club by 1915 had changed its name to the current one; the conversion of the residential dwelling into a clubhouse was undertaken by F. T. H. Bacon as consulting engineer, architect Fred F. French. After a fire in 1946 damaged the top three floors of the building, the club undertook repaired and renovated, at the same time purchasing the next-door rowhouse at 103 East 35th Street and joining it to the main building.

In 1977, the club began to rent out space in the building to other clubs, that same year it was sold to a developer who converted it into a cooperative apartment house. What served the club as its library is now the living room of the duplex apartment owned by Kenneth Jay Lane; the building was designated a New York City landmark in 1998. List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets Notes Advertising Club official website