The underworld is the world of the dead in various religious traditions, located below the world of the living. Chthonic is the technical adjective for things of the underworld; the concept of an underworld is found in every civilization and "may be as old as humanity itself". Common features of underworld myths are accounts of living people making journeys to the underworld for some heroic purpose. Other myths reinforce traditions that entrance of souls to the underworld requires a proper observation of ceremony, such as the ancient Greek story of the dead Patroclus haunting Achilles until his body could be properly buried for this purpose. Persons having social status were equipped in order to better navigate the underworld. A number of mythologies incorporate the concept of the soul of the deceased making its own journey to the underworld, with the dead needing to be taken across a defining obstacle such as a lake or a river to reach this destination. Imagery of such journeys can be found in both modern art.

The descent to the underworld has been described as "the single most important myth for Modernist authors". This list includes underworlds in various religious traditions, with links to corresponding articles; this list includes rulers or guardians of the underworld in various religious traditions, with links to corresponding articles. Afterlife Hollow Earth Otherworld World Tree, a tree that connects the heavens, the earth, the underworld in a number of spiritual belief systems Media related to Hell at Wikimedia Commons

Doug Danger

Doug "Danger" Senecal, born March 31, 1962, in Palmer, Massachusetts, is known as Doug Danger. He is an American motorcycle jumping world record holder and stunt performer and Stage 4 cancer survivor who lives in Daytona, Florida. Danger has set many records, including the Longest Motorcycle Jump, 251 feet over 42 cars. With that jump, he entered the Guinness Book of World Records in 1991. Danger broke Evel Knievel's jump record over cars at The Legendary Buffalo Chip, Sturgis 75th Motorcycle Rally, South Dakota in 2015. On his motorcycle, Danger has jumped a jumbo jet from wingtip to wingtip, over school buses, tractor-trailers, cars, as well as through fire. He's crashed, accumulating a total of 50 broken bones, a fractured skull and once suffered amnesia that lasted a year. Danger is sponsored by Vanson Leathers, Bell Helmets, Mustang Seats. Although Danger still jumps, he is now a motivational speaker at elementary schools, high schools, community-service organizations and corporations. Growing up in Palmer, Danger's mother rode a motorcycle, but discouraged him from doing the same.

However, as a young man, Danger saw Evel Knievel jump over 13 Mack trucks on ABC's Wide World of Sports in 1974. Danger aimed to follow in Knievel's footsteps by jumping his bicycle over his neighborhood friends when he was 11, shortly after received his first motorcycle from his stepfather; as a sophomore at Palmer High School, Danger drove his motorcycle through the school hallways on a dare. Palmer High asked him not to come back for his junior year, so he transferred and finished at Pathfinder in 1980; when Danger was five and living with his parents in Las Vegas, Danger first saw Knievel jump live over the fountains at Caesar's Palace. Twelve years Danger made his first public motorcycle jump, over 10 cars, in Palmer; when his career took off, he and Knievel became friends. Danger began his motorcycle stunt career in 1979. At age 22, in 1984, he jumped over a three-story restaurant into Forest Lake in Massachusetts going 85 feet high and a distance of 145 feet. A year he made a 125cc motorcycle leap over 14 school buses in Thompson, earning him his first World Record.

That same year, his motorcycle exploded during a fire stunt in North Carolina which threw him 150 feet down the track, legs in flames. In 1990, Danger earned another American record, this one for 250cc bikes, by jumping 25 cars at a total of 181 feet at New Hampshire International Speedway. In 1991, Danger set a World Record for a 251-foot motorcycle jump over 42 cars in Loudon, New Hampshire; that jump earned him a place in the Guinness Book of World records, it stood for nine years as the Longest Motorcycle Jump. A year in a competition against Australian National Champion Jumper, Dar Davies, he won the International Motorcycle Jumping Competition at New Hampshire International Speedway; that same year, Danger signed a contract for a Daredevil Showdown with Robbie Knievel for a Pay-Per-View but the event never happened because in July 1992, a practice jump went awry and Danger crashed into a three-foot retaining wall at Hudson Speedway in New Hampshire breaking 17 bones and remaining in a coma for over a month.

When he recovered, his memory was gone. After recovering, Danger created the Doug Danger Motorcycle Stunt Spectacular, Legends Stunt Show, a thrill show that included various motorcycle jumps, firewall crashs, wheelie show, automobile stunts, he partnered in the venture which ran from 1997 with legendary stuntman Tim Chitwood. One of the first jumps Danger made after his accident was on October 10, 1999: he jumped over 18 tractor-trailers at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas, setting another World Record and breaking the one held by Robbie Knievel of 17 semi-trucks. On March 18, 2000, Danger jumped an L-1011 Jumbo Jet wing tip-to-wing tip, a stunt, filmed for the "I Dare You" television show. For this, he traveled 160 feet across the airplane. Danger did a couple of stunts in May 2001 at Thompson Speedway, one involving a Honda CR500 motorcycle jumping 120 feet across three school buses lined up ended to end, the other using a 1987 Harley Davidson 883 Sportster weighing over 500 pounds to jump over 10 cars.

Louis "Rocket" Re and Danger performed a double jump—two riders one behind the other in the air at the same time—covering over 100 feet on July 15, 2006, in New Castle, Pennsylvania. The duo met again in July at Brockton Fair Grounds in Massachusetts for a head-on criss-cross jump where they passed each other at 70 mph with four feet of clearance, filmed for a Country Music Television pilot called "Hell Drivers". For two months, beginning May 2011, Danger made an Australian tour in Hell Raiser's of Insanity Extreme Stunt Show. Among the jumps were two that he made with a broken leg, obtained after a moving truck stunt. During the hospital examination in Australia, doctors discovered a lump near his tonsils, after its removal was told it was benign cancer. Six months a cancerous growth surfaced, he had another operation in the United States; the prognoses was not good. During his treatments, Danger injured himself again doing a jump in May 2012 to benefit The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at Lulu Shriner's Arena in Plymouth, Pennsylvania.

He broke his knuckle. After 35 radiation treatments, three rounds of an experimental chemotherapy, each lasting five days, Danger received news that he was cancer free. In 2012, Risky Rick Cruz, of the Ricksonian Daredevil Museum presented Danger with the honorary Triple Crown, awarded for the stunt performer's holding the 125cc, 250cc and 500cc motorcycle records at the same time. Danger began a motivational speaking c

Toro (comics)

Toro is the name of two fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The first Toro was featured in Timely Comics and as a Marvel Comics superhero who appeared as the partner of the original Human Torch; the first Toro made his debut in Timely Comics' Human Torch Comics #2. Toro appeared in numerous comics titles both during World War II and the post-war era, he starred with Bucky in Young Allies Comics, made appearances in various issues of Kid Comics, Amazing Comics, Complete Comics, Mystic Comics, All-Winners Comics, Sub-Mariner Comics. Toro and the Torch appeared in Atlas' Young Men #24. Toro made several appearances in Marvel Comics titles, beginning with reprints of Human Torch stories in Marvel Super-Heroes #12–14, followed by a unpublished Atlas-era Human Torch story in #16. Toro appeared in a new story in Prince Namor, The Sub-Mariner #14 where he was killed off, he subsequently appeared in flashbacks and historical stories, being a regular character in the 1970s Invaders series.

After years of only appearing in flashback stories, he returned to current publication with the 2008 Avengers/Invaders maxiseries and the 2009 miniseries The Torch. In 2014, as part of Marvel Now! the All-New Invaders were relaunched and a flashback story was told about Toro during WWII in issues #6–7 and it is revealed Toro is an Inhuman in issue #10. Thomas Raymond was born in New York City to parents who were laboratory assistants to Phineas Horton, creator of the original Human Torch. After their employment with Horton had ended, they were killed in a train derailment. Toro himself was found at the site of the accident by a traveling circus unscathed despite the blaze from the wreckage raging around him. Adopted by the circus, his complete immunity to flame was used to draw additional crowds to the circus sideshow; the circus was visited by the Human Torch, as he drew closer to Toro the younger man's flame powers erupted for the first time. From this point onward, Toro was a protégé and partner of the Torch and a co-founder of the Invaders.

Toro was the only member of the Invaders to survive the war and the period following mentally and physically intact. He married Ann Raymond and assumed a pedestrian life, until he was killed in battle with the Mad Thinker years destroying the Thinker's laboratory in the process. Toro's body was never recovered. Toro's wife Ann Raymond appeared three more times after his death. First, in Power Pack #56 – 62, she appeared and a "Mr. Raymond" appeared, who could flame on, but was trying to hide his identity from the world. Next, Ann Raymond appeared sporadically in Avengers West Coast #48 – #65, befriending the original Human Torch after his body was dug up and reactivated. In Namor #8 – #12, Ann Raymond, now romantically involved with the Torch, accompanied him when he saved Spitfire's life through a blood transfusion—returning her to her youth in the process. Since the West Coast Avengers and Namor storylines, Ann Raymond was not seen again, until Torch #1, in which Toro was shown staring into her window from a rooftop as she snuggled on the couch with a man the Golden Age Vision referred to as her new husband.

The Vision tells Toro. Toro appears in the Avengers/Invaders maxi-series alongside his fellow Invaders when an incident takes them from the battlefields of WW2 to the present Marvel Universe, where they encounter both the New Avengers and Mighty Avengers and the Thunderbolts. An examination of him by S. H. I. E. L. D. Agents reveals. In Avengers/Invaders #12, Toro was revived from the dead by the Cosmic Cube thanks to a wish made by James "Bucky" Barnes, met as he rises from his grave by the Golden Age Vision. Bucky was careful to manage the wish so Toro's revival does not upset the time stream, Toro only coming to life after the Invaders have returned to the past. Toro is the same age. Thomas "Toro" Raymond is the protagonist of the 2009 miniseries The Torch. Set during Dark Reign, the series opens shortly after Tom has been brought back to life by Bucky's wish, he is unhappy because he is dead, his wife has remarried, no one seems to remember him, the world has progressed without him. The Golden Age Vision tries to encourage him to seek a heroic path, but agrees to transport him to the Mad Thinker.

Toro announces that he plans to kill the Mad Thinker for murdering him, but loses his powers before he can act on this. The Mad Thinker takes him prisoner and vivisects him to learn more about his powers, he discovers that Toro is indeed a mutant, but that there are artificial cells in Toro's nervous system of the same kind that make up the Human Torch. Further investigation reveals that Toro's mother, Nora Raymond, once worked for Phineas Horton, the scientist who created the Golden Age Human Torch. Still wounded, Tom is dragged to his feet to witness the Human Torch's resurrection, his friend is under the complete control of the Mad Thinker, does not recognize him. Tom's attempt to get through to him seems only to make their captors angry, but the contact serves to reignite Tom's power; when the Torch is being forced to destroy a small European village, Toro attempts to escape. While he was still unable to activate his powers, he does manage to break the device they had been using to control the Torch.

The Torch