Greene County, Tennessee
Greene County is a county located on the eastern border of the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,831, its county seat is Greeneville, the current county mayor is David Loy Crum. Greene County comprises TN Micropolitan Statistical Area. Greene County developed from the "Nolichucky settlement," established by pioneer Jacob Brown on land leased in the early 1770s from the Cherokee people; the Nolichucky settlement was aligned with the Watauga settlement, centered in modern Elizabethton. After the United States became independent, Greene County was formed in 1783 from the original Washington County, North Carolina, part of the former Washington District; the county is named for Major General Nathanael Greene, a major general in the Continental Army from Rhode Island. John Crockett, father of Davy Crockett, his wife settled in the county near Limestone. Davy Crockett was born there in 1786. At the time, the area was part of the extra-legal state Franklin. Greene County is the home of the oldest college in Tennessee.
Revolutionary War veteran, state legislator, Col. Joseph Hardin made Greene County his home for a period of time, serving as justice of the peace and as one of the original trustees of Tusculum College; as with yeomen farmers in much of East Tennessee, those in Greene County were Unionist and opposed to secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Greene Countians voted against secession by a vote of 2,691 to 744. Following the vote, the second session of the East Tennessee Convention convened in Greeneville, it called for a Union-aligned state to be formed in East Tennessee. A railroad bridge near Mosheim was among those destroyed by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Several of the conspirators who had taken part in the burning of this bridge were captured and executed by Confederate supporters, including Jacob Hensie, Henry Fry and Henry Harmon, noted local potter Alex Haun. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles, of which 622 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water.
Most of Greene County is located within the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, a range characterized by long, narrow ridges alternating with similarly-shaped valleys. Bays Mountain, a prominent ridge in this range, forms much of Greene's northern border with Hawkins County; the extreme southeastern part of Greene County is located within the Blue Ridge Mountains a subrange of the Blue Ridge known as the Bald Mountains. This range straddles Greene's border with North Carolina, includes the county's two highest points: Gravel Knob, which rises to over 4,840 feet, 4,844-foot Camp Creek Bald. Greene County is drained by the Nolichucky River; this river is impounded by Nolichucky Dam south of Greeneville. Hawkins County Washington County Unicoi County Madison County, North Carolina Cocke County Hamblen County Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Appalachian Trail Cherokee National Forest Bible Covered Bridge State Historic Site Joachim Bible Refuge David Crockett Birthplace State Park Lick Creek Bottoms Wildlife Management Area Nolichucky Wildlife Management Area Rocky Fork State Park Earnest Farms Historic District Greeneville Historic District Maden Hall Farm Members of the county commission are elected by geographic district.
They are as follows: District 1: Baileyton, Cross Anchor, Hardin's & Greeneville Charles Tim White Dale Tucker Wade McAmis District 2: Chuckey, Afton & Jockey. Brad Peters Zachary "Zak" Neas Joshua Arrowood District 3: Tusculum & Afton Sharron Collins Robin Quillen Jason Cobble District 4: Courthouse, Sunnyside and Flag Branch George Clemmer Eddie Jennings Lyle Parton District 5: South Greene, Caney Branch, Middle School & DeBusk Pamela Carpenter Gerald Miller Tim Shelton District 6: Mosheim, Mohawk, McDonald, Mt. Carmel & Warrensburg Frank Waddell Josh Keterson John Waddle District 7: Greeneville, Orebank & Glenwood Harold "Butch" Patterson James Randolph Paul Burkey As of the census of 2000, there were 62,909 people, 25,756 households, 18,132 families residing in the county; the population density was 101 people per square mile. There were 28,116 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.42% White, 2.11% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races.
1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 25,756 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all househ
Madison County, North Carolina
Madison County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,764, its county seat is Marshall. Madison County is part of NC Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 451 square miles, of which 450 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water. Madison County is located deep in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, much of the county's terrain is rugged forested, sparsely populated; the county's northern border is with the State of Tennessee. Madison County's largest river is the French Broad River, which flows north-northwest through the county, first past the county seat of Marshall past the resort town of Hot Springs. Greene County, Tennessee - north Unicoi County, Tennessee - northeast Yancey County - east Buncombe County - south Haywood County - southwest Cocke County, Tennessee - northwest Pisgah National Forest The county was formed in 1851 from parts of Buncombe County and Yancey County.
It was named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States. As of 1903, Madison County was a sundown county, prohibiting African Americans from living there, except within a mile of the courthouse in Marshall; as of the census of 2000, there were 19,635 people, 8,000 households, 5,592 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile. There were 9,722 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.63% White, 0.83% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,000 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.10% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.81. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.20% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,985, the median income for a family was $37,383. Males had a median income of $27,950 versus $22,678 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,076. About 10.90% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 19.20% of those age 65 or over. Hot Springs Mars Hill Marshall The county is divided into eleven townships: Beech Glenn, Ebbs Chapel, Hot Springs, Mars Hill, Revere Rice Cove, Sandy Mush, Spring Creek and Walnut. There were sixteen townships, which were both numbered and named: Madison is a Republican county that for a time turned competitive before again becoming Republican – although as as 2008 Barack Obama came within two hundred votes of carrying the county.
The county is notorious for political machines: the Ponder machine governed the county from the late 1950s to the 1990s, before that a long-lived Republican machine had ruled the county and kept it in GOP hands between 1880 and 1956: it was one of five North Carolina counties to reject Franklin Roosevelt in all four of his campaigns, one of only seven each to vote for Alf Landon in 1936 and for Wendell Willkie in 1940. Madison County is governed by a five-member board of commissioners; the board holds scheduled meetings on the second Monday of each month. Madison County is a member of the Land-of-Sky Regional Council of governments. Madison is considered a "dry" county, meaning that the sale and/or public consumption of alcoholic beverages is illegal within the county limits. However, individual towns have right of self-determination regarding alcohol sales, Hot Springs and Mars Hill all allow beer and wine sales, but not liquor. Madison County's public educational system consists of one early college high school, one traditional high school, one middle school, three elementary schools.
Brush Creek Elementary was built as a merger of Marshall Elementary and Walnut Elementary after the latter burned down in 1998. The county is home to Mars Hill University, a private, four-year liberal-arts university. Founded in 1856, Mars Hill is university in western North Carolina; the university offers 34 majors and seven degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Social Work, Master of Education. Madison County was a center for old-time folk music. Among others, the folk song Rain and Snow originated there, in the late 19th century. List of counties in North Carolina National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, North Carolina Official Website - Madison County Government NCGenWeb Madison County - free genealogy resources for the county
Cherokee National Forest
The Cherokee National Forest is a large National Forest created on June 14, 1920 and managed by the U. S. Forest Service and encompassing some 655,598 acres; the Cherokee National Forest headquarters are located in Tennessee. The Cherokee National Forest lies within eastern Tennessee, along the border with North Carolina, comprises nearly the entire border area except for the section within Great Smoky Mountains National Park; the Cherokee National Forest has two separate sections: a northern region to the northeast of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and a southern section to the southwest of the Smokies. The Cherokee National Forest contains such notable sites as the Ocoee River; the forest is located in parts of one county in North Carolina. In descending order of forestland area they are Polk, Carter, Cocke, Greene, Washington and McMinn counties in Tennessee and Ashe County in North Carolina; the forest is home to mammalian species such as black bear, coyote, opossum, two species of squirrel, chipmunk, river otter, two species of fox and white-tailed deer.
Birdwatchers view species of juncos, mourning doves, chimney swifts, eastern phoebes, barn swallows, blue jays, indigo buntings, towhees, sparrows and warblers. Raptors include turkey vultures, hawks and peregrine falcons. Reptiles include timber rattlesnake, northern copperhead, eastern box turtle, common snapping turtle, southeastern five-lined skink. Amphibians of frogs and salamanders are all common residents. Notable species of salamander include Jordan's hellbender. Recreation opportunities in the Cherokee National Forest are diverse; the forest's fast-flowing rivers support trout fishing. Rainbow trout are stocked in many rivers. Brook trout and brown trout are present. Bass and crappie are found in the forest's lakes, which are open to wind surfing, water skiing and boating. Trails criss-cross the forest. In addition to the Appalachian Trail, these include the John Muir Recreation trail, other hiking trails, some trails designed for equestrian use. Bicycle trails are being developed. Camping is available in RV campgrounds and tent-only camping areas, primitive tent camping is allowed throughout much of the forest.
The Unicoi Mountains are a mountain range rising along the border between Tennessee and North Carolina in the southeastern United States. They are part of the Blue Ridge Mountain Province of the Southern Appalachian Mountains; the Unicois are located south of the Great Smoky Mountains and west of the Cheoah Mountains. Most of the range is protected as a national forest, namely the Cherokee National Forest on the Tennessee side and the Nantahala National Forest on the North Carolina side— although some parts have been designated as wilderness areas and are thus more regulated. There are eleven official wilderness areas in Cherokee National Forest, which are all part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Three of these extend into neighboring National Forests: Bald River Gorge Wilderness Big Frog Wilderness Big Laurel Branch Wilderness Citico Creek Wilderness Cohutta Wilderness Gee Creek Wilderness Joyce Kilmer-Slickrock Wilderness Little Frog Mountain Wilderness Pond Mountain Wilderness Sampson Mountain Wilderness Unaka Mountain Wilderness Bald River Roan Mountain, Tennessee Tennessee State Route 67 Watauga River Media related to Cherokee National Forest at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The Unaka Range is a mountain range on the border of Tennessee and North Carolina, in the southeastern United States. It is a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains and is part of the Blue Ridge Mountains physiographic province; the Unakas stretch from the Nolichucky River to the south to the Watauga River to the north. The Unakas include the prominent Roan Highlands; the Iron Mountains border the Unakas to the north, the Bald Mountains border the Unakas opposite the Nolichucky to the south. The name unaka is rooted in the Cherokee term unega, meaning "white"; the Cherokee National Forest and the Pisgah National Forest protect large sections of the Unaka Mountains. The Appalachian Trail traverses the Unaka crest. In some geological and in historical sources, the term "Unaka Range" is used to identify the entire crest of the Appalachian Mountains along the Tennessee-North Carolina border, including the Unakas, the Great Smoky Mountains, the Bald Mountains, the Unicoi Mountains, the mountains in the Big Frog Wilderness and Little Frog Mountain Wilderness.
Unakite was first discovered in the Unaka Range, was thus named after it. The highest point in the Unaka Range is Roan High Knob. "Unaka Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Bald Mountains". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Summerlin, Vernon. "Upper Unaka Mountains". Longstreet Highroad Guide to the Tennessee Mountains. Sherpa Guides. Retrieved 2011-06-07. "Roan-Unaka Mountains". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2011-06-07
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
In the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States, balds are mountain summits or crests covered by thick vegetation of native grasses or shrubs occurring in areas where heavy forest growth would be expected. Balds are found in the Southern Appalachians, where at the highest elevations, the climate is too warm to support an alpine zone, areas where trees fail to grow due to short or non-existent growing seasons; the difference between an alpine summit, such as Mount Washington in New Hampshire, a bald, such as Gregory Bald in the Great Smoky Mountains, is that a lack of trees is normal for the colder climate of the former but abnormal for the warmer climate of the latter. One example of southern balds' abnormality can be found at Roan Mountain, where Roan High Knob is coated with a dense stand of spruce-fir forest, whereas an adjacent summit, Round Bald, is entirely devoid of trees. Why some summits are bald and some are not is a mystery, though there are several hypotheses. Two types of balds are found in the Appalachians: Grassy balds are blunt summits covered by a dense sward of native grasses.
Two types have been identified: those covered by grasses and those with a scattered overstory of mixed hardwoods with a grassy herbaceous layer. Grassy balds are found at the summit of hills, but can be found on broad upper slopes. Species found here include mountain oat-grass and forbs such as three-toothed cinquefoil and Blue Ridge St. Johns-wort. Heath balds are found along narrow ridges and mountain crests, consist of dense evergreen shrubs. While the formation of grassy balds is a mystery, heath balds are located in areas where the soil experiences heavy drainage or is acidic, which would complicate the growth of large wooded plants. Four general types of vegetation are found on heath balds: Evergreen shrublands of Catawba rhododendron Mixed shrublands of Catawba rhododendron, mountain-laurel, black huckleberry Deciduous shrublands of American mountain-ash and southern mountain-cranberry Deciduous shrubland of smooth blackberry The character and distribution of Appalachian balds remained stable from the time the first naturalists explored the region, until forestry regulations no longer permitted annual pasturing of local cattle.
How and why a summit develops into a grassy bald is unknown. Weigl and Knowles note that "the presence of both rare, endemic plants and northern relicts requiring open habitat suggests a long evolutionary history" and offer a scenario in which grazing pressure of the giant herbivores of the Pleistocene retained the open tundra habitat as the Wisconsin glaciation retreated far to the north. With the arrival of the paleoindians and the disappearance of the megaherbivores, grazing pressure was maintained by deer and elk, by the grazing animals of European settlers; some recent studies have attempted to uncover the vegetation history of some balds through analysis of the soil's organic component, since grasses leave a characteristic carbon-13 fingerprint. While there is some evidence that grassy balds have natural origins, the forest started to reclaim the balds once large-scale livestock grazing was eliminated by the creation of national parks and national forests. Grassy balds such as Gregory Bald and Andrews Bald in the Great Smokies and the balds in the Roan Highlands are maintained as bald areas by the National Park Service and U.
S. Forest Service; the mountaintop meadows called the Southern Balds form a distinctive stretch for hikers of the Appalachian Trail. Appalachian bogs Cove Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest Sods Roan Mountain Highlands TNlandforms.us: Tennessee balds — GPS data and maps
Rocky Fork State Park (Tennessee)
Rocky Fork State Park is a 2,037-acre state park in Unicoi County in East Tennessee. It is situated in the Blue Ridge region of the Appalachian Mountains, close to the Tennessee-North Carolina state line; the park is adjacent to the Cherokee National Forest, it is in close proximity to the Appalachian Trail. The Sampson Mountain Wilderness is nearby. Rocky Fork State Park was established in 2012, facilities have not been developed. Hiking and mountain biking are permitted on a network of old road beds, fishing is allowed in Rocky Fork and South Indian Creeks, below & downstream of the State Park Main Entrance Gate. Special Fishing Regulations exist behind & upstream of the State Park’s Main Entrance Gate, it is single hook with artificial lures and flies only, it has been renamed Lamar Alexander Rocky Fork State Park. Now that Official Rocky Fork State Park Trail Map is available to the public, all trails are designated for single to multi-use designations. Rocky Fork State Park Rules and Regulations exist here http://tnstateparks.com/assets/pdf/additional-content/rocky-fork-rules-jg-3-7-16.pdf Any questions regarding RFSP, please call Park Office Cell Phone # 423-271-1233 Official website Rocky Fork State Park - Tennessee Eastman Hiking and Canoeing Club's Trail Wiki