An unidentified flying object is any aerial phenomenon that cannot be identified. Most UFOs are identified on investigation as conventional phenomena; the term is used for claimed observations of extraterrestrial spacecraft. The term "UFO" was coined in 1953 by the United States Air Force to serve as a catch-all for all such reports. In its initial definition, the USAF stated that a "UFOB" was "any airborne object which by performance, aerodynamic characteristics, or unusual features, does not conform to any presently known aircraft or missile type, or which cannot be positively identified as a familiar object." Accordingly, the term was restricted to that fraction of cases which remained unidentified after investigation, as the USAF was interested in potential national security reasons and "technical aspects". During the late 1940s and through the 1950s, UFOs were referred to popularly as "flying saucers" or "flying discs"; the term UFO became more widespread during the 1950s, at first in technical literature, but in popular use.
UFOs garnered considerable interest during the Cold War, an era associated with a heightened concern for national security, more in the 2010s, for unexplained reasons. Various studies have concluded that the phenomenon does not represent a threat to national security, nor does it contain anything worthy of scientific pursuit; the Oxford English Dictionary defines a UFO. The first published book to use the word was authored by Donald E. Keyhoe; as an acronym, "UFO" was coined by Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, who headed Project Blue Book the USAF's official investigation of UFOs, he wrote, "Obviously the term'flying saucer' is misleading when applied to objects of every conceivable shape and performance. For this reason the military prefers the more general, if less colorful, name: unidentified flying objects. UFO for short." Other phrases that were used and that predate the UFO acronym include "flying flapjack", "flying disc", "unexplained flying discs", "unidentifiable object". The phrase "flying saucer" had gained widespread attention after the summer of 1947.
On June 24, a civilian pilot named Kenneth Arnold reported seeing nine objects flying in formation near Mount Rainier. Arnold estimated the speed of discs to be over 1,200 mph. At the time, he claimed he described the objects flying in a saucer-like fashion, leading to newspaper accounts of "flying saucers" and "flying discs". UFOs were referred to colloquially, as a "Bogey" by military personnel and pilots during the cold war; the term "bogey" was used to report anomalies in radar blips, to indicate possible hostile forces that might be roaming in the area. In popular usage, the term UFO came to be used to refer to claims of alien spacecraft, because of the public and media ridicule associated with the topic, some ufologists and investigators prefer to use terms such as "unidentified aerial phenomenon" or "anomalous phenomena", as in the title of the National Aviation Reporting Center on Anomalous Phenomena. "Anomalous aerial vehicle" or "unidentified aerial system" are sometimes used in a military aviation context to describe unidentified targets.
Studies have established that the majority of UFO observations are misidentified conventional objects or natural phenomena—most aircraft, balloons including sky lanterns and astronomical objects such as meteors, bright stars, planets. A small percentage are hoaxes. Fewer than 10% of reported sightings remain unexplained after proper investigation, therefore can be classified as unidentified in the strictest sense. While proponents of the extraterrestrial hypothesis suggest that these unexplained reports are of alien spacecraft, the null hypothesis cannot be excluded that these reports are other more prosaic phenomena that cannot be identified due to lack of complete information or due to the necessary subjectivity of the reports. Instead of accepting the null hypothesis, UFO enthusiasts tend to engage in special pleading by offering outlandish, untested explanations for the validity of the ETH; these violate Occam's razor. Ufology is not considered credible in mainstream science. There was, in the past, some debate in the scientific community about whether any scientific investigation into UFO sightings is warranted with the general conclusion being that the phenomenon was not worthy of serious investigation except as a cultural artifact.
UFOs have been the subject of investigations by various governments who have provided extensive records related to the subject. Many of the most involved government-sponsored investigations ended after agencies concluded that there was no benefit to continued investigation; the void left by the lack of institutional or scientific study has given rise to independent researchers and fringe groups, including the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena in the mid-20th century and, more the Mutual UFO Network and the Center for UFO Studies. The term "Ufology" is used to describe the collective efforts of those who study reports and associated evidence of unidentified flying objects. UFOs have become a prevalent theme in modern culture, the social phenomena have been the subject of academic research in sociology and psychology. Unexplained aerial observations have been reported throughout history; some were undoubtedly astronomical in nature: comets, bright meteors, one or more of the five planets that ca
McAleer Creek is an urban creek six miles long, flowing from Lake Ballinger in southern Snohomish County to Lake Washington. It drains an 8.9-square-mile watershed. It is a salmon-bearing stream that provides habitat to cutthroat trout, as well as watering a series of riparian areas in Lake Forest Park. McAleer Creek has the name of a pioneer landowner. McAleer Creek rises on the southeast side of Lake Ballinger and for its whole course runs southeast, it first flows through Nile Golf Course in Mountlake Terrace. It emerges into the Lake Forest Park flood control system, it flows through residential streets and a wooded ravine until it passes under Perkins Way, where it joins Whisper Creek as the latter flows southward. The stream emerges into the woods once again, following Perkins and 180th Street Northeast, entering another culvert to flow under 178th Street Northeast, it opens once more as it flows into Blue Heron Park moving under Bothell Way into a series of weirs and fish ladders. The stream empties into Lake Washington near the intersection of 168th Street Northeast and Shore Drive.
McAleer Creek supports the habitat of fish species. Birds nesting in the stream's canyon include hawks and herons, fish it bears include salmon and bass. Many segments of the creek's route are shaded, benefiting the fish, but others are open to the sun and subject to overheating. One of McAleer Creek's greatest environmental challenges is erosion and the associated transportation of sediments. Besides the threat turbidity poses to fish, this issue has caused serious property damage; the most notable incident was a landslide in 1981, when an eroded bluff collapsed into the stream, blocking it until it was cleared by volunteers. Between 1979 and 2004, the amount of total suspended solids in the water decreased; the stream has additional issues with low dissolved oxygen levels and high fecal coliform bacterial counts. In 2012, the Washington Department of Ecology cited McAleer Creek as violating its standards for these two water quality measures; the fecal bacteria count is elevated by septic system spills and pet waste.
List of rivers in Washington Lake Ballinger
Covington Brewhouse was a brewery in the historic district of downtown Covington, Louisiana. The brewery itself is operated in the old Alexius Hardware building, situated between the 100-year-old train depot, the landmark water tower, the city's trailhead park; the brewery produces year round beers including Pontchartrain Pilsner, Bayou Bock, Strawberry Ale. Several seasonal beers are manufactured as well as various contract brews for restaurants in Covington, New Orleans, the surrounding area; the company brewed Dixie beer temporarily following Hurricane Katrina when the Dixie brewing facilities were damaged by the storm. Covington Brewhouse was founded in 2005 as Heiner Brau when it was the third brewery established in Louisiana after Prohibition, Crescent City Brewhouse, established in 1991, by local contractor Fritz Schroth. Since that time the brewery has increased its capacity and has become involved in community events such as Taps on the Trace and the Rockin' the Rails concert series.
As of January 25, 2019 the brewery is closed. It was sold to new owners. List of breweries in Louisiana Official website