Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
The Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux also known as the Matmut Atlantique for sponsorship purposes, is a football stadium in Bordeaux, France. It is the home of seats 41,458 spectators. Construction began in 2014 and ended in April 2015; the stadium was opened on 18 May 2015. The first match was Bordeaux against Montpellier on 23 May 2015, the final day of the league season; the hosts won 2–1, with both goals by Diego Rolan. The stadium hosted the semi-finals of the 2014–15 Top 14 season in rugby union, hosted five matches in UEFA Euro 2016, including one quarter-final. On 7 September 2015, it hosted the France national team in a 2–1 friendly win over Serbia. In September 2016, the ground was chosen as the host of the 2018 Coupe de la Ligue Final as part of plans to host the event at various venues outside of Paris. French-Canadian singer, Céline Dion, performed the first concert at the stadium on 29 June 2017; the stadium was listed as one of six to host football in Paris' bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics, chosen in July 2017.
In November 2017, after the French bid won, the stadium was confirmed as one of nine to host the 2023 Rugby World Cup
Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, 31 miles southwest of Birmingham, 101 miles west-northwest of London, 27 miles north of Gloucester and 23 miles northeast of Hereford. The population is 100,000; the River Severn flanks the western side of the city centre, overlooked by Worcester Cathedral. The Battle of Worcester in 1651 was the final battle of the English Civil War, where Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army defeated King Charles II's Royalists. Worcester is known as the home of Royal Worcester Porcelain, composer Edward Elgar, Lea & Perrins, makers of traditional Worcestershire sauce, University of Worcester, Berrow's Worcester Journal, claimed to be the world's oldest newspaper; the trade route which ran past Worcester forming part of the Roman Ryknild Street, dates to Neolithic times. The position commanded a ford over the River Severn and was fortified by the Britons around 400 BC, it would have been on the northern border of the Dobunni and subject to the larger communities of the Malvern hillforts.
The Roman settlement at the site passes unmentioned by Ptolemy's Geography, the Antonine Itinerary and the Register of Dignitaries, but would have grown up on the road opened between Glevum and Viroconium in the 40s and 50s AD. The river crossing of the Severn at Worcester was the destination of the unfinished east-west Roman-dated road that ran from Magnis, until it disappeared from the historical record east of Stretton Grandison. Worcester may have been the "Vertis" mentioned in the 7th century Ravenna Cosmography. Using charcoal from the Forest of Dean, the Romans operated pottery kilns and ironworks at the site and may have built a small fort. There is no sign of municipal buildings. In the 3rd century, Roman Worcester occupied a larger area than the subsequent medieval city, but silting of the Diglis Basin caused the abandonment of Sidbury. Industrial production ceased and the settlement contracted to a defended position along the lines of the old British fort at the river terrace's southern end.
This settlement is identified with the Cair Guiragon listed among the 28 cities of Britain in the History of the Britons attributed to Nennius. This is not a British name but an adaption of its Old English name Weorgoran ceaster, "fort of the Weorgoran"; the form of the place-name varied as language and history developed over the centuries, with Early English and subsequent Norman French additions. At its settlement in 7th century by the Angles of Mercia it was known as Weogorna. After centuries of warfare against the Vikings and Danelaw it a centre for the Anglo-Saxon army or here known as Weogorna ceastre. At the time of Tenth Century Reformation to twelfth century, when scholasticism flourished it became approximated to its known linguistic origins as Wirccester; the county developed from the shire's name Wigornia from the Anglo-Norman period into the foundations of the Market Fairs during the Henrician and Edwardian parliaments. It was still known as County Wigorn in 1750; the Weorgoran were precursors of Hwicce and the West Saxons who entered the area some time after the 577 Battle of Dyrham.
In 680, their fort at Worcester was chosen—in preference to both the much larger Gloucester and the royal court at Winchcombe—to be the seat of a new bishopric, suggesting there was a well-established and powerful Christian community when the site fell into English hands. The oldest known church was St Helen's, British. Worcester appears in the historic records prior to the Viking era with reference to the church and monastic communities, showing evidence of extensive ecclesiastical ownership of lands. During King Alfred's reign, the earls of Mercia fortified Worcester "for the protection of all the people" at the request of Bishop Werfrith, it appears. A unique document detailing this and privileges granted to the church outlines the existence of Worcester's market and borough court, differentiation between church and market quarters within the city, as well as the role of the King in relation to the roads. Worcester's fortifications would most have established the line of the wall, extant until the 1600s excepting the south east area near the former castle.
It is referred to as a wall by contemporaries. Worcester was a centre of monastic church power. Oswald of Worcester was an important reformer, appointed Bishop in 961, jointly with York; the last Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Worcester, Wulfstan, or St Wulstan, was an important reformer, stayed in post until his death in 1095. Worcester became the focus of tax resistance against the Danish Harthacanute. Two huscarls were killed in May 1041 while attempting to collect taxes for the expanded navy, after being driven into the Priory, where they were murdered. A military force was sent to deal with the non-payment, while the townspeople attempted to defend themselves by moving to and occupying the island of Bevere, two miles up river, where they were besieged. After Harthacnut's men had sacked the city and set it alight, agreement was reached. Worcester was the site of a mint during the late Anglo-Saxon period, with seven moneyers in the reign of Edward the Confessor; this implies a middling role in trade for the city.
Worcester was, for tax purposes, counted within ru
The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition, played in France created in 1892. The Top 14 is at the top of the national league system operated by the French National Rugby League known by its French initialism of LNR. There is promotion and relegation between the Top 14 and the next level down, the Rugby Pro D2; the fourteen best rugby teams in France participate in the competition, hence the name Top 14. The competition was known as the Top 16; the first final took place in 1892, between two Paris-based sides, Stade Français and Racing Club de France, with the latter becoming the inaugural champions. The competition has been held on an annual basis since, except from 1915 to 1919—because of World War I—and from 1940 to 1942—because of World War II. Toulouse is the most successful club in the competition with 19 titles; the first competition was held in 1892, as a one-off championship game between the Racing Club de France and Stade Français. The Racing Club defeated Stade Français four points to three to win the first title, though the stadistes got their revenge the following year in a repeat of the final.
The match official for that first final was Pierre de Coubertin. Stade Français would go on to win a number of titles thereafter; the 1897 and 1898 series were awarded on a points system after a round-robin. Although the competition was called the French championship, entry was confined to Parisian clubs; the 1899 season was the first to include clubs from outside of Paris, led to Stade Bordelais winning the final that season, played outside of Paris, in Le Bouscat. For the following decade the championship game would end up being contested by the Racing Club, Stade Français and Stade Bordelais, with Stade Bordelais winning five titles during this period. During this time the final was held in various stadia around Paris with the exception of 1903 and 1909, when it was held in Toulouse, as SOE Toulouse and Stade Toulousain were finalists respectively; the competition was won by a number of different clubs before World War I, with teams like FC Lyon, Stade Toulousain, Aviron Bayonnais and USA Perpignan claiming their first titles.
Due to the war, operations were suspended for a number of years. In its place, a competition known as the Coupe de l'Espérance was held, which involved young boys who had not yet been drafted; the competition was held four times, but is not considered a full championship. The normal competition returned for the 1920 season, Stadoceste Tarbais became the first post-war champions, defeating the Racing Club de France in the final. During the 1920s Stade Toulousain would create its now famous rugby history, winning five championships during the decade. USA Perpignan would win two championships. During the 1930s the championship game was held only in Toulouse; the 1930 championship game, won by Agen over US Quillan, was the first final to go into extra time. It would see Toulon and Lyon OU win their first championship games. During the latter part of the decade, RC Narbonne, CS Vienne and Perpignan all won titles, Biarritz Olympique were champions in both 1935 and 1939. After the war the championship final returned to Paris, was played at Parc des Princes for the next four seasons.
The competition during the 1940s was won by a number of different teams, though Castres won in 1949, again in 1950. FC Lourdes would become a dominant club during the 1950s, winning five championships, another in 1960. SU Agen would go on to win three titles during the 1960s as well. Lourdes were the champions of the 1968 season, but due to the May 1968 events, the finale was played three weeks behind normal schedule. At the end of regulation time the score was tied at 6–6, 9–9 after extra-time. Lourdes were declared champions because they had scored two tries to Toulon's none and because it was impossible to reschedule a third final so late, as the French national team were to leave on a tour to New Zealand and South Africa. Although Béziers won their first championship in the 1961 season, it would be the 1970s which would see a golden era for the club, as they would win ten championships between 1971 and 1984, as well as being runners-up in 1976. In the mid 1970s, after being held in Toulouse and Bordeaux in recent years, the championship final was taken to Parc des Princes, Paris, on a permanent basis.
During the rest of the 1980s, Toulouse were the dominant team, winning the championship in 1985, 1986 and 1989. Toulon won in 1987, Agen won in 1988; the first match of the 1990s went into extra time, as the Racing Club de France defeated Agen, winning their first championship since 1959. Bègles, Toulon and Toulouse would win the following finals; the 1990s saw the game of rugby union go professional following the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa. This led to the establishment of the European Heineken Cup. Including their 1994 victory, Toulouse won four championships in succession. For the 1998 season, the final was moved to the newly constructed Stade de France, the new national stadium; the final, played in front of 78,000, saw Stade Français win their first championship since 1908. The competition saw an enormous rise in popularity in 2005–06, with attendance rising to an average of 9,600, up by 25% from 2004–05, nu
Stade Armandie is a multi-purpose stadium in Agen, France. It is used for rugby union matches and is the home stadium of SU Agen; the stadium is able to hold 14,000 people
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Stade Rochelais called La Rochelle, is a French rugby union club who compete in the Top 14. They play at Stade Marcel-Deflandre, they wear black. They are based in La Rochelle in the Charente-Maritime département of the New Aquitaine region; the stadium is named after Marcel Deflandre, the president of the club born of the fusion between the rugby league and rugby union clubs during World War II in La Rochelle, after the Vichy government banned the game of Rugby League and forced all of its assets to be handed to the French Rugby Union. Challenge Yves du Manoir: Champions: 2002, 2003 The La Rochelle squad for the 2018–19 season is:Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality. Arnaud Élissalde Jean-Baptiste Élissalde Jean-Pierre ÉlissaldeArnaud his son Jean-Pierre and his grandson Jean-Baptiste all played for La Rochelle as scrum-halves. Gérald Merceron Luc Ducalcon Vincent Debaty Julien Pierre Seru Rabeni Norman Ligairi Benoit Lecouls Arnaud Élissalde Jean-Pierre Élissalde List of rugby union clubs in France Rugby union in France Stade Rochelais Official website
Stade Chaban-Delmas is a sporting stadium located in the city of Bordeaux, France. It was the home ground of FC Girondins de Bordeaux. Since 2011, it has hosted matches of Top 14 rugby team Union Bordeaux Bègles; until 2001, the stadium's name was the Stade du Parc Lescure, so called after the fallow lands on which it was built. That year it was renamed after politician Jacques Chaban-Delmas, the mayor of Bordeaux from 1947 to 1995. First built in 1930 as a cycle-racing track, in 1935 it was reconfigured to accommodate the upcoming 1938 FIFA World Cup, it was the first stadium in the world to have stands covered without any pillars obstructing visibility of the playing area. Classified as a historic building, its restoration has been difficult, as its roof does not cover seats built after 1984 on the old cycle track; the current seating capacity of the stadium is 34,462, following a series of expansions of the stands, in particular for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. A record 40,211 spectators were in attendance on 24 April 1985 to watch a match between Girondins de Bordeaux and Juventus.
In preparation of several matches that were held here for the 2007 Rugby World Cup, two giant television screens measuring 37 m2 were installed. The tunnel connecting the locker rooms of the players to the ground is the longest in Europe. On 19 July 2011, FC Girondins de Bordeaux announced plans to construct a new stadium, located in Bordeaux-Lac, with seating capacity of 42,115 for sporting events. Construction of the Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux began in 2013 and ended in April 2015; the "Council Stadium" at the time accommodated two matches for the 1938 FIFA World Cup: a quarter final and the match for third place. At the time the stadium's capacity was 25,000 people; the stadium accommodated five pool a match for the finals in the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The Stade Chaban-Delmas hosted. Pool B Canada 12 – 12 Japan: 25 September 2007 Canada 6 – 37 Australia: 29 September 2007Pool D Ireland 32 – 17 Namibia: 9 September 2007 Ireland 14 – 10 Georgia: 15 September 2007 The Stade Chaban-Delmas has held many semi-finals for the Top 14 rugby competition and has received several finals until the 1970s.
It hosted the 2013 promotion playoff final in Rugby Pro D2. Since 2011, it has hosted matches of Top 14 rugby team Union Bordeaux Bègles; the stadium is served by the Bordeaux Tramway Line A station, Stade Chaban-Delmas, bus No. 9. Battle of Bordeaux